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List of Volkswagen Group diesel engines

List of Volkswagen Group diesel engines. The compression-ignition diesel engines listed below are currently[when?] used by various marques of automobiles and commercial vehicles of the German automotive concern, Volkswagen Group,[1] and also in Volkswagen Marine[2] and Volkswagen Industrial Motor[3] applications. All listed engines operate on the four-stroke cycle, and unless stated otherwise, use a wet sump lubrication system, and are water-cooled.[1]

Since the Volkswagen Group is European, official internal combustion engine performance ratings are published using the International System of Units (commonly abbreviated "SI"), a modern form of the metric system of figures. Motor vehicle engines will have been tested by a Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) accredited testing facility, to either the original 80/1269/EEC, or the later 1999/99/EC standards.[citation needed] The standard initial measuring unit for establishing the rated motive power output is the kilowatt (kW);[citation needed] and in their official literature, the power rating may be published in either the kW, or the 'Pferdestärke' (PS, which is sometimes incorrectly referred to as 'metric horsepower'), or both, and may also include conversions to imperial units such as the horsepower (hp) or brake horsepower (bhp). (Conversions: one PS ≈ 735.5 watts (W), ≈ 0.98632 hp (SAE)). In case of conflict, the metric power figure of kilowatts (kW) will be stated as the primary figure of reference. For the turning force generated by the engine, the Newton metre (Nm) will be the reference figure of torque. Engines shall be listed in the following ascending order.

  1. Number of cylinders,
  2. Engine displacement (in litres),
  3. Engine configuration, and
  4. Rated motive power output (in kilowatts).

As with the discontinued Volkswagen Group Diesel engines, whilst the Volkswagen Golf may have started the Diesel craze in Europe, every Diesel engine in each generation of the Volkswagen Golf has been offered in Industrial applications, and has since had impressive field results on par with an Isuzu, Kubota, or Yanmar Industrial Diesel engine in industrial applications, and has been as much of a workhorse as the latter Japanese choices.

The Diesel engines which Volkswagen Group previously manufactured and installed are in the list of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines article.

Three- and four-cylinder EA111 diesels

The EA111 series of internal combustion engines was introduced in the mid-1970s in the Audi 50, and shortly after in the original Volkswagen Polo. It is a series of water-cooled inline three- and inline four-cylinder petrol and Diesel engines, in a variety of displacement sizes. This overhead camshaft engine features a crossflow cylinder head design, and directly driven auxiliary units.[clarification needed] The exhaust side is in driving direction, closest to the front of the vehicle.

EA288

It is a family of 4-cylinder Diesel engines featuring modular diesel engine system (MDB (Modulare Dieselmotorbaukasten)),[4][5][6] with dual-loop EGR system, with high pressure EGR and a cooled low-pressure EGR loops; variable valve train (VVT) with a camshaft adjuster, Bosch CRS 2-20 2000 bar common rail injection system, cylinder pressure control, a modular close-coupled aftertreatment system that includes a flow-through catalyst followed by a wall-flow diesel particulate filter (DPF). Euro 6 and US Tier 2 emission compliance is achieved via NOx adsorber-based system for smaller size vehicles or urea-SCR system for larger vehicles. Other features included low-friction bearings for the camshaft and balancer shafts, piston rings that have less pre-tension, a two-stage oil pump with volumetric flow control.[7][8]

The engine's displacement was between 1.6L and 2.0L, with power output between 66 and 140 kW.[9]

The engine was to be first used in 2015 model years of Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Beetle, Volkswagen Beetle Convertible, Volkswagen Passat, and Volkswagen Jetta.[10][11][12][13]

Two-cylinder diesels

0.8 R2 8v TDI 35kW

applications
2014- CSCA Volkswagen XL1

Three-cylinder diesels

This section is about current three-cylinder diesel engines, for discontinued three-cylinder diesel engines, see List of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines#Three-cylinder diesels.

1.2 R3 12v TDI 55kW

Origins All R3 1199 ccm three cylinder engines are derivated from the R4 1598 ccm 4 cylinder engine, VW just cut off one 399,5 ccm cylinder.
identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID code: CFWA
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline three-cylinder (R3/I3) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.99:1 - 'square engine', 399.6 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 16.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
 ????
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 12 valves total, double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
aspiration
turbocharger, intercooler, water-cooled exhaust gas recirculation
fuel system & engine management
Delphi Multec Diesel Common rail System[14][15]
DIN-rated motive power & torque output
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm
applications
2009- Volkswagen Polo Mk5 (BlueMotion model with longer last two gears), Ibiza Ecomotive, 2010- Škoda Fabia Mk2 2010- Škoda Roomster,[citation needed] forthcoming VW up!

1.4 R3 TDI PD 51-66kW

Origins All R3 1422 ccm three cylinder engines are derivated from the R4 1896 ccm 4 cylinder engine, VW just cut off one 474,1 ccm cylinder.
identification
parts code prefix: 045
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline three-cylinder (R3/I3) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert"., bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.83:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 474.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 18.0:1 to 19.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron with bed-plate frame; inner and outer two-part oil sump; die-forged steel cross-plane crankshaft with 120 degree crankpins with four main bearings, simplex roller chain driven balance shaft; Mahle pistons; water:oil cooler
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy, non-crossflow; two valves per cylinder, 6 valves total, each with two concentric valve springs, bucket tappets with manually adjustable rocker arms for valve clearance; timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
Bosch hot-film air mass meter, cast alloy Siemens-VDO throttle body with electronically controlled 'drive by wire' throttle butterfly valve, cast aluminium alloy intake manifold; Garrett variable turbine geometry (not all models) turbocharger incorporated in exhaust manifold, Script error: No such module "convert". absolute boost; side-mounted intercooler (SMIC)
fuel system & engine management
low-pressure fuel lift pump, underfloor fuel cooler; Pumpe Düse (PD) high-pressure direct injection (with three camshaft pressurised solenoid operated combustion chamber sited Unit Injectors), Bosch EDC15P+ electronic engine control unit
exhaust system
cooled exhaust gas recirculation, oxidising catalytic converter, EU4 compliance
dimensions
Script error: No such module "convert".
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,600-2,800 rpm — (BNM:- Polo: 04/05-, Ibiza & Cordoba: 05/05-, Fabia: 10/05-, Roomster: 07/06-), (BWB:- Polo: 05/06-)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,200 rpm — (AMF:- Polo: 10/99-09/01, Arosa: 10/99-05/03, Lupo: 05/99-07/05, A2: 06/00-08/03, Ibiza & Cordoba: 05/05-12/05, Fabia: 04/03-10/05), (BAY:- Polo: 11/03-06/05, 11/14-) (BHC:- A2: 09/03-08/05)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,200 rpm — (BMS:- Polo BlueMotion: 05/06-, Ibiza & Cordoba: 06/06-, Roomster DPF: 07/06-, Fabia DPF/GreenLine: 01/07-) (BNV:- Polo: 04/05-05/08, Ibiza & Cordoba: 05/05-, Fabia: 10/05-, Roomster: 05/06-)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900-2,300 rpm — (ATL:- VW Polo: 01/00-04/00, 11/14- ) (A2: 11/03-08/05)
applications - actual
Audi A1, Škoda Fabia, Škoda Roomster, Volkswagen Polo various models,
applications - discontinued
Audi A2, SEAT Arosa(51 kW), SEAT Ibiza, SEAT Córdoba, Volkswagen Lupo, Volkswagen Fox
references
"New Audi A2 1.4 TDI with 90 bhp engine". WorldCarFans.com. Audi AG. 10 November 2003. Retrieved 22 August 2009. 
"New VW Fox in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 4 April 2005. Retrieved 26 January 2010. 

awards

was winner of the "1.0-litre to 1.4-litre" category in the 2001 annual competition for International Engine of the Year

Four-cylinder diesels

This section is about current four-cylinder diesel engines, for discontinued four-cylinder diesel engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines#Four-cylinder EA111 diesels, list of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines#Four-cylinder EA827 diesels, and list of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines#Four-cylinder MWM diesels.

EA827 diesels

The following are all part of the EA827 engine series, with a cylinder spacing between centres of Script error: No such module "convert"..

1.6 R4 16v TDI CR 55-85kW

identification
parts code prefix: ???
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline four-cylinder (R4/I4) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.99:1 - 'square engine', 399.5 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 16.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
aspiration
turbocharger, intercooler, water-cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR)
fuel system & engine management
common rail (CR) direct injection (DI) with eight-nozzle output piezo element injectors, rail pressure up to Script error: No such module "convert"., European EU5 emissions standard
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,500-2,500 rpm — CAYA (Polo and Fabia only)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,500-2,500 rpm — CAYB
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,400 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,500-2,500 rpm — CAYD (Caddy only)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,400 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,500-2,500 rpm — CAYC
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,500-3,000 rpm — Golf Sportsvan[16]
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,400 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000-2,500 rpm — CEKA (Mexico only)[citation needed]
Script error: No such module "convert". Volkswagen Passat 2015 [17]
applications
SEAT Ibiza Mk4, SEAT Ibiza Mk5, SEAT León Mk2, SEAT Altea, SEAT Altea XL, Škoda Fabia Mk2, Škoda Octavia Mk2, Škoda Rapid (India), Volkswagen Polo Mk5, Volkswagen Golf Mk6, Volkswagen Golf Mk7, Volkswagen Golf Plus, Volkswagen Golf Variant, Volkswagen Touran, Audi A1, Volkswagen Caddy, Volkswagen Vento, Volkswagen Jetta
reference
"VW presents new 1.2 litre TSI and 1.6 litre TDI engines for Golf and Polo". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 13 May 2009. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 

1.9 R4 D 44-50kW

identification
parts code prefix: 028
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline-four engine (R4/I4); Script error: No such module "convert"., bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.83:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 474.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 22.0:1 - 22.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, cast iron exhaust manifold
fuel system
timing belt-driven Lucas AEF mechanical distributor injection pump, indirect fuel injection into whirl chamber
EWG-rated motive power & torque output, ID codes, application
Script error: No such module "convert".ARD: Volkswagen Industrial Motor (01/02->)
Script error: No such module "convert".28B, ADG: Volkswagen Industrial Motor (28B: 01/90-03/94, ADG: 04/94->)
DIN-rated motive power & torque output, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,300 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,500-3,200 rpm — 1Y, AEF (discontinued)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,400 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,200-2,600 rpm — 1Y (discontinued)
applications
Audi 80 (1Y: 08/89-12/91), SEAT Ibiza Mk2 (1Y: 02/93-06/99), SEAT Cordoba (1Y: 09/93-06/99), SEAT Toledo (1Y: 05/91-03/99), SEAT Inca (1Y: 11/95-06/03), Škoda Felicia (AEF: 10/95-08/01), Volkswagen Golf, Volkswagen Passat B3 (1Y: 05/89-09/93), Volkswagen Polo 6N (1994–2001).

1.9 R4 SD 36kW

This is a naturally aspirated (non-turbo) indirect injection version of the 1.9 SDI VP37

identification
parts code prefix: 028, ID code: 436
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline-four engine (R4/I4); Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.83:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 474.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 23.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, bucket tappets, single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, cast iron exhaust manifold
fuel system & engine management
Bosch VP (VerteilerPumpe) distributor injection pump, indirect injection into swirl pre-chambers
EWG-rated motive power & torque output
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm
application
Volkswagen Industrial Motor
reference
"Volkswagen SD 1.9 - 436 Industrial Engine" (PDF), mi-uk.com (Volkswagen AG), April 2006, retrieved 5 November 2009 

1.9 R4 SDI 29-50kW

This is a naturally aspirated (non-turbo) Suction Diesel Injection version of the 1.9 TDI VP37

identification
parts code prefix: ???; ID codes: AEY, AGD, AGP, ASX, ASY, AYQ
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline four-cylinder (R4/I4) Suction Diesel Injection (SDI); Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.83:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 474.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 19.5:1 - 22.0:1 (44 kW - 19.5:1)
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, bucket tappets, single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, cast iron exhaust manifold
fuel system & engine management
Bosch VP37 (VerteilerPumpe) electronic distributor injection pump, direct injection (DI) with five-hole nozzles, Bosch EDC 15V+ electronic engine control unit (ECU)
dimensions
mass: Script error: No such module "convert". (dry weight, Marine variants)
EWG-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, application
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,800 rpm;— BXT Volkswagen Industrial Motor 430 (05/06->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,600 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,200 rpm — AEY Volkswagen Industrial Motor 444
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,600 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm — BGM Volkswagen Marine 40-4 (02/03->)
Script error: No such module "convert".BEQ Volkswagen Marine (02/02->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm — BGL Volkswagen Marine 50-4 (02/03->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,600 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm — ANC Volkswagen Marine 60-4 (02/03->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,600-2,800 rpm — ASY
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm — AQM
applications
VW Polo 6N/6KV (AEY: 12/95-08/99), VW Golf Mk3 & VW Golf Mk4 (AEY: 07/95-02/99), VW Vento (AEY: 07/95-12/97), VW Caddy Mk2 (AEY: 11/95-09/00), Škoda Fabia, SEAT Ibiza Mk2/SEAT Cordoba 6K (AEY: 09/95-06/99), SEAT León Mk1 (1M) (AQM: 06/00-10/03), SEAT Inca (AEY: 11/95-09/00)
reference
"The SDI 1.9 Industrial Engine" (PDF), mi-uk.com (Volkswagen AG), March 2005, retrieved 4 November 2009 
"SDI 40-4 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"SDI 50-4 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"SDI 60-4 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

1.9 R4 TDI 29-81kW

identification
parts code prefix: 038, 064 (Volkswagen Marine)
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline four-cylinder (R4/I4) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.83:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 474.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 19.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, fracture-split forged steel connecting rods, Mahle or Alcan pistons, simplex roller chain-driven oil pump, cast aluminium alloy baffled oil sump
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, bucket tappets, timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
hot-wire mass air flow (MAF) sensor, cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, Garrett or KKK turbocharger, side-mounted intercooler (SMIC), exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), cast iron exhaust manifold
fuel system & engine management
timing belt-driven Bosch VP37 (VerteilerPumpe) electronic distributor injection pump, direct injection (DI) with five-hole nozzles, Bosch EDC 15V+ electronic engine control unit (Marine variant uses MDC)
dimensions
mass: Script error: No such module "convert". (Marine variants, dry weight)
EWG-rated motive power & torque output, ID code, application
Script error: No such module "convert".AFD: Volkswagen Industrial Motor - 480 (04/94-01/02)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert".CDX Volkswagen Marine (10/07->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,600 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm — CDX Volkswagen Marine (10/07->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — 1Z, AHU
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,750 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — AGR, AHH, ALE, ALH
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,150 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — AFN, AHF, ASV, AVB, AVG
applications
Audi 8L A3 (Mk1) (AHU: 09/96-08/00, AHF: 01/97-04/02, ALH: 08/97-06/01, ASV: 09/99-06/01), Audi B4 80 (1Z: 09/91-07/95), Audi Cabriolet (1Z: 07/95-07/96, AHU: 07/96-08/00), Audi B5 A4 (1Z: 01/95-07/96, AFN: 02/96-07/99, AHU: 08/96-06/00, AHH: 04/97-09/01, AVG: 08/99-06/00), Audi C4 A6 (1Z: 07/94-06/96, AHU: 07/96-10/97), Audi C5 A6 (AFN: 04/97-04/01, AVG: 08/99-10/00)
Ford Galaxy Mk1
SEAT Ibiza Mk2 (1Z: 07/96-12/96, AHU: 12/96-06/99, AFN: 03/97-06/99, ASV: 03/99-05/02, AGR: 04/99-05/02, ALH: 10/99-05/02), SEAT Córdoba Mk1 (1Z: 07/96-12/96, AHU: 12/96-06/99, AFN: 03/97-06/99, ASV: 03/99-08/02, AGR: 04/99-08/02, ALH: 10/99-05/01), SEAT León 1M (Mk1) (ASV: 10/99-10/05, AGR/AHF: 11/99-09/02, ALH: 05/00-10/05), SEAT Toledo Мк1-Mk2 (1Z: 04/95-12/96, AHU: 06/96-03/99, AFN: 12/96-03/99, ALH: 03/99-07/04, AGR: 04/99-09/02, AHF: 10/98-09/02, ASV: 10/99-07/04), SEAT Alhambra (1Z: 03/96-07/96, AHU: 07/96-02/00, AFN/AVG: 09/97-02/00)
Škoda Octavia 1U (Mk1) (AGR: 10/96->, AHF: 08/97->, ALH/ASV: 08/00->)
Volkswagen Polo Mk3 Classic / Variant (AHU: 01/97-08/99, ALE: 11/97-08/99, AFN: 06/98-08/99, AGR/ALH/ASV: 10/99-09/01), Volkswagen Golf Mk3 (1Z: 07/93-07/96, AFN: 02/96-08/99, AHU: 07/96-06/00), VW Vento/Jetta Mk3 (1Z: 07/93-07/96, AFN: 02/96-12/97, ALE: 01/97-12/97, AHU: 08/96->), Volkswagen Golf Mk4 (ALE: 05/96-12/01, AHF: 10/97-05/06, AGR/ALH: 10/97->, ASV: 05/00-05/06), VW Bora/Jetta Mk4 (AHF/ALH: 09/98-05/05, AGR: 10/98-05/05, ALH: 11/98->, ASV: 05/00-05/05), Volkswagen New Beetle (ALH: 01/98-06/04), VW Passat B4 (1Z: 10/93-12/96), VW Passat B5 (AFN: 03/96-08/99, AHU: 08/96-08/00, AHH: 05/98-08/00, AVG: 08/99-08/00), Volkswagen Sharan (1Z: 09/95-07/96, AHU: 08/96-10/00, AFN: 12/96-07/99), Volkswagen Caddy (1Z: 10/96-03/97, AHU: 10/96-09/00, ALE: 09/97-09/00, ALH: 09/00-06/03)
reference
"TDI 75-4 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

1.9 R4 TDI PD 43-118kW

Essentially, this ubiquitous engine has the same bottom end (cylinder block/crankcase, crankshaft) as the earlier 1.9 R4 TDI which uses a VP37 VerteilerPumpe distributor injection pump. However, a new cylinder head is fitted to this "PD" engine, to accommodate "Pumpe Düse" Unit Injectors.

identification
parts code prefix: 038, 03G

(VAG group indicate higher output models by a red 'I' on their TDI badge, e.g. 96 kW model Audi B6 A4. Because of this, the term 'red I' has entered into automotive technicians parlance)

engine configuration & engine displacement: inline four-cylinder (R4/I4) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.83:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 474.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 19.0:1

cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, fracture-split forged steel connecting rods, Mahle or Alcan pistons, simplex roller chain-driven oil pump, cast aluminium alloy baffled oil sump
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, bucket tappets, timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
hot-wire mass air flow (MAF) sensor, cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, Garrett, KKK or BorgWarner variable turbine geometry turbocharger (VGT), side-mounted intercooler (SMIC), water-cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), cast iron exhaust manifold
fuel system & engine management
Pumpe Düse (PD) direct injection (DI): engine-driven vane-type low-pressure fuel lift pump, four camshaft-actuated (via roller rocker arms) high-pressure Bosch Script error: No such module "convert". Unit Injectors with solenoid valve injection nozzles, Bosch EDC 16 or EDC 17 electronic engine control unit (ECU) with altitude compensation
EWG-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
Script error: No such module "convert".BEU: Volkswagen Industrial Motor (11/02->)
Script error: No such module "convert".BJC: Volkswagen Industrial Motor (11/03->)
Script error: No such module "convert".AVM: Volkswagen Industrial Motor (11/00->)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — BSU
Volkswagen Caddy Mk3 (09/05->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800−2,500 rpm — BRU, BXF, BXJ
SEAT Ibiza Mk4 (BXJ: 06/08->), SEAT León 1P (Mk2) (BXF: 06/07->), SEAT Altea (BXF: 08/09->), Volkswagen Golf Mk5 (BRU: 05/04-02/06, BXF: 02/06-11/08, BXJ: 11/07-11/08), VW Golf Plus (BXF: 05/07-12/08, BXJ: 11/07-12/08), Volkswagen Touran (BRU: 11/04-02/06, BXF: 02/06->, BXJ: 06/06->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — ANU
Ford Galaxy, SEAT Alhambra (06/00->), Volkswagen Sharan (03/99->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800–2,400 rpm — ATD, AXR, BEW, BMT
Audi 8L A3 (Mk1) (ATD: 01/01-06/03, AXR: 11/01-06/03), SEAT Ibiza Mk3 (ATD: 09/01->, AXR: 05/05-11/09, BMT: 09/06-11/09), SEAT Córdoba Mk2 (ATD: 09/02->, AXR: 05/05->, BMT: 06/06-11/09), SEAT León 1M (Mk1) (AXR: 10/05-06/06), Škoda Fabia 6Y (Mk1) (ATD: 01/00-10/05, AXR: 10/05-12/07), Škoda Roomster (AXR: 03/06-05/06), Škoda Octavia 1U (Mk1) (ATD: 08/00-01/06, AXR: 10/05->), Volkswagen Polo Mk4 (ATD/AXR: 11/01->, BMT: 05/06->), Volkswagen Golf Mk4 (ATD: 02/00-06/06, AXR: 05/01-06/06), VW Bora/Jetta Mk4 (ATD: 05/00-05/06, AXR: 05/01-??/??, BEW: 07/03-??/??), Volkswagen Golf Mk5 (BEW: 08/03-??/??), VW Jetta Mk5 (AXR: 06/07-??/??), Volkswagen New Beetle (ATD: 10/00-??/??, AXR: 06/03-??/??, BEW: 07/03-??/??)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — AVB, AVQ
Audi B6 A4 (AVB: 04/01-05/04), Škoda Superb 3U (Mk1) (AVB: 06/02-10/05), Volkswagen Touran (AVQ: 02/03-05/04), VW Passat B5 (AVB: 02/00-05/05)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm — BSW
Škoda Fabia 5J (Mk2) (04/07->), Škoda Roomster (05/06->), Volkswagen New Beetle (07/03->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — BJB, BKC, BLS, BSV, BXE
Audi 8P A3 (Mk2) (BKC: 06/03-05/06, BLS: 10/05-05/10, BXE: 06/06-05/10), SEAT Ibiza 6J (Mk4) (BLS: 02/08->), SEAT León 1P (Mk2) (BKC: 07/05-02/06, BLS: 11/05->, BXE: 02/06->), SEAT Altea (BJB: 04/04-09/05, BKC: 04/04-05/06, BLS: 10/05->, BXE: 02/06->), SEAT Toledo Mk3 (BJB: 09/04-09/05, BKC: 09/04-02/06, BLS: 10/05-09/09, BXE: 02/06->), Škoda Fabia 5J (Mk2) (BLS: 04/07->), Škoda Roomster (BLS: 11/06->), Škoda Octavia 1Z (Mk2) (BJB: 02/04->, BKC: 05/04-02/06, BXE: 03/06->, BLS: 05/06->), Škoda Superb 3U (Mk1) (BSV: 10/05-05/07, BLS/BXE: 03/08->), Volkswagen Golf Mk5 (BKC: 10/03-07/07, BLS: 06/05->, BXE: 05/07->), VW Jetta Mk5 (BKC: 05/05-??/09, BLS: 08/05-??/09, BXE: 02/06-??/09), VW Golf Plus (BLS: 05/07-12/08, BXE: 05/07-01/09), Volkswagen Touran (BKC: 08/03-02/06, BLS: 06/05->, BXE: 02/06->), VW Passat B6 (BKC: 03/05-02/06, BLS: 06/05-11/08, BXE: 02/06-11/08), Volkswagen Caddy Mk3 (BJB: 02/04->, BLS: 06/05->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — BPZ
Škoda Superb 3U (Mk1) (01/07-03/08), VW Passat B6 (04/08->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — AJM
Audi B5 A4 (08/98-09/01), Audi C5 A6 (01/98-04/01), Volkswagen Golf Mk4 (05/99-04/02), VW Bora/Jetta Mk4 (11/98-07/01), VW Passat B5 (01/99-12/99)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — ATJ, AUY, BVK
Audi B5 A4 (ATJ: 01/00-09/01), Ford Galaxy Mk1, SEAT Alhambra (AUY: 06/00->, BVK: 11/05-05/08), Volkswagen Golf Mk4 (AUY: 01/00-07/01), VW Bora/Jetta Mk4 (AUY: 05/00-07/01), VW Passat B5 (ATJ: 01/00-08/00), Volkswagen Sharan (AUY: 04/00->, BVK: 11/05->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750–2,500 rpm — AWX
Audi B6 A4 (12/00-06/03), Audi C5 A6 (06/01-01/05), Škoda Superb 3U (Mk1) (12/01-03/08), VW Passat B5 (10/00-05/05)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — ASZ, AVF, BLT
Audi 8L A3 (Mk1) (ASZ: 05/00-06/03), Audi B6 A4 (AVF: 11/00-12/04), Audi C5 A6 (AVF: 06/01-01/05), Ford Galaxy Mk1, SEAT Ibiza Mk3 (ASZ: 11/01->, BLT: 05/05-07/09), SEAT Córdoba Mk2 (ASZ: 10/02->, BLT: 05/05->), SEAT León Mk1 (1M) (ASZ: 05/03-06/06), SEAT Toledo Mk2 (ASZ: 05/03-06/06), SEAT Alhambra (ASZ: 11/02->), Škoda Fabia Mk1 (6Y) (ASZ: 06/03-10/05, BLT: 10/05-04/07), Škoda Octavia 1U (Mk1) (ASZ: 09/02-09/04), Škoda Superb 3U (Mk1) (AVF: 01/04-03/08), Volkswagen Polo Mk4 (ASZ: 11/03->, BLT: 05/04->), Volkswagen Golf Mk4 (ASZ: 04/01-05/06), VW Bora/Jetta Mk4 (ASZ: 04/01-05/05), VW Passat B5 (AVF: 10/00-05/05), Volkswagen Sharan (ASZ: 11/02->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — ARL, BTB
Ford Galaxy Mk1, SEAT León Mk1 (1M) (ARL: 09/00-12/05), SEAT Toledo Mk2 (ARL: 10/00-07/04), SEAT Alhambra (BTB: 06/05-05/07), Volkswagen Golf Mk4 (ARL: 09/00-05/06), VW Bora/Jetta Mk4 (ARL: 09/00-05/05), Volkswagen Sharan (BTB: 01/05-05/07)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,750 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — BPX, BUK
SEAT Ibiza Mk3 (BPX: 03/04->, BUK: 11/05-12/08) (engine exclusively developed by Audi for SEAT Sport)
reference
1.9 litre TDI engine with Pump Düse (PDF), Auburn Hills, MI 48326, USA: Volkswagen of America, Inc, October 2003, Self-Study Program - Course Number 841303, retrieved 4 November 2009 

awards

was winner of the "1.8-litre to 2.0-litre" category in the 1999 annual competition for International Engine of the Year

Origins: All 1968 ccm four cylinder engines are derivated from the 2461 ccm 5 cylinder Audi- engine, VW just cut off one 492,1 ccm cylinder.

2.0 R4 SDI PD 51-55kW

Origins All R4 1968 ccm four cylinder engines are derivated from the R5 2461 ccm 5 cylinder Audi- engine, VW just cut off one 492,1 ccm cylinder.
identification
parts code prefix: ???
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline four-cylinder (R4/I4) Suction Diesel Injection (SDI); Script error: No such module "convert"., bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 19.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, timing belt driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
fuel system & engine management
Pumpe Düse (PD) Unit Injector direct injection (DI)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,200–2,400 rpm — Volkswagen Caddy Mk3: BDJ, BST
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,200–2,400 rpm — Volkswagen Golf Mk5: BDK

2.0 R4 8v TDI PD 47-103kW

identification
parts code prefix: ???
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline four-cylinder (R4/I4) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder; compression ratio: 18.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, fracture-split forged steel connecting rods
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 8 valves total, timing belt driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC)
aspiration
turbocharger, intercooler
fuel system & engine management
Pumpe Düse (PD) direct injection (DI): engine-driven vane-type low-pressure fuel lift pump, four camshaft-actuated (via roller rocker arms) high-pressure Bosch Script error: No such module "convert". Unit Injectors with solenoid valve injection nozzles, Bosch EDC 16 or EDC 17 or Siemens VDO SIMOS PPD1 electronic engine control unit (ECU) with altitude compensation, EU4 compliant
exhaust system
diesel particulate filter (DPF) (not on Industrial variants)
EWG-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750 rpm — Volkswagen Industrial Motor - 447 (CBH: 05/07->)
Script error: No such module "convert".Volkswagen Industrial Motor - 455 (CBJ: 05/07->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750 rpm — Volkswagen Industrial Motor - 463
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750 rpm — Volkswagen Industrial Motor - 474 (CBK: 01/07->)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1900 rpm — BGW, BHW
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750-2500 rpm — BMM, BMP
applications
Volkswagen Passat B5, Volkswagen Golf Mk5, VW Jetta Mk5, Volkswagen Touran, Volkswagen Tiguan, VW Passat B6, Audi 8P A3, Audi B7 A4, Audi B8 A4, Audi C6 A6, SEAT Leon, SEAT Altea and XL, SEAT Toledo, Škoda Octavia, Volkswagen Industrial Motor, Chrysler Sebring, Chrysler Sebring (convertible), Dodge Avenger, Dodge Caliber (MY07 BKD, MY08 BMR), Dodge Journey, Jeep Compass, Mitsubishi Lancer, Mitsubishi Grandis, Mitsubishi Outlander
references
"New VW Passat in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 4 March 2005. Retrieved 6 November 2009. 
"The new TDI 2.0 Industrial Engines" (PDF), mi-uk.com (Volkswagen AG), April 2007, retrieved 6 November 2009 

2.0 R4 16v TDI PD 103-125 kW

Some models are fitted with a diesel particulate filter. According to Audi (UK) 'TDV' stands for Technology Development Vehicle. TDV denotes that a diesel particulate filter is present on the Audi in question but the vehicle was produced just prior to (or during) the legislation process regarding DPF's. The abbreviation 'DPF' was not yet officially in existence so Audi used the 'TDV' letters to identify the diesel particulate filter. This Pumpe Düse (PD) TDI engine was introduced to replace the older higher-powered versions of the 1.9 TDI. It is the first four-cylinder 16-valve double overhead camshaft (DOHC) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) engine made by Volkswagen Group.

identification
parts code prefix: 038
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline four-cylinder (R4/I4) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder; compression ratio: 18.5:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, fracture-split forged steel connecting rods, cast aluminium alloy oil sump
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, timing belt-driven double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, Garrett turbocharger integrated into cast iron exhaust manifold, sandwiched central front-mounted intercooler (FMIC)
fuel system & engine management
Pumpe Düse (PD) direct injection (DI): engine-driven vane-type low-pressure fuel lift pump, four camshaft-actuated (via roller rocker arms) high-pressure Script error: No such module "convert". Unit Injectors with piezo valve injection nozzles (Siemens VDO on 125 kW, Bosch on 103 kW), Bosch EDC 16 or EDC 17 or Siemens VDO SIMOS PPD1 electronic engine control unit (ECU) with altitude compensation, EU4 compliant
exhaust system
water-cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), diesel particulate filter (DPF) (only on 125 kW and TDV (Technology Development Vehicle) denoted models )
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert".AZV, BMA
Script error: No such module "convert".CAGB(AUDI A6 C6 CR)
Script error: No such module "convert".BKD, BKP, BRE
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800-2,500 rpm — BMN, BMR, BRD...
applications
Audi 8P A3, Audi B7 A4, Audi B8 A4, Audi C6 A6, Jeep Patriot 2.0CRD (BKD: 09/07) SEAT León Mk2, Škoda Octavia (BKD: 11/08->), Škoda Superb (BKD: 01/09->), Volkswagen Golf Mk5, VW Jetta Mk5, Volkswagen Touran, VW Passat B6
reference
"New VW Passat in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen AG. 4 March 2005. Retrieved 6 November 2009. 
"Self study programme 352: Unit Injectors with piezo valves - Design and function" (PDF). Volkswagen AG. 

2.0 R4 16v TDI CR 81-135kW

identification
parts code prefix: 03L, ID codes: CAGA, CAGC, CAHA, CBEA, CBAB, CFFB, CBBB, CBDB, CBDC, CEGA, CFGB, CFCA, CJAA
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline four-cylinder (R4/I4) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 18:1 (103 kW), 16.5:1 (125 kW)
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; five main bearings, die-forged steel crankshaft, fracture-split forged steel connecting rods, two counter-rotating gear-driven balance shafts turning at half crankshaft speed, Alcan or Federal-Mogul pistons, cast aluminium alloy oil sump
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 16 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, timing belt and gear-driven (relay method: belt drives exhaust camshaft from front of engine, inlet camshaft is driven at rear of engine by gear from exhaust camshaft) double overhead camshaft (DOHC)
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, electronically regulated variable geometry turbocharger integrated into cast iron exhaust manifold, central front-mounted intercooler (FMIC)
aspiration (147 kW)
twin registered turbochargers with different diameters[citation needed]
fuel system & engine management
low-pressure fuel tank mounted fuel lift pump with underfloor electric fuel relay pump, timing belt-driven high-pressure injection pump delivering up to Script error: No such module "convert". pressure for the common rail (CR) fuel rail, direct injection (DI) with eight-nozzle output piezo fuel injectors; Bosch EDC 17 electronic engine control unit (ECU)
exhaust system
water-cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), catalytic converter, diesel particulate filter (DPF)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes, applications
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,500–2,500 rpm — CBDC
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750–2,500 rpm — CAGC SEAT Exeo (09/09->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,750-4,150 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750–2,800 rpm — CFHC, CBEA, CBAB, CFFB, CBDB, CJAA Volkswagen Golf Mk6
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750–2,500 rpm — Audi B8 A4, Audi Q5, SEAT Exeo (CAGA: 12/08->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750–3000 rpm — CRBC Audi A3, Golf VII, SEAT Leon
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750–2,500 rpm — CBBB, CFGB Audi TT 2.0 TDI quattro, Audi 8P A3, Volkswagen Golf Mk6, Škoda Octavia RS TDI (CEGA: 2008->), SEAT Exeo (CAHA: 02/09->), CEGA SEAT Leon
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750–2,500 rpn— CGLC Audi A4, Audi A5, Audi A6,
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,500–2,000 rpm — CFCA Volkswagen Transporter (T5) GP biturbo
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750–3000 rpm — CUNA Audi A3, Golf VII, SEAT Leon
Script error: No such module "convert". — CNHA Volkswagen Passat 2015[18]
Script error: No such module "convert".; Script error: No such module "convert". — CUAA Volkswagen Passat 2015 TDI BiTurbo[18]
applications
Audi TT Mk2 2.0 TDI quattro (CBBB: 06/08-05/10), Audi 8P A3 (CBBB: 07/08->), Audi B8 A4, Audi Q5, SEAT Leon Mk2 (1P), SEAT Altea, SEAT Toledo Mk3 (5P), SEAT Exeo, Škoda Octavia Mk2 (1Z) (125 kW), Škoda Superb Mk2 (3T) (103/125 kW), Škoda Yeti (81/103/125 kW), Volkswagen Golf Mk6, VW Jetta Mk5 TDI CleanDiesel (103 kW), Volkswagen Tiguan, Volkswagen Passat CC, Volkswagen Passat, Volkswagen Transporter (T5)
references
"50 mpg-plus Audi diesel sports car cleans up in Geneva". Audi.co.uk. Audi UK. 28 February 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 
"Audi's new TT TDI is going on sale this spring in Europe". Green.AutoBlog.com. AUDI AG. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 4 January 2010. 

Five-cylinder diesels

This section is about current five-cylinder diesel engines, for discontinued five-cylinder diesel engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines#Five-cylinder diesels.

2.5 R5 SDI 40-55kW

identification
parts code prefix: ???
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline five-cylinder (R5) Suction Diesel Injection (SDI); Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 19.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; six main bearings, die-forged steel crossplane crankshaft, 'bowl in piston' combustion chamber
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 10 valves total, hydraulic bucket tappets with automatic valve clearance compensation, timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC), swirl-inducing intake ports
aspiration
cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, cast iron exhaust manifold (water-cooled in marine applications)
fuel system & engine management
rubber toothed belt-driven Bosch VP37 (German: VerteilerPumpe) electronic distributor injection pump, two-stage direct injection (DI) with five-hole injector nozzles; Bosch MDC Marine Diesel Control electronic engine control unit
mass
Script error: No such module "convert". (Marine versions: dry weight, with DMF, all ancillaries and cooling system)
DIN-rated (Marine to ISO 8178-4) motive power & torque outputs, applications, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,500 rpm (16.3 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,250 rpm — Volkswagen Marine SDI 55-5 (BCT: 02/02-on)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,600 rpm (22.3 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,250 rpm — Volkswagen Marine SDI 75-5 (ANF: 02/02-on)
Script error: No such module "convert". (22.3 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,250 rpm — Volkswagen LT (LT28 & LT35) (AGX: 05/96-04/01)
references
"Boat engines from Volkswagen Marine - Self-study programme M001 - Design and function" (PDF). www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. April 2001. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"SDI 55-5 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"SDI 75-5 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

2.5 R5 TDI 65-121kW

This 2.5-litre 'row' five engine (R5), wholly designed and developed by Audi, was the first Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) diesel engine in 1989, initially used in the Audi 100. This engine was also used in some Volvo Cars models in the 1990s.

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID codes: AAT, ACV, AEL, AHY, AJT, ANG, ANH, ANJ, AXG, BBR, BCU, BCV, BTW, Volvo D5252T
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline five-cylinder (R5) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 19.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron; six main bearings, die-forged steel crossplane crankshaft, 'bowl in piston' combustion chamber
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 10 valves total, hydraulic bucket tappets with automatic valve clearance compensation, timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC), swirl-inducing intake ports
aspiration
cast aluminium alloy intake manifold, cast iron exhaust manifold (water-cooled in marine applications), Garrett Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) variable-vane turbocharger (water-cooled in marine applications), sea-water intercooler on Marine 108 kW and above
fuel system & engine management
rubber toothed belt-driven Bosch VP37 (German: VerteilerPumpe) electronic distributor injection pump, two-stage direct injection (DI) with five-hole injector nozzles, Bosch MDC Marine Diesel Control electronic engine control unit
mass
Marine variants: Script error: No such module "convert". (dry weight, with DMF, all ancillaries and cooling system)
EWG-rated motive power & torque outputs, application, ID code
Script error: No such module "convert". (32.5 kW/L) — Volkswagen Industrial Motor (BBR: 07/92->)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, applications, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". (26.4 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpmVolkswagen Transporter (T4)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,600 rpm (30.1 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,500 rpm — Volkswagen Marine TDI 100-5 (BCU: 02/02->)
Script error: No such module "convert". (30.5 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Script error: No such module "convert". (32.5 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — Volkswagen LT
Script error: No such module "convert". (34.5 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — Audi C3 100, Audi C4 100
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,250 rpm (35.8 kW/l); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,500 rpm — Volkswagen Marine TDI 120-5 (ANG: 02/02->)
Script error: No such module "convert". (41.9 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — 1994 Audi C4 100, Audi C4 A6, as Volvo D5252T: Volvo 850, Volvo S70, Volvo V70, early Volvo S80s
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm (43.9 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — Volkswagen Marine TDI 150-5D (BCV: 02/02->)
Script error: No such module "convert". (45.1 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm — Volkswagen Transporter (T4) (AHY, AXG: xx/98-xx/03)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm (45.1 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,700-3,100 rpm — Volkswagen Marine TDI 140-5 (???: ??/??->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm (45.1 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,500 rpm — Volkswagen Marine TDI 150-5 (ANH: 02/02->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm (49.2 kW/L); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,500 rpm — Volkswagen Marine TDI 165-5 (BTW: 04/05-on)
references
"Boat engines from Volkswagen Marine - Self-study programme M001 - Design and function" (PDF). www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. April 2001. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 100-5 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 120-5 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 140-5 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 150-5 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 165-5 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

2.5 R5 TDI CR 65-120kW

identification
parts code prefix: ???, ID codes: ???
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline five-cylinder (R5) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 18.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
grey cast iron GG350; six main bearings, die-forged steel crossplane crankshaft, 'bowl in piston' combustion chamber
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 10 valves total, hydraulic bucket tappets with automatic valve clearance compensation, timing belt-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC), swirl-inducing intake ports
aspiration
turbocharger, intercooler; 80 kW and higher: Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) variable-vane turbocharger
fuel system & engine management
common rail (CR) direct injection pump, pressure up to 1,600 bar; Bosch EDC16 electronic engine control unit (ECU)
exhaust system
diesel particulate filter (DPF)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm
application
Volkswagen Crafter
reference
"Volkswagen Crafter - Engine specification". Volkswagen-Vans.co.uk. Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 

2.5 R5 TDI PD 96-128kW

identification
parts code prefix: AXD, ID codes: AXE
engine configuration & engine displacement
inline five-cylinder (R5) Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder, compression ratio: 18.0:1
cylinder block & crankcase
aluminum alloy; six main bearings, die-forged steel 5-throw crankshaft, 'bowl in piston' combustion chamber
cylinder head & valvetrain
cast aluminum alloy; two valves per cylinder, 10 valves total, hydraulic bucket tappets with automatic valve clearance compensation, gear-driven single overhead camshaft (SOHC), swirl-inducing intake ports
aspiration
Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) variable-vane turbocharger, intercooler
fuel system & engine management
camshaft-actuated Bosch Pumpe Düse Unit Injector direct injection
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
Script error: No such module "convert". — Volkswagen Transporter (T5)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm
applications
Volkswagen Touareg, Volkswagen Transporter (T5)

8.9 EU4 169-228kW (Scania)

engine configuration & engine displacement
inline five-cylinder, turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".
aspiration
turbocharger, intercooler
fuel system & engine management
Scania PDE (German: Pumpe-Düse-Einspritzung) high-pressure Unit Injector direct injection system, exhaust gas recirculation, Euro4 compliant
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,500 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,450 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,350 rpm
applications
Scania trucks
reference
"Scania Euro4, 9-litre". Scania.co.uk. Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 

9.3 EU5 169-235kW (Scania)

engine configuration & engine displacement
inline five-cylinder, turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".
aspiration
Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) variable-vane turbocharger, intercooler
fuel system & engine management
Cummins / Scania XPI extra-high-pressure common rail direct injection, exhaust gas recirculation, diesel particulate filter, Euro5 compliant
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,500 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,350 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,200 rpm
applications
Scania trucks
references
"Scania Euro5, 9-litre". Scania.co.uk. Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
"Fuel Systems - Extreme Pressure Injection (XPI) System". Cummins.com. Cummins Inc. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 

Six-cylinder diesels

This section is about current six-cylinder diesel engines, for discontinued six-cylinder diesel engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines#Six-cylinder diesels.

2.7 V6 TDI CR 120-140kW

This is a stroke-reduced version of the 3.0 V6 TDI CR

identification
parts code prefix: ???
engine configuration & engine displacement
90° V6 engine, Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert"., bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 1.00:1 - 'square engine', 449.6 cc per cylinder
cylinder block & crankcase
compacted vermicular graphite cast iron (GJV/CGI); four main bearings, oil cooler
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; ??????
aspiration
single variable-geometry turbine (VGT) turbocharger
fuel system & engine management
common rail (CR) direct diesel injection, separate high-pressure pump and rail for each bank of cylinders, maximum injection pressure of Script error: No such module "convert"., piezo injectors, up to five injections per piston cycle
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, applications, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert".Audi A4 (BSG: 11/05-06/08, CAM: 11/07-05/08, CGK: 06/08->), Audi A5 (CAM: 09/07-05/08, CGK: 05/08->), Audi A6 (BSG: 01/05-10/08, CAN: 10/08->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,300-4,250 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,400-3,300 rpm — Audi A4 (BPP: 01/06-03/09), Audi A6 (BPP: 11/04-10/08)
Script error: No such module "convert".Audi A4 (CAM: 11/07-05/08, CGK: 06/08->), Audi A5 (CAM: 07/07-05/08, CGK: 05/08->), Audi A6 (CAN: 10/08->)
references
"New 2.7 TDI model boosts Audi A6 in the UK" (Press release). Audi UK. 23 November 2004. 
"Compacted Vermicular Cast Iron (GJV) for the Audi V6 diesel engine". ATZonline.com. GWV Fachverlage GmbH. October 2004. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 

3.0 V6 24v TDI CR 150–195 kW

File:VW TDI 265-6.JPG
Volkswagen Marine 3.0-litre V6 TDI 265-6 marine engine. This is a marine-modified version of the 3.0 V6 24v TDI CR automobile engine.

This common rail V6 turbodiesel was developed by Audi, and first installed in the Audi D3 A8 in 2004. Subsequently made available for all longitudinal engined Audis, along with the same engine orientation in Volkswagen Passenger Cars 'premium' models and Volkswagen Marine applications.

identification
parts code prefix: 059
engine configuration and engine displacement
90° V6 engine, Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.91:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 494.5 cc per cylinder, compression ratio 17.0:1
cylinder block and crankcase
compacted vermicular graphite cast iron (GJV/CGI) with UV laser-honed exposed bores; cast bed-plate reinforcing lower bearing frame incorporating four main bearings each affixed with four bolts, balance shaft, die-forged steel crossplane crankshaft with offset crankpins to create an even firing order, simplex roller chain-driven contra-rotating balance shaft mounted within the 'vee', diagonal fracture-split connecting rods, oil-channel–cooled pistons with 'bowl in piston' combustion chamber, two-part oil sump with multi-chamber baffled insert, chain-driven ancillaries, oil filter module (incorporating cyclonic oil separator and water-to-oil cooler) mounted within the 'vee'
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 24 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with hydraulic valve clearance compensation, double overhead camshafts driven by four simplex roller chains and spur gears (hybrid relay method), dual inlet ports, siamesed exhaust ports
aspiration
hot-film air mass meter, two separate cast alloy intake manifolds, one BorgWarner variable geometry turbocharger (VGT) with electric boost control fitted within the Vee (water-cooled on Marine variants), maximum absolute pressure Script error: No such module "convert"., two parallel side-mounted intercoolers (SMICs), sea-water tube intercooler on Marine variants, two cast iron exhaust manifolds (water-cooled on Marine variants)
fuel system, exhaust system and engine management
common rail (CR) diesel direct injection, initially one later two separate timing belt-driven high-pressure injection pumps and rail for each cylinder bank, rail pressure of Script error: No such module "convert"., centrally sited seven-hole piezo injectors, dual pilot injection and up to five main injection pulses per piston cycle; water-cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), catalytic converter and diesel particulate filter (DPF); Bosch EDC16 electronic engine control unit (ECU), Bosch MDC16 CP34 Marine Diesel Control on Marine variants
Dimensions
length: Script error: No such module "convert"., mass: Script error: No such module "convert". (automotive), Script error: No such module "convert". (Marine variants - dry weight, including DMF, cooling system and all ancillaries)
DIN-rated motive power and torque outputs, applications, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm (50.6kW/l, 68.8PS/l); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,400 rpm — Audi B7 A4 (BKN: 11/04-03/09)
Script error: No such module "convert". (52.2kW/l, 71.1PS/l) — Audi Q7 (BUN: 03/06-11/07), Volkswagen Touareg (BUN: 04/06-11/07, CAS: 11/07->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,250-4,750 rpm (53.9kW/l, 73.4PS/l); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,250-3,000 rpm — Audi A6#C7, Audi A7 (2014+)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm (55.6kW/l, 75.5PS/l); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm – Audi C6 A6 (BMK: 04/04-05/06), Volkswagen Phaeton (BMK: 05/04-05/07), Volkswagen Touareg (BKS: 11/04-05/08, CATA: 02/09->), Volkswagen Marine TDI 225-6 (BSP: 02/06->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm (57.6kW/l, 78.2PS/l); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750 rpm, Script error: No such module "convert". between 1,400-3,250 rpm — Audi B7 A4 (ASB: 01/06-03/09), Audi C6 A6 (ASB: 05/06-10/08), Audi D3 A8 (ASB: 01/04->), Audi Q7 (BUG: 03/06-05/08), Volkswagen Phaeton (CARA: 06/07-11/08)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm (59.3kW/l, 80.6PS/l); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,500–3,000 rpm — Audi B7 A4 (CAP: 11/07-05/08), Audi B8 A4 (CCW: 04/08-7/11, CCL: 11/09-7/11>), Audi A5 (CAP: 06/07-05/08, CCW: 03/08->), Audi C6 A6 (CDY: 10/08->), Audi Q5 (CCW: 11/08->), Audi Q7 (CASA: 11/07-05/10, CCMA: 11/08->), Porsche Cayenne (2009->), Volkswagen Phaeton (CARA: 03/07-06/07, CEXA: 06/08-05/10), Volkswagen Touareg (CASA/CASB/CASC: 11/07->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000-4,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,450-3,250 rpm — Audi A4#B8, Audi A5 (2011+); Audi A6#C7, Audi A7 (2010-2014)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm (65.7kW/l, 89.3PS/l); Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm — Volkswagen Marine TDI 265-6 (CEZA: 12/07->)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500-4,250 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,250-3,250 rpm — Audi A6#C7, Audi A7 (2014+)
references
ID & detail from ETKA 
"New Audi A6 - in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Audi AG. 8 April 2004. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
"New VW Touareg V6 TDI". WorldCarFans.com. 17 November 2004. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
"Compacted Vermicular Cast Iron (GJV) for the Audi V6 diesel engine". ATZonline.com. GWV Fachverlage GmbH. October 2004. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
"Compacted Graphite Iron – a material solution for modern diesel engine cylinder blocks and heads" (PDF). FoundryInfo-India.org. SinterCast, Sweden. February 2008. p. 3 of 7 (95). Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
"Boat engines from Volkswagen Marine - Self-study programme M002 - Design and Operation" (PDF). www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. August 2006. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"Volkswagen Marine - engines for planing boats" (PDF). www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. January 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 225-6 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 265-6 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

3.0 V6 24v BiTDI CR 230 kW

DIN-rated motive power and torque outputs, applications, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,900 - 4,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,450 - 2,800 rpm, Audi A6, Audi A7, Audi SQ5 TDI (pre-2014)
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,900 - 4,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,450 - 2,800 rpm, Audi A6, Audi A7 (since June 2014)
references
ID & detail from ETKA 
"New Audi A6 - in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Audi AG. 8 April 2004. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
"New VW Touareg V6 TDI". WorldCarFans.com. 17 November 2004. Retrieved 29 July 2009. 
"Compacted Vermicular Cast Iron (GJV) for the Audi V6 diesel engine". ATZonline.com. GWV Fachverlage GmbH. October 2004. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
"Compacted Graphite Iron – a material solution for modern diesel engine cylinder blocks and heads" (PDF). FoundryInfo-India.org. SinterCast, Sweden. February 2008. p. 3 of 7 (95). Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
"Boat engines from Volkswagen Marine - Self-study programme M002 - Design and Operation" (PDF). www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. August 2006. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"Volkswagen Marine - engines for planing boats" (PDF). www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. January 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 225-6 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 265-6 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

11.7 DC12/DT12 EU4 250-353kW (Scania)

engine configuration & engine displacement
inline six-cylinder, turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".
aspiration
turbocharger, intercooler
fuel system & engine management
Cummins / Scania HPI high-pressure Unit Injector direct injection system, exhaust gas recirculation, Euro4 compliant
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,350 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,350 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,350 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,450 rpm
applications
Scania trucks
references
"Scania Euro4, 12-litre". Scania.co.uk. Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
"Fuel Systems - High Pressure Injection (HPI) Systems". Cummins.com. Cummins Inc. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 

11.7 DC12 EU5 280-309kW (Scania)

engine configuration & engine displacement
inline six-cylinder, turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".
aspiration
turbocharger, intercooler
fuel system & engine management
Cummins / Scania HPI high-pressure Unit Injector direct injection, Scania selective catalytic reduction (SCR) - catalytic converter with AdBlue urea injection, Euro5 compliant
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,400 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,400 rpm
applications
Scania trucks
references
"Scania Euro5, 12-litre". Scania.co.uk. Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
"Fuel Systems - High Pressure Injection (HPI) Systems". Cummins.com. Cummins Inc. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 

12.7 DC13 EU5 265-353kW (Scania)

engine configuration & engine displacement
inline six-cylinder, turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".
aspiration
variable-vane geometry turbocharger (VGT), intercooler
fuel system & engine management
Cummins / Scania XPI extra-high-pressure common rail direct injection, two-way exhaust gas recirculation, Euro5 compliant
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,300 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,300 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,300 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,300 rpm
applications
Scania trucks
references
"Scania Euro5, 13-litre". Scania.co.uk. Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
"Fuel Systems - Extreme Pressure Injection (XPI) System". Cummins.com. Cummins Inc. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 

Eight-cylinder diesels

This section is about current eight-cylinder diesel engines, for discontinued eight-cylinder diesel engines, see list of discontinued Volkswagen Group diesel engines#Eight-cylinder diesels.

4.2 V8 TDI CR 235-257kW

This Audi engine is an entirely redeveloped and bored-out evolution of the superseded 4.0 V8 TDI CR, now with Script error: No such module "convert". cylinder spacing between bore centres, and again with roller chain drive for the overhead camshafts and ancillaries. Just like its 4.0 V8 TDI predecessor, this all-new 4.2 V8 TDI retains the mantle of the worlds highest power output car with a diesel V8. This engine is manufactured at Győr, Hungary by AUDI AG subsidiary Audi Hungaria Motor Kft.

identification
parts code prefix: 057.C
engine configuration & engine displacement
90° V8 engine, Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.87:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 516.7 cc per cylinder, Script error: No such module "convert". cylinder spacing, compression ratio: 16.5:1, water-cooled alternator
cylinder block & crankcase
compacted vermicular graphite cast iron (GJV/CGI), Script error: No such module "convert".; UV laser-honed exposed bore; cast reinforcing bed-plate lower frame incorporating five main bearings (each 'bearing' affixed by four bolts), die-forged chrome molybdenum alloy steel crossplane crankshaft with first and second order forces and moments avoided, three-part oil sump consisting of cast alloy upper section, a middle baffle section and pressed steel lower section, diagonally fracture-split connecting rods, cast aluminium alloy Kolbenschmidt pistons (Mahle on CCFA), simplex roller chain-driven ancillaries, oil filter module (incorporating oil separator and water-to-oil cooler) mounted within the 'vee' (externally mounted on Marine variants)
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; four valves per cylinder, 32 valves total, operated by low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, double overhead camshafts - the inlets driven in a relay method at the rear (flywheel) end of the engine by four simplex roller chains and the exhausts driven from the inlets by automatic slack adjusting spur gears at the front end, two unequal-length swirl-inducing switchable inlet ports, siamesed unequal-length exhaust ports
aspiration - automotive
two air filters, two hot-film air mass meters, 'biturbo': two water-cooled turbochargers with electrically direct-actuated Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) vanes (one turbo per cylinder bank) operating up to 226,000 rpm with a maximum electrically regulated boost of Script error: No such module "convert"., two side-mounted air-to-air fan-assisted (not on Q7) intercoolers (SMICs), two separate cast alloy intake manifolds interconnected by a "feedthrough" system to equalise the pressure in the two cylinder banks, two-position variable swirl flaps integrated into the intake tract
aspiration - Marine
air filter with hot-film air mass meter, one water-cooled turbocharger with electric boost pressure control mounted within the vee, sea-water tube intercooler, two separate cast alloy intake manifolds interconnected by a "feedthrough" system to equalise the pressure in the two cylinder banks, two-position variable swirl flaps integrated into the intake tract
fuel system & engine management
common rail (CR) direct diesel injection: electric low-pressure fuel lift pump, one timing belt-driven Script error: No such module "convert". injection pump, two common rail fuel rails (one per cylinder bank), piezo-electric operated fuel injectors with eight-hole nozzles for homogenous fuel delivery, single and double pilot injection, up to four main injection actuations per piston cycle; Bosch EDC16 CP electronic engine control unit (ECU), Bosch MDC Marine Diesel Control on Marine variant
exhaust system
two air-gap insulated fan-branch alloy steel exhaust manifolds, two close-coupled maintenance-free oxidizing catalytic converters, two silicon carbide diesel particulate filters, Euro4 emissions standard compliant
dimensions
length: Script error: No such module "convert"., mass: Script error: No such module "convert". (automotive - Script error: No such module "convert". lighter than its 4.0 V8 TDI predecessor, Script error: No such module "convert". lighter than the all-aluminium alloy Mercedes-Benz 4.0 V8 CDI diesel engine), Script error: No such module "convert". (Marine variant: dry weight, including DMF, cooling system & all anciliaries)
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
BMC: Script error: No such module "convert".
BVN: Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,750 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,600-3,500 rpm
BTR: Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,750 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800-2,500 rpm
CCFA: Script error: No such module "convert".
CEM: Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,200 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm
applications
Audi D3 A8 4.2 TDI quattro (BMC: 01/05-06/05, BVN: 07/05->), Audi Q7 4.2 TDI (BTR: 03/07-06/09, CCFA: 06/09->), Volkswagen Marine TDI 350-8 (CEM: 02/09->), Volkswagen Touareg, Porsche Cayenne
references
"New Audi A8 4.2 TDI quattro". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG - press release. 19 May 2005. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
"Audi A8 new engines in detail". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG - press release. 9 June 2005. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
"Audi Q7 4.2 TDI in depth". WorldCarFans.com. AUDI AG - press release. 2 May 2007. Retrieved 20 February 2010. 
"Compacted Graphite Iron – a material solution for modern diesel engine cylinder blocks and heads" (PDF). FoundryInfo-India.org. SinterCast, Sweden. February 2008. p. 3 of 7 (95). Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
"Volkswagen Marine - engines for planing boats" (PDF). www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. January 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
"TDI 350-8 - technical data". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen AG. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 

15.6 V8 DC16 368-544kW (Scania)

File:ScaniaV8.jpg
Scania V8 16-litre marine engine with reverse.
engine configuration & engine displacement
90° V8 engine, turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.82:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 1,950.8 cc per cylinder
aspiration
turbocharger, intercooler
fuel system & engine management
Scania PDE high-pressure Unit Injector system, Scania selective catalytic reduction (SCR) - catalytic converter with AdBlue urea injection
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs - Euro4
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,400 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,400 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,100-1,400 rpm
DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs - Euro5
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,800 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,350 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,400 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,900 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,400 rpm
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,000-1,400 rpm reference: http://www3.scania.com/en/New-V8-truck-range/The-new-730hp-engine/
applications
Scania trucks
references
"Scania Euro4, 16-litre". Scania.co.uk. Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
"Scania Euro5, 16-litre". Scania.co.uk. Scania (Great Britain) Limited. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 

Ten-cylinder diesels

This section is about current ten-cylinder diesel engines

4.9/5.0 V10 TDI PD 230-258kW

This '4.9' or '5.0' badged V10 TDI diesel engine is only used in Volkswagen Passenger Cars 'premium' models. At its launch in the Volkswagen Phaeton, it became the most powerful diesel-engined car in the world. A heavily modified dry sump version was used in an LMP1 Lola sports car to compete in the 2004 Le Mans under a Caterpillar badge. "24 Heures du Mans". Perkins.com. Perkins Engines Co. Ltd. 16 March 2006. Retrieved 29 September 2009. 

identification
parts code prefix: 07Z
engine configuration & engine displacement
90° V10 engine, Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert"., bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.85:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 492.1 cc per cylinder, Script error: No such module "convert". cylinder spacing, compression ratio: 18.0:1, water-cooled alternator
cylinder block & crankcase
low-pressure die-cast aluminium alloy (AlSi8Cu3); bolted-on grey cast iron bearing tunnel and crank carrier with six main bearings, die-forged steel cross-plane crankshaft with 18-degree crankpin offset to achieve a 72-degree even firing order, contra-rotating balance shaft, diagonally cracked forged connecting rods, two-part cast aluminium alloy baffled oil sump
cylinder heads & valvetrain
cast aluminium alloy; two valves per cylinder, 20 valves total, each with two concentric valve springs and bucket tappets, gear-driven single overhead camshaft utilising a separate cassette-type 'motor control module'
aspiration
two air filters with two hot-film air mass meters, twin-turbo: two electrically controlled Garrett GT1852V variable vane turbochargers, two side-mounted intercoolers, two cast alloy intake manifolds
fuel system & engine management
Pumpe Düse (PD) diesel direct injection: one underfloor electric fuel lift pump, two camshaft-driven low-pressure fuel pumps supplying common fuel rails (one per cylinder bank), ten camshaft-actuated UI-P1 Script error: No such module "convert". Unit Injectors with solenoid-actuated nozzles, 72° injection interval; two Bosch EDC16 32-bit electronic engine control units (ECUs) working on the 'master/slave' method
exhaust system
water-cooled exhaust gas recirculation (EGR), air-gap insulated cast iron exhaust manifolds, two close-coupled ceramic catalytic converters, two main underfloor oxydising catalytic converters, EU3 emissions compliant
dimensions
length: Script error: No such module "convert".
4.9 DIN-rated motive power & torque output, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,750 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm — AJS, BLE, BKW (North America)
5.0 DIN-rated motive power & torque outputs, ID codes
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,750 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm — AYH, BWF
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 3,500 rpm; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 2,000 rpm — CBWA: Touareg R50
4.9 applications
Volkswagen Phaeton 4motion (AJS: 12/02-10/06), Volkswagen Touareg (BKW: 11/03-11/04, BLE: 11/04->)
5.0 application
Volkswagen Touareg (AYH: 11/02-11/06, BWF: 12/06-02/09), Touareg R50 (CBWA: 08/07->)
references
"Volkswagen Touareg - in depth". WorldCarFans.com. 7 October 2002. Retrieved 14 January 2010. 
"Volkswagen Phaeton V10 TDI in detail - The ten-cylinder diesel engine". WorldCarFans.com. 24 March 2003. Retrieved 14 January 2010. 
"Volkswagen Touareg R50 - in depth". WorldCarFans.com. Volkswagen Group - press release. 9 October 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2010. 

awards

was winner of the "Above 4.0-litre" category for two consecutive years in the 2003 and 2004 annual competition for International Engine of the Year "VW V10 TDI wins International Engine of the Year Award". WorldCarFans.com. VW UK - press release. 27 May 2004. Retrieved 14 January 2010. 

Twelve-cylinder diesels

This section is about current twelve-cylinder diesel engines

6.0 V12 48v TDI CR DPF 368kW

File:Audi Q7 V12 TDI engine front-view.jpg
Front view of the installed V12 TDI engine in the Audi Q7 V12 TDI quattro

A world first. Wholly developed by quattro GmbH, AUDI AG's private high-performance specialist subsidiary, and built at Audi Hungaria Motor Kft. in Győr, Hungary, this Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) V12 engine is a road-going development of the unit in the 24 Hours of Le Mans winning Audi R15 TDI. It features common rail direct injection, and includes the same cylinder bore and piston stroke as the latest 3.0 V6 TDI CR. This engine has created the most powerful sport utility vehicle (SUV) in its class - the Audi Q7 V12 TDI quattro.

identification
parts code prefix: 05A
engine configuration & engine displacement
60° V12 engine, Turbocharged Direct Injection (TDI) turbodiesel; Script error: No such module "convert".; bore x stroke: Script error: No such module "convert"., stroke ratio: 0.91:1 - undersquare/long-stroke, 494.5 cc per cylinder; Script error: No such module "convert". cylinder spacing; Script error: No such module "convert". cylinder bank offset; compression ratio: 16.0:1; two oil coolers (one: water/oil, the other: air/oil); four coolant radiators; water-cooled alternator
cylinder block & crankcase
GJV-450 compacted vermicular graphite cast iron (GJV/CGI); nodular graphite reinforced cast iron bedplate frame with seven main bearings and four bolts per bearing, die-forged chrome and molybdenum steel alloy crossplane crankshaft, diagonally fracture-cracked forged connecting rods, aluminium forged Mahle pistons, two-part cast aluminium alloy baffled oil sump
cylinder heads & valvetrain
composite lower section made from low-pressure die cast aluminium alloy with integrated intake and exhaust ports, middle section for guiding engine oil flow, and the top section is a pressure-cast ladder frame for the overhead camshafts; four valves per cylinder, 48 valves total, low-friction roller finger cam followers with automatic hydraulic valve clearance compensation, double overhead camshaft - the exhaust camshafts driven from the flywheel side via a two-stage chain drive utilising three 3/8" simplex roller chains, and the inlet camshafts driven from the exhaust camshafts by gears at the front of the engine; two unequal-length swirl-inducing switchable inlet ports, siamesed unequal-length exhaust ports
aspiration
two air filters, two hot-film air mass meters; 'biturbo': two water-cooled turbochargers with electrically controlled Variable Turbine Geometry (VTG) (one turbo per cylinder bank) and an electronically regulated boost pressure of up to Script error: No such module "convert"., two all-alloy side-mounted intercoolers; cast alloy intake manifold with dual adjustable turbulence flaps
fuel system & engine management
Bosch Script error: No such module "convert". common rail (CR) (one rail per cylinder bank) direct injection: with two chain-driven high-pressure fuel pumps, fuel cooler for return line, twelve combustion chamber-sited eight-hole (Script error: No such module "convert".) piezo injectors with multi-pulse injection (up to five injection operations per piston cycle, including pre- and post- ignition injection); two Bosch EDC electronic engine control units (ECUs) working on the 'master and slave' concept; water-cooled vacuum-actuated exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) with up to 50% recirculation rate at partial engine load; European Euro5 emissions standard compliant
exhaust system
double flow exhaust pipes with two catalysts and two diesel particulate filters (DPF); two lambda sensors, two exhaust gas temperature sensors
dimensions
length: Script error: No such module "convert". (just Script error: No such module "convert". longer than the V8 TDI),
DIN-rated motive power & torque output, ID code
Script error: No such module "convert". @ 4,000 rpm - Script error: No such module "convert". per litre; Script error: No such module "convert". @ 1,750-3,000 rpm — CCGA
application
Audi Q7 V12 TDI quattro (09/08->)
references
"The World's most powerful diesel passenger car". AudiWorld.com. AUDI AG. 11 September 2006. Retrieved 28 August 2009. 
"Audi introduces V12 diesel passenger car concept (with images)". GreenCarCongress.com. BioAge Group, LLC. 7 January 2007. Retrieved 18 January 2010. 
"The ultimate high-performance SUV - the new Audi Q7 V12 TDI quattro". Audi-MediaServices.com. AUDI AG - press release. 2 March 2008. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 
"Compacted Graphite Iron – a material solution for modern diesel engine cylinder blocks and heads" (PDF). FoundryInfo-India.org. SinterCast, Sweden. February 2008. p. 3 of 7 (95). Retrieved 18 January 2010. 

Diesel engines data table

The following table contains a very brief selection of current and historical Volkswagen Group compression-ignition diesel engines for comparison of performance and operating characteristics:

engine
model
engine
disp.
:
(cc)
engine
config.
valvetrain max.
power:
kW
(PS)
rpm
for
max.
power
torque
@ max.
power:
Nm
max.
torque:
Nm
(lb·ft)
rpm
for
max.
torque
power
@ max.
torque:
kW
specific
power
:
kW/L
(PS/L)
max
MEP:
bar
MEP @
max.
power:
bar
max
operating
revs:
rpm
dates
installed
(all unless
PS stated in
1st col.)
1.2 TDI 3L 1,191 inline 3
(R3)
6v
SOHC
45
(61)
4,000 140
(103)
1,800-
2,400
37.8
(51.2)
06/1999-
08/2005
1.4 TDI 1,422 inline 3
(R3)
6v
SOHC
59
(80)
4,000 195
(144)
2,200 41.5
(56.3)
05/1999-
present
1.6 TDI CR 1,598 inline 4
(R4)
16v
DOHC
85
(116)
4,400 250
(184)
2,000-
2,500
53.2
(72.6)
??/????-
present
1.7 D 1,716 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
42
(57)
4,500 103
(76)
2,800 24.5
(33.2)
10/1986-
05/1992
1.7 SDI 1,716 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
44
(60)
4,200 115
(85)
2,200 25.6
(35.0)
??/????-
??/????
1.9 D 1,896 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
47
(64)
4,300 124
(91)
2,500-
3,200
24.8
(33.8)
??/????-
present
1.9 SD 1,896 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
36
(49)
3,000 121
(89)
1,800 19.0
(25.8)
??/????-
present
1.9 SDI 1,896 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
50
(68)
4,000 133
(98)
1,800 26.4
(35.9)
07/1995-
present
1.9 TD 1,896 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
55
(75)
4,200 150
(111)
2,000 29.0
(39.6)
1.9 TDI 1,896 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
66
(90)
3,750 210
(155)
1,900 34.8
(47.5)
09/1991-
present
1.9 TDI PD 1,896 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
96
(131)
4,000 310
(229)
1,900 50.6
(69.1)
01/1998-
present
2.0 SDI PD 1,968 inline 4
(R4)
8v
SOHC
55
(75)
4,200 140
(103)
2,400 27.9
(38.1)
2.0 TDI PD
140 PS
1,968 inline 4
(R4)
8v
DOHC
103
(140)
4,000 246 320
(236)
1,800 59 52.3
(71.1)
20.43 15.70
2.0 TDI PD 16v
170 PS
1,968 inline 4
(R4)
16v
DOHC
125
(170)
4,200 350
(258)
1,800-
2,500
63.5
(86.4)
2.0 TDI CR
170 PS
1,968 inline 4
(R4)
16v
DOHC
125
(170)
4,200 350
(258)
1,750-
2,500
63.5
(86.4)
2.5 R5 SDI
75 PS
2,461 inline 5
(R5)
10v
SOHC
55
(75)
3,600 155
(114)
2,250 22.3
(30.5)
05/1996-
present
2.5 R5 TDI CR 2,461 inline 5
(R5)
10v
SOHC
120
(163)
3,500 350
(258)
2,000 48.8
(66.3)
2.5 R5 TDI PD 2,461 inline 5
(R5)
10v
SOHC
128
(174)
3,500 349 400
(295)
2,000 84 52.0
(70.7)
20.43 17.84
2.7 V6 TDI 2,698 V6 engine 24v
DOHC
132
(179)
3,300-
4,250
380
(280)
1,400-
3,300
56 48.9
(66.3)
17.70 17.79 11/2004-
present
3.0 V6 TDI
204 PS
2,967 V6 engine 24v
DOHC
150
(204)
3,500 409 450
(332)
1,400 66 50.6
(68.8)
19.06 17.33 11/2004-
03/2009
3.0 V6 TDI
232 PS
2,967 V6 engine 24v
DOHC
171
(232)
4,000 408 500
(369)
1,750 92 57.6
(78.2)
21.18 17.29 01/2004-
present
3.3 V8 TDI 3,328 V8 engine 32v
DOHC
165
(224)
4,000 480
(354)
1,800-
3,000
49.6
(67.3)
12/1999-
09/2002
4.0 V8 TDI 3,936 V8 engine 32v
DOHC
202
(275)
650
(479)
1,800-
2,500
51.3
(69.9)
05/2003-
07/2005
4.2 V8 TDI 4,134 V8 engine 32v
DOHC
240
(326)
3,750 760
(561)
1,600-
3,500
58.1
(78.9)
19.76 18.58 01/2005-
present
5.0 V10 TDI
313 PS
4,921 V10 engine 20v
SOHC
230
(313)
3,750 586 750
(533)
2,000 157 46.7
(63.6)
19.15 14.96 11/2002-
present
6.0 V12 TDI CR
DPF
 (Audi Q7)
5,934 V12 engine 48v
DOHC
368
(500)
4,000 1,000
(738)
1,750-
3,000
62.0
(84.3)
09/2008-
present
engine
model
engine
disp.
:
(cc / cc)
engine
config.
valvetrain max.
power:
kW
(PS)
rpm
for
max.
power
torque
@ max.
power:
Nm
max.
torque:
Nm
(lb·ft)
rpm
for
max.
torque
power
@ max.
torque:
kW
specific
power
:
kW/L
(PS/L)
max
MEP:
bar
MEP @
max.
power:
bar
max
operating
revs:
rpm
dates
installed
(all unless
PS stated in
1st col.)

Production

Polymer firm DSM has developed a lightweight plastic crankshaft cover using bio-derived feedstocks. The cover, produced by Tier One supplier Kaco, includes two integral seals and is used on Volkswagen's EA288 engine family.[19]

Emitec developed close-coupled selective catalytic reduction systems used in the EA288 engines.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b ETKA official factory data[clarification needed]]]
  2. ^ "Volkswagen Marine > Engines <". www.vw-m.de. Volkswagen Group. 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2009. 
  3. ^ "The SDI 1.9 Industrial Engine" (PDF), mi-uk.com (Volkswagen AG), March 2005, retrieved 4 November 2009 
  4. ^ The Modular Diesel Engine System from Volkswagen
  5. ^ THE EURO 6 ENGINES IN THE MODULAR DIESEL ENGINE SYSTEM OF VOLKSWAGEN
  6. ^ Volkswagen Internationaler Presseworkshop Wolfsburg, im Januar / Februar 2012
  7. ^ Volkswagen introducing new EA288 diesel engine
  8. ^ A closer look at the basics of Volkswagen Group’s important new 2.0L diesel MDB engine
  9. ^ VOLKSWAGEN GROUP Powertrain and Fuel Strategy
  10. ^ New EA288 Volkswagen TDI Engine to Debut in 2015 Golf, Jetta, Passat and Beetle
  11. ^ 2015 Volkswagen Beetle, Golf, Passat & Jetta to offer a new EA288 diesel engine
  12. ^ VOLKSWAGEN GROUP OF AMERICA CONFIRMS TIMING FOR NEW TDI® CLEAN DIESEL ENGINE
  13. ^ Diesel Download: The Scoop on VW’s 40-Percent Cleaner MDB TDI Engine
  14. ^ "Delphi Multec Diesel Common Rail System" (PDF). 
  15. ^ "Delphi's Multec® Diesel common Rail System Helps New Volkswagen Polo BlueMotion Achieve Record Low CO2 Emissions and Fuel consumption". Delphi Press Release. 
  16. ^ http://www.volkswagen.de/content/medialib/vwd4/de/dialog/pdf/golf-sportsvan/golf-sportsvan_preisliste/_jcr_content/renditions/rendition.download_attachment.file/golf-sportsvan_preisliste.pdf
  17. ^ http://www.autoexpress.co.uk/volkswagen/passat/87137/new-2015-vw-passat-full-tech-details-revealed
  18. ^ a b http://www.inchcape-volkswagen.co.uk/VW-News/VW-New-Volkswagen-Passat-revealed-240.aspx
  19. ^ Castor beans cut weight from crankshaft covers
  20. ^ Emitec applies electric cat heating to diesel engines
</dl>

External links