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List of adrenergic drugs

This is a list of adrenergic drugs. These are pharmaceutical drugs, naturally occurring compounds and other chemicals that influence the function of the neurotransmitter epinephrine (adrenaline).

Receptor ligands

α1-adrenergic receptor ligands

Agonists

Antagonists

Many tricyclic antidepressants, tetracyclic antidepressants, antipsychotics, ergolines, and some piperazines like buspirone, trazodone, nefazodone, etoperidone, and mepiprazole antagonize α1-adrenergic receptors as well, which contributes to their side effects such as orthostatic hypotension.

α2-adrenergic receptor ligands

Agonists

Antagonists

Many atypical antipsychotics and azapirones like buspirone and gepirone (via metabolite pyrimidinylpiperazine) antagonize α2-adrenergic receptors as well.

β-adrenergic receptor ligands

Agonists

Antagonists

Reuptake inhibitors

Norepinephrine transporter (NET) inhibitors

Vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT) inhibitors

Releasing agents

Morpholines
Fenbutrazate
Morazone
Phendimetrazine
Phenmetrazine
Oxazolines
Aminorex
Clominorex
Cyclazodone
Fenozolone
Fluminorex
4-Methylaminorex
Pemoline
Thozalinone
Phenethylamines (also amphetamines, cathinones, phentermines, etc.)
2-OH-PEA
4-CAB
4-FA
4-FMA
4-MA
4-MMA
Alfetamine
Amfecloral
Amfepentorex
Amfepramone
Amphetamine
Amphetaminil
β-Me-PEA
BDB
Benzphetamine
BOH
Buphedrone
Butylone
Cathine
Cathinone
Clobenzorex
Clortermine
D-Deprenyl
Dimethylamphetamine
Dimethylcathinone (dimethylpropion, metamfepramone)
DMA
DMMA
EBDB
Ephedrine
Ethcathinone
Ethylamphetamine
Ethylone
Famprofazone
Fenethylline
Fenproporex
Flephedrone
Fludorex
Furfenorex
Hordenine
IAP
IMP
Lisdexamfetamine
Lophophine
MBDB
MDA (tenamfetamine)
MDEA
MDMA
MDMPEA
MDOH
MDPEA
Mefenorex
Mephedrone
Mephentermine
Methamphetamine
Methcathinone
Methedrone
Methylone
NAP
Ortetamine
Paredrine
pBA
pCA
Pentorex (phenpentermine)
Phenethylamine
Pholedrine
Phenpromethamine
Phentermine
Phenylpropanolamine
pIA
Prenylamine
Propylamphetamine
Pseudoephedrine
Selegiline (L-deprenyl)
Tiflorex
Tyramine
Xylopropamine
Zylofuramine
Piperazines
Benzylpiperazine (BZP)
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-bromobenzylpiperazine (2C-B-BZP)
Methylbenzylpiperazine (MBZP)
Metachlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP)
Methylenedioxybenzylpiperazine (MDBZP)
Methoxyphenylpiperazine (MeOPP)
Parafluorophenylpiperazine (pFPP)
Others
2-Amino-1,2-dihydronaphthalene
2-Aminoindane
2-Aminotetralin
2-Benzylpiperidine
4-Benzylpiperidine
Clofenciclan
Cyclopentamine
Cypenamine
Cyprodenate
Feprosidnine
Gilutensin
Heptaminol
Hexacyclonate
Indanorex
5-Iodo-2-aminoindane (5-IAI)
Isometheptene
Methylhexanamine
Octodrine
Phthalimidopropiophenone
Propylhexedrine
Tuaminoheptane

Enzyme inhibitors

Anabolism

Phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) inhibitors

Tyrosine hydroxylase inhibitors

Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AAAD) inhibitors

Dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH) inhibitors

Phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT) inhibitors

Catabolism

Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors

MAO-B inhibitors also influence norepinephrine/epinephrine levels since they inhibit the breakdown of their precursor dopamine.

Catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) inhibitors

Others

Precursors

Cofactors

Activity enhancers

Release blockers

Toxins

References