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List of United Nations peacekeeping missions

File:Darfur IDPs 1 camp.jpg
IDP camp in Sudan resulting from the Darfur conflict.
File:UNpeacekeeping.svg
      Current Missions       Past Missions

This is a list of UN peacekeeping missions since the United Nations was founded in 1945, organized by region, with the dates of deployment, the name of the related conflict, and the name of the UN operation.

Peacekeeping, as defined by the United Nations, is a way to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace. UN peacekeepers—soldiers and military officers, civilian police officers and civilian personnel from many countries—monitor and observe peace processes that emerge in post-conflict situations and assist ex-combatants in implementing the peace agreements they have signed. Such assistance comes in many forms, including confidence-building measures, power-sharing arrangements, electoral support, strengthening the rule of law, and economic and social development. All operations must include the resolution of conflicts through the use of force to be considered valid under the charter of the United Nations.

The Charter of the United Nations gives the Security Council the power and responsibility to take collective action to maintain international peace and security. For this reason, the international community usually looks to the Security Council to authorize peacekeeping operations. Most of these operations are established and implemented by the United Nations itself with troops serving under UN operational command. In other cases, where direct UN involvement is not considered appropriate or feasible, the Council authorises regional organisations such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, the Economic Community of West African States or coalitions of willing countries to implement certain peacekeeping or peace enforcement functions. In modern times, peacekeeping operations have evolved into many different functions, including diplomatic relations with other countries, international bodies of justice (such as the International Criminal Court), and eliminating problems such as landmines that can lead to new incidents of fighting.

Completed missions (55)

Africa

Dates of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1960–1964 United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC) 23x15px Congo Congo Crisis [1]
1988–1991 United Nations Angola Verification Mission I (UNAVEM I) 23x15px Angola Angolan Civil War [2]
1989–1990 United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) 23x15px Namibia Namibian War of Independence [3]
1991–1995 United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II) 23x15px Angola Angolan Civil War [4]
1992–1994 United Nations Operation in Mozambique (ONUMOZ) 23x15px Mozambique Mozambican Civil War [5]
1992–1993 United Nations Operation in Somalia I (UNOSOM I) 23x15px Somalia Somali Civil War [6]
1993–1997 United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) 23x15px Liberia First Liberian Civil War [7]
1993–1994 United Nations Observer Mission Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR) 23x15px Rwanda Rwandan Civil War [8]
23x15px Uganda
1993–1996 United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) 23x15px Rwanda Rwandan Civil War [9]
1993–1995 United Nations Operation in Somalia II (UNOSOM II) 23x15px Somalia Somali Civil War [10]
1994 United Nations Aouzou Strip Observer Group (UNASOG) 23x15px Chad Aouzou Strip dispute [11]
23x15px Libya
1995–1997 United Nations Angola Verification Mission III (UNAVEM III) 23x15px Angola Angolan Civil War [12]
1997–1999 United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) 23x15px Angola Angolan Civil War [13]
1998–1999 United Nations Observer Mission in Sierra Leone (UNOMSIL) 23x15px Sierra Leone Sierra Leone civil war [14]
1998–2000 United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic (MINURCA) 23x15px Central African Republic Central African Republic mutinies [15]
1999–2005 United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) 23x15px Sierra Leone Sierra Leone civil war [16]
2000–2008 United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) 23x15px Eritrea Eritrean-Ethiopian War [17]
23x15px Ethiopia
2004–2007 United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB) 23x15px Burundi Burundi Civil War [18]
1999–2010 United Nations Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) 23x15px Congo Second Congo War [19]
2007–2010 United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) 23x15px
23x15px
Chad, Central African Republic Darfur Conflict, Civil war in Chad (2005–2010) [20]
2005–2011 United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) 23x15px Sudan Second Sudanese Civil War [21]

Americas

Dates of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1965–1966 Mission of the Representative of the Secretary-General in the Dominican Republic (DOMREP) 23x15px Dominican Republic Operation Power Pack [22]
1989–1992 United Nations Observer Group in Central America (ONUCA) 23x15px Central America1 Nicaraguan Civil War [23]
23x15px
23x15px
Template:Country data Honduras
23x15px
1991–1995 United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) 23x15px El Salvador El Salvador Civil War [24]
1993–1996 United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) Template:Country data Haiti Haiti 1991 coup and military rule in Haiti [25]
1996–1997 United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH) Template:Country data Haiti Haiti Stabilizing Haiti's new democracy [26]
1997 United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) 23x15px Guatemala Guatemalan Civil War [27]
1997 United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH) Template:Country data Haiti Haiti Training of the Haitian National Police [28]
1997–2000 United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH) Template:Country data Haiti Haiti Training of the Haitian National Police [29]
2000–2001 United Nations General Assembly International Civilian Support Mission in Haiti (MICAH) Template:Country data Haiti Haiti Training of the Haitian National Police [30]

1. ^ Shown are the flags of the five countries in which ONUCA operated. They are in this order (sorted alphabetically): Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

Asia

Dates of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1962–1963 United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea (UNSF) 23x15px Netherlands New Guinea Transfer of sovereignty over West New Guinea [31]
Template:Country data Indonesia Indonesia
1965–1966 United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM) Template:Country data India India Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 [32]
23x15px Pakistan
1988–1990 United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP) 23x15px Afghanistan Soviet-Afghan War [33]
23x15px Pakistan
1991–1992 United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC) 23x15px Cambodia Vietnamese Occupation of Cambodia [34]
1992–1993 United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) 23x15px Cambodia Vietnamese Occupation of Cambodia [35]
1994–2000 United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) 23x15px Tajikistan Tajikistan Civil War [36]
1999 United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) 23x15px East Timor1 Indonesian invasion and occupation [37]
Template:Country data Indonesia
1999–2002 The United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) 23x15px East Timor Indonesian invasion and occupation [38]
Template:Country data Indonesia
2002–2005 United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET) 23x15px East Timor Indonesian invasion and occupation [39]
2006–2012 United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT) 23x15px East Timor 2006 East Timor crisis [40]

1. ^ Shown are the flags of the newly independent East Timor and its former occupier, Indonesia (in that order).

Europe

Dates of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1992–1995 United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) 23x15px Former Yugoslavia1 Yugoslav wars [41]
23x15px
23x15px
23x15px
1993–2009 United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) 23x15px Georgia Abkhazian War [42]
1994–1996 United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation (UNCRO) 23x15px Croatia Croatian War [43]
1995–2002 United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) 23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian War [44]
1995–1999 United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP) 23x15px Republic of Macedonia Aftermath of the Yugoslav wars [45]
1996–1998 United Nations Transitional Authority in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (UNTAES) 23x15px Croatia Croatian War [46]
1996–2002 United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP) 23x15px Prevlaka Peninsula2 Prevlaka territorial dispute [47]
23x15px
1998 United Nations Civilian Police Support Group (UNPSG) 23x15px Croatia Croatian War [48]

1. ^ This mission operated within the former Yugoslav successor states of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). The flags are shown in this order.

2. ^ Prevlaka Peninsula was claimed by both Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) and the flags are shown in this order. Upon resolution, all parties accepted Croatia's claim to the territory.

Middle East

Dates of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1956–1967 First United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF I) 23x15px Egypt Suez Crisis [49]
Template:Country data Israel Israel
1958 United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL) 23x15px Lebanon Lebanon crisis of 1958 [50]
1963–1964 United Nations Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM) 23x15px Yemen Yemen Civil War (See also Yemen Arab Republic) [51]
1973–1979 Second United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF II) 23x15px Egypt Yom Kippur War [52]
Template:Country data Israel Israel
1988–1991 United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG) Template:Country data Iran Iran Iran–Iraq War [53]
Template:Country data Iraq Iraq
1991–2003 United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM) Template:Country data Iraq Iraq Gulf War [54]
Template:Country data Kuwait Kuwait
2012 United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS) 23x15px Syria Syrian civil war [55]

Current deployment (16)

Africa

Start of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1991 United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) 23x15px23x15px Western Sahara Western Sahara conflict [56]
2003 United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) 23x15px Liberia Second Liberian Civil War [57]
2004 United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI) 23x15px Côte d'Ivoire Civil war in Côte d'Ivoire [58]
2007 United Nations/African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) 23x15px Sudan War in Darfur [59]
2010 United Nations Organisation Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) 23x15px Congo Kivu conflict [60]
2011 United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) 23x15px Sudan Abyei conflict [61]
2011 United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) 23x15px South Sudan Ethnic violence in South Sudan
South Sudanese Civil War
[62]
1 July 2013 Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) 23x15px Mali Northern Mali conflict [63]
2014 United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) 23x15px Central African Republic Central African Republic conflict [64]

Americas

Start of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
2004 United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) Template:Country data Haiti Haiti 2004 Haiti rebellion [65]

Asia

Start of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1949 United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) 23x15pxTemplate:Country data India Kashmir Kashmir conflict [66]

Europe

Start of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1964 United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) 23x15px23x15px Cyprus1 Cyprus dispute [67]
1999 United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) 23x15px23x15px Kosovo2 Kosovo War [68]

Middle East

Start of operation Name of Operation Location Conflict Website
1948 United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation (UNTSO) Middle East (Monitors the various ceasefires and assists UNDOF and UNIFIL) [69]
1974 United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) 23x15px Golan Heights Agreed withdrawal by Syrian and Israeli forces following the Yom Kippur War. [70]
1978 United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) 23x15px Lebanon Israeli invasion of Lebanon and 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict [71]

1. ^ The United Nations and all foreign governments but Turkey recognise the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus, whose flag is shown first, over the whole island of Cyprus. The second flag is that of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, a de facto state, by virtue of controlling the northern third of the island, which is recognised only by Turkey.

2. ^ The first flag is the flag of Serbia, used by Republic of Serbia which claims sovereignty over Kosovo. The second is the flag of the Republic of Kosovo which is in de facto control over the territory. As of 20 May 2015, it is recognised by 110 UN member countries. For more information see Kosovo.

See also

References

See individual mission websites with their listing.