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Open Access Articles- Top Results for List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

List of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel

File:Countries by soldier count.svg
Countries by number of active soldiers (2009)

This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel. It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. The term "country" is used in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition.

Guide to the list

The list consists of columns which can be sorted by clicking on the appropriate title:

  • The names of the states, accompanied by their respective national flags.
  • The number of military personnel on active duty that are currently serving full-time in their military capacity.
  • The number of military personnel in the reserve forces that are not normally kept under arms, whose role is to be available to mobilize when necessary.
  • The number of personnel in paramilitary forces, armed units that are not considered part of a nation's formal military forces.
  • The total number of military and paramilitary personnel, and the ratio per thousand inhabitants.
  • These numbers are largely sourced from the 2012 edition of "The Military Balance" published annually by the International Institute for Strategic Studies.
  • As military forces around the world are constantly changing in size, no definitive list can ever be compiled.

Many of the 174 countries listed here, especially those with the highest number of total soldiers, such as the two Koreas and Vietnam, include a large number of paramilitaries, civilians and policemen in their reserve personnel. Some countries, such as Italy and Japan, have only volunteers in their armed forces; while others, such as Mauritius and Panama, have no national armies, but only a paramilitary force.

The list

Flag State Active military Reserve military Paramilitary Total Total per 1000 capita Active per 1000 capita
23x15px Afghanistan[1] 195,000 0 136,100 331,100 10.4 6.1
23x15px Albania[2] 14,250 5,000 500 19,750 6.8 4.9
23x15px Algeria[3] 130,000 150,000 143,500 423,500 10.7 3.3
23x15px Angola[4] 107,000 0 10,000 117,000 9.1 8.4
23x15px Antigua and Barbuda[5] 170 75 0 245 2.9 2
23x15px Argentina[6] 73,100 0 31,240 104,340 2.6 1.8
23x15px Armenia[7][Note 1] 46,684 210,000 4,748 261,432 86.7 15.5
23x15px Australia[8] 56,922 23,440 0 80,362 3.4 2.4
23x15px Austria[9] 22,800 27,000 0 49,800 5.8 2.7
23x15px Azerbaijan[10] 66,950 300,000 15,000 381,950 40.1 7
23x15px Bahamas[11] 860 0 0 860 2.8 2.8
23x15px Bahrain[12] 8,200 0 11,260 19,460 14.5 6.1
23x15px Bangladesh[13] 157,053 63,900 220,953 1.4 1
23x15px Barbados[11] 610 430 0 1,040 3.7 2.1
23x15px Belarus[14] 62,000 289,500 110,000 461,500 48.7 6.5
23x15px Belgium[15] 34,336 1,400 0 35,736 3.4 3.3
23x15px Belize[16] 1,050 700 0 1,750 5.7 3.4
23x15px Benin[17] 4,750 0 2,500 7,250 0.8 0.5
23x15px Bhutan 8,000 0 1,000 9,000 12.1 10.8
23x15px Bolivia[18] 46,100 0 37,100 83,200 8.5 4.7
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina[19] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2.3 2.3
23x15px Botswana[20] 9,000 0 1,500 10,500 5.3 4.5
23x15px Brazil[21] 318,480 1,340,000 395,000 2,053,480 10 1.6
23x15px Brunei[22] 7,000 700 2,250 9,950 23.9 16.8
23x15px Bulgaria[23] 37,100 302,500 16,000 355,600 49.3 5.1
23x15px Burkina Faso[24] 11,200 0 250 11,450 0.7 0.7
23x15px Burma[25] 406,000 0 72,000 478,000 9.3 7.9
23x15px Burundi[26] 20,000 0 31,050 51,050 5.4 2.1
23x15px Cambodia[27] 124,300 0 67,000 191,300 13.2 8.6
23x15px Cameroon[28] 14,100 0 9,000 23,100 1.2 0.7
23x15px Canada[29][Note 2] 92,000 51,000 4,500 147,500 4.1 2.6
23x15px Cape Verde[30] 1,200 0 0 1,200 2.8 2.8
23x15px Central African Republic[31] 2,150 0 1,000 3,150 0.7 0.5
23x15px Chad[32] 25,350 0 9,500 34,850 3.4 2.5
23x15px Chile[33] 59,059 40,000 44,712 143,771 8.7 3.6
23x15px People's Republic of China[34][Note 3] 2,285,000 510,000 4,132,000 6,927,000 5.1 1.7
23x15px Colombia[35] 273,471 790,000 170,735 1,234,206 25.7 5.7
23x15px Costa Rica[36] 0 0 9,800 9,800 2.1 0
23x15px Croatia[37] 16,550 21,000 3,000 40,550 9 3.7
23x15px Cuba[38][Note 4] 49,000 39,000 26,500 114,500 10 4.3
23x15px Cyprus[39] 12,000 50,000 750 62,750 73.1 14
23x15px Czech Republic[40] 23,650 0 3,100 26,750 2.5 2.2
23x15px Côte d'Ivoire[41] 17,050 10,000 1,500 28,550 1.4 0.8
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo[42] 144,000 0 1,400 145,400 2.1 2.1
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data North Korea
Democratic People's Republic of Korea[43][Note 5] 1,190,000 600,000 5,889,000 7,679,000 308.5 47.8
23x15px Denmark[44] 22,986 60,000 0 82,986 14.6 4.1
23x15px Djibouti[45] 16,962 15,234 1,500 33,696 41.6 20.9
23x15px Dominican Republic[46] 24,500 0 15,000 39,500 4.1 2.5
23x15px Ecuador[47] 58,483 118,000 500 176,983 12.1 4
23x15px Egypt[48] 438,500 479,000 397,000 1,314,500 14.9 5
23x15px El Salvador[49] 15,500 9,900 17,000 42,400 5.9 2.2
23x15px Equatorial Guinea[50] 1,320 0 2,000 3,320 5.2 2.1
23x15px Eritrea[51] 201,750 120,000 0 321,750 50.4 31.6
23x15px Estonia[52] 5,750 30,000 12,000 47,750 36.3 4.4
23x15px Ethiopia[53] 138,000 0 0 138,000 1.6 1.6
23x15px Fiji[54] 3,500 6,000 0 9,500 10.1 3.7
23x15px Finland[55][56] 37,500 900,000 2,800 940,300 171.8 6.9
23x15px France[57] 215,019 27,680 85,358 328,057 4.9 3.2
23x15px Gabon[58] 4,700 2,000 6,700 4.4 3.1
23x15px Gambia[59] 800 0 0 800 0.4 0.4
23x15px Georgia[60][61][62] 37,825 140,000 11,700 189,525 50.8 10.1
23x15px Germany[63][64] 180,676 40,320 0 220,996 2.7 2.2
23x15px Ghana[65] 15,500 0 0 15,500 0.6 0.6
23x15px Greece[66] 109,070 216,650 4,000 329,720 30 9.9
23x15px Guatemala[67] 15,212 63,863 19,000 98,075 7.4 1.1
23x15px Guinea[68] 12,300 0 7,000 19,300 1.9 1.2
23x15px Guinea-Bissau[69] 4,450 0 2,000 6,450 4.2 2.9
23x15px Guyana[70] 1,100 670 1,500 3,270 4.3 1.5
Template:Country data Haiti Haiti[71] 0 0 2,000 2,000 0.2 0
Template:Country data Honduras Honduras[72] 12,000 60,000 8,000 80,000 10.2 1.5
23x15px Hungary[73] 22,587 44,000 12,000 78,587 7.9 2.3
Template:Country data Iceland Iceland[74] 0 0 230 230 0.7 0
Template:Country data India India[75][Note 6] 1,325,450 1,155,000 2,288,407 4,768,857 3.9 1.1
Template:Country data Indonesia Indonesia[76] 250,000 400,000 280,000 930,000 3.6 1
Template:Country data Iran Iran[77][Note 7] 523,000 350,000 40,000 913,000 11.4 6.5
Template:Country data Iraq Iraq[78] 271,500 0 528,500 800,000 24.6 8.3
23x15px Ireland[79] 9,500 4,371 0 13,871 3 2.1
Template:Country data Israel Israel[80] 176,500 465,000 8,000 649,500 78.3 21.3
23x15px Italy[81][82][Note 8] 174,043 41,867 163,228 379,138 6.2 2.9
Template:Country data Jamaica Jamaica[83] 2,830 953 0 3,783 1.3 1
Template:Country data Japan Japan[84] 247,764 57,899 12,250 317,913 2.5 2
Template:Country data Jordan Jordan[85] 100,500 65,000 15,000 180,500 27.1 15.1
Template:Country data Kazakhstan Kazakhstan[86] 49,000 0 31,500 80,500 5.2 3.2
Template:Country data Kenya Kenya[87] 24,120 0 5,000 29,120 0.7 0.6
23x15px Kosovo[88][89][90] 2,500 800 0 3,300 1.9 1.4
Template:Country data Kuwait Kuwait[91] 15,500 23,700 7,100 46,300 17.2 5.8
Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan[92] 10,900 0 9,500 20,400 3.8 2
23x15px Laos[93] 29,100 0 100,000 129,100 18.9 4.3
23x15px Latvia[94] 4,600 10,666 0 15,266 6.8 2.1
23x15px Lebanon[95] 60,000 0 40,000 100,000 22.4 13.4
23x15px Lesotho[96] 2,000 0 0 2,000 0.9 0.9
23x15px Liberia[97] 2,400 0 0 2,400 0.7 0.7
23x15px Libya[98] 7,000 40,000 0 47,000 7.4 1.1
23x15px Lithuania[99] 10,640 6,700 14,600 31,940 9 3
23x15px Luxembourg[100] 900 0 612 1,512 3.1 1.8
23x15px Madagascar[101] 13,500 0 8,100 21,600 1 0.7
23x15px Malawi[102] 5,300 0 1,500 6,800 0.5 0.4
23x15px Malaysia[103][Note 9] 109,000 51,600 269,300 429,900 16.7 4.2
23x15px Mali[104] 7,350 0 7,800 15,150 1.1 0.5
23x15px Malta[105] 1,954 173 0 2,127 5.2 4.8
23x15px Mauritania[106] 15,870 0 5,000 20,870 6.7 5.1
23x15px Mauritius[107] 0 0 2,000 2,000 1.6 0
23x15px Mexico[108] 280,000 87,344 51,500 418,844 3.8 2.5
23x15px Moldova[109] 5,354 57,971 2,379 65,704 15.2 1.2
23x15px Mongolia[110] 10,000 137,000 7,200 154,200 50.7 3.3
23x15px Montenegro[111] 2,984 0 10,100 13,084 19.5 4.4
23x15px Morocco[112] 195,800 150,000 50,000 395,800 12.7 6.3
23x15px Mozambique[113] 11,200 0 0 11,200 0.5 0.5
23x15px Namibia[114] 9,200 0 6,000 15,200 7.2 4.4
File:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal[115] 95,753 0 62,000 157,753 5.5 3.4
23x15px Netherlands[116] 37,400 3,200 5,900 46,500 2.7 2.2
23x15px New Zealand[117] 9,637 2,314 0 11,951 2.8 2.3
23x15px Nicaragua[118] 12,000 0 0 12,000 2 2
23x15px Niger[119] 5,300 0 5,400 10,700 0.7 0.3
23x15px Nigeria[120] 80,000 0 82,000 162,000 1 0.5
23x15px Norway[121] 23,000 60,000 0 83,000 16.2 4.5
23x15px Oman[122] 42,600 0 4,400 47,000 13.8 12.5
23x15px Pakistan[123] 643,800 500,000 304,000 1,447,800 7.3 3.2
23x15px Palestine[124][Note 10] 0 0 56,000 56,000 14 0
23x15px Panama[125] 0 0 12,000 12,000 3.6 0
23x15px Papua New Guinea[126] 3,100 0 0 3,100 0.5 0.5
23x15px Paraguay[127] 10,650 164,500 14,800 189,950 27.2 1.5
23x15px Peru[128] 115,000 188,000 77,000 380,000 12.9 3.9
23x15px Philippines[129] 125,000 131,000 40,500 296,500 3 1.3
23x15px Poland[130] 99,300 20,000 73,400 192,700 5 2.6
23x15px Portugal[131] 32,875 210,930 47,700 291,505 28 3.2
23x15px Qatar[132] 11,800 0 0 11,800 5.5 5.5
23x15px Republic of Macedonia[133] 8,000 4,850 0 12,850 6.2 3.9
23x15px Republic of the Congo[134] 10,000 0 2,000 12,000 3 2.5
23x15px Romania[135] 73,900 45,000 79,900 198,800 8.9 3.3
23x15px Russian Federation[136][137][Note 11] 771,000 2,035,000 474,000 3,280,000 22.8 5.4
23x15px Rwanda[138] 33,000 0 2,000 35,000 3.3 3.1
23x15px Saudi Arabia[139] 233,500 0 15,500 249,000 8.7 8.1
23x15px Senegal[140] 13,620 0 5,000 18,620 1.4 1
23x15px Serbia[141] 28,184 50,171 10,000 88,355 12 3.8
23x15px Seychelles[142] 200 0 450 650 7.4 2.3
23x15px Sierra Leone[143] 10,500 0 0 10,500 2 2
23x15px Singapore[144] 71,600 950,000 0 1,021,600 186.8 13.1
23x15px Slovakia[145] 22,610 0 0 22,610 4.2 4.2
23x15px Slovenia[146] 7,300 1,500 0 8,800 4.3 3.5
23x15px Somalia[147] 20,000 24,000 0 44,000 4.2 1.9
23x15px South Africa[148] 62,082 15,071 12,382 89,535 1.8 1.3
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data South Korea
Republic of Korea[149][Note 12] 630,000 2,970,000 130,000 3,730,000 72.7 12.3
23x15px Spain[150] 132,798 5,000 82,692 220,490 4.7 2.9
23x15px Sri Lanka[151] 280,000 5,500 92,600 378,100 17.7 13.1
23x15px Sudan[152] 109,300 85,000 17,500 211,800 5.2 2.7
23x15px South Sudan[153] 140,000 0 0 140,000 3.4 3.4
23x15px Suriname[154] 1,840 0 0 1,840 3.8 3.8
23x15px Sweden[155][Note 13] 19,951 31,014 800 51,765 5.3 2
23x16px Switzerland[156] 22,650 161,250 74,000 257,900 31.5 2.8
23x15px Syria[157] 125,000 0 125,000 250,000 13.9 7
23x15px Republic of China[158] 215,000 1,657,000 17,000 1,889,000 80.9 9.2
23x15px Tajikistan[159] 8,800 0 7,500 16,300 2.2 1.2
23x15px Tanzania[160] 27,000 80,000 1,400 108,400 2.6 0.7
23x15px Thailand[161][Note 14] 305,860 200,000 158,700 664,560 9.9 4.6
23x15px Timor Leste[162] 1,332 0 0 1,332 1.3 1.3
23x15px Togo[163] 8,550 0 750 9,300 1.5 1.4
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago[164] 4,063 0 0 4,063 3.3 3.3
23x15px Tunisia[165] 35,800 0 12,000 47,800 4.6 3.4
23x15px Turkey[166] 471,075 378,700 186,320 1,036,095 13.3 6.1
23x15px Turkmenistan[167] 22,000 0 0 22,000 4.5 4.5
23x15px Uganda[168] 45,000 0 1,800 46,800 1.4 1.4
23x15px Ukraine[169] 250,800 700,000 84,900 1,035,700 23.4 5.7
23x15px United Arab Emirates[170] 51,000 0 0 51,000 5.5 5.5
23x15px United Kingdom[171][172][Note 15] 160,340 73,970 0 234,310 3.6 2.5
23x15px United States of America[174] 1,361,755 850,880 14,000 2,226,635 6.9 4.2
23x15px Uruguay[175] 24,621 0 818 25,439 7.3 7
23x15px Uzbekistan[176] 48,000 0 20,000 68,000 2.5 1.7
23x15px Venezuela[177] 115,000 8,000 0 123,000 4.6 4.3
23x15px Vietnam[178][Note 16] 482,000 3,000,000 40,000 3,522,000 38.8 5.3
23x15px Yemen[179] 66,700 0 71,200 137,900 6 2.9
23x15px Zambia[180] 15,100 3,000 1,400 19,500 1.6 1.3
23x15px Zimbabwe[181] 29,000 0 21,800 50,800 3.9 2.2

Not included in the list are the militaries of Abkhazia, Andorra, Nagorno-Karabakh, Northern Cyprus, Monaco, San Marino, Saint Kitts and Nevis, São Tomé and Príncipe, Somaliland, Swaziland, Tonga and Vanuatu.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The reserve military of Armenia consists mostly of ex-conscripts who have seen service within the last 15 years.
  2. ^ The Canadian Coast Guard is listed as a paramilitary.
  3. ^ The paramilitary forces of China listed includes some 3,000,000 PLA Militia.
  4. ^ The reserve paramilitary of Cuba consists of the Youth Labour Army, Civil Defence and Territorial Troops Militia and count 1,120,000 units. Ready reserves serve 45 days per year.
  5. ^ The Worker-Peasant Red Guards count 5,700,000 units and are used as a reserve paramilitary. They are included in the paramilitary count in the table. Many units are unarmed.
  6. ^ The paramilitary forces of India includes 987,821 personnel from Indian Home Guard and Civil Defence.
  7. ^ The paramilitary forces of Iran largely consists of the Basij, a paramilitary militia with claimed membership of 12.6 million (including women and children), which after mobilization can reach about 1,000,000 people able to fight.
  8. ^ The paramilitary forces of Italy consists of the Carabinieri and the Guardia di Finanza.
  9. ^ The paramilitary forces of Malaysia includes 244,700 personnel from the People's Volunteer Corps.
  10. ^ The personnel of Palestinian National Authority includes only organisations under the Directorate of Police Force; personnel strength figures for the various Palestinian groups in Gaza Strip, such as Hamas, are not known.
  11. ^ The potential reserve personnel of Russia may be as high as 20 million, depending on how the figures are counted.
  12. ^ The reserve personnel of South Korea predominantly consists of ex-conscripts with an obligation to undertake 3 days per year training.
  13. ^ The reserve personnel of Sweden includes 21,204 paramilitary from the Home Guard.
  14. ^ The reserve personnel of Thailand includes 45,000 paramilitary from National Security Volunteer Corps.
  15. ^ Since April 2013, MoD publications no longer report the entire strength of the Regular Reserve, instead, only Regular Reserves serving under a fixed-term reserve contract are counted. These contracts are similar in nature to the Volunteer Reserve.[173]
  16. ^ The reserve personnel of Vietnam includes 3,000,000 paramilitary from People's Public Security and Civil Defense.

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Bibliography

Further reading