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List of World Heritage Sites in Italy

File:Siti Unesco Italia 2013.png
Regional number of World Heritage Sites in Italy (2013)

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage Sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.[1] Italy ratified the convention on June 23, 1978, making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.[2]

Sites in Italy were first inscribed on the list at the 3rd Session of the World Heritage Committee, held in Cairo and Luxor, Egypt in 1979. At that session, one site was added: the "Rock Drawings in Valcamonica".[3] A total of 25, i.e. half of all Italian sites was added during the 1990s with 10 sites added at the 21st session held in Naples, Italy in 1997.

As of July 2014, Italy has 50 total sites inscribed on the list, making it the country with most World Heritage Sites (followed by China with 47 sites). Of these four sites are shared with other countries: "Monte San Giorgio" and "Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes" with Switzerland; "Historic Centre of Rome" with the Vatican; and "Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps" with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia and Switzerland. Four World Heritage Sites in Italy are of the natural type, all others are cultural sites (46).[2]

Therefore Italy has the largest number of world "cultural" heritage sites followed by Spain with 39 cultural sites.

World Heritage Sites

The table lists information about each World Heritage Site:

Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
Location: city and region of site
Area: size of property and buffer zone
UNESCO data: the site's reference number; the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List; the criteria it was listed under: criteria i through vi are cultural, while vii through x are natural; (the column sorts by year added to the list)
Description: brief description of the site
  * Trans-border site
Name Image Location Area
ha (acre)
UNESCO data Description
18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex 150x150px Provinces of Caserta and Benevento, Campania, 23x15px Italy
41°4′24″N 14°19′35″E / 41.07333°N 14.32639°E / 41.07333; 14.32639 (18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex){{#coordinates:41|4|24|N|14|19|35|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 549; 1997; i, ii, iii, iv Large scale palace and park created by the Bourbon King of Naples Charles III in the mid 18th century. It is notable for blending into the environment. The site also includes an ambitious new town and industrial complex.[4]
Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia 150x150px Province of Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 23x15px Italy
45°46′6″N 13°22′3″E / 45.76833°N 13.36750°E / 45.76833; 13.36750 (Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia){{#coordinates:45|46|6|N|13|22|3|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 825; 1998; iii, iv, vi Remains of one of the wealthiest cities of the Early Roman Empire including mosaic floors and a basilica that played a major role in spreading Christianity in the early Middle Ages.[5]
Archaeological Area of Agrigento 150x150px Province of Agrigento, Sicily, 23x15px Italy
37°17′23″N 13°35′36″E / 37.28972°N 13.59333°E / 37.28972; 13.59333 (Archaeological Area of Agrigento){{#coordinates:37|17|23|N|13|35|36|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Archaeological Area of Agrigento

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 831; 1997; i, ii, iii, iv Well preserved remains of a great city of the ancient Mediterranean with seven doric temples making it one of most notable sites of Greek art and culture.[6]
Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata 150x150px Province of Naples, Campania, 23x15px Italy
40°45′0″N 14°29′0″E / 40.75000°N 14.48333°E / 40.75000; 14.48333 (Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata){{#coordinates:40|45|0|N|14|29|0|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 829; 1997; iii, iv, v Remains of two towns that had been buried by an eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79; giving an unmatched picture of ancient daily life at a specific moment in time.[7]
Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites 150x150px 23x15px Italy
43°3′58″N 12°37′21″E / 43.06611°N 12.62250°E / 43.06611; 12.62250 (Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites){{#coordinates:43|3|58|N|12|37|21|E|type:landmark
name=Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 990; 2000; i, ii, iii, iv, vi Medieval city with notable pieces of art and architecture; birthplace of the Franciscan order.[8]
Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua 150x150px City and Province of Padua, Veneto, 23x15px Italy
45°23′57″N 11°52′50″E / 45.39917°N 11.88056°E / 45.39917; 11.88056 (Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua){{#coordinates:45|23|57|N|11|52|50|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 824; 1997; ii, iii World's first botanical garden has been a center of scientific research and retains its original layout from 1545.[9]
Castel del Monte 150x150px Andria and Corato, Province of Bari, Apulia, 23x15px Italy
41°5′5″N 16°16′15.4″E / 41.08472°N 16.270944°E / 41.08472; 16.270944 (Castel del Monte){{#coordinates:41|5|5|N|16|16|15.4|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Castel del Monte

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 398; 1996; i, ii, iii Built by Emperor Frederick II in the 13th century, the castle blends northern European Cistercian gothic, Muslim architecture and elements from the classical antique in a perfectly symmetrical design.[10]
Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena City and Province of Modena, Emilia–Romagna, 23x15px Italy
44°38′46″N 10°55′32″E / 44.64611°N 10.92556°E / 44.64611; 10.92556 (Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena){{#coordinates:44|38|46|N|10|55|32|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 827; 1997; i, ii, iii, iv This 12th century cathedral built by Lanfranco (architect) and Wiligelmo (sculptor) is an excellent example of early Romanesque art.[11]
Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci Province of Milano, Lombardy, 23x15px Italy
45°27′57″N 9°10′14″E / 45.46583°N 9.17056°E / 45.46583; 9.17056 (Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci){{#coordinates:45|27|57|N|9|10|14|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 93; 1980; i, ii The convent houses the mural painting "The Last Supper", a masterpiece by Leonardo da Vinci and one of the world's most famous paintings.[12]
Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula 150x150px Province of Salerno, Campania, 23x15px Italy
40°17′0″N 15°16′0″E / 40.28333°N 15.26667°E / 40.28333; 15.26667 (Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula){{#coordinates:40|17|0|N|15|16|0|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 842; 1998; iii, iv Exceptional cultural landscape with settlements and sanctuaries reflecting its historical position on a trade route and related cultural and political exchange in prehistoric and medieval times. The site includes Paestum and Velia, remains of two major towns from classical times.[13]
City of Verona City and Province of Verona, Veneto, 23x15px Italy
45°26′19″N 10°59′38″E / 45.43861°N 10.99389°E / 45.43861; 10.99389 (City of Verona){{#coordinates:45|26|19|N|10|59|38|E|type:landmark
name=City of Verona

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 797; 2000; ii, iv Historical city that preserves urban structures and architecture from 2,000 years of uninterrupted development.[14]
City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto 150x150px Provinces of Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona and Vicenza, Veneto, 23x15px Italy
45°32′57″N 11°32′58″E / 45.54917°N 11.54944°E / 45.54917; 11.54944 (City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto){{#coordinates:45|32|57|N|11|32|58|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 712; 1994;[nb 1] i, ii Urban buildings and villas in the surrounding Veneto region designed by Andrea Palladio had a major influence and architecture and inspired the Palladian style.[15]
[16]
Costiera Amalfitana 150x150px Province of Salerno, Campania, 23x15px Italy
40°39′0″N 14°36′0″E / 40.65000°N 14.60000°E / 40.65000; 14.60000 (Costiera Amalfitana){{#coordinates:40|39|0|N|14|36|0|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Costiera Amalfitana

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 830; 1997; ii, iv, v Outstanding example of a Mediterranean coastal landscape with notable architecture and art as well as a rural landscape testifying to the adaptation to the diverse mountainous landscape.[17]
Crespi d'Adda Province of Bergamo, Lombardy, 23x15px Italy
45°35′36″N 9°32′18″E / 45.59333°N 9.53833°E / 45.59333; 9.53833 (Crespi d'Adda){{#coordinates:45|35|36|N|9|32|18|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Crespi d'Adda

}}

730; 1995; iv, v Well preserved and partially in use company town built in the 19th and 20th centuries for the workforce of a textile manufacturer. The town includes both residential buildings and common public services such as a clinic, a school, theatre or sports centre.[18]
Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna City and Province of Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, 23x15px Italy
44°25′13.5″N 12°11′46.5″E / 44.420417°N 12.196250°E / 44.420417; 12.196250 (Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna){{#coordinates:44|25|13.5|N|12|11|46.5|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 788; 1996; i, ii, iii, iv Unique collection of high quality early Christian mosaics from as early as the 5th century at a former seat of the Roman Empire and later of Byzantine Italy.[19]
Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia 150x150px Provinces of Rome and Viterbo, Lazio, 23x15px Italy
42°0′25″N 12°6′7″E / 42.00694°N 12.10194°E / 42.00694; 12.10194 (Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia){{#coordinates:42|0|25|N|12|6|7|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1158; 2004; i, iii, iv Etruscan cemeteries from the 9th to the 1st century BCE with outstanding wall paintings depicting scenes of daily life of this ancient culture.[20]
Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta 150x150px City and Province of Ferrara, Emilia–Romagna, 23x15px Italy
44°50′16″N 11°37′10″E / 44.83778°N 11.61944°E / 44.83778; 11.61944 (Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta){{#coordinates:44|50|16|N|11|37|10|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 733; 1995;[nb 2] ii, iii, iv, v, vi Intellectual and artistic centre during the Italian Renaissance of the 15th and 16th century with well preserved urban landscape.[21]
[22]
Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli Province of Genoa, Liguria, 23x15px Italy
44°24′44″N 8°55′52″E / 44.41222°N 8.93111°E / 44.41222; 8.93111 (Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli){{#coordinates:44|24|44|N|8|55|52|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1211; 2006; ii, iv Renaissance and Baroque palaces from the late 16th to early 17th centuries developed by public authorities.[23]
Historic Centre of Florence 150x150px City and Province of Florence, Tuscany, 23x15px Italy
43°46′23″N 11°15′22″E / 43.77306°N 11.25611°E / 43.77306; 11.25611 (Historic Centre of Florence){{#coordinates:43|46|23|N|11|15|22|E|type:landmark
name=Historic Centre of Florence

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 174; 1982; i, ii, iii, iv, vi Symbol of the renaissance with extraordinary architecture and art such as the Basilica of Santa Croce, the Uffizi or the Pitti Palace.[24]
Historic Centre of Naples 150x150px City and Province of Naples, Campania, 23x15px Italy
40°51′5″N 14°15′46″E / 40.85139°N 14.26278°E / 40.85139; 14.26278 (Historic Centre of Naples){{#coordinates:40|51|5|N|14|15|46|E|type:landmark
name=Historic Centre of Naples

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 726; 1995; ii, iv Founded in 470 BCE by Greek settlers, Naples is one of the most ancient cities in Europe. A large number of monuments such as the church of Santa Chiara or Castel Nuovo are testament of various cultures that emerged in Europe and the Mediterranean.[25]
Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura 23x15px Holy See; Rome, Lazio, 23x15px Italy
41°53′25″N 12°29′32″E / 41.89028°N 12.49222°E / 41.89028; 12.49222 (Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura){{#coordinates:41|53|25|N|12|29|32|E|type:landmark
name=Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 91; 1980;[26] i, ii, iii, iv, vi Rome, center of the Roman Empire and later, from the 4th century, of the Christian world is home to a large number of major monuments of antiquity. Included in the site are also religious and public buildings of the Holy See.[27]
Historic Centre of San Gimignano 150x150px San Gimignano, Province of Siena, Tuscany, 23x15px Italy
43°28′5″N 11°2′30″E / 43.46806°N 11.04167°E / 43.46806; 11.04167 (Historic Centre of San Gimignano){{#coordinates:43|28|5|N|11|2|30|E|type:landmark
name=Historic Centre of San Gimignano

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 550; 1990; i, iii, iv Small medieval hill town noted for its tower-houses of which 14 survive.[28]
Historic Centre of Siena 150x150px City and Province of Siena, Tuscany, 23x15px Italy
43°19′7″N 11°19′54″E / 43.31861°N 11.33167°E / 43.31861; 11.33167 (Historic Centre of Siena){{#coordinates:43|19|7|N|11|19|54|E|type:landmark
name=Historic Centre of Siena

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 717; 1995; i, ii, iv Exceptional medieval city that has preserved its gothic appearance from the 12th to 15th century.[29]
Historic Centre of the City of Pienza 150x150px Pienza, Province of Siena, Tuscany, 23x15px Italy
43°4′37″N 11°40′43″E / 43.07694°N 11.67861°E / 43.07694; 11.67861 (Historic Centre of the City of Pienza){{#coordinates:43|4|37|N|11|40|43|E|type:landmark
name=Historic Centre of the City of Pienza

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 789; 1996; i, ii, iv On decision of Pope Pius II Pienza was chosen in 1459 to be the first city to be transformed according to Renaissance Humanist ideas of urban design.[30]
Historic Centre of Urbino 150x150px Province of Pesaro, Marche, 23x15px Italy
43°43′30″N 12°38′0″E / 43.72500°N 12.63333°E / 43.72500; 12.63333 (Historic Centre of Urbino){{#coordinates:43|43|30|N|12|38|0|E|type:landmark
name=Historic Centre of Urbino

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 828; 1998; ii, iv Small hill town with exceptional Renaissance architecture dated to a short period of cultural flowering in the 15th century.[31]
Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) 150x150px Southern Tyrrhenian Sea, 23x15px Italy
38°29′16″N 14°56′44″E / 38.48778°N 14.94556°E / 38.48778; 14.94556 (Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands)){{#coordinates:38|29|16|N|14|56|44|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands)

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 908; 2000; viii This archipelago features prominently in the science and education of the field of vulcanology, containing classical features of volcanic landforms.[32]
Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily) Provinces of Catania, Ragusa and Syracuse, Sicily, 23x15px Italy
36°53′35.5″N 15°4′8″E / 36.893194°N 15.06889°E / 36.893194; 15.06889 (Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)){{#coordinates:36|53|35.5|N|15|4|8|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1024; 2002; i, ii, iv, v Eight towns (Caltagirone, Militello Val di Catania, Catania, Modica, Noto, Palazzolo, Ragusa and Scicli) rebuilt after destruction in the 1693 earthquake, representing the pinnacle of late Baroque art in Europe.[33]
Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.) 23x15px Italy
46°5′39″N 13°25′59″E / 46.09417°N 13.43306°E / 46.09417; 13.43306 (Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)){{#coordinates:46|5|39|N|13|25|59|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1318; 2011; ii, iii, vi Monasteries, churches and fortresses associated with the Longobards who settled in Italy from the 6th to the 8th century. The site is spread over seven towns in Italy (Brescia, Cividale del Friuli, Castelseprio, Spoleto, Campello sul Clitunno, Benevento and Monte Sant'Angelo). Its architecture marks a synthesis of various styles and the transition to the Middle Ages.[34]
Mantua and Sabbioneta 150x150px Lombardy, 23x15px Italy
45°9′34″N 10°47′40″E / 45.15944°N 10.79444°E / 45.15944; 10.79444 (Mantua and Sabbioneta){{#coordinates:45|9|34|N|10|47|40|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Mantua and Sabbioneta

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1287; 2008; ii, iii Two towns representative of Renaissance period town planning: Mantua originating in Roman times and preserving structures from the 11th century was renovated in the 15th and 16th century, while Sabbioneta was devised as "ideal town" in the second half of the 16th century[35]
Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany 150x150px Tuscany, 23x15px Italy
43°51′28″N 11°18′15″E / 43.85778°N 11.30417°E / 43.85778; 11.30417 (Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany){{#coordinates:43|51|28|N|11|18|15|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 175; 2013; ii, iv, vi Twelve villas and two gardens built under patronage of the Medici family in the 15th to 17th centuries. They are the first example of combining aristocratic residences with gardens in a natural environment an idea that was taken up throughout Italy and Europe.[36]
Monte San Giorgio 150x150px Lombardy, 23x15px Italy; Ticino, 23x16px  Switzerland
45°53′20″N 8°54′50″E / 45.88889°N 8.91389°E / 45.88889; 8.91389 (Monte San Giorgio){{#coordinates:45|53|20|N|8|54|50|E|type:landmark
name=Monte San Giorgio

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1090; 2003;[37] viii World's best location for fossil records of marine life from the Triassic period (250 to 200 Ma).[38]
[39]
Mount Etna 150x150px Sicily, 23x15px Italy
37°45′22″N 14°59′48″E / 37.75611°N 14.99667°E / 37.75611; 14.99667 (Mount Etna){{#coordinates:37|45|22|N|14|59|48|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Mount Etna

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 1427; 2013; viii As one of the world's most active volcanoes showing a diverse range of volcanic features and notable ecosystems, Mount Etna is of great scientific and cultural interest.[40]
Piazza del Duomo, Pisa 150x150px City and Province of Pisa, Tuscany, 23x15px Italy
43°43′23″N 10°23′47″E / 43.72306°N 10.39639°E / 43.72306; 10.39639 (Piazza del Duomo, Pisa){{#coordinates:43|43|23|N|10|23|47|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Piazza del Duomo, Pisa

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 395; 1987;[41] i, ii, iv, vi This walled area is one of the finest architectural complexes in the world and includes four medieval masterpieces from the 11th to 14th century: the cathedral, baptistry, cemetery and the leaning tower.[42]
[43]
Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto) 150x150px Province of La Spezia, Liguria, 23x15px Italy
44°6′25″N 9°43′45″E / 44.10694°N 9.72917°E / 44.10694; 9.72917 (Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)){{#coordinates:44|6|25|N|9|43|45|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 826; 1997; ii, iv, v Particularly scenic coastal area with small towns built among the steep rugged terrain.[44]
Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps 23x15px Austria; 23x15px France; 23x15px Germany; 23x15px Italy; 23x15px Slovenia; 23x16px  Switzerland
47°16′42″N 8°12′27″E / 47.27833°N 8.20750°E / 47.27833; 8.20750 (Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps){{#coordinates:47|16|42|N|8|12|27|E|type:landmark
name=Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1363; 2011; iv, v Contains 111 small individual sites in six countries with the remains of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. While only some of the sites have been excavated, they contain a wealth of information on life and trade in agrarian Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures in Alpine Europe. All of the 19 Italian sites are located in Northern Italy.[45]
Residences of the Royal House of Savoy 150x150px Province of Torino, Piedmont, 23x15px Italy
45°4′21″N 7°41′8.6″E / 45.07250°N 7.685722°E / 45.07250; 7.685722 (Residences of the Royal House of Savoy){{#coordinates:45|4|21|N|7|41|8.6|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 823; 1997;[nb 3] i, ii, iv, v Complex of buildings created to demonstrate the power of the ruling monarchy following the move of the capital to Turin by Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy in 1562. The buildings are representative of 17th and 18th century European monumental architecture.[46]
[47]
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes 150x150px 23x15px Italy; 23x16px  Switzerland
46°29′54″N 9°50′47″E / 46.49833°N 9.84639°E / 46.49833; 9.84639 (Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes){{#coordinates:46|29|54|N|9|50|47|E|type:landmark
name=Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1276; 2008; ii, iv Railway line over a total length of Script error: No such module "convert". in the Swiss Alps crossing two passes in severe mountain landscapes. With 55 tunnels or galleries and 192 viaducts and bridges, it represents a notable engineering and architectural achievement while being in harmony with its environment.[48]
Rock Drawings in Valcamonica 150x150px Province of Brescia, Lombardy, 23x15px Italy
45°57′25″N 10°17′50″E / 45.95694°N 10.29722°E / 45.95694; 10.29722 (Rock Drawings in Valcamonica){{#coordinates:45|57|25|N|10|17|50|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Rock Drawings in Valcamonica

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 94; 1979; iii, vi Huge number of 140,000 engravings depicting scenes from agriculture, navigation, war and magic. The carvings have been created in a valley over a period of 8,000 years from the Epipaleolithic until the Roman and medieval times.[49]
Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy Lombardy, Piedmont, 23x15px Italy
45°58′28″N 9°10′10″E / 45.97444°N 9.16944°E / 45.97444; 9.16944 (Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy){{#coordinates:45|58|28|N|9|10|10|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1068; 2003; ii, iv Nine sacred mountains (ital.: "sacri monti") with chapels and other architectural features built in the late 16th and 17th centuries for didactic and spiritual purposes. They are particularly noteworthy for the skill with which they have been integrated into a beautiful natural landscape.[50]
Su Nuraxi di Barumini 150x150px Barumini, Province of Medio Campidano, Sardinia, 23x15px Italy
39°42′21″N 8°59′29″E / 39.70583°N 8.99139°E / 39.70583; 8.99139 (Su Nuraxi di Barumini){{#coordinates:39|42|21|N|8|59|29|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Su Nuraxi di Barumini

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 833; 1997; i, iii, iv Finest and most complete nuraghe settlement from the 2nd millennium BC: a unique kind of defensive structure consisting of circular defensive towers in the form of truncated cones built of dressed stone, with corbel-vaulted internal chambers, that only exists on the island of Sardinia.[51]
Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica 150x150px City and Province of Syracuse, Sicily, 23x15px Italy
37°3′34″N 15°17′35″E / 37.05944°N 15.29306°E / 37.05944; 15.29306 (Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica){{#coordinates:37|3|34|N|15|17|35|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1200; 2005; ii, iii, iv, vi The Necropolis of Pantalica contains more than 5,000 tombs, most dating from the 13th to the 7th centuries BC, and remains of Byzantine era structures. On the other hand the city of Syracuse includes its 8th century BC nucleus and many other remains bearing testimony to its eventful history.[52]
The Dolomites 150x150px 23x15px Italy
46°36′47″N 12°9′47″E / 46.61306°N 12.16306°E / 46.61306; 12.16306 (The Dolomites){{#coordinates:46|36|47|N|12|9|47|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=The Dolomites

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1237; 2009; vii, viii Mountain range in the Northern Italian Alps with 18 peaks above Script error: No such module "convert"., and some of the world's most beautiful mountain scenery including sheer rocky cliffs, vertical walls, long and narrow valleys.[53]
The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera 150x150px City and Province of Matera, Basilicata, 23x15px Italy
40°39′59″N 16°36′37″E / 40.66639°N 16.61028°E / 40.66639; 16.61028 (The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera){{#coordinates:40|39|59|N|16|36|37|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 670; 1993; iii, iv, v Most outstanding example of cave dwellings in the Mediterranean with parts of it dating to the Palaeolithic.[54]
The Trulli of Alberobello 150x150px Province of Bari, Apulia, 23x15px Italy
40°46′57″N 17°14′13″E / 40.78250°N 17.23694°E / 40.78250; 17.23694 (The Trulli of Alberobello){{#coordinates:40|46|57|N|17|14|13|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=The Trulli of Alberobello

}}

Script error: No such module "convert". 787; 1996; iii, iv, v Small town with trulli, limestone huts in a prehistoric drywall technique, usually featuring conical, domed or pyramidal roofs of corbelled stone slabs.[55]
Traditional agricultural practice of cultivating the ‘vite ad alberello’ (head-trained bush vines) of the community of Pantelleria 150x150px Province of Trapani, Sicily, 23x15px Italy
36°47′27″N 11°59′38″E / 36.79083°N 11.99389°E / 36.79083; 11.99389 (Pantelleria){{#coordinates:36|47|27|N|11|59|38|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Pantelleria

}}

Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity 720; 2014; iii, iv, v The population of Pantelleria island cultivate a head-trained bush vines (vite ad alberello), using sustainable and traditional methods, handed down in families through oral and practical instruction in the local dialect.[56]
Val d'Orcia 150x150px Province of Siena, Tuscany, 23x15px Italy
43°4′N 11°33′E / 43.067°N 11.550°E / 43.067; 11.550 (Val d'Orcia){{#coordinates:43|4|N|11|33|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Val d'Orcia

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1026; 2004; iv, vi Part of the hinterland of Siena, the landscape was carefully redesigned during the Renaissance (14th and 15th century) to reflect an idealized model of government and to create a pleasing picture. It featured prominently in paintings of the time.[57]
Venice and its Lagoon 150x150px Province of Venezia, Veneto, 23x15px Italy
45°26′3.5″N 12°20′20″E / 45.434306°N 12.33889°E / 45.434306; 12.33889 (Venice and its Lagoon){{#coordinates:45|26|3.5|N|12|20|20|E|type:landmark
name=Venice and its Lagoon

}}

394; 1987; i, ii, iii, iv, v, vi Founded in the 5th century and rising to prominence as a maritime power in the 10th century, Venice's unique location on 118 small islands harbors a large number of architectural masterpieces and major works by some of the greatest artists.[58]
Villa Adriana (Tivoli) 150x150px Tivoli, Province of Rome, Lazio, 23x15px Italy
41°56′39″N 12°46′19″E / 41.94417°N 12.77194°E / 41.94417; 12.77194 (Villa Adriana (Tivoli)){{#coordinates:41|56|39|N|12|46|19|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Villa Adriana (Tivoli)

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 907; 1999; i, ii, iii Villa Adriana or "Hadrian's Villa" is a 2nd-century complex of classical buildings constructed by Emperor Hadrian combining architectural elements of Greece, Egypt and Rome.[59]
Villa d'Este, Tivoli 150x150px Tivoli, Province of Rome, Lazio, 23x15px Italy
41°57′50″N 12°47′46.5″E / 41.96389°N 12.796250°E / 41.96389; 12.796250 (Villa d'Este, Tivoli){{#coordinates:41|57|50|N|12|47|46.5|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Villa d'Este, Tivoli

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1025; 2001; i, ii, iii, iv, vi Fine example of an Italian Renaissance palace and garden from the 16th century, the gardens of Villa d'Este are one of the Grandi Giardini Italiani and had a large influence on European garden design.[60]
Villa Romana del Casale 150x150px Piazza Armerina, Province of Enna, Sicily, 23x15px Italy
37°21′58″N 14°20′3″E / 37.36611°N 14.33417°E / 37.36611; 14.33417 (Villa Romana del Casale){{#coordinates:37|21|58|N|14|20|3|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Villa Romana del Casale

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 832; 1997; i, ii, iii One of the most luxurious Roman villas built in the early 4th century and decorated with mosaics of exceptional quality.[61]
Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato 150x150px Piedmont, 23x15px Italy
44°36′31″N 7°57′49″E / 44.60861°N 7.96361°E / 44.60861; 7.96361 (Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato){{#coordinates:44|36|31|N|7|57|49|E|region:IT_type:landmark
name=Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato

}}

Script error: No such module "convert".; buffer zone Script error: No such module "convert". 1390; 2014; iii, v Winegrowing and processing area for Piemonte wine with a long history going back to at least the 5th century BC. The site includes the Castle of Grinzane Cavour.[62]

Tentative List

In addition to the sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site has previously been listed on the tentative list.[63]

As of 2014, Italy was recording forty such sites on its tentative list. These sites, along with the year they were first included in the tentative list are:[2]

Year Name Region Image
2006 Archipelago of La Maddalena and Islands of Bocche di Bonifacio Sardinia 175px
2006 Bradyseism in the Flegrea Area Campania 175px
2006 Cascata delle Marmore and Valnerina: Monastic sites and ancient hydro-geological reclamation works Umbria and Marche 175px
2006 Cattolica Monastery in Stilo and Basilian-Byzantine complexes Calabria 175px
2006 Citadel of Alessandria Piedmont 175px
2006 Fortress Town of Palmanova Friuli-Venezia Giulia 175px
2006 Hanbury botanical gardens Liguria 175px
2006 Historic Center of Lucca Tuscany 175px
2006 Historic center of Parma Emilia-Romagna 175px
2006 Historic center of Pavia with Certosa Lombardy 175px
2006 Island of Asinara Sardinia 175px
2006 Carsic caves in prehistoric Apulia Apulia 175px
2006 Lake Maggiore and Lake D'Orta lakelands Lombardy and Piedmont 175px
2006 Mothia Island and Lilibeo: The Phoenician-Punic Civilization in Italy Sicily 175px
2006 Orvieto Umbria 175px
2006 Pelagos: The Cetacean Sanctuary Sardinia, Liguria and Tuscany 175px
2006 Ponds in the Bay of Oristano and the Sinis Peninsula island of Mal di Ventre Sardinia 175px
2006 Romanesque-style Cathedrals in Apulia Apulia 175px
2006 Salento and the "Barocco Leccese" Apulia 175px
2006 Scrovegni's Chapel in Padua Veneto 175px
2006 Sulcis Iglesiente Sardinia 175px
2006 Taormina and Isola Bella Sicily 175px
2006 The Aniene valley and Villa Gregoriana in Tivoli Lazio 175px
2006 The city of Bergamo Lombardy 175px
2006 The Lower Palaeolithic Palaeosurfaces at Isernia-La Pineta and Notarchirico Basilicata and Molise 175px
2006 The Marble Basin of Carrara Tuscany 175px
2006 The Murge of Altamura Apulia 175px
2006 The Porticoes of Bologna Emilia Romagna 175px
2006 The Transhumance: The "Royal Shepherd's Track" (Il Cammino Reale) Abruzzo, Apulia, Campania and Molise 175px
2006 Via Appia "Regina Viarum" Apulia, Basilicata, Campania and Lazio 175px
2006 Villas of the Papal Nobility Lazio 175px
2006 Volterra: Historical City and Cultural Landscape Tuscany 175px
2008 Border area of Mont-Blanc (together with France and Switzerland) Valle d'Aosta 175px
2010 Arab-Norman Palermo and the cathedral churches of Cefalù and Monreale Sicily 175px
2010 The Prosecco Hills of Conegliano and Valdobbiadene. ("Le Colline del Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene") Veneto 175px
2010 Prehistoric site of Longola [64] in Poggiomarino and Striano Campania 175px
2012 Ivrea, industrial city of the 20th century Piedmont 175px
2012 Parco Nazionale della Sila – Sila, "Gran bosco d’Italia" Calabria 175px
2013 Border area of Maritime Alps - "Les Alpes de la Mer" (together with France) Piedmont and Liguria 175px
2013 The Venetian Works of defence between 15th and 17th centuries Lombardy, Veneto and Friuli-Venezia Giulia 175px

Notes

  1. ^ Extended in 1996 to include sites outside of the vicinity of Vicenza and name change from Vicenza, City of Palladio to the present name.
  2. ^ Extended in 1999 to include the Po Delta and name change from Ferrara, city of the Renaissance to the present name.
  3. ^ Minor modification of boundaries in 2010.

References

  1. ^ "The World Heritage Convention". UNESCO. Retrieved September 17, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Italy – Properties inscribed on the World Heritage List". UNESCO. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Report of the Rapporteur". UNESCO. November 30, 1979. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  4. ^ "18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  5. ^ "Archaeological Area and the Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Archaeological Area of Agrigento". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "Assisi, the Basilica of San Francesco and Other Franciscan Sites". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  9. ^ "Botanical Garden (Orto Botanico), Padua". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  10. ^ "Castel del Monte". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  11. ^ "Cathedral, Torre Civica and Piazza Grande, Modena". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  12. ^ "Church and Dominican Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie with "The Last Supper" by Leonardo da Vinci". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  13. ^ "Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park with the Archeological sites of Paestum and Velia, and the Certosa di Padula". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  14. ^ "City of Verona". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  15. ^ "City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  16. ^ "Decision - 20COM VIII.C - Extension and Change of Name: The City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto (Italy)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  17. ^ "Costiera Amalfitana". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  18. ^ "Crespi d'Adda". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  19. ^ "Early Christian Monuments of Ravenna". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  20. ^ "Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri and Tarquinia". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  21. ^ "Ferrara, City of the Renaissance, and its Po Delta". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  22. ^ "Decision - 23COM VIII.C.2 - Extension: Ferrara, City of the Renaissance and its Po Delta (extension of Ferrara, city of the Renaissance) (Italy)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  23. ^ "Genoa: Le Strade Nuove and the system of the Palazzi dei Rolli". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  24. ^ "Historic Centre of Florence". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  25. ^ "Historic Centre of Naples". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  26. ^ Extended in 1990 and name change from Historic Centre of Rome to the present name.
  27. ^ "Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  28. ^ "Historic Centre of San Gimignano". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  29. ^ "Historic Centre of Siena". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  30. ^ "Historic Centre of the City of Pienza". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  31. ^ "Historic Centre of Urbino". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  32. ^ "Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  33. ^ "Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  34. ^ "Longobards in Italy. Places of the power (568-774 A.D.)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  35. ^ "Mantua and Sabbioneta". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  36. ^ "Medici Villas and Gardens in Tuscany". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  37. ^ Extended in 2010 to include the Italian portion of the site.
  38. ^ "Monte San Giorgio". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  39. ^ "Decision - 34COM 8B.6 - Natural Properties- Monte San Giorgio (Italy)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  40. ^ "Mount Etna". UNESCO. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  41. ^ Minor modification to boundaries in 2007.
  42. ^ "Piazza del Duomo, Pisa". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  43. ^ "Decision - 31COM 8B.61 - Nomination of natural, mixed and cultural properties to the world heritage list - Piazza del Duomo, Pisa". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  44. ^ "Portovenere, Cinque Terre, and the Islands (Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  45. ^ "Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps". UNESCO. Retrieved 20 Dec 2011. 
  46. ^ "Residences of the Royal House of Savoy". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  47. ^ "Decision - 34COM 8B.58 - Cultural Properties - Examination of minor boundary modifications - Residences of the Royal House of Savoy (Italy)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  48. ^ "Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  49. ^ "Rock Drawings in Valcamonica". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  50. ^ "Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  51. ^ "Su Nuraxi di Barumini". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  52. ^ "Syracuse and the Rocky Necropolis of Pantalica". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  53. ^ "The Dolomites". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  54. ^ "The Sassi and the Park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  55. ^ "The Trulli of Alberobello". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  56. ^ "Traditional agricultural practice of cultivating the ‘vite ad alberello’ (head-trained bush vines) of the community of Pantelleria". UNESCO. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  57. ^ "Val d'Orcia". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  58. ^ "Venice and its Lagoon". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  59. ^ "Villa Adriana (Tivoli)". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  60. ^ "Villa d'Este, Tivoli". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  61. ^ "Villa Romana del Casale". UNESCO. Retrieved 26 June 2010. 
  62. ^ "Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe-Roero and Monferrato". UNESCO. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  63. ^ "Tentative Lists". UNESCO. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  64. ^ Longola (2000 BC - 700 BC)

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