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List of countries by public debt

File:Public debt percent gdp world map.PNG
Public debt as a percent of GDP by CIA

This is a list of countries by public debt to GDP ratio as listed by Eurostat for the EU and by CIA's World Factbook 2012 for the rest of the world. It is the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency.

Concept

File:Government debt gdp.jpg
Total (gross) government debt as a percent of GDP by IMF

Gross government debt is the most relevant data for discussions of government default and debt ceilings. It is different from external debt, which includes the foreign currency liabilities of non-government entities. Both are not mutually exclusive.

The figures here are represented as a percentage of annual gross domestic product. The public debt relative information provided by national sources (CIA) is not always objective and true, given the fact that there is no independent research in these matters. Note that net debt figures are included where gross debt figures are unavailable in the CIA set.

List

Country Average of
CIA and IMF
data[note 1]
Public debt
as % of GDP

(CIA)[1]
Date Gross government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)
Net government
debt as % of GDP

(IMF)[2]
Date Region
23x15px Albania 66.5985 60.6   2012 60.597 60.597 2012 Europe
23x15px Algeria -8.6925 8.8   2012 9.900 -26.185 2012 Africa
23x15px Andorra 41.1    41.1   2012 Europe
23x15px Angola 24.936  17.1   2012 29.295 2012 Africa
23x15px Antigua and Barbuda 109.575  130     2010 89.150 89.150 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Argentina 42.0225 41.6   2012 44.88  2012 South America
23x15px Armenia 42.344  42.1   2012 39.548 2012 Europe
23x15px Aruba 46.3    46.3   2005 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Australia 27.159  29.30  2012 27.159 11.641 2012 Oceania
23x15px Austria 64.0455 74.6   2012 73.717 53.491 2012 Europe
23x15px Azerbaijan 9.6505 7.5   2013 11.599 2012 Europe
23x15px Bahamas, The 51.856  51.856 51.856 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Bahrain 44.9635 56.2   2012 33.727 33.727 2012 Middle East
23x15px Bangladesh 32      32     2012 Asia
23x15px Barbados 77.681  83.1   2012 72.634 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Belarus 15      30     2012 36.905 0     2012 Europe
23x15px Belgium 91.452  99.6   2012 99.600 83.304 2012 Europe
23x15px Belize 84.453  90.8   2012 78.106 78.106 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Benin 29.442  30.2   2012 32.525 2012 Africa
23x15px Bhutan 73.215  64     2011 72.075 2012 Asia
23x15px Bolivia 21.846  32.7   2012 33.090 10.992 2012 South America
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.1725 43.8   2012 44.265 38.545 2012 Europe
23x15px Botswana 18.2015 23     2012 14.920
23x15px Brazil 45.0545 54.9   2012 68.469 35.209 2012 South America
23x15px Brunei 2.451  2.406 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Bulgaria 4.1575 17.9   2012 18.497 -9.585 2012 Europe
23x15px Burkina Faso 25.167  27.695 2012 Africa
23x15px Burma 45.398  47.524 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Burundi 50.4425 72.3   2012 32.002 2012 Africa
23x15px Cambodia 28.093  28.503 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Cameroon 14.7795 14.7   2012 14.859 14.859 2012 Africa
23x15px Canada 59.3315 84.1   2012 85.641 34.563 2012 North America
23x15px Cape Verde 90.176  83.1   2012 103.353 97.252 2012 Africa
23x15px Central African Republic 28.283  30.597 2012 Africa
23x15px Chad 36.5045 36.9   2012 34.454 2012 Africa
23x15px Chile 1.154  10.1   2012 11.222 -7.792 2012 South America
23x15px China 26.5005 31.7   2012 22.849 2012 Asia
23x15px Colombia 32.397  40.2   2012 32.838 24.594 2012 South America
23x15px Comoros 42.613  42.613 42.613 2012 Africa
23x15px Congo, Democratic Republic of the 41.344  36.047 2012 Africa
23x15px Congo, Republic of the 19.718  18.3   2012 21.136 21.136 2012 Africa
23x15px Costa Rica 41.1105 47.4   2012 34.821 34.821 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Cote d'Ivoire 53.098  60.8   2012 49.070 2012 Africa
23x15px Croatia 55.8175 52.1   2012 56.282 2012 Europe
23x15px Cuba 35.1    35.1   2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Cyprus 80.9    80.9   2012 86.205 2012 Europe
23x15px Czech Republic 44.367  43.9   2012 43.146 2012 Europe
23x15px Denmark 26.463  45.3   2012 50.102 7.626 2012 Europe
23x15px Djibouti 40.054  38.618 2012 Africa
23x15px Dominica 71.082  70     2012 72.164 72.164 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Dominican Republic 36.743  40     2012 33.486 33.486 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Ecuador 21.6665 23.3   2012 18.613 2012 South America
23x15px Egypt 76.9035 85     2012 80.155 68.807 2012 Africa
23x15px El Salvador 55.8745 57.4   2012 52.193 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Equatorial Guinea 6.2385 4.3   2012 8.177 8.177 2012 Africa
23x15px Eritrea 120.887  118     2012 125.785 2012 Africa
23x15px Estonia 5.2555 6     2013 8.498 2.511 2012 Europe
23x15px Ethiopia 31.286  44.4   2012 21.551 18.172 2012 Africa
23x15px Fiji 47.403  47.9   2012 51.642 46.906 2012 Oceania
23x15px Finland 1.2835 53.5   2012 53.335 -50.933 2012 Europe
23x15px France 86.9825 89.9   2012 90.291 84.065 2012 Europe
23x15px Gabon 24.3815 23     2012 21.999 2012 Africa
23x15px Gambia, The 77.179  77.179 77.179 2012 Africa
23x15px Georgia 33.7325 36.3   2012 32.738 2012 Europe
23x15px Germany 69.462  79.9   2013 81.964 57.224 2012 Europe
23x15px Ghana 50.2625 47.4   2012 56.526 53.125 2012 Africa
23x15px Gibraltar 7.5    7.5   2008 Europe
23x15px Greece 158.339  161.3   2012 158.546 155.378 2012 Europe
23x15px Grenada 111.2835 110     2012 112.567 112.567 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Guatemala 27.971  29.9   2012 25.112 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Guinea 42.993  42.993 42.993 2012 Africa
23x15px Guinea-Bissau 60.535  59.751 2012 Africa
23x15px Guyana 61.8945 66.1   2012 60.333 57.689 2012 South America
Template:Country data Haiti 20.442  15.446 2012 Central America/Caribbean
Template:Country data Honduras 35.353  34.5   2012 34.676 2012 Central America/Caribbean
Template:Country data Hong Kong 30.0715 30     2012 32.393 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Hungary 75.686  78.6   2012 79.003 72.772 2012 Europe
Template:Country data Iceland 93.565  118.9   2012 99.083 68.23  2012 Europe
Template:Country data India 59.145  49.60  2012 66.842 2012 Asia
Template:Country data Indonesia 24.224  24.8   2012 24.004 2012 Southeast Asia
Template:Country data Iran 10.007  18.8   2012 10.726 1.214 2012 Middle East
Template:Country data Iraq 16.701  34.191 2012 Middle East
23x15px Ireland 110.162  118     2012 117.122 102.324 2012 Europe
Template:Country data Israel 68.3    67.10  2013 69.637 69.574 2014 Middle East
23x15px Italy 114.654  126.1   2012 126.978 103.208 2012 Europe
Template:Country data Jamaica 135.029  127.3   2012 146.591 2012 Central America/Caribbean
Template:Country data Japan 174.3125  226.1   2013 237.918 134.325 2012 Asia
Template:Country data Jordan 74.968  75     2012 79.586 74.936 2012 Middle East
Template:Country data Kazakhstan -2.5485 12     2012 12.318 -17.097 2012 Asia
Template:Country data Kenya 46.5835 50     2012 48.185 43.167 2012 Africa
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data North Korea || 0.4   || 0.4  ||2007|| || || ||align="left"|Asia
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data South Korea || 32.9705|| 33.7  ||2012|| 33.668|| 32.241||2012||align="left"|Asia
Template:Country data Kuwait 7.117  6.4   2013 7.290 2012 Middle East
Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan 48.726  48.935 2012 Asia
23x15px Laos 49.749  48     2012 53.082 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Latvia 35.2845 39.2   2013 36.417 26.569 2012 Europe
23x15px Lebanon 131.04   127.9   2012 139.527 134.18  2012 Middle East
23x15px Lesotho -2.141  41.903 -2.141 2012 Africa
23x15px Liberia -1.927  3.3   2013 29.076 -8.254 2012 Africa
23x15px Libya -46.5675 4.8   2013 0     -95.035 2012 Africa
23x15px Lithuania 36.945  40.2   2013 39.586 35.39  2012 Europe
23x15px Luxembourg 20.8625 18.4   2012 21.138 2012 Europe
23x15px Macedonia 28.153  27.3   2012 33.271 29.006 2012 Europe
23x15px Madagascar 37.476  38.309 2012 Africa
23x15px Malawi 49.125  47.1   2012 54.903 51.15  2012 Africa
23x15px Malaysia 55.474  55.474 2012 55.474 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Maldives 91.853  77.486 2012 Asia
23x15px Mali 25.0405 23.2   2012 32.003 26.881 2012 Africa
23x15px Malta 75.1305 77     2012 72.538 2012 Europe
23x15px Marshall Islands 54.116  60.043 2012 Oceania
23x15px Mauritania 77.105  79.703 2012 Africa
23x15px Mauritius 56.045  61.8   2012 50.29  50.29  2012 Africa
23x15px Mexico 36.699  35.4   2012 43.519 37.998 2012 North America
23x15px Moldova 20.9725 18.1   2012 23.845 23.845 2012 Europe
23x15px Montenegro 50.439  52.1   2012 51.068 48.778 2012 Europe
23x15px Morocco 65.3785 71.7   2012 59.587 59.057 2012 Africa
23x15px Mozambique 47.5545 48.1   2012 46.628 2012 Africa
23x15px Namibia 26.3055 28.2   2012 26.642 24.411 2012 Africa
File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal 33.129  33.129 33.129 2012 Asia
23x15px Netherlands 50.601  68.7   2012 71.736 32.502 2012 Europe
23x15px New Zealand 34.108  41.8   2012 38.154 26.416 2012 Oceania
23x15px Nicaragua 51.4275 52.7   2011 52.086 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Niger 4.25   31.051 4.25  2012 Africa
23x15px Nigeria 16.0415 18.8   2012 17.762 13.283 2012 Africa
23x15px Norway -67.604  30.3   2012 34.118 -165.508 2012 Europe
23x15px Oman 5.3965 4.4   2013 6.122 2012 Middle East
23x15px Pakistan 54.5855 50.4   2012 62.079 58.771 2012 Asia
23x15px Panama 39.898  41     2012 38.796 38.796 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Papua New Guinea 23.3    23.3   2012 Oceania
23x15px Paraguay 12.9935 14.7   2012 11.358 2012 South America
23x15px Peru 11.378  18.3   2012 19.759 4.456 2012 South America
23x15px Philippines 45.365  51     2012 41.919 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Poland 40.271  53.8   2012 55.166 26.742 2012 Europe
23x15px Portugal[3] 115.628  129     2013 122.985 111.556 2013 Europe
23x15px Qatar 32.2075 32.5   2012 37.812 31.915 2012 Middle East
23x15px Romania 37.037  37.2   2012 37.038 2012 Europe
23x15px Russia 11.3125 12.2   2012 10.877 2012 Europe
23x15px Rwanda 24.757  21.8   2012 28.040 2012 Africa
23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis 113.481  144     2012 82.962 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Saint Lucia 80.8805 77     2012 84.761 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 67.542  68     2011 67.084 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px San Marino 25.8    25.8   2013 Europe
23x15px Sao Tome and Principe 71.03   76.5   2012 75.503 2012 Africa
23x15px Saudi Arabia -19.9125 12.9   2012 3.622 -52.725 2012 Middle East
23x15px Senegal 40.3845 33.6   2012 45.002 2012 Africa
23x15px Serbia 59.194  61.5   2012 63.650 56.888 2012 Europe
23x15px Seychelles 54.391  39.3   2012 82.528 69.482 2012 Africa
23x15px Sierra Leone 30.4    60.8   2012 44.471 0     2012 Africa
23x15px Singapore 109.782  111.4   2012 111.017 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Slovakia 51.9395 48.6   2012 52.333 2012 Europe
23x15px Slovenia 61.015  53.2   2012 52.610 2012 Europe
23x15px Solomon Islands 6.737  18.228 6.737 2012 Oceania
23x15px South Africa 39.4305 43.3   2012 42.282 35.561 2012 Africa
23x15px Spain 78.6155 85.3   2012 84.082 71.931 2012 Europe
23x15px Sri Lanka 81      81     2012 Asia
23x15px Sudan 96.1135 89.3   2012 97.642 2012 Africa
23x15px Suriname 19.996  20.464 2012 South America
23x15px Swaziland 7.607  19.041 7.607 2012 Africa
23x15px Sweden 10.484  38.6   2012 38.020 -17.632 2012 Europe
23x16px  Switzerland 40.3325 52.4   2011 49.099 28.265 2012 Europe
23x15px Syria 44      44     2012 Middle East
23x15px Taiwan 38.1165 36     2012 40.938 2012 East Asia
23x15px Tajikistan 31.57   32.466 2012 Asia
23x15px Tanzania 39.666  34.4   2012 41.391 2012 Africa
23x15px Thailand 44.584  43.3   2012 44.252 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Togo 46.108  46.706 2012 Africa
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 37.8705 46.6   2012 39.723 29.141 2012 Central America/Caribbean
23x15px Tunisia 47.883  52.3   2012 44.466 2012 Africa
23x15px Turkey 34.1005 35.5   2013 36.383 27.801 2012 Europe
23x15px Turkmenistan 16.366  15.821 2012 Asia
23x15px Tuvalu 42.532  43.727 2012 Oceania
23x15px Uganda 32.205  26.8   2012 34.532 2012 Africa
23x15px Ukraine 37.01   38.8   2012 37.422 35.22  2012 Europe
23x15px United Arab Emirates -26.543  43.30  2012 17.617 -93.486 2012 Middle East
23x15px United Kingdom 90.314  90.0   2012 90.314 82.785 2012 Europe
23x15px United States 80.18   72.50  2012 106.525 87.859 2012 North America
23x15px Uruguay 46.7675 57.2   2012 53.686 36.335 2012 South America
23x15px Uzbekistan 8.6665 8.8   2012 8.636 2012 Asia
23x15px Vanuatu 22.969  20.011 2012 Oceania
23x15px Venezuela 55.4025 49     2012 57.287 2012 South America
23x15px Vietnam 48.629  48.2   2012 52.099 49.058 2012 Southeast Asia
23x15px Wallis and Futuna 5.6    5.6   2004 Oceania
23x15px Yemen 43.6405 42.5   2012 46.743 44.781 2012 Middle East
23x15px Zambia 27.3585 31.2   2012 26.875 23.517 2012 Africa
23x15px Zimbabwe 129.4165 202.7   2012 60.451 2012 Africa
World 64      64     2012

See also

File:Eurostat public debt GDP.png
Government debt as a percent of GDP in EU in 2012

http://countryeconomy.com/national-debt

Nation specific:

Notes

  1. ^ The averaging of the two figures may not necessarily be meaningful since public debt is not necessarily equal to net debt. However, this is provided to approximate the ranking of countries that would be excluded from sorting of either the CIA set or the IMF set alone. Note that gross debt figures are substituted where net debt figures are unavailable in the IMF set.

References