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List of Heisman Trophy winners

Heisman Trophy
Awarded for The outstanding college football player whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity. Winners epitomize great ability combined with diligence, perseverance, and hard work.
Location Best Buy Theater, Times Square, Manhattan
Presented by Downtown Athletic Club (1937–2001)
Yale Club (2002–2003)
The Heisman Trust (2004–current)
First awarded December 9, 1935 to Jay Berwanger
Currently held by
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  • This is a redirect from a page that has been moved (renamed). This page was kept as a redirect to avoid breaking links, both internal and external, that may have been made to the old page name. For more information follow the category link.
Official website http://www.heisman.com/

The Heisman Trophy, one of the highest individual awards in American college football, has been awarded 78 times since its creation in 1935, including 77 individual winners and one two-time winner. The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), and is awarded by the Heisman Trust, successors of the awards from the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the Best Buy Theater in Times Square, Manhattan.

In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River".[1] In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.[2] In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[3] In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible, though the first player from the western United States was not selected until 1938.[1] Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award twice.[4]

On June 10, 2010, following several years of investigation, the NCAA announced that USC running back Reggie Bush, the 2005 Heisman trophy winner, received gifts from agents while still in college. The university received major sanctions,[5][6] and there were reports that the Heisman Trophy Trust would strip his award.[7] In September of that year, Bush voluntarily forfeited his title as the 2005 winner. The Heisman Trust decided to leave the award vacated with no new winner to be announced.[8]

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building,[9] the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003.[10] The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the Best Buy Theater, also in Times Square.[11] The move to the Best Buy Theater allowed the Downtown Athletic Club (and ultimately, the award's successor, The Heisman Trust) to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[12]

In terms of balloting, the fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions (Far West, Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, South West), and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states.[13] Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.[14]

Key

* First overall draft pick in the NFL Draft
Inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
First overall draft pick and inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame

List of Heisman winners

Heisman Winners
Year Image Name School Position Points  % of Points Possible[15] Class
1935 Berwanger, JayJay Berwanger* Chicago Halfback 84 43.08% Senior
1936 Kelley, LarryLarry Kelley Yale End 219 36.41% Senior
1937 Frank, ClintClint Frank Yale Halfback 524 32.89% Senior
1938 O'Brien, DaveyDavey O'Brien TCU Quarterback 519 29.62% Senior
1939 125px Kinnick, NileNile Kinnick Iowa Quarterback 651 31.00% Senior
1940 125px Harmon, TomTom Harmon* Michigan Halfback 1,303 54.29% Senior
1941 Smith, BruceBruce Smith Minnesota Halfback 554 49.99% Senior
1942
Frank Sinkwich* Georgia Halfback 1,059 99.69% Senior
1943 Bertelli, AngeloAngelo Bertelli* Notre Dame Quarterback 648 64.80% Senior
1944 Horvath, LesLes Horvath Ohio State Quarterback/Halfback 412 18.31% Senior
1945 125px Blanchard, DocDoc Blanchard Army Fullback 860 33.81% Junior
1946 125px Davis, GlennGlenn Davis Army Halfback 792 79.20% Senior
1947 125px Lujack, JohnnyJohnny Lujack Notre Dame Quarterback 742 74.20% Senior
1948 Walker, DoakDoak Walker SMU Halfback 778 28.56% Junior
1949 Hart, LeonLeon Hart* Notre Dame End 995 36.53% Senior
1950 Janowicz, VicVic Janowicz Ohio State Halfback/Punter 633 22.03% Junior
1951
Kazmaier, DickDick Kazmaier Princeton Halfback 1,777 60.01% Senior
1952 Vessels, BillyBilly Vessels Oklahoma Halfback 525 14.32% Senior
1953 125px Lattner, JohnnyJohnny Lattner Notre Dame Halfback 1,850 49.14% Senior
1954 Ameche, AlanAlan Ameche Wisconsin Fullback 1,068 27.01% Senior
1955 125px Cassady, HowardHoward Cassady Ohio State Halfback 2,219 55.87% Senior
1956
Hornung, PaulPaul Hornung Notre Dame Quarterback 1,066 26.96% Senior
1957 125px Crow, John DavidJohn David Crow Texas A&M Halfback 1,183 31.12% Senior
1958 125px Dawkins, PetePete Dawkins Army Halfback 1,394 39.01% Senior
1959 125px Cannon, BillyBilly Cannon* LSU Halfback 1,929 53.72% Senior
1960
Bellino, JoeJoe Bellino Navy Halfback 1,793 52.89% Senior
1961 Davis, ErnieErnie Davis* Syracuse Halfback/Linebacker/Fullback 824 25.18% Senior
1962
Baker, TerryTerry Baker* Oregon State Quarterback 707 21.25% Senior
1963 125px Staubach, RogerRoger Staubach Navy Quarterback 1,860 55.21% Junior
1964 Huarte, JohnJohn Huarte Notre Dame Quarterback 1,026 30.98% Senior
1965 125px Garrett, MikeMike Garrett USC Halfback 926 26.61% Senior
1966 125px Spurrier, SteveSteve Spurrier Florida Quarterback 1,679 48.25% Senior
1967
Beban, GaryGary Beban UCLA Quarterback 1,968 63.50% Senior
1968 125px Simpson, O. J.O. J. Simpson USC Halfback 2,853 80.64% Senior
1969
Owens, SteveSteve Owens Oklahoma Fullback 1,488 40.92% Senior
1970 125px Plunkett, JimJim Plunkett* Stanford Quarterback 2,229 58.78% Senior
1971
Sullivan, PatPat Sullivan Auburn Quarterback 1,597 42.25% Senior
1972
Rodgers, JohnnyJohnny Rodgers Nebraska Wide Receiver/Running back 1,310 38.75% Senior
1973
Cappelletti, JohnJohn Cappelletti Penn State Running back 1,057 32.78% Senior
1974 125px Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,920 59.53% Junior
1975 Griffin, ArchieArchie Griffin Ohio State Running back 1,800 57.64% Senior
1976 125px Dorsett, TonyTony Dorsett Pittsburgh Running back 2,357 74.97% Senior
1977 125px Campbell, EarlEarl Campbell Texas Running back 1,547 49.11% Senior
1978 125px Sims, BillyBilly Sims* Oklahoma Running back 1,896 26.25% Junior
1979
White, CharlesCharles White USC Running back 1,695 53.81% Senior
1980
Rogers, GeorgeGeorge Rogers* South Carolina Running back 1,128 35.81% Senior
1981 125px Allen, MarcusMarcus Allen USC Running back 1,797 57.05% Senior
1982 125px Walker, HerschelHerschel Walker Georgia Running back 1,926 61.14% Junior
1983
Rozier, MikeMike Rozier Nebraska Running back 1,801 57.17% Senior
1984 125px Flutie, DougDoug Flutie Boston College Quarterback 2,240 71.11% Senior
1985 125px Jackson, BoBo Jackson* Auburn Running back 1,509 47.90% Senior
1986 125px Testaverde, VinnyVinny Testaverde* Miami Quarterback 2,213 70.25% Senior
1987 125px Brown, TimTim Brown Notre Dame Wide receiver 1,442 45.78% Senior
1988 125px Sanders, BarryBarry Sanders Oklahoma State Running back 1,878 68.27% Junior
1989 125px Ware, AndreAndre Ware Houston Quarterback 1,073 38.96% Junior
1990 125px Detmer, TyTy Detmer BYU Quarterback 1,482 53.87% Junior
1991 125px Howard, DesmondDesmond Howard Michigan Wide receiver/Punt returner 2,077 75.50% Junior
1992 125px Torretta, GinoGino Torretta Miami Quarterback 1,400 50.84% Senior
1993 125px Ward, CharlieCharlie Ward Florida State Quarterback 2,310 83.79% Senior
1994
Salaam, RashaanRashaan Salaam Colorado Running back 1,743 63.15% Junior
1995 125px George, EddieEddie George Ohio State Running back 1,460 52.84% Senior
1996 125px Wuerffel, DannyDanny Wuerffel Florida Quarterback 1,363 49.38% Senior
1997 125px Woodson, CharlesCharles Woodson Michigan Cornerback/Punt returner 1,815 65.69% Junior
1998 125px Williams, RickyRicky Williams Texas Running back 2,355 85.23% Senior
1999
Dayne, RonRon Dayne Wisconsin Running back 2,042 73.83% Senior
2000 125px Weinke, ChrisChris Weinke Florida State Quarterback 1,628 58.86% Senior
2001
Crouch, EricEric Crouch Nebraska Quarterback 770 27.75% Senior
2002 125px Palmer, CarsonCarson Palmer* USC Quarterback 1,328 48.01% Senior
2003 125px White, JasonJason White Oklahoma Quarterback 1,481 53.54% Junior
2004 125px Leinart, MattMatt Leinart USC Quarterback 1,325 47.85% Junior
2006 125px Smith, TroyTroy Smith Ohio State Quarterback 2,540 91.63% Senior
2007 125px Tebow, TimTim Tebow Florida Quarterback 1,957 70.52% Sophomore
2008 125px Bradford, SamSam Bradford* Oklahoma Quarterback 1,726 62.13% Sophomore
2009 125px Ingram, Jr., MarkMark Ingram, Jr. Alabama Running back 1,304 46.99% Sophomore
2010 125px Newton, CamCam Newton* Auburn Quarterback 2,263 81.55% Junior
2011 125px Griffin III, RobertRobert Griffin III Baylor Quarterback 1,687 60.66% Junior
2012 125px Manziel, JohnnyJohnny Manziel Texas A&M Quarterback 2,029 72.88% Freshman
2013 125px Winston, JameisJameis Winston* Florida State Quarterback 2,205 79.12% Freshman
2014 125px Mariota, MarcusMarcus Mariota Oregon Quarterback 2,534 90.92% Junior

Trophies won by school

This is a list of the colleges and universities who have had a player win a Heisman trophy: Ohio State and Notre Dame are tied for the most trophies at 7 each (USC's 7th having been vacated). Ohio State has the distinction of the only two time winner, Archie Griffin, leaving their total players to have won the trophy at six. In total, players from 39 different schools have won a Heisman Trophy, while 17 schools have more than one trophy.

School Trophies
held
Ohio State 7
Notre Dame 7
USC 6
Oklahoma 5
Army 3
Auburn 3
Florida 3
Florida State 3
Michigan 3
Nebraska 3
Georgia 2
Miami 2
Navy 2
Texas 2
Texas A&M 2
Wisconsin 2
Yale 2
Alabama 1
Baylor 1
BYU 1
Boston College 1
Colorado 1
Chicago 1
Houston 1
Iowa 1
LSU 1
Minnesota 1
Oklahoma State 1
Oregon 1
Oregon State 1
Penn State 1
Pittsburgh 1
Princeton 1
South Carolina 1
SMU 1
Stanford 1
Syracuse 1
TCU 1
UCLA 1

References

  1. ^ a b Lighten up. (Heisman Trophy)[dead link] Mark Purdy, The Sporting News, encyclopedia.com. December 5, 1994. Accessed March 8, 2008. (Site defunct prior to 9/10)
  2. ^ Jay Berwanger, first winner of the Heisman Trophy, 1914–2002 Julia Morse, University of Chicago News Office. Chicago, Illinois. June 27, 2002. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. ^ "The Heisman Trophy". heisman.com. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  4. ^ Archie Griffin Heisman.com. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  5. ^ USC punished with two-year football posteason ban. ESPN, 2010-06-11.
  6. ^ "NCAA infraction report" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-09-20. 
  7. ^ "news: Heisman Trust leader denies decision to revoke Bush's trophy". NFL. September 7, 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-20. 
  8. ^ "Reggie Bush's Heisman to stay vacated". ESPN. September 16, 2010. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. 
  9. ^ New York landmark's closing leaves Heisman homeless Wayne Drehs, ESPN.com. July 22, 2004. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  10. ^ 9-11 Forces Heisman to Move to Yale Club[dead link] Christopher Hunt, New York Daily News. June 26, 2002. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  11. ^ "Downtown Athletic Club". nyc-architecture.com. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  12. ^ Bush runs away with Heisman Trophy Ivan Maisel, ESPN.com. December 10, 2005. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  13. ^ Expanded Heisman Trophy Voting Results MSNBC.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  14. ^ "Heisman Trophy Balloting". heisman.com. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  15. ^ Chisholm, Kari. "A plea to sportswriters for statistical accuracy". Stiff Arm Trophy. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 

External links


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