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List of Formula One circuits

File:Formula 1 all over the world-2015-new.svg
Locations of the circuits that hosted a Grand Prix. Nations that will host a Grand Prix in 2015 are highlighted in green, with circuit locations marked in black. Former host nations are shown in dark grey. Former host circuits are marked with a white dot.

Formula One, abbreviated to F1, is the highest class of open-wheeled auto racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.[1] The "formula" in the name refers to a set of rules to which all participants and vehicles must conform. The Formula One World Championship season consists of a series of races, known as Grands Prix, usually held on purpose-built circuits, and in a few cases on closed city streets. The results of each race are combined to determine two annual Championships, one for drivers and one for constructors.

The first World Championship Grand Prix was held in 1950 at Silverstone; since then 70 circuits have hosted a Grand Prix. Circuits such as the Nürburgring have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations. The first race at the Nürburgring used the Script error: No such module "convert". configuration, but concerns over safety meant that more recent Grands Prix have used a shorter, safer circuit.[2] F1 circuits were predominately in Europe during the early years of the championship, as the sport has expanded so has the location of its circuits. The expansion into Asia and America has been a recent occurrence. Of the 20 circuits that hosted a Grand Prix in 2012, nearly half were not on the calendar before 1999.[3]

The Autodromo Nazionale Monza has hosted the most Grands Prix; it has been used as the circuit for the Italian Grand Prix 64 times. The only season it did not host a race was in 1980, when the Italian Grand Prix was held at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari.[4] The Sochi Autodrom became the 70th circuit to host a Grand Prix, when it held the Russian Grand Prix in 2014. The longest circuit to have hosted a Grand Prix is the Pescara Circuit, which hosted the 1957 Pescara Grand Prix. The Script error: No such module "convert". long circuit in Pescara, Italy, held the annual Coppa Acerbo race; in 1957 it was included as part of the World Championship, a race which Stirling Moss won.[5]

As some circuits have hosted Grands Prix using different configurations, the most recent configuration used is listed in the table below.

Circuits

File:Dagger-14-plain.png Current circuits (for the 2015 season) are shown in bold
  • The "Map" column shows a diagram of the circuit configuration.
  • The "Type" column refers to the type of circuit: "street" is a circuit held on closed city streets, "road" refers to a mixture of public roads and a permanent track, and "race" is a permanent facility.
Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Current length Grands Prix Season(s) Grands Prix held
Adelaide Street Circuit 150px Street circuit Clockwise Adelaide, Australia Script error: No such module "convert". Australian Grand Prix 19851995 11
Ain-Diab Circuit File:Ain-Diab.svg Road circuit Clockwise Casablanca, Morocco Script error: No such module "convert". Moroccan Grand Prix 1958 1
Aintree 150px Road circuit Clockwise Liverpool, United Kingdom Script error: No such module "convert". British Grand Prix 1955, 1957, 1959, 19611962 5
Albert ParkFile:Dagger-14-plain.png Albert Park Street circuit Clockwise Melbourne, Australia Script error: No such module "convert". Australian Grand Prix 19962015 20
Autódromo do Estoril Estoril Race circuit Clockwise Estoril, Portugal Script error: No such module "convert". Portuguese Grand Prix 19841996 13
Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari 150px Race circuit Anti-clockwise Imola, Italy Script error: No such module "convert". Italian Grand Prix
San Marino Grand Prix
19802006 27
Autódromo Hermanos RodríguezFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Clockwise Mexico City, Mexico Script error: No such module "convert". Mexican Grand Prix 19631970, 19861992 15
Autódromo Internacional Nelson Piquet 150px Race circuit Anti-clockwise Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Script error: No such module "convert". Brazilian Grand Prix 1978, 19811989 10
Autódromo José Carlos PaceFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Anti-clockwise São Paulo, Brazil Script error: No such module "convert". Brazilian Grand Prix 19731977, 19791980,
19902014
32
Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez 150px Race circuit Clockwise Buenos Aires, Argentina Script error: No such module "convert". Argentine Grand Prix 19531958, 1960, 19721975, 19771981, 19951998 20
Autodromo Nazionale MonzaFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Clockwise Monza, Italy Script error: No such module "convert". Italian Grand Prix 19501979, 19812014 64
AVUS 150px Street circuit Anti-clockwise Berlin, Germany Script error: No such module "convert". German Grand Prix 1959 1
Bahrain International CircuitFile:Dagger-14-plain.png Bahrain Race circuit Clockwise Sakhir, Bahrain Script error: No such module "convert". Bahrain Grand Prix 20042010, 20122015 11
Brands Hatch 150px Race circuit Clockwise Kent, United Kingdom Script error: No such module "convert". British Grand Prix
European Grand Prix
1964, 1966, 1968, 1970, 1972
1974, 1976, 1978, 1980, 19821986
14
Buddh International Circuit 150px Race circuit Clockwise Greater Noida, India Script error: No such module "convert". Indian Grand Prix 2011-2013 3
Bugatti Circuit Bugatti Race circuit Clockwise Le Mans, France Script error: No such module "convert". French Grand Prix 1967 1
Caesars Palace Grand Prix 150px Street circuit Anti-clockwise Las Vegas, United States Script error: No such module "convert". Caesars Palace Grand Prix 19811982 2
Charade Circuit 150px Road circuit Clockwise Clermont-Ferrand, France Script error: No such module "convert". French Grand Prix 1965, 19691970, 1972 4
Circuit Bremgarten 150px Road circuit Clockwise Bremgarten, Switzerland Script error: No such module "convert". Swiss Grand Prix 19501954 5
Circuit de Barcelona-CatalunyaFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Clockwise Montmeló, Spain Script error: No such module "convert". Spanish Grand Prix 19912015 25
Circuit de MonacoFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Street circuit Clockwise Monte Carlo, Monaco Script error: No such module "convert". Monaco Grand Prix 1950, 19552015 62
Circuit de Spa-FrancorchampsFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race Clockwise Spa, Belgium Script error: No such module "convert". Belgian Grand Prix 19501956, 1958, 19601968, 1970, 1983, 19852002, 20042005, 20072014 47
Circuito de Monsanto 150px Street circuit Clockwise Lisbon, Portugal Script error: No such module "convert". Portuguese Grand Prix 1959 1
Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours 150px Race circuit Clockwise Nevers, France Script error: No such module "convert". French Grand Prix 19912008 18
Circuit Gilles VilleneuveFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Street circuit Clockwise Montreal, Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Canadian Grand Prix 19781986, 19882008, 20102014 35
Circuit Mont-Tremblant 150px Race circuit Clockwise Mont-Tremblant, Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Canadian Grand Prix 1968, 1970 2
Circuit of the AmericasFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Anti-clockwise Austin, United States Script error: No such module "convert". United States Grand Prix 20122014 3
Circuit Park Zandvoort 150px Race circuit Clockwise Zandvoort, Netherlands Script error: No such module "convert". Dutch Grand Prix 19521953, 1955, 19581971, 19731985 30
Circuit Paul Ricard 150px Race circuit Clockwise Castellet, France Script error: No such module "convert". French Grand Prix 1971, 1973, 19751976, 1978, 1980, 19821983, 19851990 14
Circuit Zolder 150px Race circuit Clockwise Heusden-Zolder, Belgium Script error: No such module "convert". Belgian Grand Prix 1973, 19751982, 1984 10
Circuito da Boavista 150px Street circuit Anti-clockwise Porto, Portugal Script error: No such module "convert". Portuguese Grand Prix 1958, 1960 2
Circuito de Jerez 150px Race circuit Clockwise Jerez de la Frontera, Spain Script error: No such module "convert". Spanish Grand Prix
European Grand Prix
19861990, 1994, 1997 7
Circuito del Jarama 150px Race circuit Clockwise Jarama, Spain Script error: No such module "convert". Spanish Grand Prix 1968, 1970, 1972, 1974,
19761979, 1981
9
Detroit street circuit 150px Street circuit Anti-clockwise Detroit, United States Script error: No such module "convert". Detroit Grand Prix 19821988 7
Dijon-Prenois 150px Race circuit Clockwise Dijon, France Script error: No such module "convert". French Grand Prix
Swiss Grand Prix
1974, 1977, 1979, 19811982, 1984 6
Donington Park Donington Park Race circuit Clockwise Leicestershire, United Kingdom Script error: No such module "convert". European Grand Prix 1993 1
Fair Park 150px Street circuit Anti-Clockwise Dallas, United States Script error: No such module "convert". Dallas Grand Prix 1984 1
Fuji Speedway 150px Race circuit Clockwise Shizuoka, Japan Script error: No such module "convert". Japanese Grand Prix 19761977, 20072008 4
Grand Prix of Long Beach 150px Street circuit Clockwise Long Beach, United States Script error: No such module "convert". United States Grand Prix West 19761983 8
Hockenheimring 150px Race circuit Clockwise Hockenheim, Germany Script error: No such module "convert". German Grand Prix 1970, 19771984, 19862006,
2008, 2010, 2012, 2014
34
HungaroringFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Clockwise Budapest, Hungary Script error: No such module "convert". Hungarian Grand Prix 19862014 29
Indianapolis Motor Speedway 150px Race circuit Clockwise (Road Course), Anti-Clockwise (Oval Track) Speedway, United States Script error: No such module "convert". Indianapolis 500[A]
United States Grand Prix
19501960, 20002007 19
Istanbul Park 150px Race circuit Anti-clockwise Istanbul, Turkey Script error: No such module "convert". Turkish Grand Prix 20052011 7
Korea International Circuit 150px Race circuit Anti-clockwise Yeongam, South Korea Script error: No such module "convert". Korean Grand Prix 20102013 4
Kyalami 150px Race circuit Anti-clockwise Midrand, South Africa Script error: No such module "convert". South African Grand Prix 19671980, 19821985, 19921993 20
Marina Bay Street CircuitFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Street circuit Anti-clockwise Singapore Script error: No such module "convert". Singapore Grand Prix 20082014 7
Montjuïc circuit 150px Street circuit Anti-clockwise Barcelona, Spain Script error: No such module "convert". Spanish Grand Prix 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975 4
Mosport International Raceway 150px Race circuit Clockwise Bowmanville, Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Canadian Grand Prix 1967, 1969, 19711977 8
Nivelles-Baulers 150px Race circuit Clockwise Nivelles, Belgium Script error: No such module "convert". Belgian Grand Prix 1972, 1974 2
Nürburgring 150px Race circuit Clockwise Nürburg, Germany Script error: No such module "convert". German Grand Prix
European Grand Prix
Luxembourg Grand Prix
19511954, 19561958, 19611969, 19711976, 19841985, 19952007
2009, 2011, 2013
40
Pedralbes Circuit 150px Street circuit Clockwise Barcelona, Spain Script error: No such module "convert". Spanish Grand Prix 1951, 1954 2
Pescara Circuit 150px Road circuit Clockwise Pescara, Italy Script error: No such module "convert". Pescara Grand Prix 1957 1
Phoenix street circuit 150px Street circuit Anti-clockwise Phoenix, United States Script error: No such module "convert". United States Grand Prix 19891991 3
Prince George Circuit 150px Race circuit Clockwise East London, South Africa Script error: No such module "convert". South African Grand Prix 19621963, 1965 3
Red Bull RingFile:Dagger-14-plain.png (formerly A1-Ring and Österreichring) 150px Race circuit Clockwise Zeltweg, Austria Script error: No such module "convert". Austrian Grand Prix 19701987, 19972003, 2014 26
Reims-Gueux 150px Road circuit Clockwise Reims, France Script error: No such module "convert". French Grand Prix 19501951, 19531954, 1956,
19581961, 1963, 1966
11
Riverside International Raceway 150px Race circuit Clockwise Riverside, United States Script error: No such module "convert". United States Grand Prix 1960 1
Rouen-Les-Essarts 150px Road circuit Clockwise Rouen, France Script error: No such module "convert". French Grand Prix 1952, 1957, 1962, 1964, 1968 5
Scandinavian Raceway 150px Race circuit Clockwise Anderstorp, Sweden Script error: No such module "convert". Swedish Grand Prix 19731978 6
Sebring International Raceway Sebring International Raceway Road circuit Clockwise Sebring, United States Script error: No such module "convert". United States Grand Prix 1959 1
Sepang International CircuitFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Clockwise Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Script error: No such module "convert". Malaysian Grand Prix 19992015 17
Shanghai International CircuitFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Clockwise Shanghai, China Script error: No such module "convert". Chinese Grand Prix 20042015 12
Silverstone CircuitFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Clockwise Silverstone, United Kingdom Script error: No such module "convert". British Grand Prix 19501954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1985, 19872014 48
Sochi AutodromFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Road circuit Clockwise Sochi, Russia Script error: No such module "convert". Russian Grand Prix 2014 1
Suzuka CircuitFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Clockwise, counter-clockwise Suzuka, Japan Script error: No such module "convert". Japanese Grand Prix 19872006, 20092014 26
Tanaka International Circuit 150px Race circuit Clockwise Aida, Japan Script error: No such module "convert". Pacific Grand Prix 19941995 2
Valencia Street Circuit 150px Street circuit Clockwise Valencia, Spain Script error: No such module "convert". European Grand Prix 20082012 5
Watkins Glen 150px Race circuit Clockwise Watkins Glen, United States Script error: No such module "convert". United States Grand Prix 19611980 20
Yas Marina CircuitFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 150px Race circuit Anti-clockwise Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Script error: No such module "convert". Abu Dhabi Grand Prix 20092014 6
Zeltweg Airfield 150px Road circuit Clockwise Zeltweg, Austria Script error: No such module "convert". Austrian Grand Prix 1964 1

Proposed circuits

Two new circuits are proposed to be used in Formula One in the near future. The Grand Prix of America is a planned race that was expected to take place on the Port Imperial Street Circuit on the streets around Hudson County, New Jersey,[6] starting in 2013, but was delayed several times.[7] The European Grand Prix is planned to be revived in 2016, with a race on the streets of Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan.

Future Formula One circuits
Circuit Map Type Direction Location Current Length Grands Prix Season(s)
Baku Street Circuit
(Azadliq Avenue)[B]
150px Street circuit Anti-clockwise[8] Baku, Azerbaijan Script error: No such module "convert". European Grand Prix 2016
Port Imperial Street Circuit 150px Street circuit Clockwise New Jersey, United States Script error: No such module "convert". Grand Prix of America TBA

Footnotes

A. ^ From 1950 to 1960, the Indianapolis 500 was part of the F1 World Championship.[9]
B.  ^ The name "Baku Street Circuit" has been used to refer to three different circuits used by Formula One, FIA GT and the Blancpain Sprint Series. The proposed Grand Prix circuit will be based around Azadliq Avenue.

References

General

  • Hughes, Mark; Tremayne, David (2002). The Concise Encyclopedia of Formula 1. Parragon. pp. 70–93. ISBN 0-75258-766-8. 
  • "Circuits". ESPN. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 

Specific

  1. ^ "About FIA". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA). Retrieved 31 October 2008. 
  2. ^ Hughes & Tremayne 2002, p. 76
  3. ^ Gill, Pete (31 October 2011). "A truly global sport". Sky Sports. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Facts and figures – Italian Grand Prix". Formula 1. 7 September 2006. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Pescara Circuit". ESPN. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "New Jersey to host Grand Prix of America in 2013". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 25 October 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "Exclusive Q&A: Chris Pook on the Grand Prix of America in New Jersey". Racer. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Baku street track for 2016 F1 European Grand Prix unveiled - F1 news - AUTOSPORT.com". Autosport. Retrieved 8 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "United States Grand Prix history". Formula 1. 16 June 2004. Retrieved 5 July 2012. 

External links

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