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Liberal International

Liberal International
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Liberal International logo
Abbreviation LI
Formation Template:If empty
Type Federation
Purpose World federation of liberal political parties and organisations
Headquarters National Liberal Club
Location
  • London
Region served
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Membership
104 (From October 2009)
President
Juli Minoves
Main organ
Congress of Liberal International
Employees
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Website http://www.liberal-international.org
Formerly called
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Liberal International (LI) is a political international federation for liberal political parties.

Its headquarters is located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.

Aims

The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as
to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles.
The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multi-party democracy, social justice, tolerance, free market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.

The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.[1]

Bureau

The 13th president of Liberal International is Juli Minoves of the Liberal Party of Andorra (PLA), former Andorra's foreign minister and representative to the United Nations. Minoves succeeded to Hans van Baalen, leader of the delegation and spokesperson on Foreign Affairs and Defence for the Dutch People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament.

Former Presidents include Lord John Alderdice, Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein, German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff, and Spain's first democratically elected prime minister after the Franco dictatorship Adolfo Suárez.

Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Helen Zille, and Vice Presidents Cecilia Wikström MEP, Dzhevdet Chakarov MP, Baroness Falkner of Margravine, Kasit Piromya, Markus Löning, and treasurers Robert Woodthorpe Browne MBE and Mr Shih-chung Liu. The secretary general is Emil Kirjas, a former president of the International Federation of Liberal Youth.

Publications

Liberal International has two main publications:

  • LI-news,[2] a weekly dossier of news items that are relevant to the organisation's member parties or cooperating organisations;
  • Liberal Matters, a magazine published several times a year highlighting a particular liberal issue.

Oxford Manifesto

The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 at Wadham College in Oxford by representatives from nineteen liberal political parties, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document describing the basic political principles of the Liberal International.[3]

The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of Lord William Beveridge[citation needed] and is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the twentieth century.[citation needed]

Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.[4]

Members

In addition to the member organizations listed below, the International has a single individual member, Martin Lee, the founding chairman of Democratic Party (Hong Kong).

Full members

Country Name Government Notes
23x15px Andorra Liberal Party of Andorra senior party in government coalition
23x15px Belgium Reform Movement in government coalition
23x15px Belgium Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats junior party in government coalition
23x15px Botswana Botswana Movement for Democracy extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms in opposition
23x15px Bulgaria National Movement for Stability and Progress extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Burkina Faso Alliance for Democracy and Federation – African Democratic Rally in opposition
23x15px Burundi Alliance Démocratique pour le Renouveau in opposition
23x15px Cambodia Cambodia National Rescue Party[5] in coalition government
23x15px Canada Liberal Party of Canada[6] in opposition
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Alliance pour le Renouveau du Congo junior party in government coalition
23x15px Côte d'Ivoire Rally of the Republicans in government
23x15px Croatia Croatian Social Liberal Party extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Cuba Cuban Liberal Union in exile
23x15px Cuba Democratic Solidarity Party in exile
23x15px Cuba National Liberal Party in exile
23x15px Denmark Danish Social Liberal Party junior party in government coalition
23x15px Denmark Liberal Party in opposition
23x15px Egypt Free Egyptians Party N/A
23x15px Estonia Estonian Reform Party senior party in government coalition
23x15px Finland Centre Party in opposition
23x15px Finland Swedish People's Party junior party in government coalition
23x15px Georgia Republican Party of Georgia in government
23x15px Germany German Group of the LI N/A
23x15px Germany Free Democratic Party extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Gibraltar Liberal Party junior party in government coalition
23x15px Guatemala Patriotic Party senior party in government coalition
23x15px Guinea Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea in opposition
23x15px Guinea Union of Republican Forces in opposition
Template:Country data Honduras Liberal Party in opposition
Template:Country data Iceland Progressive Party in government coalition
Template:Country data Israel Israeli Liberal Group N/A
23x15px Kosovo Independent Liberal Party extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Lebanon Future Movement junior party in government coalition
23x15px Luxembourg Democratic Party in government coalition
23x15px Macedonia Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
23x15px Madagascar Movement for the Progress of Madagascar in opposition
23x15px Mexico New Alliance Party in opposition
23x15px Mongolia Civil Will-Green Party junior party in government coalition
23x15px Morocco Constitutional Union in opposition
23x15px Morocco Popular Movement junior party in government coalition
23x15px Netherlands Democrats 66 in opposition
23x15px Netherlands Dutch Group of LI N/A
23x15px Netherlands People's Party for Freedom and Democracy[7] senior party in government coalition
23x15px Nicaragua Independent Liberal Party in opposition
23x15px Norway Liberal Party in opposition
23x15px Paraguay Authentic Radical Liberal Party in opposition
23x15px Philippines Liberal Party in government
23x15px Romania National Liberal Party in opposition
23x15px Russia Yabloko extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Senegal Senegalese Democratic Party in opposition
23x15px South Africa Democratic Alliance in opposition
23x15px Spain Llibertat i Democràcia Liberal foundation linked to Democratic Convergence of Catalonia[8]
23x15px Sri Lanka Liberal Party of Sri Lanka in opposition
23x15px Sweden Liberal People's Party in oppostion
23x15px Sweden Centre Party in opposition
23x15px Taiwan Democratic Progressive Party in opposition
23x15px Tanzania Civic United Front in opposition / in coalition in autonomous region of Zanzibar
23x15px Thailand Democrat Party in opposition
23x15px United Kingdom Alliance Party of Northern Ireland in opposition in the House of Commons / in power-sharing government in the Northern Ireland Assembly
23x15px United Kingdom Liberal International British Group N/A
23x15px United Kingdom Liberal Democrats in opposition

Observer parties

Country Name Government Notes
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
23x15px Brazil Brazilian Group of Liberal International N/A affiliated to Democratas, Rio Grande do Sul
23x15px Burma National League for Democracy in opposition
23x15px Chile Liberal Party of Chile[9] opposition
23x15px Colombia Social Party of National Unity[10] in government
23x15px Comoros Alliance Nationale pour les Comores extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Union pour la Réconstruction du Congo in opposition
23x15px Croatia Istrian Democratic Assembly[11] junior partner in government coalition
23x15px Cyprus United Democrats extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Ethiopia Ethiopian Democratic Party in opposition
23x15px Guatemala Reform Movement in opposition
Template:Country data Indonesia Democratic Party in opposition
23x15px Ireland Fianna Fáil in opposition
23x15px Isle of Man Liberal Vannin Party in opposition
23x15px Italy Italian Liberal Group N/A
23x15px Malaysia Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia junior party in government coalition Part of the Barisan Nasional
23x15px Malaysia People's Justice Party in opposition Part of the Pakatan Rakyat
23x15px Mali Citizens' Party for the Renewal of Mali extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Moldova Liberal Reformist Party extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Montenegro Liberal Party of Montenegro in opposition
23x15px Morocco National Rally of Independents junior party in government coalition
23x15px Mozambique Party for Peace, Democracy, and Development extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Serbia Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
23x15px Singapore Singapore Democratic Party extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Spain Individual Freedom Party extraparliamentary opposition
23x15px Ukraine Ukraine of the Future in opposition

Cooperating organisations

Liberal think tanks and foundations

The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Constitution – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "LI News Subscribe – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1947 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "Oxford Manifesto 1997 – Manifesto – Politics – Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. 30 November 1997. Retrieved 4 January 2011. 
  5. ^ "Full Members". Liberal-International.org. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 
  6. ^ "Liberal Party of Canada Welcomes Liberal International to 2009 Convention". Liberal Party of Canada. March 6, 2009. Retrieved August 28, 2012. 
  7. ^ Invalid language code. VVD is a member of LI
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ "Partido Liberal de Chile ingresa a la Internacional Liberal durante reunión in Guatemala" (in español). Partido Liberal de Chile. October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 26, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Partido de la U - Colombia - Observer Members - Members - Liberalism". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  11. ^ "Observer Members". Liberal-international.org. Retrieved 2014-06-22. 

External links

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