Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves

List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves

Foreign-exchange reserves (also called Forex reserves) are, in a strict sense, only the foreign-currency deposits held by national central banks and monetary authorities (See List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves (excluding gold)). However, in popular usage and in the list below, it also includes gold reserves, special drawing rights (SDRs) and International Monetary Fund (IMF) reserve position because this total figure, which is usually more accurately termed as official reserves or international reserves or official international reserves, is more readily available.

These foreign-currency deposits are the financial assets of the central banks and monetary authorities that are held in different reserve currencies (e.g. the U.S. dollar, the Euro, the Japanese yen and the Pound sterling) and which are used to back its liabilities (e.g. the local currency issued and the various bank reserves deposited with the central bank by the government or financial institutions). Before the end of the gold standard, gold was the preferred reserve currency. Some nations are converting foreign-exchange reserves into sovereign wealth funds, which can rival foreign-exchange reserves in size.

The list below is mostly based on the latest available IMF data and includes both sovereign states and non-sovereign territories (such as Hong Kong and Macau, which are under the sovereignty of the People's Republic of China). While most nations report in U.S. dollars, a few nations in Eastern Europe report solely in Euros. And since all the figures below are in U.S. dollar equivalence, exchange rate fluctuations can have a significant impact on these figures.

For consistency, forward currency swap contracts are not included in this list until they mature; figures that include them may be higher or lower than those listed here. IMF or other outstanding loans are also not shown here; if they were accounted for, many nations would list lower.

Rank Country Foreign exchange reserves
(Millions of US$)
Figures as of
1 23x15px China[1] 3,899,285 Dec 2014[1]
2 Template:Country data Japan 1,250,073 Apr 2015[2]
3 23x15px Saudi Arabia 686,431 Apr 2015[3]
4 23x16px  Switzerland 582,487 Mar 2015[4]
5 23x15px Republic of China (Taiwan) 419,608 Mar 2015[5]
6 Template:Country data South Korea 369,900 Apr 2015[6][7]
7 23x15px Brazil 364,473 Apr 2015[8]
8 23x15px Russia 360,500 May 22, 2015[9][10][11]
9 Template:Country data India 351,557 May 22, 2015[12][13]
- Template:Country data Hong Kong 343,213 Apr 2015[14]
10 23x15px Singapore 251,921 Apr 2015[15]
11 23x15px Mexico 198,320 Apr 2015[16][17]
12 23x15px Algeria 193,600 Dec 2014[18]
13 23x15px Germany 192,627 Apr 2015[19]
14 23x15px Thailand 161,103 Apr 2015[20]
15 23x15px United Kingdom 156,056 Apr 2015[21]
16 23x15px France 141,503 Apr 2015[22]
17 23x15px Italy 139,889 Mar 2015[23]
18 23x15px Turkey 122,851 Apr 2015[24]
19 23x15px United States 121,505 Apr 2015[25]
20 23x15px Denmark 113,334 Feb 2015[26]
21 Template:Country data Indonesia 111,554 Mar 2015[27]
22 Template:Country data Iran[2] 110,000 Dec 2014[18]
23 23x15px Malaysia 105,106 Mar 2015[28][29]
24 23x15px Libya 105,000 Dec 2014[18]
25 23x15px Poland 97,126 Mar 2015[30]
26 Template:Country data Israel 86,287 Apr 2015[31]
27 23x15px Philippines 80,850 Apr 2015[32][33]
28 23x15px Canada 77,843 Apr 2015[34]
29 23x15px United Arab Emirates 74,700 Dec 2014[18]
30 Template:Country data Iraq 74,000 Dec 2014[18]
31 23x15px Norway 68,207 Apr 2015[35]
32 23x15px Peru 61,131 Apr 2015[36]
33 23x15px Sweden 59,802 Mar 2015[37]
34 23x15px Australia 56,873 Mar 2015[38]
35 23x15px Spain 55,247 Mar 2015[39]
36 23x15px Czech Republic 54,735 Apr 2015[40]
37 23x15px Lebanon 49,430 Dec 2014[18]
38 23x15px South Africa 47,190 Feb 2015[41]
39 23x15px Colombia 46,662 Apr 2015[42]
40 23x15px Hungary 41,435 Apr 2015[43]
41 23x15px Netherlands 41,331 Apr 2015[44]
42 23x15px Qatar 39,076 Feb 2015[45]
43 23x15px Chile 38,819 Apr 2015[46]
44 Template:Country data Kuwait 38,500 Dec 2014[18]
45 23x15px Romania 37,774 Apr 2015[47]
46 23x15px Vietnam 35,700 Dec 2014[18]
47 23x15px Argentina 33,909 Apr 2015[48]
48 23x15px Angola 33,590 Dec 2014[18]
49 23x15px Nigeria 29,830 Apr 2015[49]
50 Template:Country data Kazakhstan 29,101 Mar 2015[50]
51 23x15px Turkmenistan 27,040 Dec 2014[18]
52 23x15px Belgium 25,110 Apr 2015[51]
53 23x15px Austria 24,620 Apr 2015[52]
54 23x15px Bangladesh 24,072 Apr 2015[53]
55 23x15px Bulgaria 21,833 Apr 2015[54]
56 23x15px Portugal 21,217 Apr 2015[55]
57 23x15px Morocco 20,970 Dec 2014[18]
58 23x15px Venezuela 20,200 Dec 2014[18]
59 23x15px Uruguay 18,584 Mar 2015[56]
60 23x15px Uzbekistan 18,000 Dec 2014[18]
61 23x15px Oman 17,850 Dec 2014[18]
62 23x15px New Zealand 17,807 Apr 2015[57]
63 23x15px Azerbaijan 17,710 Dec 2014[18]
- 23x15px Macau 17,195 Apr 2015[58]
64 23x15px Pakistan 16,305 Apr 2015[59]
65 Template:Country data Jordan 16,049 Mar 2015[60]
66 23x15px Bolivia 15,380 Dec 2014[18]
67 23x15px Croatia 15,351 Mar 2015[61]
68 23x15px Egypt 15,130 Dec 2014[18]
69 23x15px Serbia 13,700 Dec 2014[18]
70 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 11,317 Dec 2014[62]
71 23x15px Finland 10,446 Apr 2015[63]
72 23x15px Cuba 10,400 Dec 2014[18]
73 23x15px Ukraine 9,970 Mar 2015[64]
74 Template:Country data Kenya 9,259 Dec 2014[18]
75 23x15px Botswana 8,885 Dec 2014[18]
76 23x15px Burma 8,727 Dec 2014[18]
77 23x15px Costa Rica 8,444 Apr 2015[65]
78 23x15px Sri Lanka 8,314 Dec 2014[18]
79 23x15px Guatemala 7,766 Mar 2015[66]
80 23x15px Paraguay 7,241 Dec 2014[18]
81 23x15px Tunisia 7,198 Dec 2014[18]
82 23x15px Greece 6,466 Mar 2015[67]
83 23x15px Afghanistan 6,442 Dec 2013[18]
84 23x15px Bahrain 6,011 Dec 2014[18]
85 23x15px Cambodia 5,801 Dec 2014[18]
86 23x15px Ghana 5,482 Dec 2014[18]
87 File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal 5,439 Dec 2013[18]
88 23x15px Republic of the Congo 5,200 Dec 2014[18]
89 23x15px Belarus 5,059 Dec 2014[68]
90 23x15px Tanzania 4,758 Dec 2014[18]
91 23x15px Ivory Coast 4,752 Dec 2014[18]
92 23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,750 Dec 2014[18]
93 23x15px Yemen 4,688 Dec 2014[18]
94 23x15px Dominican Republic 4,503 Dec 2014[18]
95 Template:Country data Iceland 4,319 Mar 2015[69]
96 23x15px Mauritius 3,919 Dec 2014[70]
97 23x15px Uganda 3,579 Dec 2013[18]
98 Template:Country data Honduras 3,458 Dec 2014[71]
99 23x15px Ethiopia 3,382 Dec 2013[18]
100 23x15px Cameroon 3,353 Dec 2013[18]
101 23x15px Latvia 3,257 Mar 2015[72]
102 23x15px Mozambique 2,990 Dec 2013[18]
103 23x15px Papua New Guinea 2,926 Dec 2013[18]
104 23x15px Macedonia 2,869 Dec 2014[18]
105 23x15px Zambia 2,833 Dec 2013[18]
106 23x15px Albania 2,825 Dec 2014[18]
107 23x15px Equatorial Guinea 2,763 Dec 2014[18]
108 23x15px Georgia 2,699 Dec 2014[73]
109 23x15px El Salvador 2,693 Dec 2014[74]
110 23x15px Panama 2,666 Dec 2013[18]
111 23x15px Slovakia 2,634 Dec 2014[75]
112 23x15px Ecuador 2,625 Dec 2013[18]
113 23x15px Gabon 2,397 Dec 2014[18]
114 23x15px Nicaragua 2,333 Mar 2015[76]
115 23x15px Namibia 2,267 Dec 2013[18]
116 23x15px Moldova 2,157 Dec 2014[77]
117 23x15px Senegal 2,150 Dec 2013[18]
118 Template:Country data Jamaica 1,900 Dec 2013[18]
119 23x15px Syria 1,895 Dec 2013[18]
120 Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan 1,855 Dec 2014[78]
121 23x15px Ireland 1,792 Dec 2014[79]
122 23x15px Mongolia 1,650 Dec 2014[80]
123 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,582 Dec 2013[18]
124 23x15px Armenia 1,489 Dec 2014[81]
125 23x15px Rwanda 1,354 Dec 2013[18]
126 Template:Country data Haiti 1,335 Dec 2013[18]
127 23x15px Chad 1,304 Dec 2013[18]
128 23x15px Madagascar 1,249 Dec 2013[18]
129 23x15px Lithuania 1,123 Mar 2015[82]
130 23x15px Burkina Faso 1,115 Dec 2013[18]
131 23x15px Tajikistan 1,072 Dec 2013[18]
132 23x15px Slovenia 1,017 Dec 2014[83]
133 23x15px Suriname 1,008 Dec 2013[18]
134 23x15px Fiji 981 Dec 2014[18]
135 23x15px Cyprus 899 Apr 2015[84]
136 23x15px Lesotho 858 Dec 2013[18]
137 23x15px Guyana 855 Dec 2013[18]
138 23x15px Laos 846 Dec 2013[18]
139 23x15px Bahamas 830 Dec 2013[18]
140 23x15px Swaziland 801 Dec 2013[18]
141 23x15px Benin 801 Dec 2013[18]
142 23x15px Luxembourg 793 Mar 2015[85]
143 23x15px Barbados 713 Dec 2013[18]
144 23x15px Malta 619 Dec 2014[86]
145 23x15px Togo 531 Dec 2013[18]
146 23x15px Estonia 437 Dec 2014[87]
147 23x15px Zimbabwe 437 Dec 2013[18]
148 23x15px Cape Verde 426 Dec 2013[18]
149 23x15px Montenegro 400 Dec 2013[18]
150 23x15px Malawi 364 Dec 2013[18]
151 23x15px Seychelles 362 Dec 2013[18]
152 23x15px Maldives 356 Dec 2013[18]
153 23x15px Burundi 314 Dec 2013[18]
154 23x15px San Marino 309 Dec 2013[18]
155 23x15px Belize 273 Dec 2013[18]
156 23x15px Gambia 251 Dec 2013[18]
157 23x15px Sudan 202 Dec 2013[18]
158 23x15px Eritrea 193 Dec 2013[18]
159 23x15px Guinea 183 Dec 2013[18]
160 23x15px Vanuatu 174 Dec 2013[18]
161 23x15px Samoa 169 Dec 2013[18]
162 23x15px Tonga 147 Dec 2013[18]
163 23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 115 Dec 2013[18]
164 23x15px Dominica 90 Dec 2013[18]
165 23x15px Federated States of Micronesia 75 Dec 2013[18]
166 23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe 47 Dec 2013[18]
167 23x15px Montserrat 32 Dec 2013[18]


Notes

  1. ^ Hong Kong and Macau report separate figures.
  2. ^ The Iranian government does not report the foreign exchange reserves as a matter of policy and all figures are estimates calculated by international or foreign institutes, which are occasionally endorsed by Iranian officials without disclosing the exact numbers.

References

  1. ^ "The time-series data of International Investment Position of China, Quarterly". State Administration of Foreign Exchange. 
  2. ^ IMF - Japan
  3. ^ "Table(9): RESERVE ASSETS (on page 18 of the pdf file; US$1 = 3.75 Saudi riyal)" (PDF). Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency. 
  4. ^ IMF - Switzerland
  5. ^ "Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan) — Foreign Exchange Reserves (including gold)" (PDF). 
  6. ^ IMF - Korea, Republic of
  7. ^ Bank of Korea - Official Foreign Reserves
  8. ^ IMF - Brazil
  9. ^ IMF - Russia
  10. ^ International Reserves of the Russian Federation, Monthly values | Bank of Russia
  11. ^ International Reserves of the Russian Federation, Weekly values | Bank of Russia
  12. ^ IMF - India
  13. ^ Reserve Bank of India
  14. ^ Hong Kong Monetary Authority - Press Release
  15. ^ Monetary Authority of Singapore ─ International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
  16. ^ IMF - Mexico
  17. ^ Banco de Mexico - Information structure details
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl "The World Factbook: Reserves of foreign exchange and gold". Central Intelligence Agency. 
  19. ^ IMF - Germany
  20. ^ Bank of Thailand - International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
  21. ^ IMF - United Kingdom
  22. ^ IMF - France
  23. ^ IMF - Italy
  24. ^ IMF - Turkey
  25. ^ IMF - United States
  26. ^ IMF - Denmark
  27. ^ IMF - Indonesia
  28. ^ IMF - Malaysia
  29. ^ Bank Negara Malaysia - International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
  30. ^ IMF - Poland
  31. ^ IMF - Israel
  32. ^ IMF - Philippines
  33. ^ Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas - INTERNATIONAL RESERVES AND FOREIGN CURRENCY LIQUIDITY
  34. ^ IMF - Canada
  35. ^ IMF - Norway
  36. ^ IMF- Peru
  37. ^ IMF - Sweden
  38. ^ IMF - Australia
  39. ^ IMF - Spain
  40. ^ IMF - Czech Republic
  41. ^ IMF - South Africa
  42. ^ IMF - Colombia
  43. ^ IMF - Hungary
  44. ^ IMF - Netherlands
  45. ^ "Qatar Central Bank - Monthly Monetary Bulletin (in Table 11, "QCB's International Reserves", of the Excel file; US$1 = 3.64 Qatari riyal)". Qatar Central Bank. 
  46. ^ IMF - Chile
  47. ^ IMF - Romania
  48. ^ IMF - Argentina
  49. ^ Central Bank of Nigeria - Statistics Database
  50. ^ IMF - Kazakhstan
  51. ^ IMF - Belgium
  52. ^ IMF - Austria
  53. ^ Bangladesh Bank - Central Bank of Bangladesh
  54. ^ IMF - Bulgaria
  55. ^ IMF - Portugal
  56. ^ IMF - Uruguay
  57. ^ IMF - New Zealand
  58. ^ MONETARY AUTHORITY OF MACAO
  59. ^ State Bank of Pakistan - The Central Bank: New template for the reserve assets
  60. ^ IMF - Jordan
  61. ^ IMF - Croatia
  62. ^ Foreign Reserves Monthly | Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
  63. ^ IMF - Finland
  64. ^ IMF - Ukraine
  65. ^ IMF - Costa Rica
  66. ^ IMF - Guatemala
  67. ^ IMF - Greece
  68. ^ IMF - Belarus
  69. ^ IMF - Iceland
  70. ^ IMF - Mauritius
  71. ^ IMF - Honduras
  72. ^ IMF - Latvia
  73. ^ IMF - Georgia
  74. ^ IMF - El Salvador
  75. ^ IMF - Slovak Republic
  76. ^ IMF - Nicaragua
  77. ^ IMF - Moldova
  78. ^ IMF - Kyrgyz Republic
  79. ^ IMF - Ireland
  80. ^ "Bank of Mongolia statistics"
  81. ^ IMF - Armenia, Republic of
  82. ^ IMF - Lithuania
  83. ^ IMF - Slovenia
  84. ^ IMF - Cyprus
  85. ^ IMF - Luxembourg
  86. ^ IMF - Malta
  87. ^ IMF - Estonia

External links