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Open Access Articles- Top Results for List of aircraft of World War II

List of aircraft of World War II

The List of aircraft of World War II includes all the aircraft used by those countries which were at war during World War II from the period between their joining the conflict and the conflict ending for them. Aircraft developed but not used operationally in the war are in the prototypes section at the end. Prototypes for aircraft that entered service under a different design number are ignored in favour of the service version. The date the aircraft entered service, or was first flown if the service date is unknown or it did not enter service follows the name, followed by the country of origin and major wartime users. Aircraft used for multiple roles are generally only listed under their primary role unless specialized versions were built for other roles. Aircraft used by neutral countries such as Spain, Switzerland and Sweden or countries which did no significant fighting such as most of those in South America (except Brazil), are not included.

Contents

Operational aircraft

Fighter aircraft

Biplane fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avia B-534 1935 23x15px Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Greece, Slovakia
Avia BH-33 1927 23x15px Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia
Armstrong Whitworth Scimitar 1936 23x15px United Kingdom Norway
Blériot-SPAD S.510 1936 23x15px France
Boeing P-12 1930 23x15px United States Brazil, China, Philippines, Thailand
Bristol Bulldog 1929 23x15px United Kingdom Denmark, Finland
Fairey Firefly II 1931 23x15px United Kingdom Belgium
Fiat CR.32 1934 23x15px Italy Italy, Hungary, China
Fiat CR.42 1939 23x15px Italy Italy, Belgium, Hungary
Gloster Gamecock II/Kukko 1925 23x15px United Kingdom Finland
Gloster Gauntlet 1935 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Denmark, Finland
Gloster Gladiator/Sea Gladiator 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Finland, Greece, Iraq, Norway
Grumman Goblin[notes 1] 1933 23x15px United States Canada
Grumman F3F carrier fighter 1936 23x15px United States
Hawker Demon 1931 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia
Hawker Fury 1931 23x15px United Kingdom Yugoslavia, South Africa
Hawker Nimrod carrier fighter 1933 23x15px United Kingdom Denmark
Heinkel He 51 1935 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria
IMAM Ro.44 floatplane fighter 1937 23x15px Italy
Kawasaki Ki-10[1] 1935 Template:Country data Japan
Kochyerigin DI-6 1934 23x15px Soviet Union
Koolhoven F.K.52 1939 23x15px Netherlands Netherlands, Finland
Polikarpov I-5 1931 23x15px Soviet Union
Polikarpov I-15 & I-15bis 1934 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland
Polikarpov I-153 1939 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland

Single-engined, single-seat monoplane fighters and fighter bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini SAI.207 1942 23x15px Italy
Ansaldo A.120 1925 23x15px Italy Italy, Lithuania
Arsenal VG-33 1940 23x15px France
Avia B-135 1941 23x15px Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria
Bell P-39 Airacobra 1941 23x15px United States US, USSR, Australia, France, UK
Bell P-63 Kingcobra 1942 23x15px United States US, USSR
Bloch MB.150-157 1940 23x15px France France, Greece, Romania
Boeing P-26 Peashooter 1933 23x15px United States US, China, Philippines
Breda Ba.27 1933 23x15px Italy China
Brewster F2A Buffalo 1939 23x15px United States US, Finland, Netherlands, New Zealand, UK, Australia
CAC Boomerang[notes 2] 1943 23x15px Australia
Caudron C.714 1940 23x15px France France, Finland, Poland
Curtiss P-36 Hawk/Mohawk 1938 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Finland, France, Netherlands, Norway, Thailand, UK
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk/Tomahawk/Kittyhawk 1939 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Finland, New Zealand, South Africa, UK, USSR
Curtiss-Wright CW-21 Demon 1939 23x15px United States China, Netherlands
Dewoitine D.500/D.510 1935 23x15px France France, China
Dewoitine D.520 1940 23x15px France France, Bulgaria, Italy
Fiat G.50 1938 23x15px Italy Italy, Finland, Croatia
Fiat G.55 1943 23x15px Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 190 1941 23x15px Germany Germany, Hungary, Romania
Focke-Wulf Ta 152 high altitude fighter 1945 23x15px Germany
Fokker D.XXI 1936 23x15px Netherlands Netherlands, Denmark, Finland
Grumman F4F/FM Wildcat/Martlet carrier fighter 1940 23x15px United States US, UK
Grumman F6F Hellcat/Gannet carrier fighter 1943 23x15px United States US, UK
Grumman F8F Bearcat carrier fighter[notes 3] 1945 23x15px United States
Hawker Hurricane/Sea Hurricane 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Canada, Finland, France, Greece, India, New Zealand, USSR
Hawker Tempest 1944 23x15px United Kingdom India, New Zealand, UK
Hawker Typhoon 1940 23x15px United Kingdom
Heinkel He 112 1937 23x15px Germany Germany, Hungary, Romania
IAR 80 1942 23x15px Romania
Ikarus IK-2 parasol monoplane 1935 23x15px Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia
Kawanishi N1K/N1K-J 1943 Template:Country data Japan
Kawasaki Ki-61 1943 Template:Country data Japan
Kawasaki Ki-100 1945 Template:Country data Japan
Koolhoven F.K.58 1940 23x15px Netherlands Netherlands, France
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-1 1940 23x15px Soviet Union
Lavochkin-Gorbunov-Gudkov LaGG-3 1941 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Lavochkin La-5 1942 23x15px Soviet Union
Lavochkin La-7 1944 23x15px Soviet Union
Loire 46 parasol monoplane 1936 23x15px France
Macchi C.200 1939 23x15px Italy
Macchi C.202 1941 23x15px Italy
Macchi C.205 1943 23x15px Italy Italy, Germany
MÁVAG Héja 1941 23x15px Hungary
Messerschmitt Bf 109 1937 23x15px Germany Germany, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Romania
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-1 1940 23x15px Soviet Union
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Mitsubishi A5M carrier fighter[notes 4] 1936 Template:Country data Japan
Mitsubishi A6M Zero carrier fighter 1940 Template:Country data Japan
Mitsubishi J2M interceptor 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 1939 23x15px France France, Croatia, Finland, Italy, Poland
Nakajima A6M2-N floatplane fighter 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima Ki-27 1937 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-43 1941 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Manchukuo, Thailand
Nakajima Ki-44 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima Ki-84 1943 Template:Country data Japan
North American P-51 Mustang 1942 23x15px United States US, UK, Australia, China, France, South Africa, USSR
North American P-64[notes 5] 1940 23x15px United States
Polikarpov I-16 1934 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, China, Finland
PZL P.7 1933 23x15px Poland
PZL P.11 1934 23x15px Poland Poland, Romania
PZL P.24 1936 23x15px Poland Poland, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania
Reggiane Re.2000 1940 23x15px Italy Italy, Hungary
Reggiane Re.2001 1941 23x15px Italy
Reggiane Re.2005 1943 23x15px Italy
Republic P-43 Lancer 1941 23x15px United States US, Australia, China
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt 1942 23x15px United States US, UK, Brazil, Mexico, France, USSR
Rogožarski IK-3 1940 23x15px Yugoslavia
Seversky P-35 1937 23x15px United States
Supermarine Seafire carrier fighter 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Supermarine Spitfire 1938 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, France, India, Italy, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, US, USSR
VL Myrsky 1943 23x15px Finland
Vought F4U/FG Corsair carrier fighter 1942 23x15px United States US, UK, New Zealand
Vultee P-66 Vanguard 1941 23x15px United States US, China
Yakovlev Yak-1 1940 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-3 1944 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-7/Yak-7B 1942 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, France
Yakovlev Yak-9 1942 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, France

Heavy fighters (multi-engined or multi-seat) and night fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell YFM-1 Airacuda[1] flying cruiser 1940 23x15px United States
Blackburn Roc turret fighter 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Boulton Paul Defiant turret fighter 1939 23x15px United Kingdom UK
Bristol Beaufighter 1940 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, US
Bristol Blenheim night fighter 1937 23x15px United Kingdom
de Havilland Mosquito night fighter/fighter bomber 1941 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, US
Dornier Do 215 night fighter 1939 23x15px Germany
Dornier Do 217 night fighter 1941 23x15px Germany
Dornier Do 335 1944 23x15px Germany
Douglas P-70 Havoc night fighter 1941 23x15px United States US, UK
Fairey Firefly fleet fighter/dive bomber 1941 23x15px United Kingdom
Fairey Fulmar fleet fighter 1940 23x15px United Kingdom
Focke-Wulf Ta 154 night fighter 1944 23x15px Germany
Fokker G.I 1939 23x15px Netherlands
Grumman F7F Tigercat carrier night fighter 1944 23x15px United States
Heinkel He 219 night fighter 1943 23x15px Germany
IMAM Ro.57 1943 23x15px Italy
Junkers Ju 88 night fighter 1940 23x15px Germany
Junkers Ju 388 night fighter 1944 23x15px Germany
Kawasaki Ki-45 night fighter 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Kawasaki Ki-102 twin-engine fighter 1945 Template:Country data Japan
Lockheed P-38 Lightning 1941 23x15px United States US, Australia, China
Messerschmitt Bf 110 1937 23x15px Germany Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Iraq, Romania
Messerschmitt Me 210 1943 23x15px Germany Germany, Hungary
Messerschmitt Me 410 1943 23x15px Germany Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-109 bomber interceptor 1945 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima J1N night fighter/interceptor 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Northrop P-61 Black Widow night fighter 1944 23x15px United States
Petlyakov Pe-3 1941 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Potez 630 1938 23x15px France France, Greece, Romania
Westland Welkin high altitude interceptor 1944 23x15px United Kingdom
Westland Whirlwind 1940 23x15px United Kingdom

Jet- and rocket- propelled fighters

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Bell P-59 Airacomet 1944 23x15px United States
Gloster Meteor 1944 23x15px United Kingdom
Heinkel He 162 1945 23x15px Germany
Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star 1945 23x15px United States
Messerschmitt Me 163 rocket interceptor 1944 23x15px Germany
Messerschmitt Me 262 1944 23x15px Germany
Ryan FR Fireball mixed power carrier fighter 1945 23x15px United States

Bomber & attack aircraft

Heavy bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Avro Lancaster 1942 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, Australia
Avro Manchester[notes 6] 1940 23x15px United Kingdom
Blohm & Voss BV 142 maritime patrol[2] 1940 23x15px Germany
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress/Fortress 1940 23x15px United States US, UK, Canada
Boeing B-29 Superfortress 1944 23x15px United States
Consolidated B-24/LB-30/PB4Y-1 Liberator 1940 23x15px United States US, Australia, Canada, UK
Consolidated B-32 Dominator 1942 23x15px United States
Consolidated PB4Y-2 Privateer maritime patrol 1943 23x15px United States
Farman F.221-223 1936 23x15px France
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 maritime patrol 1940 23x15px Germany
Handley Page Halifax 1940 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, France
Heinkel He 177 1943 23x15px Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-20 1932 23x15px Germany, Template:Country data Japan Japan
Petlyakov Pe-8 1936 23x15px Soviet Union
Piaggio P.108 1942 23x15px Italy
Short Stirling 1940 23x15px United Kingdom
Tupolev TB-3 1932 23x15px Soviet Union
Vickers Warwick 1942 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Polish exile, South Africa

Medium bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Amiot 143 1936 23x15px France
Amiot 354 1940 23x15px France France, Germany
Arado Ar 234 jet bomber 1944 23x15px Germany
Arkhangelsky Ar-2 1940 23x15px Soviet Union
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley 1937 23x15px United Kingdom
Avia F.39 1932 23x15px Czechoslovakia
Avro Anson 1936 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, Finland, Greece, Iraq
Blackburn Botha 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
Bloch MB.131 1938 23x15px France
Bloch MB.170 1940 23x15px France
Bloch MB.200 1935 23x15px France France, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany
Bloch MB.210 1937 23x15px France
Breda Ba.88 1938 23x15px Italy
Bristol Beaufort 1940 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa
Bristol Blenheim/Bolingbroke/Bisley[3] 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, Finland, Greece, France, Yugoslavia
Bristol Bombay bomber/transport 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
CANT Z.1007 1938 23x15px Italy
Caproni Ca.135 1937 23x15px Italy
Caproni Ca.309 1937 23x15px Italy Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary
Caproni Ca.310-Ca.314 1938 23x15px Italy Italy, Croatia, France, Hungary, Norway, Germany, Yugoslavia
Curtiss A-18 Shrike[notes 7] 1936 23x15px United States
de Havilland Mosquito[3] 1941 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, Australia, Norway
Dornier Do 11[notes 8] 1932 23x15px Germany Bulgaria
Dornier Do 17 1937 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Dornier Do 215 1939 23x15px Germany
Dornier Do 217 1941 23x15px Germany Germany, Italy
Douglas A-20 Havoc/Boston 1941 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, France, UK, USSR, Canada
Douglas A-26 Invader 1944 23x15px United States
Douglas B-18 Bolo/Digby[notes 9] 1936 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Canada
Douglas B-23/UC-67 Dragon[notes 10] 1939 23x15px United States
Fiat BR.20[notes 11] 1938 23x15px Italy
Fokker T.V 1938 23x15px Netherlands
Handley Page Hampden 1938 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, USSR
Heinkel He 111 1936 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, China, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia
Ilyushin DB-3/Il-4 1938 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Junkers Ju 86 1936 23x15px Germany Germany, South Africa
Junkers Ju 88 1938 23x15px Germany Germany, Finland, Italy, Romania
Junkers Ju 188 1943 23x15px Germany Germany, Hungary
Junkers Ju 388 1944 23x15px Germany
Kawasaki Ki-48 1940 Template:Country data Japan
Keystone B-3A[notes 12] 1926 23x15px United States Philippines
Kyushu Q1W maritime patrol 1945 Template:Country data Japan
Lioré et Olivier LeO 451 1939 23x15px France
Lockheed Hudson[notes 13] 1939 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, UK
Lockheed PV Ventura/B-34 Lexington
and PV-2 Harpoon
[notes 14]
1942 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Martin 139 & 166 (B-10 & B-12) 1934 23x15px United States US, China, Netherlands, Philippines, Thailand
Martin B-26 Marauder 1941 23x15px United States US, France, UK, South Africa
Martin Baltimore 1941 23x15px United States US, Australia France, Greece, Co-Belligerent Italy, South Africa, UK
Martin Maryland 1939 23x15px United States France, UK
Mitsubishi G3M 1937 Template:Country data Japan
Mitsubishi G4M 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-21 1938 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-67 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima Ki-49 1938 Template:Country data Japan
North American B-25 Mitchell 1941 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Netherlands, UK, USSR
Petlyakov Pe-2 1941 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Potez 540 1934 23x15px France
PZL.37 Łoś 1938 23x15px Poland Poland, Romania, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 trimotor 1937 23x15px Italy Italy, Iraq, Romania, Yugoslavia, UK
Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 trimotor 1935 23x15px Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.84 trimotor 1941 23x15px Italy
Sukhoi Su-2 1937 23x15px Soviet Union
Tupolev SB/Avia B.71 1934 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland
Tupolev TB-1 1929 23x15px Soviet Union
Tupolev Tu-2 1944 23x15px Soviet Union
Vickers Type 264 Valentia bomber/transport 1934 23x15px United Kingdom
Vickers Wellington 1938 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia
Yermolayev Yer-2 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Yokosuka P1Y 1945 Template:Country data Japan

Light bombers and close support aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aero A.100 1933 23x15px Czechoslovakia
Aero A.304 1937 23x15px Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany
Blackburn Ripon[4] 1929 23x15px United Kingdom Finland
Blackburn Shark 1935 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada
Breda Ba.64 1937 23x15px Italy
Breda Ba.65 1937 23x15px Italy Italy, Iraq
Breguet 19 1924 23x15px France France, Belgium, Yugoslavia, Croatia, Poland
Breguet 691, 693, 695 1939 23x15px France
Curtiss A-12 Shrike[1] 1933 23x15px United States
Fairey Battle 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Greece
Fairey Fox 1932 23x15px United Kingdom Belgium
Fairey Gordon 1931 23x15px United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Fairey IIIF[notes 15] 1926 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Greece
Fokker C.V 1924 23x15px Netherlands Netherlands, Denmark, Finland, Norway
Fokker C.X 1932 23x15px Netherlands Netherlands, Finland
Hawker Hart 1930 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Finland
Hawker Hind 1935 23x15px United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Hawker Horsley/Dantorp 1927 23x15px United Kingdom Greece, Denmark
Heinkel He 45 1931 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary
Heinkel He 50 1935 23x15px Germany
Henschel Hs 123 1936 23x15px Germany
Henschel Hs 129 1938 23x15px Germany
IAR 37/38/39 1938 23x15px Romania
Ilyushin Il-2 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Ilyushin Il-10 1944 23x15px Soviet Union
Junkers Ju 87 1937 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Kawasaki Ki-32 1938 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Manchukuo
Kharkov KhAI-5/Neman R-10 1936 23x15px Soviet Union
Letov Š-16 1928 23x15px Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Latvia, Turkey
Mitsubishi Ki-30 1938 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Thailand
Mitsubishi Ki-51 1939 Template:Country data Japan
North American A-36 Apache dive bomber[notes 16] 1942 23x15px United States
Northrop/Douglas A-17/8-A/Nomad 1935 23x15px United States US, South Africa, Canada, France, Iraq, Netherlands, Norway, UK
Polikarpov Po-2 1929 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Polikarpov R-5 1931 23x15px Soviet Union
Polikarpov R-Z 1935 23x15px Soviet Union USSR
Potez 25[notes 17] 1925 23x15px France France, Yugoslavia, Poland
PZL.23/43 Karaś 1936 23x15px Poland Poland, Romania, Bulgaria
Reggiane Re.2002 1941 23x15px Italy Italy, Germany
Rogožarski R-100 1938 23x15px Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia
Savoia-Marchetti SM.85 1936 23x15px Italy
Vickers Vildebeest 1933 23x15px United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Vickers Wellesley 1937 23x15px United Kingdom
Vultee A-31/A-35/Vengeance dive bomber 1942 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, France, India, UK
Vultee V-11/V-12/A-19/BSh-1[notes 18] 1939 23x15px United States US, Brazil, China, USSR
Weiss WM-21 Sólyom 1938 23x15px Hungary
Yakovlev Yak-4 1941 23x15px Soviet Union

Carrier-based naval bombers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi B7A torpedo/dive bomber 1945 Template:Country data Japan
Aichi D1A dive bomber[1] 1934 Template:Country data Japan
Aichi D3A dive bomber 1937 Template:Country data Japan
Blackburn Skua fighter/dive bomber 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer/Bermuda dive bomber 1941 23x15px United States US, UK
Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf torpedo bomber 1944 23x15px United States
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver/A-25 Shrike dive bomber 1943 23x15px United States US, Australia, UK
Curtiss SBC Helldiver/Cleveland dive bomber 1938 23x15px United States US, France, UK
Douglas DT torpedo bomber[notes 19] 1921 23x15px United States Norway
Douglas SBD Dauntless/A-24 Banshee dive bomber 1940 23x15px United States US, New Zealand
Douglas TBD Devastator torpedo bomber 1935 23x15px United States
Fairey Albacore torpedo/dive bomber 1940 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada
Fairey Barracuda torpedo/dive bomber 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Fairey Swordfish torpedo bomber 1936 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada
Fieseler Fi 167 torpedo/reconnaissance bomber 1940 23x15px Germany Germany, Croatia, Romania
Grumman TBF/TBM Avenger torpedo bomber 1942 23x15px United States US, UK, New Zealand
Loire-Nieuport LN.401 dive bomber 1939 23x15px France
Mitsubishi B5M torpedo bomber 1937 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima B5N torpedo bomber 1938 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima B6N torpedo bomber 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Naval Aircraft Factory SBN dive bomber 1941 23x15px United States
Vought SB2U Vindicator/Chesapeake dive bomber 1937 23x15px United States US, UK, France
Yokosuka B4Y torpedo bomber 1936 Template:Country data Japan
Yokosuka D4Y dive bomber/night fighter 1942 Template:Country data Japan

Army co-operation, observation and tactical reconnaissance aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aero A.32[notes 20] 1928 23x15px Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Finland
ANF Les Mureaux 113, 115, 117 1933 23x15px France
Armstrong Whitworth Atlas[4] 1927 23x15px United Kingdom Canada
Breguet 270 Series 1930 23x15px France France, China
Curtiss O-52 Owl 1940 23x15px United States US, USSR
DAR-3 Garvan 1937 23x15px Bulgaria
Douglas O-43 1933 23x15px United States
Douglas O-46 1936 23x15px United States US, Philippines
Focke-Wulf Fw 189 1941 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Fokker C.VIII 1928 23x15px Netherlands
Hawker Audax, Nisr & Hartebees 1931 23x15px United Kingdom UK, India, Iraq, Persia, South Africa
Hawker Hector 1936 23x15px United Kingdom
Heinkel He 46 1931 23x15px Germany Germany, Hungary
Henschel Hs 126 1937 23x15px Germany Germany, Greece
IMAM Ro.37 1935 23x15px Italy Italy, Hungary
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-11 1941 23x15px Bulgaria
Letov Š-328 1934 23x15px Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Slovakia
Lublin R-XIII 1932 23x15px Poland Poland, Romania
North American O-47 1934 23x15px United States
Renard R-31 1935 23x15px Belgium
RWD-14 Czapla 1939 23x15px Poland Poland, Romania
Tachikawa Ki-36 1938 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Thailand
VL Kotka 1931 23x15px Finland
Vought O2U & O3U Corsair 1926 23x15px United States US, Brazil, China, Thailand
Westland Lysander[3] 1936 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, France, Finland, India, US
Westland Wapiti[4] 1928 23x15px United Kingdom Australia, Canada, India
Westland Wallace 1933 23x15px United Kingdom

Strategic and photo-reconnaissance aircraft

Strategic and photo-reconnaissance aircraft were frequently specially modified variants of high performance aircraft, usually fighters or bombers.

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 234 reconnaissance/bomber 1944 23x15px Germany
Boeing F-9 Flying Fortress 1940 23x15px United States
Consolidated F-7 Liberator 1940 23x15px United States
de Havilland Mosquito PR variants 1941 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, US
Dornier Do 17Z-3 1937 23x15px Germany Germany, Yugoslavia
Dornier Do 215B-0/1/4 1939 23x15px Germany
Dornier Do 217A-0 1941 23x15px Germany
Douglas F-3 Havoc 1941 23x15px United States
Fiat CR.25 1938 23x15px Italy
Focke-Wulf Fw 190A-3/U4, A-4/U4 & A-5/U4 1941 23x15px Germany
Focke-Wulf Ta 152H-1-0 1945 23x15px Germany
Heinkel He 70K/170 1937 23x15px Germany Hungary
Junkers Ju 86P 1936 23x15px Germany
Junkers Ju 88D & T 1939 23x15px Germany
Junkers Ju 188D & F 1943 23x15px Germany
Lockheed F-4 and F-5 Lightning 1941 23x15px United States US, France, Italy
Messerschmitt Bf 109E-5/F-6/G-4 1937 23x15px Germany
Messerschmitt Bf 110C-5/E-3/F-3 1937 23x15px Germany
Messerschmitt Me 210B 1943 23x15px Germany
Messerschmitt Me 262A-1a/U3 1944 23x15px Germany
Messerschmitt Me 410A-1/U-1, A-2/U-1 & A-3 1943 23x15px Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-15/C5M 1937 Template:Country data Japan
Mitsubishi Ki-46 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima C6N 1944 Template:Country data Japan
North American F-6 Mustang 1942 23x15px United States US, France
Potez 63.11 1939 23x15px France
PWS-10[notes 21] 1932 23x15px Poland
Supermarine Spitfire PR variants 1938 23x15px United Kingdom UK, US, USSR...
Yakovlev Yak-9R 1942 23x15px Soviet Union
Yokosuka R2Y 1945 Template:Country data Japan

Seaplanes

Flying boats

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E11A 1937 Template:Country data Japan
Aichi H9A 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Beriev MBR-2 1935 23x15px Soviet Union
Blohm & Voss BV 138 1940 23x15px Germany
Blohm & Voss BV 222 1941 23x15px Germany
Boeing 314 Clipper/C-98 1939 23x15px United States
Breguet 521 Bizerte & 530 Saigon 1935 23x15px France France, Germany
CAMS 37 1926 23x15px France
CAMS 55 1930 23x15px France
Canadian Vickers Vancouver 1930 23x15px Canada
Canadian Vickers Vedette 1925 23x15px Canada
CANT Z.501 1935 23x15px Italy Italy, Romania
CANT Z.506 1936 23x15px Italy
Chyetverikov MDR-6 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Consolidated PBY/PBN/PBV/OA-10 Catalina/Canso[3] 1935 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Norway, UK, USSR
Consolidated PB2Y Coronado 1937 23x15px United States US, UK
Dornier Do 18 1938 23x15px Germany
Dornier Do 24 1937 23x15px Germany Germany, Australia, Netherlands
Dornier Do 26 1938 23x15px Germany
Dornier Do J 1922 23x15px Germany Germany, Denmark
Douglas Dolphin 1931 23x15px United States US, Australia, China
Grumman J2F Duck 1936 23x15px United States
Grumman J4F Widgeon/Gosling 1940 23x15px United States US, Brazil, UK
Grumman JRF Goose 1937 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Canada, UK
Hall PH 1931 23x15px United States
Ikarus IO 1926 23x15px Yugoslavia
Ikarus ŠM 1924 23x15px Yugoslavia
Kawanishi E11K 1937 Template:Country data Japan
Kawanishi H6K 1938 Template:Country data Japan
Kawanishi H8K 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Latécoère 300 1932 23x15px France
Latécoère 521-523 1935 23x15px France
Latécoère 611[2] 1940 23x15px France
Loire 70 1937 23x15px France
Loire 130 1937 23x15px France
Loire 501 1933 23x15px France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-47 1937 23x15px France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-246 1939 23x15px France France, Germany
Macchi M.C.94 1936 23x15px Italy
Macchi M.C.100 1940 23x15px Italy
Martin JRM Mars 1943 23x15px United States
Martin M-130 1934 23x15px United States
Martin PBM Mariner 1940 23x15px United States US, UK, Australia, Netherlands
Potez 452 1936 23x15px France
Potez 141[2] 1938 23x15px France France, Germany
Potez-CAMS 161 1938 23x15px France France, Germany
Saro Cutty Sark 1930 23x15px United Kingdom UK, China, New Zealand
Saro Lerwick 1940 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada
Saro London 1936 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada
Shavrov Sh-2 1934 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, Finland
Short Empire 1936 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
Short S.26 1940 23x15px United Kingdom
Short Singapore 1935 23x15px United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Short Sunderland 1938 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, France, New Zealand, Norway, Canada
Sikorsky JRS-1/OA-8 1935 23x15px United States
SNCASE SE.200[notes 22] 1942 23x15px France Germany
Supermarine Sea Otter 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Supermarine Stranraer[3] 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada
Supermarine Walrus 1935 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand
Tupolev MTB-1 1929 23x15px Soviet Union
Yokosuka H5Y 1939 Template:Country data Japan

Floatplanes

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aichi E13A 1941 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Thailand
Aichi E16A 1944 Template:Country data Japan
Aichi M6A[5] 1945 Template:Country data Japan
Arado Ar 95 1936 23x15px Germany
Arado Ar 196 1938 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Norway
Arado Ar 199 trainer 1939 23x15px Germany
Arado Ar 231[5] 1941 23x15px Germany Germany
Beriev Be-2 1938 23x15px Soviet Union
Beriev Be-4 1942 23x15px Soviet Union
Besson MB.411[5] 1935 23x15px France
Curtiss SC Seahawk 1944 23x15px United States
Curtiss SO3C Seamew 1942 23x15px United States US, UK
Curtiss SOC Seagull 1935 23x15px United States
Dornier Do 22 1938 23x15px Germany Germany, Finland, Yugoslavia, Greece
Fairey Seafox 1937 23x15px United Kingdom
Fairey Swordfish 1936 23x15px United Kingdom
Farman NC.470 1938 23x15px France
Fiat RS.14 1941 23x15px Italy
Fokker C.XI-W 1935 23x15px Netherlands
Fokker C.XIV-W 1937 23x15px Netherlands
Fokker T.IV 1927 23x15px Netherlands
Fokker T.VIII 1938 23x15px Netherlands Netherlands, Germany, UK
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-810-813 HY 1930 23x15px France
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-832 HY 1930 23x15px France
Heinkel HE 8[notes 23] 1927 23x15px Germany Denmark
Heinkel He 42 floatplane trainer 1929 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 59 1935 23x15px Germany Germany, Finland
Heinkel He 60 1933 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Heinkel He 114 1939 23x15px Germany Germany, Romania
Heinkel He 115 1939 23x15px Germany Germany, Finland, Norway, UK
IMAM Ro.43 1935 23x15px Italy
Kawanishi E7K 1935 Template:Country data Japan
Kawanishi N1K floatplane trainer 1944 Template:Country data Japan
Latécoère 290 1934 23x15px France
Latécoère 298 1938 23x15px France France, Germany
Levasseur PL.15 1933 23x15px France
Lioré et Olivier LeO H-43 1940 23x15px France
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.8 floatplane trainer 1924 23x15px Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.10 1929 23x15px Norway
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.11 floatplane trainer 1932 23x15px Norway Norway, Finland
Mitsubishi F1M 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima A6M2-N 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima E8N 1935 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Thailand
Northrop Delta 1936 23x15px United States Canada
Northrop N-3PB 1940 23x15px United States Norway
Rogožarski SIM-XII-H 1938 23x15px Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-XIV-H 1939 23x15px Yugoslavia
VL Sääski floatplane trainer 1928 23x15px Finland
Vought OS2U Kingfisher 1938 23x15px United States US, Australia, UK
Watanabe E9W[5] 1938 Template:Country data Japan
Watanabe K6W/WS-103 1938 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Thailand
Yokosuka E14Y[5] 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Yokosuka K4Y 1933 Template:Country data Japan

Transport and utility aircraft

Passenger and cargo aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Arado Ar 232 1943 23x15px Germany
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle 1940 23x15px United Kingdom UK, USSR
Avro Lancastrian 1945 23x15px United Kingdom
Avro York 1944 23x15px United Kingdom
Boeing 247/UC-73 1933 23x15px United States US, UK, Canada
Boeing 307/UC-75 1940 23x15px United States
Bristol Buckingham[notes 24] 1943 23x15px United Kingdom
Budd RB Conestoga 1944 23x15px United States
Caproni Ca.111 1932 23x15px Italy
Caproni Ca.133 1935 23x15px Italy
Consolidated C-87/C-109 Liberator Express 1942 23x15px United States US, UK
Curtiss-Wright C-46/R5C Commando 1941 23x15px United States
de Havilland Albatross 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Douglas C-47/R4D Skytrain/Dakota 1941 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Canada, France, India, New Zealand, UK
Douglas C-54/R5D Skymaster 1942 23x15px United States US, UK
Douglas DC-2/C-32 1934 23x15px United States US, Australia, Finland, Japan, UK
Douglas DC-3 1935 23x15px United States US, Japan
Douglas DC-5/C-110/R3D 1940 23x15px United States US, Australia, Japan
Farman F.224 1932 23x15px France
Fiat G.12 1941 23x15px Italy
Fiat G.18 1936 23x15px Italy
Fokker F.VII 1925 23x15px Netherlands Netherlands, Finland, Poland
Fokker Super Universal/Nakajima Ki-6/C2N 1931 23x15px United States Japan, Manchukuo
Ford Trimotor 1926 23x15px United States Australia
Gotha Go 244[notes 25] 1942 23x15px Germany
Handley Page H.P.54 Harrow bomber/transport[notes 26] 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada
Handley Page Halifax[6] 1940 23x15px United Kingdom
Heinkel He 116 mailplane 1938 23x15px Germany Germany
Junkers G 24 1925 23x15px Germany Greece
Junkers G 31 1926 23x15px Germany Germany, Australia
Junkers Ju 52 1932 23x15px Germany Germany, Greece, Bulgaria, Norway
Junkers Ju 90 1938 23x15px Germany
Junkers Ju 252 1942 23x15px Germany
Junkers Ju 352 1944 23x15px Germany
Kawasaki Ki-56 improved Lockheed 14 1940 Template:Country data Japan
Kokusai Ki-59 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Lisunov Li-2 modified licence-built DC-3 1939 23x15px Soviet Union
Lockheed Model 14 Super Electra 1937 23x15px United States US, UK, Canada, Japan, South Africa
Lockheed C-60 Lodestar 1937 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, UK
Lockheed C-69 Constellation 1943 23x15px United States
Messerschmitt Me 323 1943 23x15px Germany
Mitsubishi Ki-57 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima Ki-4[7] 1934 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Manchukuo
Percival Petrel 1937 23x15px United Kingdom
Potez 62 1935 23x15px France
Potez 650 1937 23x15px France
Savoia-Marchetti S.73 1934 23x15px Italy Italy, Belgium, UK
Savoia-Marchetti SM.75 1938 23x15px Italy Italy, Hungary, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 1940 23x15px Italy Italy, Germany
Savoia-Marchetti S.83 1938 23x15px Italy Italy, Belgium
Short Stirling[6][notes 27] 1943 23x15px United Kingdom
Showa/Nakajima L2D 1939 Template:Country data Japan
Siebel Si 204 1942 23x15px Germany
Tupolev ANT-9 1931 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, Turkey
Yokosuka L3Y 1935 Template:Country data Japan

Communications, utility and light transport aircraft

Many aircraft in this category were pressed into service and some served in very small numbers. The country of origin (listed first) may not itself have used it in a military capacity, and the date represents its original entry into service, not when it was first used by a military organization.

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Envoy 1934 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Finland, South Africa
AVIA FL.3 1939 23x15px Italy Italy, Croatia, Germany
Barkley-Grow T8P-1 1937 23x15px United States Canada
Beechcraft 17 Staggerwing/UC-43 Traveler 1933 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, UK, New Zealand
Beechcraft Model 18/C-45/JRB/SNB/AT-7/AT-11 Expeditor[notes 28] 1937 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Canada, France, UK
Beneš-Mráz Be-555 Super Bibi 1936 23x15px Czechoslovakia
Bloch MB.81 ambulance aircraft 1935 23x15px France
Bloch MB.120 mailplane 1935 23x15px France
Breda Ba.44 1934 23x15px Italy
Caproni Ca.164 1938 23x15px Italy France
Caudron C.272 1931 23x15px France
Caudron C.280/C.400/C.410 1932 23x15px France
Caudron C.440 Goéland 1934 23x15px France France, Belgium, Germany
Caudron C.480 Frégate 1935 23x15px France
Caudron C.600 Aiglon 1935 23x15px France
Caudron C.635 Simoun 1935 23x15px France
Cessna 165 1935 23x15px United States US, Australia, Finland
de Havilland DH.50 1923 23x15px United Kingdom Australia
de Havilland Dragon 1934 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Iraq, New Zealand
de Havilland Dragon Rapide/Dominie 1934 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, Denmark, Iraq, New Zealand, US
de Havilland Dragonfly 1936 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Denmark, Iraq
de Havilland Express 1934 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Flamingo 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
de Havilland Fox Moth 1932 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Leopard Moth 1933 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium
de Havilland Moth Minor 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, New Zealand
de Havilland Puss Moth 1930 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, Iraq, New Zealand
Fairchild 24 Argus/UC-61 Forwarder 1932 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Thailand, UK
Fairchild 71 1926 23x15px United States Canada
Fairchild FC-2 1926 23x15px United States Canada
Fairchild Super 71 1934 23x15px Canada
Farman F.190 1928 23x15px France
Farman F.402 1934 23x15px France
Foster Wikner Wicko 1936 23x15px United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Fleet Freighter 1938 23x15px Canada
Hanriot H.182 1934 23x15px France
Harlow C-80/PJC-2 1937 23x15px United States US, UK
Howard UC-70/GH Nightingale 1939 23x15px United States
Junkers F 13[notes 29] 1920 23x15px Germany Finland
Junkers W 34 & K 43 1926 23x15px Germany Germany, Australia, Finland, Norway
SAI KZ II 1937 23x15px Denmark
Laville PS-89 1935 23x15px Soviet Union
Lockheed UC-101 Vega 1928 23x15px United States US, Australia
Lockheed UC-85 Orion 1931 23x15px United States
Lockheed 10/C-36 Electra 1935 23x15px United States US, Canada, UK
Lockheed 12/UC-40 Electra Junior 1936 23x15px United States US, Canada, Netherlands, UK
Miles Falcon 1934 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia
Miles Merlin 1935 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia
Miles Mentor 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Miles Messenger 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Miles Whitney Straight 1936 23x15px United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Mitsubishi K3M 1931 Template:Country data Japan
Noorduyn Norseman 1935 23x15px Canada Canada, Australia, Brazil, US
Northrop Delta[3] 1933 23x15px United States Canada, Australia
Moskalyev SAM-5 1935 23x15px Soviet Union
Percival Gull 1932 23x15px United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Percival Proctor 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
Percival Vega Gull 1935 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Belgium, New Zealand
Piper J-4 1938 23x15px United States US, UK
Porterfield 35 1935 23x15px United States US, New Zealand
Potez 29 1927 23x15px France
Potez 56 1934 23x15px France
Potez 58 1934 23x15px France
Rearwin Sportster 1935 23x15px United States US, New Zealand, Thailand
SAIMAN 202 1939 23x15px Italy Italy, Croatia
Shcherbakov Shche-2 1943 23x15px Soviet Union
Spartan UC-71 Executive 1936 23x15px United States US, UK, Canada, China
Putilov Stal-3 1933 23x15px Soviet Union
Stinson UC-81 Reliant 1933 23x15px United States US, Australia, Norway, Philippines, UK
Stinson Voyager 1939 23x15px United States US, Canada, France
Tugan Gannet 1935 23x15px Australia
Tupolev PS-35 1937 23x15px Soviet Union
Waco UC-72 (and other Waco variants) 1930s 23x15px United States US, Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Norway, UK
Yakovlev Yak-6 1942 23x15px Soviet Union

Liaison aircraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Aeronca L-3 1941 23x15px United States US,Brazil
Paulista CAP-4 1935 23x15px Brazil
Fieseler Fi 156 Storch 1936 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Finland, Yugoslavia
Interstate Cadet/L-6 Grasshopper 1942 23x15px United States US, Norway
Kokusai Ki-76 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Piper L-4, O-59 and NE-1 1938 23x15px United States US, Brazil
Polikarpov U-2 1927 23x15px Soviet Union
RWD-13 1935 23x15px Poland Poland, Romania
Stinson L-1/O-49 Vigilant 1941 23x15px United States US, UK
Stinson L-5 Sentinel 1942 23x15px United States US, UK
Taylorcraft Auster 1942 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia
Taylorcraft L-2 1941 23x15px United States

Transport gliders

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Horsa 1942 23x15px United Kingdom UK, US
Antonov A-7 1942 23x15px Soviet Union
DFS 230 1938 23x15px Germany
de Havilland Australia DHA-G 1942 23x15px Australia
General Aircraft Hamilcar 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Gotha Go 242 1941 23x15px Germany
Gribovski G-11 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Kokusai Ku-8 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Kolesnikov-Tsibin KC-20 1942 23x15px Soviet Union
Maeda Ku-1 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Messerschmitt Me 321 Gigant 1941 23x15px Germany
Slingsby Hengist 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Waco CG-3 1942 23x15px United States
Waco CG-4/Hadrian 1942 23x15px United States US, UK
Waco CG-13 1945 23x15px United States
Waco CG-15 1943 23x15px United States

Trainer Aircraft

Primary trainers are used for basic flight training. Advanced trainers were used for familiarization with the more complex systems and higher speeds of combat aircraft, and for air combat or aerobatic training. Multi-engined trainers were used to ready pilots for flying multi-engine bombers and transports, and to train navigators, bombardiers, gunners and flight engineers. Most nations used obsolete combat types for advanced training, although large scale training programs such as the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) required more aircraft than were available and aircraft were designed and built specifically to fulfill training roles. Intermediate trainers were tried in several countries to reduce the attrition associated with the step up to advanced trainers but additional hours at the primary stage reduced the need for them.

Glider trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
DFS SG 38 Schulgleiter primary training glider 1938 23x15px Germany Germany, Japan + many others...
General Aircraft Hotspur (assault glider trainer) 1940 23x15px United Kingdom
Laister-Kauffman TG-4 1941 23x15px United States
Slingsby Kirby Cadet 1935 23x15px United Kingdom
Schweizer TG-3 1942 23x15px United States
Schweizer TG-2/LNS-1 1938 23x15px United States
Schneider Grunau Baby 1931 23x15px Germany Germany, Denmark

Primary trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
ANBO IV 1934 23x15px Lithuania
Avro 504 1913 23x15px United Kingdom Greece, Thailand
Avro 626 1930 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Belgium, Canada, Greece, New Zealand
Avro 643 Cadet 1932 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, China
Avro Tutor 1933 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Canada, Denmark
Beneš-Mráz Be-50 Beta-Minor 1935 23x15px Czechoslovakia Germany, Slovakia
Blackburn B-2 1932 23x15px United Kingdom
Boeing-Stearman Model 73/75/PT-13/PT-17/PT-18/NS/N2S Kaydet 1934 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Canada, China, Philippines
Breda Ba.25 & Ba.28 1932 23x15px Italy Italy, Hungary, China, Norway
Bücker Bü 131, Ki-86, K9W1 1935 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia...
Bücker Bü 181 1940 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria
CAC Wackett 1941 23x15px Australia
DAR 9 Siniger 1940 23x15px Bulgaria Bulgaria, Yugoslavia
de Havilland DH.60 Moth 1925 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Denmark, Finland, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
de Havilland Tiger Moth[notes 30] 1932 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, India, Iraq, New Zealand, Norway
Fairchild PT-19/23/26 Cornell 1940 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Canada, Norway
Fleet Fawn 1931 23x15px Canada Canada, Brazil
Fleet 10/16/Finch 1939 23x15px Canada Canada, China, Brazil, Romania
Focke-Wulf Fw 44 1932 23x15px Germany Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia
Fokker S.IV 1924 23x15px Netherlands
Fokker S.IX 1937 23x15px Netherlands
Gotha Go 145 1935 23x15px Germany
Hanriot H.43 1928 23x15px France
Hanriot H.16 1930 23x15px France
Heinkel He 72 1933 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria
Klemm Kl 25 1928 23x15px Germany Germany, Norway
Koolhoven F.K.51 1935 23x15px Netherlands
Letov Š-218 1930 23x15px Czechoslovakia Finland
Meyers OTW CPTP trainer 1936 23x15px United States
Miles Hawk 1933 23x15px United Kingdom UK, New Zealand
Miles Magister 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Norway
Morane-Saulnier MS.230 1930 23x15px France France, Germany, Greece
Morane-Saulnier MS.315 1932 23x15px France
Mráz Zobor I[8] 1942 23x15px Slovakia
Naval Aircraft Factory N3N Canary 1936 23x15px United States
North American NA-16 1935 23x15px United States China, Brazil
North American BT-9/BT-14/NJ 1936 23x15px United States
Piper J-4 1938 23x15px United States
Ryan PT-16/20/21/22 Recruit 1934 23x15px United States US, Australia, Netherlands
Polikarpov Po-2 1929 23x15px Soviet Union
Praga E-39 1931 23x15px Czechoslovakia
Repülőgépgyár Levente II 1943 23x15px Hungary
SAIMAN 200 1940 23x15px Italy Italy, Croatia, Germany
Spartan NP-1 1940 23x15px United States
St. Louis PT-15 1940 23x15px United States
Tachikawa Ki-9 1935 Template:Country data Japan
Tachikawa Ki-17 1936 Template:Country data Japan
Timm N2T Tutor 1943 23x15px United States
VL Sääski 1928 23x15px Finland
VL Viima 1935 23x15px Finland
Vultee BT-13/15/SNV Valiant 1939 23x15px United States US, Brazil
Waco UPF-7/PT-14 CPTP trainer 1930 23x15px United States
Weiss WM-10 Ölyv 1933 23x15px Hungary
Yokosuka K5Y 1934 Template:Country data Japan
Yakovlev UT-2 1937 23x15px Soviet Union
Zlín Z-XII 1935 23x15px Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Germany, Slovakia, UK, Yugoslavia

Advanced trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Ambrosini S.7 1943 23x15px Italy
Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone 1940 23x15px Italy
Arado Ar 65[7] 1931 23x15px Germany
Arado Ar 66 1933 23x15px Germany
Arado Ar 68[7] 1936 23x15px Germany
Arado Ar 96 1939 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania
Avia B.122 1934 23x15px Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Germany, Romania, Slovakia, USSR
Bücker Bü 133 1938 23x15px Germany Germany, Yugoslavia
CAC Wirraway 1939 23x15px Australia
Kaproni Bulgarski KB-2/3/4/5 1931 23x15px Bulgaria
Caudron C.690 1939 23x15px France
Curtiss-Wright CW-22/SNC Falcon 1942 23x15px United States US, Netherlands
Focke-Wulf Fw 56 1935 23x15px Germany
Fokker D.XVII[7] 1932 23x15px Netherlands
Hawker Hart Trainer 1930 23x15px United Kingdom
IMAM Ro.41 1935 23x15px Italy
Koolhoven F.K.56 1938 23x15px Netherlands Netherlands, Belgium
Messerschmitt Bf 108 1935 23x15px Germany Germany, Bulgaria, and many others
Mitsubishi A5M4-K[9] 1936 Template:Country data Japan
Mitsubishi A6M2-K Zero[9] 1940 Template:Country data Japan
Morane-Saulnier M.S.225[7] 1933 23x15px France
Muniz M-9 1937 23x15px Brazil
Mansyu Ki-79 1937 Template:Country data Japan
Nardi FN.305 1938 23x15px Italy Italy, Romania, Hungary, France
Nardi FN.316 1942 23x15px Italy Italy, Germany
Nieuport-Delage NiD 62[7] 1931 23x15px France
North American NA-57 1939 23x15px United States France, Germany
North American NA-64 Yale 1940 23x15px United States Canada, France, Germany
North American T-6/SNJ Texan/Harvard[3] 1935 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Canada, India, New Zealand, Norway, UK...
Orlogsværftet O-Maskinen 1926 23x15px Denmark
Praga BH-41 1931 23x15px Czechoslovakia
PWS-26 1937 23x15px Poland Poland, Romania, Germany
Rogožarski PVT 1934 23x15px Yugoslavia
Rogožarski R-100 1939 23x15px Yugoslavia
Rogožarski SIM-Х 1937 23x15px Yugoslavia
Romano R.82 1937 23x15px France
SET 7 1931 23x15px Romania
Stampe et Vertongen SV.5 Tornado 1933 23x15px Belgium Belgium, Latvia
Tachikawa Ki-55 1940 Template:Country data Japan Japan, Thailand
Miles Master 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
Svenska Aero Jaktfalken 1930 23x15px Sweden Finland
VEF I-12 1935 23x15px Latvia
VL Tuisku 1935 23x15px Finland
VL Pyry 1941 23x15px Finland
Yakovlev UT-1 1936 23x15px Soviet Union USSR, China
Zmaj Fizir FN 1931 23x15px Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia, Italy
Zmaj Fizir FP-2 1936 23x15px Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Croatia, Italy

Multi-engine trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Airspeed Oxford 1937 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway
Avro Anson[notes 31] 1936 23x15px United Kingdom
23x15px Canada
UK, Canada, France, US
Blackburn Botha bomber trainer & target tug 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
Bristol Buckmaster 1945 23x15px United Kingdom
Beechcraft AT-10 Wichita 1942 23x15px United States
Cessna AT-8/AT-17/UC-78/JRC Bobcat/Crane 1939 23x15px United States US, Brazil, Canada, France
Consolidated AT-22/TB-24 Liberator 1943 23x15px United States
Curtiss AT-9 1941 23x15px United States
De Havilland Dominie radio trainer 1940 23x15px United Kingdom
Fairchild AT-21 Gunner 1943 23x15px United States
Focke-Wulf Fw 58 1937 23x15px Germany Germany, Brazil, Bulgaria, Croatia, Finland, Hungary, Netherlands, Romania
Hanriot H.232 1940 23x15px France France, Finland
Lockheed AT-18 Hudson 1938 23x15px United States US
LWS-6/PZL.30 Żubr[notes 32] 1938 23x15px Poland
Martin AT-23/TB-26 1940 23x15px United States
Mitsubishi K7M 1931 Template:Country data Japan
North American AT-24/TB-25 Mitchell 1941 23x15px United States
Potez 56 crew trainer/target tug 1936 23x15px France
Tachikawa Ki-54 1941 Template:Country data Japan

Target tugs and misc. trainers

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Fairey IIIF target tug 1926 23x15px United Kingdom
Fairey Battle bombing/gunnery trainer/target tug 1939 23x15px United Kingdom Australia, Canada, South Africa, UK
Fairey Gordon advanced trainer/target tug 1931 23x15px United Kingdom Australia, UK
Fleet Fort intermediate trainer/radio trainer 1941 23x15px Canada
Hawker Henley target tug 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Kyushu K10W intermediate trainer/target tug 1943 Template:Country data Japan
Kyushu K11W bomber crew trainer 1943 Template:Country data Japan
Miles Martinet target tug 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Miles Mentor radio trainer 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Nardi FN.315 intermediate trainer 1938 23x15px Italy
North American NA-64 Yale intermediate/radio trainer 1940 23x15px United States Canada
Percival Proctor radio trainer 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
Stinson AT-19 Reliant 1933 23x15px United States US, UK
Westland Wallace radio trainer & target tug 1933 23x15px United Kingdom
Yokosuka K4Y floatplane trainer 1933 Template:Country data Japan

Rotorcraft

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Cierva C.30 autogyro 1934 23x15px United Kingdom UK, Belgium, France, Germany
Flettner Fl 282 helicopter 1942 23x15px Germany
Focke-Achgelis Fa 330 autogyro kite[5] 1943 23x15px Germany
Kamov A-7 autogyro 1934 23x15px Soviet Union
Kayaba Ka-1 and Ka-2 autogyro 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Pitcairn PA-39 autogyro[notes 33] 1940 23x15px United States UK
Sikorsky R-4 helicopter 1944 23x15px United States US, UK
Sikorsky R-6 helicopter 1945 23x15px United States US, UK

Lighter than Air

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Goodyear G class blimp patrol blimp 1935 23x15px United States
Goodyear K class blimp patrol blimp 1938 23x15px United States
Goodyear L class blimp training blimp 1938 23x15px United States
Goodyear M class blimp patrol blimp 1944 23x15px United States

Rockets, Missiles and Drones

Name of aircraft Year
in service
Country of origin Operator(s)
if different from country of origin
Culver PQ-8 target drone 1940 23x15px United States
Culver PQ-14 Cadet target drone 1942 23x15px United States
Fieseler Fi 103R manned flying bomb 1944 23x15px Germany
Interstate TDR assault drone (UCAV) 1944 23x15px United States
Naval Aircraft Factory TDN assault drone (UCAV) 1942 23x15px United States
V-1 Flying Bomb surface to surface cruise missile 1943 23x15px Germany
V-2 rocket surface to surface ballistic missile 1944 23x15px Germany
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka manned flying bomb 1945 Template:Country data Japan

Prototypes

Prototypes were aircraft that were intended to enter service but did not, either due to changing requirements, failing to meet requirements, other problems, or the end of the war. If the aircraft was deployed to regular squadrons or used in an operational capacity other than evaluation, it should be listed above under its appropriate type. Napkinwaffe - paper projects and aircraft that first flew after the war are not included.

Fighter prototypes

Single-engined, Single-seat fighters, fighter-bombers and jet fighters

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aeronautica Umbra Trojani AUT.18 1939 23x15px Italy
Ambrosini SS.4 1940 23x15px Italy canard pusher-engine fighter
Ambrosini SAI.403 1943 23x15px Italy lightweight fighter
Avia B.35 1938 23x15px Czechoslovakia
Aviotehas PN-3 1939 23x15px Estonia
Bell XP-77 1944 23x15px United States lightweight fighter
Bell XP-83 1945 23x15px United States jet fighter
Bachem Ba 349 Natter 1945 23x15px Germany vertical launch point defence rocket interceptor
Bereznyak-Isayev BI-1 1942 23x15px Soviet Union rocket fighter
Borovkov-Florov I-207 1937 23x15px Soviet Union cantilever-wing biplane fighter
Canadian Car and Foundry FDB-1 1938 23x15px Canada biplane fighter
Caproni Vizzola F.4 1940 23x15px Italy
Caproni Vizzola F.5 1939 23x15px Italy
Caproni Vizzola F.6 1941 23x15px Italy
Curtiss XF14C 1944 23x15px United States naval fighter with liquid cooled engine
Curtiss YP-37 1937 23x15px United States
Curtiss XP-42 1939 23x15px United States
Curtiss XP-46 1941 23x15px United States
Curtiss XP-53/YP-60 1942 23x15px United States
Curtiss XP-62 1943 23x15px United States
Curtiss-Wright XP-55 Ascender 1943 23x15px United States canard pusher-engine fighter
de Havilland Vampire 1943 23x15px United Kingdom jet fighter entered service post-war
Fokker D.XXIII 1939 23x15px Netherlands push/pull twin-engine fighter
Fiat G.56 1944 23x15px Italy
Horten Ho 229 1944 23x15px Germany jet flying wing fighter
Hawker Tornado 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
Heinkel He 280 1940 23x15px Germany
Henschel Hs 132 1945 23x15px Germany prone pilot jet fighter/dive bomber
Kawasaki Ki-60 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Koolhoven F.K.55 1938 23x15px Netherlands buried-engine fighter
Kyushu J7W 1945 Template:Country data Japan canard pusher-engine fighter
Martin-Baker MB 2 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Martin-Baker MB 3 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Martin-Baker MB 5 1944 23x15px United Kingdom
McDonnell FD Phantom 1945 23x15px United States naval jet fighter
Messerschmitt Me 209 1938 23x15px Germany racer/fighter
Messerschmitt Me 309 1942 23x15px Germany
Messerschmitt Me 328 1944 23x15px Germany pulse jet fighter
Mikoyan-Gurevich I-250 1945 23x15px Soviet Union mixed-power fighter
Miles M.20 1940 23x15px United Kingdom emergency fighter
Nakajima Ki-12 1936 Template:Country data Japan V12 fighter
Nakajima Kikka 1945 Template:Country data Japan jet fighter
North American P-82 Twin Mustang 1945 23x15px United States twin fuselage fighter too late for war
Northrop XP-56 Black Bullet 1943 23x15px United States tailless pusher fighter
Piaggio P.119 1942 23x15px Italy buried radial-engine fighter
PZL.50 Jastrząb 1939 23x15px Poland
Renard R-36/R-37/R-38 1938 23x15px Belgium
SNCAO 200 1939 23x15px France
Tachikawa Ki-106 1945 Template:Country data Japan
VEF I-16 1939 23x15px Latvia lightweight fighter
VL Humu 1944 23x15px Finland
VL Pyörremyrsky 1945 23x15px Finland
Weiss-Manfred WM.23 Ezüst Nyíl 1942 23x15px Hungary
Polikarpov I-185 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Polikarpov ITP 1942 23x15px Soviet Union
Sukhoi Su-5 1945 23x15px Soviet Union mixed-power fighter
Sukhoi Su-7 1944 23x15px Soviet Union high-altitude interceptor

Heavy fighters (multi-engined or multi-seat) and night fighters

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aichi S1A 1945 Template:Country data Japan night fighter
Arado Ar 240 1940 23x15px Germany
Arsenal-Delanne 10 1941 23x15px France tandem-wing two-seat fighter
Boeing YB-40 Flying Fortress 1943 23x15px United States large escort fighter
Boeing XF8B 1944 23x15px United States
Boulton Paul P.92 1937 23x15px United Kingdom
SABCA S.47 1939 23x15px Italy for Belgium
Consolidated XB-41 Liberator 1942 23x15px United States large escort fighter
Consolidated Vultee XP-81 1945 23x15px United States
Fisher P-75 Eagle 1943 23x15px United States
Gloster F.9/37 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
Grumman XF5F Skyrocket 1940 23x15px United States
Grumman XP-50 1941 23x15px United States
Hawker Hotspur 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Hughes D-2 1943 23x15px United States
IMAM Ro.58 1942 23x15px Italy
Kawasaki Ki-64 1943 Template:Country data Japan
Kawasaki Ki-96 1943 Template:Country data Japan
Lockheed XP-49 1942 23x15px United States
Lockheed XP-58 Chain Lightning 1944 23x15px United States
McDonnell XP-67 Bat 1944 23x15px United States
Moskalyev SAM-13 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Nikitin IS-1 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Piaggio P.119 1942 23x15px Italy
Polikarpov TIS 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
PZL.38 Wilk 1938 23x15px Poland
Republic XP-69/XP-72 1943 23x15px United States
Savoia-Marchetti SM.88, SM.91 and SM.92 1939 23x15px Italy heavy fighters
SNCASE SE.100 1939 23x15px France
Sukhoi Su-6 1941 23x15px Soviet Union
Vickers Type 432 1942 23x15px United Kingdom
Vultee XP-54 1943 23x15px United States

Bomber and attack aircraft prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Aero A.300 1938 23x15px Czechoslovakia
ANBO VIII 1939 23x15px Lithuania
Avia B-158 1938 23x15px Czechoslovakia
Avro Lincoln 1945 23x15px United Kingdom too late for war
Beechcraft XA-38 Grizzly 1944 23x15px United States
Blackburn Firebrand 1945 23x15px United Kingdom too late for war
Bloch MB.162 1940 23x15px France
Boeing XB-15 1937 23x15px United States
Boeing XB-38 Flying Fortress 1943 23x15px United States
Boeing XB-39 Superfortress 1944 23x15px United States
Boeing XB-44 Superfortress 1945 23x15px United States
Breguet 462 1936 23x15px France
Breda Ba.75 1939 23x15px Italy
Breda Ba.201 1941 23x15px Italy
Brewster XA-32 1943 23x15px United States
Bristol Brigand 1944 23x15px United Kingdom too late for war
CAC Woomera 1941 23x15px Australia
CANT Z.1011 1936 23x15px Italy
CANT Z.1018 1939 23x15px Italy
Caudron C.670 Typhon 1935 23x15px France light bomber (derived from racer)
DAR 10 1939 23x15px Bulgaria
Dornier Do 19 1936 23x15px Germany cancelled heavy bomber, possibly used as transport
Dornier Do 317 1943 23x15px Germany heavy bomber
Douglas AD Skyraider 1945 23x15px United States torpedo/dive bomber
Douglas BTD Destroyer 1944 23x15px United States
Douglas XB-19 1941 23x15px United States
Douglas XA-42 Mixmaster 1944 23x15px United States bomber with buried engines driving pusher propeller in tail
Focke-Wulf Fw 191 1942 23x15px Germany medium/heavy bomber
Fokker T.IX 1939 23x15px Netherlands
Heinkel He 119 1937 23x15px Germany unarmed reconnaissance bomber
Henschel Hs 130 1940 23x15px Germany high altitude bomber
IAR 47 1942 23x15px Romania
Junkers Ju 287 1944 23x15px Germany
Kaiser-Fleetwings XBTK 1945 23x15px United States dive and torpedo bomber
Latécoère 299 1939 23x15px France carrier-based version of Latécoère 298
Letov Š-50 1938 23x15px Czechoslovakia
Messerschmitt Me 261 1940 23x15px Germany maritime reconnaissance
Messerschmitt Me 264 1942 23x15px Germany 4 engined Amerika bomber
Nakajima G5N 1941 Template:Country data Japan
Nakajima G8N 1944 Template:Country data Japan
North American XB-28 1942 23x15px United States
Polikarpov NB 1944 23x15px Soviet Union
PZL.46 Sum 1939 23x15px Poland
Reggiane Re.2003 1941 23x15px Italy
Rikugun Ki-93 1945 Template:Country data Japan
Savoia-Marchetti SM.89 1942 23x15px Italy
Savoia-Marchetti SM.93 1944 23x15px Italy
SNCAO CAO.600 1940 23x15px France
Supermarine Type 322 1943 23x15px United Kingdom
Tachikawa Ki-74 1944 Template:Country data Japan
Vickers Windsor 1943 23x15px United Kingdom
Vultee XA-41 1944 23x15px United States
Zmaj R-1 1940 23x15px Yugoslavia

Transport prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Blohm & Voss BV 144 1944 23x15px Germany built in France
Boeing 367 YC-97 Stratofreighter 1944 23x15px United States based on B-29, entered service in 1947
Burnelli UB-14/Cunliffe-Owen Clyde Clipper 1939 23x15px United States prototype used by UK and France
Consolidated R2Y 1944 23x15px United States PB4Y-2 with new fuselage
Curtiss-Wright C-76 Caravan 1943 23x15px United States all wood construction transport with nose doors
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 1941 23x15px Germany transport helicopter
Junkers Ju 390 1943 23x15px Germany heavy transport and maritime patrol
Kobeseiko Te-Gō 1943 Template:Country data Japan STOL spotter/liaison
Kokusai Ki-105 1945 Template:Country data Japan fuel transport
Praga E-210 1937 23x15px Czechoslovakia
Savoia-Marchetti SM.95 1943 23x15px Italy
SNCASE Languedoc 1939 23x15px France
Stout XC-107 1941 23x15px United States flying car evaluated briefly by USAAF
Tachikawa Ki-77 1942 Template:Country data Japan very long range light transport
Tachikawa Ki-92 1945 Template:Country data Japan heavy twin engine troop/cargo transport

Glider prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Allied Aviation XLRA 1943 23x15px United States seaplane glider
Baynes Bat 1943 23x15px United Kingdom experimental tailless glider,
Blohm & Voss BV 40 1944 23x15px Germany interceptor glider
Bristol XLRQ 1943 23x15px United States Seaplane glider
CAT TM-2 1943 23x15px Italy
Chase YCG-14 1945 23x15px United States
Cornelius XFG-1 1944 23x15px United States
DFS 331 1942 23x15px Germany
Frankfort TG-1 1940 23x15px United States
General Airborne Transport XCG-16 1943 23x15px United States
Gotha Ka 430 1943 23x15px Germany
Junkers Ju 322 1941 23x15px Germany
Kokusai Ku-7 1942 Template:Country data Japan
Laister-Kauffman XCG-10 1942 23x15px United States
Maeda Ku-6 1945 Template:Country data Japan
Pratt-Read TG-32 1940 23x15px United States
Polikarpov BDP 1943 23x15px Soviet Union
Slingsby T.20 1944 23x15px United Kingdom
St.Louis XCG-5 1942 23x15px United States
Antonov A-40 1942 23x15px Soviet Union
Yokosuka MXY5 1942 Template:Country data Japan

Trainer prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Airspeed Cambridge 1941 23x15px United Kingdom advanced trainer
Boeing XAT-15 1942 23x15px United States
CAT QR.14 1943 23x15px Italy
de Havilland Don 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Fleetwings BT-12 1942 23x15px United States
Heston T.1/37 1938 23x15px United Kingdom
Ikarus Aero 2 1940 23x15px Yugoslavia
Ikarus MM-2 1941 23x15px Yugoslavia
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk/Høver M.F.12 1939 23x15px Norway floatplane trainer
Miles Monitor target tug 1944 23x15px United Kingdom
Parnall 382 1939 23x15px United Kingdom
PWS-33 Wyżeł 1938 23x15px Poland twin-engined trainer
Reid and Sigrist R.S.1 1939 23x15px United Kingdom twin-engined trainer
Reid and Sigrist R.S.3 1945 23x15px United Kingdom twin-engined trainer
Rogozarski SIM-XI 1938 23x15px Yugoslavia
Stampe SV.4 1933 23x15px Belgium biplane trainer, flown before war, not used until after
Stearman XBT-17 1942 23x15px United States monoplane trainer
Yakovlev Yak-5 1944 23x15px Soviet Union
Yokosuka D3Y 1945 Template:Country data Japan bomber trainer

Rotorcraft prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Bell 30 1942 23x15px United States Helicopter
Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 1942 23x15px Germany twin rotor transport helicopter
Focke-Achgelis Fa 225 1942 23x15px Germany rotary wing glider
Hafner Rotabuggy 1943 23x15px United Kingdom towed autogyro jeep
Kellett KD-1/XO-60/YO-60 1934 23x15px United States autogyro
Landgraf H-2 1944 23x15px United States Helicopter
McDonnell XHJH Whirlaway 1944 23x15px United States helicopter
Piasecki HRP Rescuer 1945 23x15px United States helicopter
Platt-LePage XR-1 1941 23x15px United States helicopter

Missile prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Blohm & Voss BV 143 1941 23x15px Germany anti-ship missile
Blohm & Voss BV 246 1943 23x15px Germany hagelkorn guided glide bomb
EMW C2 Wasserfall 1943 23x15px Germany guided surface-to-air missile developed from V-2
Fletcher PQ-11 1941 23x15px United States target drone/glide bomb
Republic-Ford JB-2 1944 23x15px United States surface-to-surface missile (V-1 copy)
McDonnell LBD Gargoyle 1945 23x15px United States air-to-surface missile
Mistel 1943 23x15px Germany large air-to-surface missile with parasite guidance aircraft
Rheinmetall-Borsig Feuerlilie 1943 23x15px Germany surface-to-air missile
Ruhrstahl X-4 1944 23x15px Germany air-to-air missile

Miscellaneous prototypes

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Airspeed Fleet Shadower 1940 23x15px United Kingdom low speed shipborne aircraft for tracking enemy fleet visually
Bestetti BN-1 1940 23x15px Italy racer/fighter/liaison
Blackburn B-20 1940 23x15px United Kingdom large seaplane with retractable hull
Bloch MB.480 1939 23x15px France floatplane
Blohm & Voss BV 141 1938 23x15px Germany asymmetrical tactical reconnaissance aircraft
Blohm & Voss BV 238 1944 23x15px Germany very large transport flying boat
Boeing XPBB Sea Ranger 1942 23x15px United States patrol seaplane
CANT Z.511 1940 23x15px Italy
Caproni Ca.316 1940 23x15px Italy floatplane
Consolidated XP4Y Corregidor 1939 23x15px United States patrol seaplane
DFS 228 1944 23x15px Germany high-altitude manned reconnaissance rocket
ERCO Ercoupe YO-55 1940 23x15px United States JATO tests
General Aircraft Fleet Shadower 1940 23x15px United Kingdom low speed shipborne aircraft for tracking enemy vessels
IMAM Ro.63 1940 23x15px Italy
Kawanishi E15K 1941 Template:Country data Japan reconnaissance floatplane
Koolhoven F.K.49 1935 23x15px Netherlands photo survey
Loire-Nieuport 10 1939 23x15px France patrol floatplane
LWS-3 Mewa 1938 23x15px Poland army cooperation
Nakajima Ki-115 1945 Template:Country data Japan kamikaze aircraft
Nihon L7P 1942 Template:Country data Japan transport amphibian
Praga E-51 1938 23x15px Czechoslovakia tactical reconnaissance
SFAN 11 1940 23x15px France liaison
Short Seaford 1944 23x15px United Kingdom improved Sunderland, trials only
Short Shetland 1944 23x15px United Kingdom large, long range reconnaissance flying boat
SNCAC NC.4-10 1939 23x15px France floatplane bomber/torpedo bomber
SNCAO 30 1938 23x15px France seaplane trainer
Tachikawa Ki-70 1943 Template:Country data Japan high speed photo reconnaissance aircraft
Tupolev MTB-2 1937 23x15px Soviet Union four-engine flying boat, cancelled after German invasion
Zveno SPB 1938 23x15px Soviet Union parasite fighter system with large bomber carrying 2-5 fighters

Experimental aircraft

Aircraft intended to prove a concept or idea and which were not intended or suitable for military service. Does not include operational aircraft modified for experimental purposes.

Flight behaviour research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Armstrong Whitworth A.W.52 1945 23x15px United Kingdom flying wing
Cierva W.9 1945 23x15px United Kingdom experimental helicopter
DFS 194 1940 23x15px Germany aerodynamic testbed for Messerschmitt Me 163
Göppingen Gö 9 1941 23x15px Germany tail mounted propeller testbed
Handley Page Manx 1943 23x15px United Kingdom tailless aircraft
Hiller XH-44 1944 23x15px United States coaxial rotor helicopter
Hillson Bi-mono 1941 23x15px United Kingdom slip wing testbed
Kayaba Ku-2 1940 Template:Country data Japan tailless glider
Kayaba Ku-3 1941 Template:Country data Japan tailless glider
Kawasaki Ki-78 1942 Template:Country data Japan high speed flight
Kellett XR-8 1944 23x15px United States intermesh rotor helicopter
Martin 162A Tadpole Clipper 1937 23x15px United States half scale flyingboat
Miles M.35 and M.39 Libellula 1942 23x15px United Kingdom tandem wings
Miles M.30 1942 23x15px United Kingdom blended wing
Northrop N-1M 1941 23x15px United States flying wing
Northrop N-9M 1942 23x15px United States flying wing
Piasecki PV-2 1943 23x15px United States helicopter
Saro Shrimp 1939 23x15px United Kingdom half sized flying boat
Tachikawa SS-1 1943 Template:Country data Japan high altitude research, pressurized cabin
Vought V-173 1942 23x15px United States aerodynamic testbed for Vought XF5U which never flew
Yokosuka MXY6 1943 Template:Country data Japan aerodynamic testbed for Kyushu J7W
Yokosuka MXY8/Ku-13 1945 Template:Country data Japan aerodynamic testbed for Mitsubishi J8M rocket interceptor

Engine research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Caproni Campini N.1 1940 23x15px Italy jet engine testbed
Folland Fo.108 1940 23x15px United Kingdom piston engine testbed
Gloster E.28/39 1941 23x15px United Kingdom jet engine testbed
Heinkel He 176 1939 23x15px Germany rocket engine testbed
Heinkel He 178 1939 23x15px Germany jet engine testbed

Misc research

Name of aircraft Year
first flight
Country of origin Notes
Akaflieg Berlin B 9 1944 23x15px Germany prone pilot research
Heinkel He 119 1937 23x15px Germany streamlining
Piaggio P.111 1941 23x15px Italy high altitude Research

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Built in Canada
  2. ^ Developed from CAC Wirraway
  3. ^ In service by VJ day
  4. ^ Relegated to training
  5. ^ Ordered by Thailand, disarmed and impressed as trainer
  6. ^ Developed into Avro Lancaster
  7. ^ Retired 1943
  8. ^ Retired by Germany before war
  9. ^ Heavy bomber, maritime patrol and transport
  10. ^ Used for coastal patrol briefly before being relegated to transport duties.
  11. ^ Retired by Japan before Dec. 1941
  12. ^ Retired by US before war
  13. ^ Developed from Lockheed 14 transport
  14. ^ Developed from Lockheed 18 Lodestar transport
  15. ^ Second line duties during war
  16. ^ Developed as North American P-51 Mustang fighter
  17. ^ Relegated to training in France before war
  18. ^ Bomber/transport
  19. ^ Retired by US well before the war
  20. ^ Primarily used as trainer
  21. ^ Obsolete fighter used for reconnaissance
  22. ^ Not used by France
  23. ^ Not used by Germany
  24. ^ Designed as bomber, used as transport
  25. ^ Powered development of Gotha Go 242 glider
  26. ^ Bomber/Transport, RCAF bought 2 ex-inflight refuelling aircraft
  27. ^ paratroop carrier and glider towing
  28. ^ Also used as a trainer and photo reconnaissance.
  29. ^ Retired by Germany before the war
  30. ^ Built in Canada & elsewhere
  31. ^ Monococque version developed in Canada
  32. ^ Obsolete bomber used for training
  33. ^ Not used by US

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Retired 1942
  2. ^ a b c Prototype used operationally
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Also built in Canada
  4. ^ a b c Retired by UK before war
  5. ^ a b c d e f Submarine aircraft
  6. ^ a b Later versions built as transports
  7. ^ a b c d e f Obsolete combat aircraft used for training
  8. ^ http://slovakaf.kpmzilina.sk/lietadla/zobor/zobor.sk.htm accessdate=26 June 2012
  9. ^ a b Variant specifically built as a trainer with two seat cockpit.

Bibliography

  • Andrade, John M. (1979). U.S. Military Aircraft Designations and Serials since 1909. England: Midland Counties Publications. ISBN 0-904597-22-9. 
  • Camelio, Paul; Shores, Christopher (1976). Armee de l'Air - A Pictorial History of the French Air Force 1937-1945. Squadron/Signal 6006. Warren, MI: Squadron/Signal publications. ASIN B0006WGVZA. 
  • Francillon, Rene J. (1970). Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-00033-1. 
  • Francillon, Rene J. (1970). Royal Australian Air Force & Royal New Zealand Air Force in the Pacific. Aero Pictorials 3. Fallbrook CA: Aero Publishers Inc. LCCN 76-114412. 
  • Griffin, John A. (1969). Canadian Military Aircraft Serials & Photographs 1920 - 1968. Publication No. 69-2. Ottawa: Queen's Printer. 
  • Gunston, Bill (1980). Aircraft of World War 2. London: Octopus Books. ISBN 0-7064-1287-7. 
  • Jones, Lloyd S. (1975). U.S. Fighters Army-Air Force 1925 to 1980. Fallbrook, CA: Aero Publishers Inc. ISBN 978-0816892006. 
  • Mondey, David (2006). The Hamlyn Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. London: Bounty Books. ISBN 0-7537-1460-4. 
  • Munson, Kenneth (1983). Fighters and Bombers of World War II. London: Peerage Books. ISBN 0-907408-37-0. 
  • Smith, J. Richard; Kay, Anthony L. (2002). German Aircraft of the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-010-X. 
  • Swanborough, Gordon; Peter, Bowers (1990). US Navy Aircraft Since 1911. Putnam. ISBN 0-85177-838-0. 
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External links