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List of countries by leading trade partners

For most countries in the world, their leading export and import trading partner in terms of value is either the European Union, or to a lesser degree, the United States. Other countries like China, Japan, Russia, Brazil and South Africa are emerging as significant markets or source countries in different parts of the world.

Individually for each European Union member trade with all other European Union members collectively is greater than any other trading partner. The European Union and the United States are each other's largest export market. However both the European Union and the United States have China as their largest origin of imports. China's own largest source of imports is South Korea,[1] which in turn has China as its largest import and export trading partner. In other parts of the world the European Union or the United States is the largest trading partner, however other leading trading countries may be the most prominent in certain countries. Brazil, Russia and South Africa are becoming increasingly dominant in their respective regional areas.[citation needed]

Some isolated countries depend on a larger neighbour to be their largest trading partner – Venezuela is Cuba's key export market, while Uzbekistan is the leading origin of imports into Tajikistan and Afghanistan, its landlocked neighbours.

The largest import and export merchandise trade partners for most countries of the world are listed below. Details for the European Union, Hong Kong and Macau are also included. In most cases the data relates to 2009 rankings. Data was extracted from the World Trade Organization's Trade Profile Database[2]

File:Key export markets.png
Colour indicate leading merchandise export destination for indicated country (EU aggregated), c2007-10
File:Key import sources.png
Colour indicate leading source of merchandise imports for indicated country (EU aggregated), c2007-10
Country Leading export market Leading import source
23x15px Afghanistan Pakistan Uzbekistan
23x15px Albania European Union European Union
23x15px Algeria European Union European Union
23x15px Angola n/a n/a
23x15px Antigua and Barbuda Netherlands Antilles United States
23x15px Argentina Brazil Brazil
23x15px Armenia European Union European Union
23x15px Australia China European Union
23x15px Austria European Union European Union
23x15px Azerbaijan Turkey Russia
23x15px Bahamas United States United States
23x15px Bahrain Saudi Arabia European Union
23x15px Bangladesh European Union China
23x15px Barbados United States United States
23x15px Belarus European Union Russia
23x15px Belgium European Union European Union
23x15px Belize United States United States
23x15px Benin China European Union
23x15px Bhutan India India
23x15px Bolivia Brazil Brazil
23x15px Bosnia European Union European Union
23x15px Botswana European Union South Africa
23x15px Brazil European Union European Union
23x15px Brunei Japan Malaysia
23x15px Bulgaria European Union European Union
23x15px Burkina Faso Togo European Union
23x15px Burundi United Arab Emirates European Union
23x15px Cambodia United States China
23x15px Cameroon European Union European Union
23x15px Canada United States United States
23x15px Cape Verde European Union European Union
23x15px Central African Republic European Union European Union
23x15px Chad n/a n/a
23x15px Chile China United States
23x15px China Hong Kong SAR[3] European Union[4]
23x15px Colombia United States United States
23x15px Comoros European Union United Arab Emirates
23x15px Congo n/a n/a
23x15px Congo, Democratic Republic of the n/a n/a
23x15px Costa Rica United States United States
23x15px Croatia European Union European Union
23x15px Cuba Venezuela European Union
23x15px Cyprus European Union European Union
23x15px Czech Republic European Union European Union
23x15px Denmark European Union European Union
23x15px Djibouti Ethiopia European Union
23x15px Dominica European Union United States
23x15px Dominican Republic United States United States
23x15px Ecuador United States United States
23x15px Egypt European Union European Union
23x15px El Salvador United States United States
23x15px Equatorial Guinea n/a n/a
23x15px Eritrea European Union European Union
23x15px Estonia European Union European Union
23x15px Ethiopia European Union China
23x15px European Union United States China
23x15px Fiji Singapore Singapore
23x15px Finland European Union European Union
23x15px France European Union European Union
23x15px Gabon United States European Union
23x15px Gambia Senegal European Union
23x15px Georgia European Union European Union
23x15px Germany European Union European Union
23x15px Ghana South Africa European Union
23x15px Greece European Union European Union
23x15px Grenada Dominica United States
23x15px Guatemala United States United States
23x15px Guinea European Union European Union
23x15px Guinea-Bissau India European Union
23x15px Guyana European Union United States
Template:Country data Haiti n/a n/a
Template:Country data Honduras United States United States
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Hong Kong||China||China
23x15px Hungary European Union European Union
Template:Country data Iceland European Union European Union
Template:Country data India European Union European Union
Template:Country data Indonesia China China
Template:Country data Iran Japan European Union
Template:Country data Iraq n/a n/a
23x15px Ireland European Union European Union
Template:Country data Israel United States European Union
23x15px Italy European Union European Union
23x15px Ivory Coast European Union European Union
Template:Country data Jamaica United States United States
Template:Country data Japan United States China
Template:Country data Jordan Iraq European Union
Template:Country data Kazakhstan European Union Russia
Template:Country data Kenya European Union European Union
Template:Country data Kuwait United Arab Emirates European Union
Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan Switzerland Russia
23x15px Laos n/a n/a
23x15px Latvia European Union European Union
23x15px Lebanon Switzerland European Union
23x15px Lesotho United States South Africa
23x15px Libya n/a n/a
23x15px Lithuania European Union European Union
23x15px Luxembourg European Union European Union
23x15px Macau Hong Kong SAR China
23x15px Macedonia European Union European Union
23x15px Madagascar European Union European Union
23x15px Malawi European Union South Africa
23x15px Malaysia Singapore China
23x15px Maldives Thailand Singapore
23x15px Mali South Africa European Union
23x15px Malta European Union European Union
23x15px Mauritania European Union European Union
23x15px Mauritius European Union European Union
23x15px Mexico United States United States
23x15px Moldova European Union European Union
23x15px Mongolia China Russia
23x15px Montenegro n/a n/a
23x15px Morocco European Union European Union
23x15px Mozambique European Union South Africa
23x15px Myanmar n/a n/a
23x15px Namibia South Africa South Africa
File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal India India
23x15px Netherlands European Union European Union
23x15px New Zealand Australia Australia
23x15px Nicaragua United States United States
23x15px Niger European Union European Union
23x15px Nigeria United States European Union
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data North Korea||China||China
23x15px Norway European Union European Union
23x15px Oman China European Union
23x15px Pakistan European Union European Union
23x15px Panama United States United States
23x15px Papua New Guinea European Union Australia
23x15px Paraguay Brazil China
23x15px Peru United States United States
23x15px Philippines European Union Japan
23x15px Poland European Union European Union
23x15px Portugal European Union European Union
23x15px Qatar Japan European Union
23x15px Romania European Union European Union
23x15px Russia European Union European Union
23x15px Rwanda European Union European Union
23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis United States United States
23x15px Saint Lucia United States United States
23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago United States
23x15px Samoa Australia New Zealand
23x15px Sao Tome and Principe European Union European Union
23x15px Saudi Arabia Japan European Union
23x15px Senegal Mali European Union
23x15px Serbia European Union European Union
23x15px Seychelles European Union European Union
23x15px Sierra Leone United States Côte d'Ivoire
23x15px Singapore Hong Kong SAR European Union
23x15px Slovakia European Union European Union
23x15px Slovenia European Union European Union
23x15px Solomon Islands China Australia
23x15px South Africa European Union European Union
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data South Korea||China||China
23x15px Spain European Union European Union
23x15px Sri Lanka European Union India
23x15px Sudan China China
23x15px Suriname European Union United States
23x15px Swaziland South Africa South Africa
23x15px Sweden European Union European Union
23x16px  Switzerland European Union European Union
23x15px Syria European Union European Union
23x15px Taiwan China Japan
23x15px Tajikistan Russia Uzbekistan
23x15px Tanzania Switzerland European Union
23x15px Thailand European Union Japan
23x15px Togo Niger European Union
23x15px Tonga New Zealand New Zealand
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago United States United States
23x15px Tunisia European Union European Union
23x15px Turkey European Union European Union
23x15px Turkmenistan Russia Russia
23x15px Uganda European Union European Union
23x15px Ukraine European Union Russia
23x15px United Arab Emirates India European Union
23x15px United Kingdom European Union European Union
23x15px United States European Union Canada
23x15px Uruguay Brazil Argentina
23x15px Uzbekistan n/a n/a
23x15px Vanuatu European Union Australia
23x15px Venezuela United States United States
23x15px Vietnam United States China
23x15px Yemen China European Union
23x15px Zambia Switzerland South Africa
23x15px Zimbabwe South Africa South Africa

List of 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2013

The following table is figures for 30 largest bilateral trade volume in 2013 made by the World Trade Organization.[5]

The 30 Largest Bilateral Trade Volume in 2013 (in Millions $US)
Rank Net Exporter Net Importer Reported Volume
of Net Exporter
Reported Volume
of Net Importer
1 23x15px Germany 23x15px European Union 1,468,990
2 23x15px Netherlands 23x15px European Union 798,744
3 23x15px European Union 23x15px France 745,931
4 23x15px European Union 23x15px United States 603,194 660,541
5 23x15px Canada 23x15px United States 594,546 637,270
6 23x15px Belgium 23x15px European Union 628,796
7 23x15px China Template:Country data Hong Kong 400,571 592,147
8 23x15px China 23x15px United States 526,854 582,291
9 23x15px European Union 23x15px United Kingdom 580,318
10 23x15px China 23x15px European Union 560,536 533,494
11 23x15px Italy 23x15px European Union 539,556
12 23x15px Mexico 23x15px United States 492,715 509,513
13 23x15px Russia 23x15px European Union 385,778 405,889
14 23x15px Spain 23x15px European Union 365,191
15 23x15px China Template:Country data Japan 312,062 310,230
16 23x15px European Union 23x16px  Switzerland 328,609 271,657
17 Template:Country data South Korea 23x15px China 229,073 273,869
18 23x15px Poland 23x15px European Union 267,854
19 23x15px European Union 23x15px Austria 244,913
20 23x15px Czech Republic 23x15px European Union 225,091
21 Template:Country data Japan 23x15px United States 206,091 206,836
22 23x15px European Union 23x15px Sweden 204,849
23x15px China 23x15px Germany 187,293
23 23x15px Norway 23x15px European Union 184,296 174,708
23x15px Germany 23x15px United States 184,247
24 23x15px European Union 23x15px Turkey 159,598 156,813
25 23x15px Hungary 23x15px European Union 154,862
26 23x15px European Union Template:Country data Japan 137,786 149,827
27 23x15px Australia 23x15px China 134,154 123,296
28 23x15px European Union 23x15px Denmark 129,951
29 23x15px Taiwan 23x15px China 124,502
23x15px United Kingdom 23x15px United States 116,675
23x15px Germany 23x16px  Switzerland 115,041
30 23x15px Ireland 23x15px European Union 105,853

References