List of Olympic Games host cities
Since the Modern Olympics began in 1896, there have been 25 Summer Olympic Games held in 22 different cities and 22 Winter Olympic Games held in 19 different cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but were later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916, Tokyo (summer) and Sapporo (winter) in 1940, and London (summer) and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Summer Olympics, held in Athens, are no longer officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which refers to them as 1906 Intercalated Games, although they were at the time. Three cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Rio de Janeiro for the 2016 Summer Olympics, Pyeongchang for the 2018 Winter Olympics, and Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics.
Seven cities have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics), and Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics). Tokyo will join this list in 2020, with the 1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics. In addition, Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[b] London has become the first city to have hosted three Games as of the 2012 Summer Olympics. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Canada, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom have each hosted three Games.
The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (30 editions) and North America (12 editions); five Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2016, Rio de Janeiro will become South America's first Olympic host city, while the African continent is yet to host the Olympic Games. Other major geographic regions which have not hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, the Caribbean and Southeast Asia.
Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance. The selection process lasts approximately two years. In a first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which of these applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC Session, a general meeting of IOC members.
Olympic Host Cities
- For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games and List of Winter Olympic Games.
|City||Country||Continent||Summer||Winter||Season||Year||Opening Ceremony||Closing Ceremony|
|Athens||23x15px Greece||Europe||I||—||Summer||1896||April 6||April 15|
|Paris||23x15px France||Europe||II||—||Summer||1900||May 14||October 28|
|St. Louis[a]||23x15px United States||North America||III||—||Summer||1904||July 1||November 23|
|Athens||23x15px Greece||Europe||[f]||—||Summer||1906||April 22||May 2|
|London||23x15px United Kingdom||Europe||IV||—||Summer||1908||April 27||October 31|
|Stockholm||23x15px Sweden||Europe||V||—||Summer||1912||May 5||July 22|
|Berlin||23x15px Germany||Europe||VI||—||Summer||1916||Cancelled due to WWI|
|Antwerp[g]||23x15px Belgium||Europe||VII||—||Summer||1920||April 20||September 12|
|Chamonix||23x15px France||Europe||—||I||Winter||1924||January 25||February 4|
|Paris||23x15px France||Europe||VIII||—||Summer||1924||May 4||July 27|
|St. Moritz||23x16px Switzerland||Europe||—||II||Winter||1928||February 11||February 19|
|Amsterdam||23x15px Netherlands||Europe||IX||—||Summer||1928||May 17||August 12|
|Lake Placid||23x15px United States||North America||—||III||Winter||1932||February 4||February 15|
|Los Angeles||23x15px United States||North America||X||—||Summer||1932||July 30||August 14|
|Garmisch-Partenkirchen||23x15px Germany||Europe||—||IV||Winter||1936||February 6||February 16|
|Berlin||23x15px Germany||Europe||XI||—||Summer||1936||August 1||August 16|
|Sapporo||23x15px Japan||Asia||—||V||Winter||1940||Cancelled due to WWII|
|Helsinki||23x15px Finland||Europe||XII||—||Summer||1940||Cancelled due to WWII|
|Cortina d'Ampezzo||23x15px Italy||Europe||—||V||Winter||1944||Cancelled due to WWII|
|London||23x15px United Kingdom||Europe||XIII||—||Summer||1944||Cancelled due to WWII|
|St. Moritz||23x16px Switzerland||Europe||—||V||Winter||1948||January 30||February 8|
|London||23x15px United Kingdom||Europe||XIV||—||Summer||1948||July 29||August 14|
|Oslo||23x15px Norway||Europe||—||VI||Winter||1952||February 14||February 25|
|Helsinki||23x15px Finland||Europe||XV||—||Summer||1952||July 19||August 3|
|Cortina d'Ampezzo||23x15px Italy||Europe||—||VII||Winter||1956||January 26||February 5|
|Squaw Valley||23x15px United States||North America||—||VIII||Winter||1960||February 18||February 28|
|Rome||23x15px Italy||Europe||XVII||—||Summer||1960||August 25||September 11|
|Innsbruck||23x15px Austria||Europe||—||IX||Winter||1964||January 29||February 9|
|Tokyo||Template:Country data Japan||Asia||XVIII||—||Summer||1964||October 10||October 24|
|Grenoble||23x15px France||Europe||—||X||Winter||1968||February 6||February 18|
|Mexico City||23x15px Mexico||North America||XIX||—||Summer||1968||October 12||October 27|
|Sapporo||Template:Country data Japan||Asia||—||XI||Winter||1972||February 3||February 13|
|Munich||23x15px West Germany||Europe||XX||—||Summer||1972||August 26||September 11|
|Innsbruck||23x15px Austria||Europe||—||XII||Winter||1976||February 4||February 15|
|Montreal||23x15px Canada||North America||XXI||—||Summer||1976||July 17||August 1|
|Lake Placid||23x15px United States||North America||—||XIII||Winter||1980||February 12||February 24|
|Moscow||23x15px Soviet Union/23x15px Russia||Europe[d]||XXII||—||Summer||1980||July 19||August 3|
|Sarajevo||23x15px Yugoslavia/23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina||Europe||—||XIV||Winter||1984||February 7||February 19|
|Los Angeles||23x15px United States||North America||XXIII||—||Summer||1984||July 28||August 12|
|Calgary||23x15px Canada||North America||—||XV||Winter||1988||February 13||February 28|
|Seoul||Template:Country data South Korea||Asia||XXIV||—||Summer||1988||September 17||October 2|
|Albertville||23x15px France||Europe||—||XVI||Winter||1992||February 8||February 23|
|Barcelona||23x15px Spain||Europe||XXV||—||Summer||1992||July 25||August 9|
|Lillehammer||23x15px Norway||Europe||—||XVII||Winter||1994||February 12||February 27|
|Atlanta||23x15px United States||North America||XXVI||—||Summer||1996||July 19||August 4|
|Nagano||Template:Country data Japan||Asia||—||XVIII||Winter||1998||February 7||February 22|
|Sydney||23x15px Australia||Oceania||XXVII||—||Summer||2000||September 15||October 1|
|Salt Lake City||23x15px United States||North America||—||XIX||Winter||2002||February 8||February 24|
|Athens||23x15px Greece||Europe||XXVIII||—||Summer||2004||August 13||August 29|
|Turin||23x15px Italy||Europe||—||XX||Winter||2006||February 10||February 26|
|Beijing[e]||23x15px China||Asia||XXIX||—||Summer||2008||August 8||August 24|
|Vancouver||23x15px Canada||North America||—||XXI||Winter||2010||February 12||February 28|
|London||23x15px United Kingdom||Europe||XXX||—||Summer||2012||July 27||August 12|
|Sochi||23x15px Russia||Europe[d]||—||XXII||Winter||2014||February 7||February 23|
|Rio de Janeiro||23x15px Brazil||South America||XXXI||—||Summer||2016||August 5||August 21|
|Pyeongchang||Template:Country data South Korea||Asia||—||XXIII||Winter||2018||February 9||February 25|
|Tokyo||Template:Country data Japan||Asia||XXXII||—||Summer||2020||July 24||August 9|
Host cities for multiple Olympic Games In Summer and Winter
|City||Country||Continent||Summer Olympics||Winter Olympics||Total|
|London||23x15px United Kingdom||Europe||3 (1908, 1948, 2012)||0||3|
|Paris||23x15px France||Europe||2 (1900, 1924)||0||2|
|Los Angeles||23x15px United States||North America||2 (1932, 1984)||0||2|
|Athens||23x15px Greece||Europe||2 (1896, 2004)||0||2|
|Tokyo||Template:Country data Japan||Asia||2 (1964, 2020)||0||2|
|Lake Placid||23x15px United States||North America||0||2 (1932, 1980)||2|
|Innsbruck||23x15px Austria||Europe||0||2 (1964, 1976)||2|
|St. Moritz||23x16px Switzerland||Europe||0||2 (1928, 1948)||2|
Number of Olympic Games by country
- b The 1908 Games were originally given to Rome, but were moved to London when Mount Vesuvius erupted.
- c Equestrian events were held in Stockholm, Sweden. Stockholm had to bid for the equestrian competition separately; it received its own Olympic flame and had its own formal invitations and opening and closing ceremonies, just like the regular Summer Olympics.
- d Russia/Soviet Union spans the continents of Europe and Asia. However, the Russian National Olympic Committee is part of the European Olympic Committees. Therefore, both Moscow and Sochi can be regarded as being European in this case.
- e Equestrian events were held in China's Hong Kong SAR. Although Hong Kong's separate NOC conducted the equestrian competition, it was an integral part of the Beijing Games; it is not conducted under a separate bid, flame, etc., as was the 1956 Stockholm equestrian competition. The IOC website lists only Beijing as the host city.
- f the 1906 Games were considered to be official at the time, and the records were listed in the record books as late as the year 2000.
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- "Los Angeles 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
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