Open Access Articles- Top Results for List of Major League Baseball stadiums

List of Major League Baseball stadiums

The following is a list of current and former Major League Baseball stadiums.

Angel Stadium of Anaheim, Dodger Stadium, Fenway Park, Kauffman Stadium, Marlins Park, Nationals Park, Oriole Park at Camden Yards, Turner Field, Wrigley Field, and Yankee Stadium are the only stadiums which have not sold their naming rights to a corporation. Turner and Wrigley are named for the individuals and not the corporations, Kauffmann is named for Ewing Kauffman who brought baseball back to Kansas City while Fenway is named for the neighborhood and realty company at the time of ownership.


File:Double-dagger-14-plain.pngDenotes stadium with a retractable roof.
File:Dagger-14-plain.pngDenotes stadium with a fixed roof.

Current stadiums

Image Stadium Seating capacity Location Playing surface Team Opened Distance to center field Ballpark typology
120px Angel Stadium of Anaheim 45,957 Anaheim, California Grass Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim 1966 Script error: No such module "convert". Modern
Retro Modern
120px AT&T Park 41,915[1] San Francisco, California Grass San Francisco Giants 2000 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Busch Stadium 43,975[2] St. Louis, Missouri Grass St. Louis Cardinals 2006 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Chase FieldFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png 48,519 Phoenix, Arizona Grass Arizona Diamondbacks 1998 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px Citi Field 41,922[3] Queens, New York City, New York Grass New York Mets 2009 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Citizens Bank Park 43,651 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Grass Philadelphia Phillies 2004 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Comerica Park 41,574[4] Detroit, Michigan Grass Detroit Tigers 2000 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Coors Field 50,398[5] Denver, Colorado Grass Colorado Rockies 1995 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Dodger Stadium 56,000[6] Los Angeles, California Grass Los Angeles Dodgers[nb 1] 1962 Script error: No such module "convert". Modern
120px Fenway Park 37,673[7] Boston, Massachusetts Grass Boston Red Sox[nb 2] 1912 Script error: No such module "convert". Jewel Box
120px Globe Life Park in Arlington 48,114[8] Arlington, Texas Grass Texas Rangers 1994 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Great American Ball Park 42,319 Cincinnati, Ohio Grass Cincinnati Reds 2003 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px Kauffman Stadium 37,903[9] Kansas City, Missouri Grass Kansas City Royals 1973 Script error: No such module "convert". Modern
Retro Modern
120px Marlins ParkFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png 36,742 Miami, Florida Grass Miami Marlins 2012 Script error: No such module "convert". Contemporary[10]
120px Miller ParkFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png 41,900[11] Milwaukee, Wisconsin Grass Milwaukee Brewers 2001 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px Minute Maid ParkFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png 41,574 Houston, Texas Grass Houston Astros 2000 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px Nationals Park 41,341[12] Washington, D.C. Grass Washington Nationals 2008 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px Coliseum[13] 35,067 Oakland, California Grass Oakland Athletics 1966[nb 3] Script error: No such module "convert". Multipurpose
120px Oriole Park at Camden Yards 45,971[12] Baltimore, Maryland Grass Baltimore Orioles 1992 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Petco Park 41,164 San Diego, California Grass San Diego Padres 2004 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px PNC Park 38,362 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Grass Pittsburgh Pirates 2001 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px Progressive Field 36,675[14] Cleveland, Ohio Grass Cleveland Indians 1994 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px Rogers CentreFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png 49,282 Toronto, Ontario, Canada AstroTurf GameDay Grass 3D Toronto Blue Jays 1989 Script error: No such module "convert". Multipurpose
120px Safeco FieldFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png 47,574 Seattle, Washington Grass Seattle Mariners 1999 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px Target Field 39,021[15] Minneapolis, Minnesota Grass Minnesota Twins 2010 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Modern
120px Tropicana FieldFile:Dagger-14-plain.png 31,042[16] St. Petersburg, Florida AstroTurf GameDay Grass Tampa Bay Rays 1990 Script error: No such module "convert". Multipurpose
120px Turner Field 49,586[17] Atlanta, Georgia Grass Atlanta Braves 1996[nb 4] Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic
120px U.S. Cellular Field 40,615 Chicago, Illinois Grass Chicago White Sox 1991 Script error: No such module "convert". Modern
Retro Classic
120px Wrigley Field 40,929 Chicago, Illinois Grass Chicago Cubs 1914[nb 5] Script error: No such module "convert". Jewel Box
120px Yankee Stadium 49,642[18] The Bronx, New York City, New York Grass New York Yankees 2009 Script error: No such module "convert". Retro Classic

Seating Capacity facts:

  • Fenway Park capacity is 37,227 during day games
  • Coliseum capacity is 55,945 with tarp covered seats
  • Tropicana Field capacity is 42,735 with tarp covered seats

Map of current stadiums

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Future ballparks, proposed and sanctioned by MLB

Stadium Estimated capacity Location Playing surface Team Estimated
opening date
Distance to
center field
SunTrust Park 41,500 Cumberland, Georgia Grass Atlanta Braves 2017 undetermined Under construction[19]
Cisco Field 32,000 San Jose, California Grass Oakland Athletics unknown Script error: No such module "convert". Pending claim of territorial rights by San Francisco Giants[20]
Rays Ballpark 35,000[21] St. Petersburg, Florida Grass Tampa Bay Rays unknown undetermined Proposal abandoned in 2009;[22] discussion of need continues.[23][24]

Former stadiums / ballparks

In addition to the current National (NL) and American (AL) leagues, Major League Baseball recognizes four short-lived other leagues as "major" for at least some portion of their histories; three of them played only in the 19th century, while a fourth played two years in the 1910s. These leagues are the American Association (AA), 1882–1891; the Union Association (UA), 1884; the Players' League (PL), 1890; and the Federal League (FL), 1914–1915. This list includes all ballparks that served as regular home fields for teams throughout all six circuits' histories as major leagues.

Although they arguably represented a top-flight quality of play at times, the 19th century National Association of Professional Base Ball Players (NA) and the various 20th century Negro leagues are not considered by MLB to have been "major leagues".

All playing fields are natural grass unless otherwise noted.

City Stadium MLB team(s) Opened Closed Notes Ref(s)
altAltoona Columbia Park Altoona Mountain City (UA, 1884) 1884 [25]
atlAtlanta Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium Atlanta Braves (NL, 1966–1996) 1965 1996
Baltimore Newington Park Baltimore Orioles (AA, 1882)
Huntington Avenue Park
Oriole Park I
Baltimore Orioles (AA, 1882–1889)
Belair Lot Baltimore Monumentals (UA, 1884)
Oriole Park II Baltimore Orioles (AA, 1890–1891) 1890
Union Park
Oriole Park III
Baltimore Orioles (AA, 1891)
Baltimore Orioles (NL, 1892–1899)
Oriole Park IV Baltimore Orioles (AL, 1901–1902) 1901 1915
Terrapin Park
Oriole Park V
Baltimore Terrapins (FL, 1914–1915) 1914 1944
Memorial Stadium Baltimore Orioles (AL, 1954–1991) 1922 1998
Boston South End Grounds
Walpole Street Grounds
Boston Beaneaters/Braves (NL, 1876–1914) 1871 1914
Dartmouth Grounds Boston Reds (UA, 1884) [25]
Congress Street Grounds Boston Reds (PL, 1890)
Boston Reds (AA, 1891)
Boston Beaneaters (NL, 1894)
1890 1894
Huntington Avenue Grounds Boston Red Sox (AL, 1901–1911) 1901 1911
Braves Field[b]
The Bee Hive
Boston Braves/Bees (NL, 1915–1952) 1915 1952 Now Nickerson Field
Buffalo Riverside Park Buffalo Bisons (NL, 1879–1883) 1878 1883
Olympic Park I Buffalo Bisons (NL, 1884–1885) 1884 1888
Olympic Park II Buffalo Bisons (PL, 1890) 1890
International Fair Association Grounds Buffalo Blues (FL, 1914–1915) 1914
Chicago Lake Front Park
Union Base-Ball Grounds
Chicago White Stockings (NL, 1878–1884) 1871 1884 Now part of Grant Park
23rd Street Grounds Chicago White Stockings (NL, 1876–1877) 1872 1877
South Side Park I Chicago Browns (UA, 1884) 1884
West Side Park I Chicago White Stockings (NL, 1885–1891) 1885 1891
South Side Park II Chicago Pirates (PL, 1890)
Chicago White Stockings (NL, 1891–1892)
South Side Park III
39th Street Grounds
Chicago White Sox (AL, 1901–1910) 1893 1940
West Side Park II Chicago Cubs (NL, 1894–1915) 1894 1920
Comiskey Park
White Sox Park
Chicago White Sox (AL, 1910–1990) 1910 1990
Cincinnati Avenue Grounds
Brighton Park
Cincinnati Reds (NL, 1876–1879)
Bank Street Grounds Cincinnati Reds (NL, 1880)
Cincinnati Reds (AA, 1882–1883)
Cincinnati Outlaw Reds (UA, 1884)
League Park
American Park
Cincinnati Reds (AA, 1884-1889)
Cincinnati Reds (NL, 1890–1901)
1884 1901
East End Park
Pendleton Park
Cincinnati Kelly's Killers (AA, 1891) 1891 1907?
Palace of the Fans Cincinnati Reds (NL, 1902–1911) 1902 1911
Crosley Field
Redland Field
Cincinnati Reds (NL, 1912–1970) 1912 1970
Riverfront Stadium
Cinergy Field
Cincinnati Reds (NL, 1970–2002) 1970 2002 AstroTurf (1970–2000)
Grass (2001–2002)
Cleveland Kennard Street Park Cleveland Blues (NL, 1879–1884)
National League Park Cleveland Spiders (AA, 1887-1888)
Cleveland Spiders (NL, 1889–1890)
Brotherhood Park Cleveland Infants (PL, 1890)
League Park Cleveland Spiders (NL, 1891–1899)
Cleveland Indians (AL, 1901–1946)
1891 1946
Cleveland Stadium
Lakefront Stadium
Municipal Stadium
Cleveland Indians (AL, 1932–1993) 1932 1995
colColumbus Recreation Park Columbus Buckeyes (AA, 1883–1884)
Columbus Solons (AA, 1889–1891)
1883 1897
dal1965Dallas-Fort Worth (Arlington) Arlington Stadium Texas Rangers (AL, 1972–1993) 1965 1993
denDenver Mile High Stadium Colorado Rockies (NL, 1993–1994) 1948 2001
Detroit Recreation Park Detroit Wolverines (NL, 1881–1888) 1881 1894
Bennett Park Detroit Tigers (AL, 1901–1911) 1896 1911
Tiger Stadium
Briggs Stadium
Navin Field
Detroit Tigers (AL, 1912–1999) 1912 2008
harHartford Hartford Ball Club Grounds Hartford Dark Blues (NL, 1876) 1874
Houston Colt Stadium Houston Colt .45s (NL, 1962–1964) 1962 1964
Houston AstrodomeFile:Dagger-14-plain.png Houston Astros (NL, 1965–1999) 1965 2006 Astroturf (1966–1999)
Stadium is closed but still standing
Indianapolis South Street Park Indianapolis Blues (NL, 1878)
Tinker Park
Athletic Park
Seventh Street Park
Indianapolis Hoosiers (AA, 1884)
Federal League Park Indianapolis Hoosiers (FL, 1914) 1913 1916
Kansas City Association Park Kansas City Cowboys (UA, 1884)
Kansas City Cowboys (NL, 1886)
Kansas City Cowboys (AA, 1888)
Exposition Park Kansas City Cowboys (AA, 1888–1889)
Gordon and Koppel Field Kansas City Packers (FL, 1914–1915)
Municipal Stadium Kansas City Athletics (AL, 1955–1967)
Kansas City Royals (AL, 1969–1972)
1925 1972
Los Angeles Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles Dodgers (NL, 1958–1961) 1923 Template:Section-sign
Wrigley Field Los Angeles Angels (AL, 1961) 1925 1961
Louisville Louisville Baseball Park Louisville Grays (NL, 1876–1877)
Eclipse Park I Louisville Eclipse (AA, 1882–1884)
Louisville Colonels (AA, 1885–1891)
Louisville Colonels (NL, 1892)
1874 1893
Eclipse Park II Louisville Colonels (NL, 1893–1893) 1893 1899
miaMiami (Miami Gardens) Sun Life Stadium
Joe Robbie Stadium
Pro Player Park/Stadium
Dolphin(s) Stadium
Land Shark Stadium
Florida Marlins (NL, 1993–2011) 1987 Template:Section-sign
Milwaukee Eclipse Park Milwaukee Grays (NL, 1878)
Wright Street Grounds Milwaukee Brewers (UA, 1884) 1884
Athletic Park
Borchert Field
Milwaukee Brewers (AA, 1881) 1887 1952
Lloyd Street Grounds Milwaukee Brewers (AL, 1901) 1895 1903
Milwaukee County Stadium Milwaukee Braves (NL, 1953–1965)
Milwaukee Brewers (AL, 1970–1997)
Milwaukee Brewers (NL, 1998–2000)
1953 2000
min1956Minneapolis-St. Paul (Bloomington) Metropolitan Stadium Minnesota Twins (AL, 1961–1981) 1956 1981 [25]
min1982Minneapolis-St. Paul (Minneapolis) Hubert H. Humphrey MetrodomeFile:Dagger-14-plain.png Minnesota Twins (AL, 1982–2009) 1982 2013 SuperTurf (1982–1986)
AstroTurf (1987–2003)
FieldTurf (2004-2010)
min1884Minneapolis-St. Paul (St. Paul) Fort Street Grounds St. Paul Saints (UA, 1884)
Montreal Jarry Park Stadium[c] Montreal Expos (NL, 1969–1976) 1969 1976 Now Uniprix Stadium, a tennis venue
Olympic StadiumFile:Dagger-14-plain.png Montreal Expos (NL, 1977–2004) 1976 Template:Section-sign Grass (1976)
AstroTurf (1977–2001)
Defargo Astrograss (2002–2003)
FieldTurf (2003–2004)
new1915Newark Harrison Park Newark Pepper (FL, 1915) 1915 1923
nyc1923New York City (The Bronx) Yankee Stadium I New York Yankees (AL, 1923-1973, 1976-2008) 1923 2008
New York City (Brooklyn) Union Grounds Brooklyn Hartfords (NL, 1877) 1862 1883
Washington Park Brooklyn Atlantics (AA, 1884)
Brooklyn Dodgers (NL, 1884-1891; 1898–1912)
Brooklyn Tip Tops (FL, 1914–1915)
1883 1915
Eastern Park Brooklyn Ward's Wonders (PL, 1890)
Brooklyn Dodgers (NL, 1891–1897)
1890 ?
Ebbets Field Brooklyn Dodgers (NL, 1913–1957) 1913 1957
New York City (Manhattan) Polo Grounds I New York Giants (NL, 1883–1888)
New York Metropolitans (AA, 1883-1885)
1880 1888
Metropolitan Park New York Metropolitans (AA, 1884) 1884 1884
Polo Grounds II New York Giants (NL, 1889–1890) 1889 1910
Polo Grounds III New York Giants (PL, 1890)
New York Giants (NL, 1891–1957)
New York Yankees (AL, 1913–1922)
New York Mets (NL, 1962–1963)
1890 1963
Hilltop Park New York Yankees (AL, 1903–1912) 1903 1914
New York City (Queens) nyc1883Ridgewood Park Brooklyn Bridgrooms (AA, 1886–1889)
Brooklyn Gladiators (AA, 1890)
1883 1959
Shea Stadium New York Mets (NL, 1964–2008)
New York Yankees (AL, 1974–1975)
1964 2008
nyc1886New York City (Staten Island) St. George Cricket Grounds New York Metropolitans (AA, 1886-1887)
New York Giants (NL, 1889)
1886 ?
Philadelphia Jefferson Street Grounds
Athletics Park
Philadelphia Athletics (NL, 1876)

Philadelphia Athletics (AA, 1883–1890)

Oakdale Park Philadelphia Athletics (AA, 1882) 1882
Recreation Park Philadelphia Phillies (NL, 1883–1886)
Keystone Park Philadelphia Keystones (UA, 1884)
Baker Bowl Philadelphia Phillies (NL, 1887-1938) 1887 1938
Forepaugh Park Philadelphia Quakers (PL, 1890)
Philadelphia Athletics (AA, 1891)
Columbia Park Philadelphia Athletics (AL, 1901–1908) 1901 1908
Shibe Park
Connie Mack Stadium
Philadelphia Athletics (AL, 1909–1954)
Philadelphia Phillies (NL, 1938–1970)
1909 1970
Veterans Stadium Philadelphia Phillies (NL, 1971–2003) 1971 2003 AstroTurf (1971–2000)
NexTurf (2001–2003)
Pittsburgh Exposition Park I Pittsburg Alleghenys (AA, 1882) 1882 1882
Exposition Park II Pittsburg Alleghenys (AA, 1883)
Pittsburgh Stogies (UA, 1884)
Recreation Park Pittsburg Alleghenys (AA, 1884–1886)
Pittsburg Alleghenys (NL, 1887–1890)
1876 1904
Exposition Park III Pittsburgh Burghers (PL, 1890)
Pittsburgh Pirates (NL, 1891–1909)
Pittsburgh Rebels (FL, 1914–1915)
1890 1915
Forbes Field Pittsburgh Pirates (NL, 1909–1970) 1909 1970
Three Rivers Stadium Pittsburgh Pirates (NL, 1970–2000) 1970 2000 Tartanturf (1970–1982)
AstroTurf (1983–2000)
proProvidence Messer Street Grounds Providence Grays (NL, 1878–1885) 1878 1887
ricRichmond Allen Pasture Richmond Virginians (AA, 1884)
roc1886Rochester Culver Field Rochester Broncos (AA, 1890) 1886 1907
St. Louis Sportsman's Park
Busch Stadium
St. Louis Browns (AA, 1882–1891)
St. Louis Browns (NL, 1892)
St. Louis Browns (AL, 1902–1953)
St. Louis Cardinals (NL, 1920–1966)
1881 1966
Union Grounds St. Louis Maroons (UA, 1884)
St. Louis Maroons (NL, 1885–1886)
1884 1888
Robison Field
New Sportsman's Park
St. Louis Browns/Cardinals (NL, 1893–1920) 1893 1926
Handlan's Park St. Louis Terriers (FL, 1914–1915) 1914? 1920s
Busch Memorial Stadium
Busch Stadium
St. Louis Cardinals (NL, 1966–2005) 1966 2005 AstroTurf (1970–1995)
sdg1967San Diego Qualcomm Stadium
Jack Murphy Stadium
San Diego Stadium
San Diego Padres (NL, 1969–2003) 1967 Template:Section-sign
San Francisco Seals Stadium San Francisco Giants (NL, 1958–1959) 1931 1959
Candlestick Park
3Com Park at Candlestick Point
Monster Park
San Francisco Stadium at Candlestick Point
San Francisco Giants (NL, 1960–1999) 1960 2013
San Juan Hiram Bithorn Stadium Montreal Expos (NL, 2003-2004) 1962
Seattle Sick's Stadium Seattle Pilots (AL, 1969) 1932 1976
KingdomeFile:Dagger-14-plain.png Seattle Mariners (AL, 1977–1999) 1976 2000 AstroTurf
Syracuse Newell Park Syracuse Stars (NL, 1879)
Star Park Syracuse Stars (AA, 1890)
Toledo League Park Toledo Blue Stockings (AA, 1884)
Speranza Park Toledo Maumees (AA, 1890)
tor1959Toronto Exhibition Stadium Toronto Blue Jays (AL, 1977–1989) 1959 1989 AstroTurf
Now BMO Field, a soccer stadium
Troy Putnam Grounds Troy Trojans (NL, 1879)
Haymakers' Grounds Troy Trojans (NL, 1880–1881)
Troy Ball Clubs Grounds Troy Trojans (NL, 1882)
Washington Athletic Park Washington Nationals (AA, 1884)
Capitol Grounds
Capital Park I
Washington Nationals (UA, 1884)
Swampoodle Grounds
Capital Park II
Washington Nationals (NL, 1886–1889)
Boundary Field
National Park I
National Park III
Washington Statesmen (AA, 1891)
Washington Senators (NL, 1892–1899)
Washington Senators I (AL, 1903–1910)
1891 1911
American League Park
National Park II
Washington Senators I (AL, 1901–1902) 1901 1926
Griffith Stadium
National Park IV
Washington Senators I (AL, 1911–1960)
Washington Senators II (AL, 1961)
1911 1961
RFK Memorial Stadium
D.C. Stadium
Washington Senators II (AL, 1962–1971)
Washington Nationals (NL, 2005–2007)
1961 Template:Section-sign
wil1884Wilmington Union Street Park Wilmington Quicksteps (UA, 1884)
wor1880Worcester Worcester Agricultural Fairgrounds
Worcester Driving Park Grounds
Worcester (NL, 1880–1882)


  1. ^ Dodger Stadium was also home to the Los Angeles Angels from 1962-1965.
  2. ^ Fenway Park was also home to the Boston Braves in part of 1914 and 1915, before they moved into Braves Field.
  3. ^ Oakland Coliseum opened for the NFL in 1966; the Oakland Athletics have been tenants since 1968.
  4. ^ Turner Field was originally built as Centennial Olympic Stadium for use during the 1996 Summer Olympics and 1996 Summer Paralympics with the intent to convert it into a baseball-specific stadium immediately following the Games; the reconfiguration was completed on schedule, and the Atlanta Braves became tenants at the beginning of the 1997 season.
  5. ^ Wrigley Field opened for the Chicago Whales (FL) in 1914; the Chicago Cubs have been tenants since 1916.

See also


  1. ^ Carlton, Jim (October 15, 2012). "Giants Fans Take a Stand Over Nothing". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 6, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Cardinals Make 65,000 Additional Tickets Available; Tickets on Sale Wednesday at All Locations" (Press release). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. April 28, 2006. Retrieved March 6, 2015. 
  3. ^ Belson, Ken; Sandomir, Richard (April 4, 2012). "Mets Hope New Design at Citi Field Brings Back the Long Ball". The New York Times. Retrieved March 6, 2015. 
  4. ^ Paul, Tony (February 11, 2015). "Tigers' Seating Capacity Dropped to 41,574". The Detroit News. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  5. ^ Groke, Nick (April 2, 2014). "Rockies' Rooftop Party Deck at Coors Field "Another Dimension," Dick Monfort Says". The Denver Post. Retrieved April 4, 2014. 
  6. ^ "2014 Dodger Season Tickets Go on Sale" (Press release). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. September 12, 2013. Retrieved March 6, 2015. 
  7. ^ GUIDE/Media Guides/2015 Boston Red Sox Media Guide (low res).pdf "2015 Boston Red Sox Media Guide" (PDF). Major League Baseball Advanced Media. March 12, 2015. p. 11. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Facts and Figures". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  9. ^ "History of Kauffman Stadium". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  10. ^ Justice, Richard (May 24, 2013). "Marlins Park a Work of Art in Every Facet". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Facts, Figures & Rules". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  12. ^ a b Hendrix, Steve (September 25, 2014). "A Tale of Two Parks". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Athletics: No go for". Ballpark Digest. April 9, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Cleveland Indians on the Forbes MLB Team Valuations List". Forbes. March 25, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2015. 
  15. ^ Miller, Phil (March 29, 2013). "A Little Polish for the Jewel That is Target Field". Star Tribune (Minneapolis). Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  16. ^ Chastain, Bill (December 3, 2013). "Rays Provide Glimpse of Significant Trop Renovations". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  17. ^ Moore, Terence (October 9, 2012). "Keep the Wild in Wild Card". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  18. ^ Marchand, Andrew; Matthews, Wallace (March 25, 2014). "Question 4: Will Jeter Lure 4 Million Fans?". ESPN. Retrieved March 26, 2014. 
  19. ^ "Braves Break Ground on New Stadium, Announce New Name". WSB (Atlanta). September 16, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Bud Selig Says No Timetable for A's Stadium". San Francisco Chronicle. April 20, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Rays Ballpark - Pictures, Information and More of the Future Tampa Bay Rays Ballpark". Ballparks of Baseball. June 25, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  22. ^ "St. Pete Waterfront Ballpark a No-Go". Major League Baseball Advanced Media. May 22, 2009. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  23. ^ "Bud Selig: A's, Rays need new parks". Associated Press. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  24. ^ "The Tampa Bay Rays Stadium Site Debate". St. Petersburg Times. Retrieved July 5, 2012. 
  25. ^ a b c Lowry, Philip (2009). Green Cathedrals. New York: Walker Publishing Company. ISBN 0802715621. 
Further reading
  • Lowry, Phillip (October 31, 2006). Green Cathedrals: The Ultimate Celebration of All Major League Ballparks. Walker & Company. ISBN 0-8027-1562-1. 
  • Ritter, Lawrence (March 8, 1994). Lost Ballparks: A Celebration of Baseball's Legendary Fields. Studio. ISBN 978-0-14-023422-0. 

External links