Open Access Articles- Top Results for Lincoln MKZ

Lincoln MKZ

For the 1936–1942 car, see Lincoln-Zephyr.
Lincoln MKZ
File:2013 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid -- 2012 NYIAS.JPG
Manufacturer Lincoln Motor Company (Ford Motor Company)
Production August 1, 2005–present[1]
Model years 2006–present
Assembly Hermosillo Stamping & Assembly
Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico
Body and chassis
Class Mid-size luxury sedan /
Compact executive car
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front engine, Front-wheel drive / All-wheel drive
Predecessor Lincoln LS

The Lincoln MKZ, initially named the Lincoln Zephyr, is a mid-size luxury car from the Lincoln Motor Company division of the Ford Motor Company. The MKZ was the first of the "MK"-series of Lincoln luxury vehicles, and has since been followed by the MKX crossover, MKS full-size sedan, MKT full-size crossover and MKC compact crossover.

A hybrid version was launched in the U.S. market in September 2010. The MKZ Hybrid was the first hybrid vehicle in the market priced the same as the standard gasoline-engine version.[2]

Since 2008, the MKZ has been Lincoln's best selling vehicle.

First generation (2006–2012)

First generation
File:2009 Lincoln MKZ.jpg
Also called Lincoln Zephyr (2006)
Production August 1, 2005–2012[1]
Model years 2006–2012
Body and chassis
Platform Ford CD3 platform
Related Ford Fusion
Mercury Milan
Engine 2.5 L Duratec 25 I4
3.0 L Duratec 30 V6
3.5 L Duratec 35 V6

6-speed Aisin TF-80 automatic (2006-2009)

6-speed 6F automatic (2010-Present)
Wheelbase Script error: No such module "convert".
Length 2006–09 Script error: No such module "convert".
2010–12: Script error: No such module "convert".
Width Script error: No such module "convert".
Height 2006: Script error: No such module "convert".
2007–09: Script error: No such module "convert".
2010–12: Script error: No such module "convert".
2011–12 Hybrid: Script error: No such module "convert".
Curb weight 2006: Script error: No such module "convert".
2007–09: Script error: No such module "convert".
2010–12: Script error: No such module "convert".
2011–12 Hybrid: Script error: No such module "convert".

The 2006 Lincoln Zephyr was initially unveiled in concept form at the 2004 New York International Auto Show as a new entry-level luxury sedan, with several revised design elements from concept made their way into the production model. The front featured Lincoln's signature waterfall grille and jeweled quad projector beam headlights (HID headlights were available). Chrome trim extends along the Zephyr's beltline while the car's rear fascia features LED taillights and dual chrome exhaust tips. All Zephyrs featured low-profile tires on 17x7.5-inch wheels with painted aluminum versions standard and chrome versions optional.

Lincoln officially revived the Zephyr name in the fall of 2005 as a rebadged variant for the Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan; the vehicles were based on the CD3 platform, which was derived from the Mazda 6. The Zephyr's sole powertrain was a 3.0 L DOHC Duratec V6 mated to an Aisin 6-speed automatic transmission; identical to the V6 powertrain that was optional in the Fusion and Milan. The interior is entirely unique to the Lincoln, and this, along with different equipment packaging. The 2006 Zephyr started at a base MSRP of $29,995 USD, ranging up to $35,575 USD when fully optioned.[3]

Though slightly smaller and front-wheel drive, the Zephyr was marketed as a replacement for Lincoln's previous entry level mid-size, the rear-wheel drive, V8-equipped Lincoln LS. To facilitate a smooth transition, the Zephyr and LS were sold parallel to each other during the 2006 model year, the first model year of the Zephyr and the last for the LS. Ironically the Zephyr's first model year was also its last for the nameplate. For 2007 the car was renamed MKZ, and took over the LS' market with sales beginning in September 2006. Lincoln's decision to resurrect the Zephyr name refers to the very early days of Lincoln before World War II. At that time, the only Lincoln manufactured was the Lincoln K-series which was a full-size sedan, and Lincoln, under the direction of Edsel Ford, Henry Ford's only son, hoped to introduce a smaller product to compete with the LaSalle, a smaller sibling offered at Cadillac dealerships.

The Zephyr featured a revised interior from the Fusion and Milan. The design featured shapes with real ebony or maple wood inserts (depending on desired trim) in metallic frames. These surfaces were contrasted with chrome-bezeled gauges, circular, chrome-finished vents and a metallic center stack where the radio and climate controls are housed. The Zephyr's steering wheel was leather-wrapped with real wood grips and satin-nickel audio, climate, and cruise control buttons. White LED backlighting was used for the Zephyr's controls and instrumentation. Leather seating surfaces were standard in all models.[4]

In terms of luxury and convenience features there was little that distinguished the Zephyr from the Fusion or Milan. Most of the features that were optional in the Fusion or Milan were simply standard in the Zephyr. Some of these standard features in the Zephyr include: cruise control, automatic headlights, fog lights, power door locks, "global" power windows (all windows can lower simultaneously at the push of a button), power adjustable and heated mirrors with puddle lamps, remote keyless entry, a tilt and telescoping steering wheel with redundant audio and climate controls, dual-zone automatic climate control, a universal garage door opener, 10-way power driver and front passenger seats, rear-seat reading lamps, and a six-speaker audio system with an AM/FM stereo radio and a six-disc, MP3-compatible CD changer. Optional in the Zephyr was a power moonroof, a DVD-based satellite navigation system, HID headlights, heated and cooled front seats, and an industry-first THX II-Certified audio system with a six-disc, MP3-compatible CD changer and ten speakers. Safety features include standard dual front-side airbags, front seat-deployed side airbags, and curtain airbags that extend from the front to rear seats.[5]
Front interior area of a 2006 Lincoln Zephyr

Mechanically the Zephyr was closely related to the Fusion and Milan. As mentioned, all three cars were based on Ford's CD3 platform, which was in turn derived from the Mazda 6. Like these cars the Zephyr is natively front-wheel drive (FWD). The Zephyr uses a coil-over damper, short- and long-arm (SLA) front suspension with double-ball-joint control arms while the rear suspension is an independent multi-link design with lower control arms and a Script error: No such module "convert". stabilizer bar. Spring rates, bushings, and dampers have been specially tuned for the Zephyr to provide excellent ride comfort without compromising handling. All Zephyrs feature standard four-wheel anti-lock disc brakes with traction control. The sole engine offered in the Zephyr was an all-aluminum 3.0 L DOHC Duratec V6 producing 221 hp (165 kW) at 6250 rpm and 205 lb·ft (278 N·m) of torque at 4800 rpm. This engine was mated to an Aisin 6-speed automatic transmission and had a final drive ratio of 3.46:1. This powertrain was identical to the V6 powertrain available in the Fusion and Milan from 2006-2009.[6] With this powertrain the Zephyr could accelerate from zero to Script error: No such module "convert". in 7.5 seconds.[7] The FWD Zephyr came with a Script error: No such module "convert". fuel tank and is rated to deliver Script error: No such module "convert". in city driving and Script error: No such module "convert". on the highway based on the revised 2008 EPA fuel efficiency measurement standards.[8]

2007 revision

File:Lincoln MKZ.jpg
2007–2009 Lincoln MKZ

For 2007, just one year after its introduction, due to its poor reception in the marketplace (see first year sales figures below), the Zephyr was refreshed and renamed to follow a new nomenclature developed by Lincoln that mimics the alphanumeric naming schemes used by other luxury automakers like Mercedes-Benz, the Zephyr was renamed MKZ. Management at Lincoln originally announced the MKZ with a "mark-zee" pronunciation during the 2006 auto show circuit, but eventually changed it to the phonetic "em-kay-zee" due to confusion observed among focus groups and dealership personnel.[9]

The 2007 MKZ was first shown at the Chicago Auto Show in February 2006. Other than its new name, the MKZ gained a number of substantial changes over its predecessor. The standard and optional versions of the MKZ's 17 x 7.5-inch wheels were restyled. An intelligent all-wheel-drive system was now available, seamlessly distributing power to each wheel for optimum traction. Powering the MKZ, and taking a large step toward further differentiating the car from the Fusion and Milan, was Ford's new, all-aluminum 3.5-L DOHC Duratec V6. The engine was tuned to produce 265 hp (196 kW) at 6250 rpm and 249 lb·ft (337 N·m) of torque at 4500 rpm. Significantly, the new engine needed only 87-octane regular-grade gasoline to achieve its output.[10] Also, in spite of the MKZ's power advantage over the 3.0-L DOHC V6-equipped Zephyr, the fuel economy of the MKZ rivals that of the Zephyr at Script error: No such module "convert". in city driving and Script error: No such module "convert". on the highway in front-wheel-drive models.[11] A road test by Motor Trend found that an MKZ equipped with all-wheel-drive could accelerate from zero to Script error: No such module "convert". in 6.8 seconds and complete a quarter mile in 15.2 seconds at Script error: No such module "convert". due to the more powerful engine and extra traction.[12] One of the few other changes applied to the 2007 MKZ was a revision to the available THX II-certified audio system to increase speakers to 14 and its peak output to 600 watts. Beyond the MKZ's changes, the car remained positioned as an entry-level luxury sedan with base models still starting at just under US$30,000 and fully optioned models remaining well below $40,000.

For 2008, the MKZ received new standard features as a part of Lincoln's continued effort to refine the car. Sirius satellite radio, perforated leather seats, a reverse sensing system, a tire pressure-monitoring system, and Lincoln SYNC (late availability) were all newly standard.[13] For 2009, Ford's 'AdvanceTrac' stability control system became standard, while a special edition "Midnight Black" package was available, featuring black leather seating surfaces and panels contrasted with maple wood and satin nickel inserts.

2010 revision

The 2010 MKZ was unveiled at the 2008 Los Angeles International Auto Show, revealing an extensive update with a revised interior and exterior in addition to new features. The MKZ's exterior was updated with an emphasis on the front and rear fascias. Stylistically, the MKZ's grille was revised, with the "waterfall" becoming longer. In the front, the MKZ's headlights were new, while its fascia and split-wing grille closely resembled that of the Lincoln MKR concept, a new approach towards giving all Lincolns a shared appearance inspired by Lincolns during the late 1930s, as demonstrated by the 1936 Lincoln-Zephyr. In the rear, the taillights have been revised to be longer and thinner, similar to the original Zephyr concept. The MKZ's standard and optional 17-inch wheels have been restyled again and were supplemented with a new 18-inch wheel option. Inside, the MKZ's interior is all-new stylistically, but continues to extensively use real wood accents and metal surfaces. Higher-quality Bridge of Weir leather seating surfaces were standard. Other features new for 2010 included a reverse camera system, Sirius Travel Link, a DVD-based satellite navigation system updated to accept voice commands, rain-sensing windshield wipers, a cabin air filter, and adaptive HID headlights. Mechanically, the MKZ features new suspension tuning to further improve ride quality and handling and a new 'SelectShift' six-speed automatic transmission that improves acceleration. The 2010 MKZ was released during the spring of 2009.[14]

MKZ Hybrid (2011)

File:2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid with badging WAS 2011 859.jpg
Lincoln MKZ Hybrid with leaf road logo badging used in the hybrid version

The 2011 MKZ Hybrid was unveiled at the 2010 New York International Auto Show,[15] and sales began in September 2010.[16] It is the first Lincoln hybrid electric vehicle and the first Lincoln model with a four-cylinder engine; it delivers an EPA city rating of Script error: No such module "convert". and a highway rating of Script error: No such module "convert"., which made it the most fuel-efficient luxury sedan in the U.S. until the release of the 2011 Lexus CT 200h in March 2011.[17] The Lincoln MKZ Hybrid carries over the hybrid powertrain from the Ford Fusion and Mercury Milan hybrids, including the 2.5-L Duratec I4 with the electric motor producing a total of Script error: No such module "convert"..[15][18] The Lincoln MKZ Hybrid has an EV mode that allows the car to travel short distances on electricity alone, at speeds up to Script error: No such module "convert"..[2] The MKZ Hybrid offers an improvement of Ford's Smart Gauge with EcoGuide, first introduced in the 2010 Fusion Hybrid. The MKZ Smart Gauge version offered a new "Flower" design compared to the "Leaf" design of the Fusion. In essence, the car rewards the driver with flower blossoms for economical driving/driving habits.[15][18]

File:2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid WAS 2011 861.JPG
The Lincoln MKZ Hybrid is identified by Ford's leaf road logo badge.

The Lincoln MKZ Hybrid is marketed by Ford as a competitor to the Lexus HS 250h and Lexus ES Hybrid.[19] As of July 2011, the MKZ Hybrid was the only hybrid in the market with the same price as its conventional gasoline-engine version.[2][20] Ford reported that until June 2011, about 20% of 2011 MKZ sales have been hybrids, and the market share is even higher in markets where hybrids in general sell well, such as the Los Angeles region, where sales of the hybrid model represent 44%, and the San Francisco area, with a market share of 66%.[2] The MKZ Hybrid base price is US$35,520, and with popular options including a sunroof, navigation system, blind spot monitors, a THX surround-sound stereo, and a backup camera, the price rises to US$41,370.[2]

A complete redesign of the Ford Fusion line-up was scheduled for the 2013 model year.[21] Both the Lincoln MKZ and the Fusion Hybrid are expected to use a new compact lithium-ion battery pack and an updated powertrain that is expected to deliver a higher fuel economy up to 48 mpgUS (4.9 to 5.0 L/100 km; 56 to 58 mpgimp) highway. The next-generation Lincoln MKZ Hybrid was expected to be launched by mid-2012.[22][23] The 2013 MKZ concept car was unveiled at the 2012 North American International Auto Show.[24]

The MKZ Hybrid was one of the five finalists for the 2011 Green Car of the Year awarded by the Green Car Journal in November 2010, which was won by the Chevrolet Volt.[25] In its 2011 Hybrid Scorecard, the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) ranked the MKZ Hybrid, together with the Lexus CT200h, as the top luxury hybrid models in the scorecard’s environmental improvement category, an achievement the UCS attributed to their relatively small gasoline engines.[26] Nevertheless, the Lincoln MKZ Hybrid ranked higher than the Lexus on all factors: consumer value, hybrid technology, fuel efficiency, and pollution reduction. Also, the UCS praised the MKZ Hybrid, together with the Hyundai Sonata Hybrid, because both hybrids were available with few or no forced features that inflated the cost without adding to fuel savings or reducing emissions.[2] The UCS's Hybrid Scorecard ratings for the MKZ Hybrid are higher than the nonluxury Toyota Prius for environmental performance, and hybrid value; both are rated the same for forced features; and the Prius scores higher in fuel economy.[27]

Second generation (2013–)

Second generation
File:2013 Lincoln MKZ -- 2012 NYIAS.JPG
Production 2013-present
Model years 2013-present
Body and chassis
Platform Ford CD4 platform
  • Six-speed automatic
  • E-CVT HF35 automatic
Wheelbase Script error: No such module "convert".
Length Script error: No such module "convert".
Width Script error: No such module "convert".
Height Script error: No such module "convert".
Curb weight Script error: No such module "convert".

Ford redesigned the Lincoln MKZ for the 2013 model year, sharing the company's CD4 platform with Fusion and Mondeo.[28] The concept model debuted at the 2012 North American International Auto Show.[29]

The production version of the second-generation MKZ was unveiled at the 2012 New York Auto Show. It follows the general concept idea released in the model displayed at the 2012 Detroit Auto Show. Ford offers the 2013 MKZ with three powertrains: a 240-horsepower EcoBoost 2-liter four-cylinder (FWD or AWD), a 300-horsepower 3.7-liter V6 (FWD or AWD), and a hybrid system based on the 2-liter power plant. The hybrid, like the previous-generation MKZ Hybrid, is available for the same price as the nonhybrid model.[30][31]

Given the model's significant redesign for 2013, changes to the 2014 MKZ were primarily limited to color choices.

EPA ratings

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the 2013 MKZ Hybrid at Script error: No such module "convert". with the same rating for combined/city/highway cycles. The 2013 model year 2.0-liter, 4-cylinder FWD automatic MKZ rating is Script error: No such module "convert". combined, Script error: No such module "convert". in the city, and Script error: No such module "convert". on the highway.

These ratings allowed the 2013 MKZ Hybrid to become the most fuel-efficient luxury vehicle in the U.S. and improve the fuel economy of the Lexus ES 300h hybrid by 5 mpg-US on the combined cycle. Despite sharing the same powertrain, the 2013 MKZ Hybrid rated 2 mpg-US combined less than its sibling, the second-generation Ford Fusion Hybrid at Script error: No such module "convert"..[30]

Production delays

Originally, the MKZ was set to be released in November 2012, but this was set back to January after Fusion production was delayed, which is produced at the same plant. Its release date was again pushed back after Ford looked to iron out any possible quality issues. Some MKZs were even shipped to Ford's Flat Rock plant to be reassured they were ready to be sent to dealerships. This was an unprecedented move for such a big product launch, but Ford felt it would be profitable in the long run.[32] Cars finally started to reach dealerships in sufficient quantities by mid-March 2013.


The redesigned 2013 model-year Lincoln MKZ hybrid experienced strong sales during 2013. In July 2013, Ford announced that for the 2014 model year MKZ hybrid, it will increase the share of production allocated to the hybrid version, from 20% for the 2013 model year to 40% of the 2014 model year. The Lincoln MKZ Hybrid is popular among consumers in part because it has the same base price as the non-hybrid MKZ.

U.S. sales (2005 - 2014)
(gas & hybrid)
Hybrid-only Hybrid
2005 4,985[33]
2006 33,114[34]
2007 34,363[35]
2008 30,117[36]
2009 22,081[37]
2010 22,535[38] 1,192[39] 5.3%
2011 27,529[40] 5,739[41] 20.8%
2012 28,053[42] 6,067[43] 21.6%
2013 32,361[44] 7,469[45] 23.1%
2014 34,009[46] 10,033[47] 29.5%

See also


  1. ^ a b Binder, Alan K, ed. (2006). Ward's Automotive Yearbook 2006. Ward's Communications, Inc. p. 102. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Jerry Garrett (2011-07-22). "Upwardly Mobile Hybrids: Splurging While Saving Gas". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-07-23. 
  3. ^ Ford Motor Company. "2006 Zephyr Pricing." Ford Media. Jun. 16 2005.
  4. ^ Ford Motor Company. "2006 Zephyr Exterior/Interior." Ford Media. 2005.
  5. ^ Ford Motor Company. "2006 Zephyr Technical Specifications." Ford Media. 2005.
  6. ^ Ford Motor Company. "2006 Zephyr Powertrain." Ford Media. 2005.
  7. ^ Russ, Carey. "2006 Lincoln Zephyr Review." The Auto Channel. 2006.
  8. ^ United States. "2006 Lincoln Zephyr." Environmental Protection Agency. 2008.
  9. ^ "Lincoln Dealer Confusion Forces Model Name Changes". 2006-07-24. Retrieved 2006-07-24. 
  10. ^ Ford Motor Company. "2007 MKZ Overview." Ford Media. 2006.
  11. ^ United States. "2007 Lincoln MKZ." Environmental Protection Agency. 2008.
  12. ^ Stone, Matt. "First Test: 2007 Lincoln MKZ AWD." Motor Trend. 2006.
  13. ^ Ford Motor Company. "2008 MKZ Overview." Ford Media. 2007.
  14. ^ Ford Motor Company. "2010 Lincoln MKZ Builds on Success with New Face, New Interior, More Features, Quieter Experience." Ford Media. Nov. 19 2008.
  15. ^ a b c "Ford Introduces 2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid; Projected 41 mpg City". Green Car Congress. 2010-03-31. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 
  16. ^ "September 2010 Dashboard: Hybrid Sales Slide, While Clean Diesel Continues Growth". 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2010-10-05. 
  17. ^ "2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid EPA-Rated at 41 mpg City/36 mpg Highway; Most Fuel Efficient Luxury Sedan in US". Green Car Congress. 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2010-06-16. 
  18. ^ a b Mike Floyd (March 2010). "2011 Lincoln MKZ Hybrid". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ Jim Motavalli (2010-07-22). "Is This the End of the Hybrid Price Premium?". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  21. ^ "2012 Ford Fusion Review". Ford Auto Show. 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  22. ^ Eric Loveday (2011-06-13). "Report: Next-gen Ford Fusion Hybrid to get up to 48 mpg highway". AutoblogGreen. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  23. ^ John Voelcker (2011-06-13). "All-New 2013 Ford Fusion Hybrid To Get 47-48 City MPG: Report". GreenCarReports. Retrieved 2011-06-13. 
  24. ^ Kurt Ernst (2011-08-12). "2013 Lincoln MKZ Concept Coming to 2012 Detroit Auto Show". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2011-08-13. 
  25. ^ "Chevrolet Volt Electric Car is 2011 Green Car of the Year". Green Car Journal. 2010-11-18. Retrieved 2010-11-18. 
  26. ^ Cheryl Jensen (2011-07-07). "Scientists Demand Improved Hybrid Performance From Automakers". <span />The New York Times<span />. Retrieved 2011-07-23. 
  27. ^ Union of Concerned Scientists. "Hybrid Scorecard". Retrieved 2011-07-23. 
  28. ^ "2013 Lincoln MKZ". Car and Driver. 
  29. ^ Jerry Garrett (2012-01-10). "MKZ Concept Is the Next Step in Lincoln’s Reinvention". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-23. 
  30. ^ a b Sebastian Blanco (2012-10-16). "Lincoln MKZ Hybrid rated at 45 mpg, below 47-mpg Fusion Hybrid". Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  31. ^ Tamara Warren (2012-04-03). "In New York, Lincoln MKZ Makes a Proposition". <span />The New York Times<span />. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  32. ^ "Lincoln dealers frustrated over slow MKZ production ramp-up" from autoblog (February 12, 2013)
  33. ^ "Ford Achieves First Car Sales Increase Since 1999". 2004-11-17. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  34. ^ "Ford Motor Company 2007 sales". January 3, 2008. 
  35. ^ "Crossovers, Lincoln Highlight Ford's 2007 Sales Performance" (PDF). January 3, 2008. 
  36. ^ "F-Series drives ford to higher market share for third consecutive month" (PDF). Ford Motor Company. January 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-14. 
  37. ^ "FORD CAPS 2009 WITH 33 PERCENT SALES INCREASE, FIRST FULL-YEAR MARKET SHARE GAIN SINCE 1995 | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  38. ^ "December 2010 Sales: Ford Motor Company - Cheers & Gears Forums". Retrieved 2011-01-04. 
  39. ^ "December 2010 Dashboard: Year End Tally". 2011-01-07. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 
  40. ^ "2011 Ford Brand Sales up 17 Percent for the Year in U.S." (PDF). Ford Motor Company. 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  41. ^ "December 2011 Dashboard: Sales Still Climbing". 2012-01-09. Retrieved 2012-01-09. 
  42. ^ "Ford Cars, Utilities and Trucks All Post U.S. Sales Gains in 2012" (PDF). Ford Motor Company. 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2013-01-03. 
  43. ^ "December 2012 Dshboard". 2013-01-08. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  44. ^ "Ford Delivers Best Sales Year Since 2006" (PDF). Ford Motor Company. 2014-01-03. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  45. ^ Jeff Cobb (2014-01-06). "December 2013 Dashboard". and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2014-01-06. 
  46. ^ "Ford Posts Best U.S. December Sales Results since 2005" (PDF). Ford Motor Company. 2015-01-05. Retrieved 2015-01-07. 
  47. ^ Jeff Cobb (2015-01-06). "December 2014 Dashboard". and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2015-01-07. 

External links