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List of Prime Ministers of Turkey

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This is a chronological list of Prime Ministers of Turkey, since the establishment of that position in 1920, during the Turkish War of Independence. The Prime Minister is also the head of the Executive Branch of the government along with the Council of Ministers.

The Prime Minister must be approved by a majority of votes (vote of confidence) in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey along with other members of the Cabinet.

List of Prime Ministers of Turkey (1920–present)

Prime Ministers of the Government of the Grand National Assembly (1920–1923)

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No. Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of Office Political Party Speaker
(Term)
1 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
(1881–1938)
60px 1 3 May 1920 24 January 1921 Republican People's Party Mustafa
Kemal
Atatürk

60px
(1920–1923)
2 Fevzi Çakmak
(1876–1950)
60px 2 24 January 1921 19 May 1921 Republican People's Party
3 19 May 1921 9 July 1922
3 Rauf Orbay
(1881–1964)
60px 4 12 July 1922 4 August 1923 Republican People's Party
4 Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
60px 5 14 August 1923 27 October 1923 Republican People's Party

Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey (1923–present)

No. No. Name
(Born–Died)
Portrait Term of Office Political Party Cabinet Elected President
(Term)
1 1 İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
60px 1 November 1923 6 March 1924 Republican People's Party 1 İnönü I 1923 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
60px
(1923–1938)
6 March 1924 21 November 1924 2 İnönü II
2 2 Fethi Okyar
(1880–1943)
60px 21 November 1924 6 March 1925 Republican People's Party 3 Okyar
3 (1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
60px 6 March 1925 1 November 1927 Republican People's Party 4 İnönü III
1 November 1927 27 September 1930 5 İnönü IV
27 September 1930 4 May 1931 6 İnönü V 1927
4 May 1931 1 March 1935 7 İnönü VI 1931
1 March 1935 25 October 1937 8 İnönü VII 1935
4 3 Celâl Bayar
(1883–1986)
60px 25 October 1937 11 November 1938 Republican People's Party 9 Bayar I
11 November 1938 25 January 1939 10 Bayar II İsmet İnönü
60px
(1938–1950)
5 4 Refik Saydam
(1881–1942)
60px 25 January 1939 3 April 1939 Republican People's Party 11 Saydam I
3 April 1939 8 July 1942[1] 12 Saydam II 1939
Ahmet Fikri Tüzer (acting)
(1878–1942)
60px 8 July 1942 9 July 1942 Republican People's Party
6 5 Şükrü Saracoğlu
(1887–1953)
60px 9 July 1942 9 March 1943 Republican People's Party 13 Saracoğlu I
9 March 1943 7 August 1946 14 Saracoğlu II 1943
7 6 Recep Peker
(1889–1950)
60px 7 August 1946 9 September 1947 Republican People's Party 15 Peker 1946
8 7 Hasan Saka
(1885–1960)
60px 10 September 1947 10 June 1948 Republican People's Party 16 Saka I
10 June 1948 16 January 1949 17 Saka II
9 8 Şemsettin Günaltay
(1883–1961)
60px 16 January 1949 22 May 1950 Republican People's Party 18 Günaltay
10 9 Adnan Menderes
(1899–1961)
60px 22 May 1950 9 March 1951 Democrat Party 19 Menderes I 1950 Celâl Bayar
60px
(1950–1960)
9 March 1951 17 May 1954 20 Menderes II
17 May 1954 9 December 1955 21 Menderes III 1954
9 December 1955 25 November 1957 22 Menderes IV
25 November 1957 27 May 1960[2] 23 Menderes V 1957
11 10 Cemal Gürsel
(1895–1966)
60px 28 May 1960 5 January 1961 Non-party
Military
24 Gürsel I National Unity Committee
(1960–1961)
5 January 1961 7 October 1961 25 Gürsel II
Fahrettin Özdilek (acting)
(1898–1989)
60px 30 October 1961 20 November 1961 Non-party
Military
Cemal Gürsel
60px
(1961–1966)
12 (1) İsmet İnönü
(1884–1973)
60px 20 November 1961 25 June 1962 Republican People's Party 26 İnönü VIII 1961
25 June 1962 25 December 1963 27 İnönü IX
25 December 1963 20 February 1965 28 İnönü X
13 11 Suat Hayri Ürgüplü
(1903–1981)
60px 20 February 1965 27 October 1965 Non-party 29 Ürgüplü
14 12 Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
60px 27 October 1965 3 November 1969 Justice Party 30 Demirel I 1965
3 November 1969 6 March 1970 31 Demirel II 1969 Cevdet Sunay
60px
(1966–1973)
6 March 1970 26 March 1971[3] 32 Demirel III
15 13 Nihat Erim
(1912–1980)
60px 26 March 1971 11 December 1971 Non-party 33 Erim I
11 December 1971 17 April 1972 34 Erim II
16 14 Ferit Melen
(1906–1988)
60px 17 April 1972 15 April 1973 Republican Reliance Party 35 Melen
17 15 Naim Talu
(1919–1998)
60px 15 April 1973 25 January 1974 Non-party 36 Talu 1973 Fahri Korutürk
60px
(1973–1980)
18 16 Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
60px 25 January 1974 17 November 1974 Republican People's Party 37 Ecevit I
19 17 Sadi Irmak
(1906–1990)
60px 17 November 1974 31 March 1975 Non-party 38 Irmak
20 (12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
60px 31 March 1975 21 June 1977 Justice Party 39 Demirel IV
21 (16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
60px 21 June 1977 21 July 1977 Republican People's Party 40 Ecevit II 1977
22 (12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
60px 21 July 1977 5 January 1978 Justice Party 41 Demirel V
23 (16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
60px 5 January 1978 12 November 1979 Republican People's Party 42 Ecevit III
24 (12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
60px 12 November 1979 12 September 1980[4] Justice Party 43 Demirel VI
25 18 Bülend Ulusu
(1923– )
60px 20 September 1980 13 December 1983 Non-party
Military
44 Ulusu National Security Council
(1980–1982)
Kenan Evren
60px
(1982–1989)
26 19 Turgut Özal
(1927–1993)
60px 13 December 1983 21 December 1987 Motherland Party 45 Özal I 1983
21 December 1987 31 October 1989 46 Özal II 1987
Ali Bozer (acting)
(1925– )
60px 31 October 1989 9 November 1989 Motherland Party
27 20 Yıldırım Akbulut
(1935– )
60px 9 November 1989 23 June 1991 Motherland Party 47 Akbulut Turgut Özal
60px
(1989–1993)
28 21 Mesut Yılmaz
(1947– )
60px 23 June 1991 20 November 1991 Motherland Party 48 Yılmaz I 1991
29 (12) Süleyman Demirel
(1924– )
60px 20 November 1991 16 May 1993 True Path Party 49 Demirel VII
Erdal İnönü (acting)
(1926–2007)
60px 16 May 1993 25 June 1993 Social Democratic Populist Party Süleyman Demirel
60px
(1993–2000)
30 22 Tansu Çiller
(1946– )
60px 25 June 1993 5 October 1995 True Path Party 50 Çiller I
5 October 1995 30 October 1995 51 Çiller II
30 October 1995 6 March 1996 52 Çiller III 1995
31 (21) Mesut Yılmaz
(1947– )
60px 6 March 1996 28 June 1996 Motherland Party 53 Yılmaz II
32 23 Necmettin Erbakan
(1926–2011)
60px 28 June 1996 30 June 1997 Welfare Party 54 Erbakan
33 (21) Mesut Yılmaz
(1947– )
60px 30 June 1997 11 January 1999 Motherland Party 55 Yılmaz III
34 (16) Bülent Ecevit
(1925–2006)
60px 11 January 1999 28 May 1999 Democratic Left Party 56 Ecevit IV
28 May 1999 18 November 2002 57 Ecevit V 1999 Ahmet Necdet Sezer
60px
(2000–2007)
35 24 Abdullah Gül
(1950– )
60px 18 November 2002 14 March 2003 Justice and Development Party 58 Gül 2002
36 25 Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
(1954– )
60px 14 March 2003 29 August 2007 Justice and Development Party 59 Erdoğan I
29 August 2007 6 July 2011 60 Erdoğan II 2007 Abdullah Gül
60px
(2007–2014)
6 July 2011 28 August 2014 61 Erdoğan III 2011
37 26 Ahmet Davutoğlu
(1959– )
60px 29 August 2014 Incumbent Justice and Development Party 62 Davutoğlu Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
60px
(2014– )

Footnotes

  1. Died in office
  2. Deposed in the 1960 Turkish coup d'état
  3. Resigned after the 1971 Turkish coup d'état
  4. Deposed in the 1980 Turkish coup d'état

Timeline

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DateFormat = dd/mm/yyyy Period = from:01/01/1920 till:01/01/2020 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:1920

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PlotData=

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from: 03/05/1920 till: 24/01/1921 color:ind text:"Atatürk" fontsize:10
from: 24/01/1921 till: 09/06/1922 color:ind text:"Çakmak" fontsize:10
from: 12/06/1922 till: 04/08/1923 color:ind text:"Orbay" fontsize:10
from: 14/08/1923 till: 27/10/1923 color:ind text:"Okyar" fontsize:10
from: 01/11/1923 till: 21/11/1924 color:ind text:"İnönü" fontsize:10
from: 21/11/1924 till: 06/03/1925 color:ind text:"Okyar" fontsize:10
from: 06/03/1925 till: 27/09/1937 color:ind text:"İnönü" fontsize:10
from: 27/09/1937 till: 25/01/1939 color:ind text:"Bayar" fontsize:10
from: 25/01/1939 till: 09/07/1942 color:ind text:"Saydam" fontsize:10
from: 09/07/1942 till: 07/08/1946 color:ind text:"Saracoğlu" fontsize:10
from: 07/08/1946 till: 09/09/1947 color:ind text:"Peker" fontsize:10
from: 10/09/1947 till: 16/01/1949 color:ind text:"Saka" fontsize:10
from: 16/01/1949 till: 22/05/1950 color:ind text:"Günaltay" fontsize:10
from: 22/05/1950 till: 27/05/1960 color:ind text:"Menderes" fontsize:10
from: 28/05/1960 till: 05/01/1961 color:ind text:"Gürsel" fontsize:10
from: 20/11/1961 till: 20/02/1965 color:ind text:"İnönü" fontsize:10
from: 20/02/1965 till: 27/10/1965 color:ind text:"Ürgüplü" fontsize:10
from: 27/10/1965 till: 26/03/1971 color:ind text:"Demirel" fontsize:10
from: 26/03/1971 till: 17/04/1972 color:ind text:"Erim" fontsize:10
from: 17/04/1972 till: 15/04/1973 color:ind text:"Melen" fontsize:10
from: 15/04/1973 till: 25/01/1974 color:ind text:"Talu" fontsize:10
from: 25/01/1974 till: 17/11/1974 color:ind text:"Ecevit" fontsize:10
from: 17/11/1974 till: 31/03/1975 color:ind text:"Irmak" fontsize:10
from: 31/03/1975 till: 21/06/1977 color:ind text:"Demirel" fontsize:10
from: 21/06/1977 till: 21/07/1977 color:ind text:"Ecevit" fontsize:10
from: 21/07/1977 till: 05/01/1978 color:ind text:"Demirel" fontsize:10
from: 05/01/1978 till: 12/11/1979 color:ind text:"Ecevit" fontsize:10
from: 12/11/1979 till: 20/09/1980 color:ind text:"Demirel" fontsize:10
from: 20/09/1980 till: 13/12/1983 color:ind text:"Ulusu" fontsize:10
from: 13/12/1983 till: 31/10/1989 color:ind text:"Özal" fontsize:10
from: 09/11/1989 till: 23/06/1991 color:ind text:"Akbulut" fontsize:10
from: 23/06/1991 till: 20/11/1991 color:ind text:"Yılmaz" fontsize:10
from: 20/11/1991 till: 16/05/1993 color:ind text:"Demirel" fontsize:10
from: 25/06/1993 till: 06/03/1996 color:ind text:"Çiller" fontsize:10
from: 06/03/1996 till: 28/06/1996 color:ind text:"Yılmaz" fontsize:10
from: 28/06/1996 till: 30/06/1997 color:ind text:"Erbakan" fontsize:10
from: 30/06/1997 till: 11/01/1999 color:ind text:"Yılmaz" fontsize:10
from: 11/01/1999 till: 18/11/2002 color:ind text:"Ecevit" fontsize:10
from: 18/11/2002 till: 14/03/2003 color:ind text:"Gül" fontsize:10
from: 14/03/2003 till: 28/08/2014 color:ind text:"Erdoğan" fontsize:10
from: 28/08/2014 till: 05/01/2015 color:ind text:"Davutoğlu" fontsize:10

</timeline>


See also