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Limes Transalutanus

Limes Transalutanus is a fortified frontier system of the Roman Empire, built on the western edge of Teleorman's forests in the Roman province of Dacia, modern-day Romania. The frontier was composed by a road following the border, military stonghold, a three metre vallum 10–12 metres wide, reinforced with wood palisades on stone walls, and also a ditch. The Transalutanus limes was 235 km long, parallel to Olt river at a distance varying from 5 to 30 km east of the river. The construction was started in 107 under the command of Marcius Turbo, and developed under Iulius Severus (120-126); the final stage of the construction was performed under Septimius Severus (193-211 d.C.).
File:Roman Gothic Walls Romania Plain.svg
Transalutanus - red dotted line

Between 244-247, under Philip the Arab, after Carpian and Getae (or Goths, confusion due to Jordanes) attacks, the Roman army abandoned the limes for some time. The Roman army returned to the limes, but then closed the road to the Rucăr-Bran pass, the road starting from today's village of Băiculeşti. Later, another limes was built in the area, known as Brazda lui Novac. Today the vallum is used by the Romanian railroad Curtea de Argeş-Piteşti-Roşiori de Vede-Turnu Măgurele.

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