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List of current heads of state and government

This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems. Often a leader is both in presidential systems. Some states have semi-presidential systems, where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.

Member states and observers of the United Nations

Legend: Names in small font generally denote acting, transitional, temporary leaders or representatives. Other notes and exceptions are provided in the References section below.
State Head of state Head of government
23x15px Afghanistan President - Ashraf Ghani[n 1] Chief Executive Officer - Abdullah Abdullah
23x15px Albania President - Bujar Nishani Prime Minister - Edi Rama
23x15px Algeria President - Abdelaziz Bouteflika Prime Minister - Abdelmalek Sellal
23x15px Andorra Episcopal Co-Prince - Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Representative - Josep Maria Mauri
French Co-Prince - François Hollande[n 2]
Representative - Thierry Lataste
Head of Government - Antoni Martí
23x15px Angola
23x15px Antigua and Barbuda Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Rodney Williams
Prime Minister - Gaston Browne
23x15px Argentina
23x15px Armenia President - Serzh Sargsyan Prime Minister - Hovik Abrahamyan
23x15px Australia Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Peter Cosgrove</div>
Prime Minister - Tony Abbott
23x15px Austria Federal President - Heinz Fischer Federal Chancellor - Werner Faymann
23x15px Azerbaijan President - Ilham Aliyev[n 1] Prime Minister - Artur Rasizade
23x15px Bahamas Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Dame Marguerite Pindling
Prime Minister - Perry Christie
23x15px Bahrain King - Sheikh Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa Prime Minister - Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
23x15px Bangladesh President - Abdul Hamid Prime Minister - Sheikh Hasina
23x15px Barbados Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Elliott Belgrave
Prime Minister - Freundel Stuart
23x15px Belarus President - Alexander Lukashenko[n 1] Prime Minister - Andrei Kobyakov
23x15px Belgium King - Philippe Prime Minister - Charles Michel
23x15px Belize Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Colville Young
Prime Minister - Dean Barrow
23x15px Benin
23x15px Bhutan King - Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck Prime Minister - Tshering Tobgay
23x15px Bolivia
23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina
Presidency:[n 4]
Mladen Ivanić (Chairman)
Bakir Izetbegović (Member)
Dragan Čović (Member)
Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Denis Zvizdić
23x15px Botswana
23x15px Brazil
23x15px Brunei
23x15px Bulgaria President - Rosen Plevneliev Prime Minister - Boyko Borisov
23x15px Burkina Faso Acting President - Michel Kafando Acting Prime Minister - Yacouba Isaac Zida
23x15px Burundi
23x15px Cambodia King - Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister - Hun Sen
23x15px Cameroon President - Paul Biya[n 1] Prime Minister - Philémon Yang
23x15px Canada Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor General - David Johnston
Prime Minister - Stephen Harper
23x15px Cape Verde President - Jorge Carlos Fonseca Prime Minister - José Maria Neves
23x15px Central African Republic Head of State of the Transition - Catherine Samba-Panza[n 1] Acting Prime Minister - Mahamat Kamoun
23x15px Chad President - Idriss Déby[n 1] Prime Minister - Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
23x15px Chile
23x15px China President - Xi Jinping Premier of the State Council - Li Keqiang
23x15px Colombia
23x15px Comoros
23x15px Congo, Democratic Republic of the President - Joseph Kabila Prime Minister - Augustin Matata Ponyo
23x15px Congo, Republic of the
23x15px Costa Rica
23x15px Croatia President - Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović Prime Minister - Zoran Milanović
23x15px Cuba
23x15px Cyprus
23x15px Czech Republic President - Miloš Zeman Prime Minister - Bohuslav Sobotka
23x15px Denmark Queen - Margrethe II Prime Minister - Helle Thorning-Schmidt
23x15px Djibouti President - Ismaïl Omar Guelleh Prime Minister - Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed
23x15px Dominica President - Charles Savarin Prime Minister - Roosevelt Skerrit
23x15px Dominican Republic
23x15px East Timor President - Taur Matan Ruak Prime Minister - Rui Maria de Araújo
23x15px Ecuador
23x15px Egypt President - Abdel Fattah el-Sisi Prime Minister - Ibrahim Mahlab
23x15px El Salvador
23x15px Equatorial Guinea President - Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo[n 1] Prime Minister - Vicente Ehate Tomi
23x15px Eritrea
23x15px Estonia President - Toomas Hendrik Ilves Prime Minister - Taavi Rõivas
23x15px Ethiopia President - Mulatu Teshome Prime Minister - Hailemariam Desalegn
23x15px Fiji President - Ratu Epeli Nailatikau Prime Minister - Frank Bainimarama
23x15px Finland President - Sauli Niinistö Prime Minister - Juha Sipilä
23x15px France President - François Hollande[n 2] Prime Minister - Manuel Valls
23x15px Gabon President - Ali Bongo Ondimba[n 1] Prime Minister - Daniel Ona Ondo
23x15px Gambia, The
23x15px Georgia President - Giorgi Margvelashvili Prime Minister - Irakli Garibashvili
23x15px Germany Federal President - Joachim Gauck Federal Chancellor - Angela Merkel
23x15px Ghana
23x15px Greece President - Prokopis Pavlopoulos Prime Minister - Alexis Tsipras
23x15px Grenada Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Dame Cécile La Grenade
Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell
23x15px Guatemala
23x15px Guinea President - Alpha Condé[n 1] Prime Minister - Mohamed Said Fofana
23x15px Guinea-Bissau President - José Mário Vaz Prime Minister - Domingos Simões Pereira
23x15px Guyana President - David A. Granger Prime Minister - Moses Nagamootoo
Template:Country data Haiti President - Michel Martelly Prime Minister - Evans Paul
Template:Country data Honduras
23x15px Hungary President - János Áder Prime Minister - Viktor Orbán
Template:Country data Iceland President - Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Prime Minister - Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
Template:Country data India President - Pranab Mukherjee Prime Minister - Narendra Modi
Template:Country data Indonesia
Template:Country data Iran
Template:Country data Iraq President - Fuad Masum Prime Minister - Haider Al-Abadi
23x15px Ireland President - Michael D. Higgins Taoiseach - Enda Kenny
Template:Country data Israel President - Reuven Rivlin Prime Minister - Benjamin Netanyahu
23x15px Italy President - Sergio Mattarella President of the Council of Ministers - Matteo Renzi
23x15px Ivory Coast President - Alassane Ouattara[n 1] Prime Minister - Daniel Kablan Duncan
Template:Country data Jamaica Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Patrick Allen
Prime Minister - Portia Simpson-Miller
Template:Country data Japan Emperor - Akihito Prime Minister - Shinzō Abe
Template:Country data Jordan King - Abdullah II Prime Minister - Abdullah Ensour
Template:Country data Kazakhstan President - Nursultan Nazarbayev[n 1] Prime Minister - Karim Massimov
Template:Country data Kenya
Template:Country data Kiribati
Template:Country data Kuwait Emir - Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah Prime Minister - Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Hamad Al-Sabah
Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan President - Almazbek Atambayev Prime Minister - Temir Sariyev
23x15px Laos President - Choummaly Sayasone Prime Minister - Thongsing Thammavong
23x15px Latvia President - Andris Bērziņš Prime Minister - Laimdota Straujuma
23x15px Lebanon
23x15px Lesotho King - Letsie III Prime Minister - Pakalitha Mosisili
23x15px Liberia
23x15px Libya Chairman of the House of Representatives - Aguila Saleh Issa Prime Minister - Abdullah al-Thani
23x15px Liechtenstein Sovereign Prince - Hans-Adam II
Regent - Hereditary Prince Alois
Head of Government - Adrian Hasler
23x15px Lithuania President - Dalia Grybauskaitė Prime Minister - Algirdas Butkevičius
23x15px Luxembourg Grand Duke - Henri Prime Minister - Xavier Bettel
23x15px Macedonia President - Gjorge Ivanov President of the Government - Nikola Gruevski
23x15px Madagascar President - Hery Rajaonarimampianina Prime Minister - Jean Ravelonarivo
23x15px Malawi
23x15px Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong - Abdul Halim Prime Minister - Najib Razak
23x15px Maldives
23x15px Mali President - Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta Prime Minister - Modibo Keita
23x15px Malta President - Marie Louise Coleiro Preca Prime Minister - Joseph Muscat
23x15px Marshall Islands
23x15px Mauritania President - Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz Prime Minister - Yahya Ould Hademine
23x15px Mauritius President - Rajkeswur Purryag Prime Minister - Sir Anerood Jugnauth
23x15px Mexico
23x15px Micronesia
23x15px Moldova President - Nicolae Timofti Prime Minister - Chiril Gaburici
23x15px Monaco Sovereign Prince - Albert II Minister of State - Michel Roger
23x15px Mongolia President - Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj Prime Minister - Chimediin Saikhanbileg
23x15px Montenegro President - Filip Vujanović Prime Minister - Milo Đukanović
23x15px Morocco King - Mohammed VI Prime Minister - Abdelilah Benkirane
23x15px Mozambique President - Filipe Nyusi[n 1] Prime Minister - Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
23x15px Myanmar
23x15px Namibia President - Hage Geingob[n 1] Prime Minister - Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila
23x15px Nauru
File:Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal President - Ram Baran Yadav Prime Minister - Sushil Koirala
23x15px Netherlands King - Willem-Alexander Prime Minister - Mark Rutte
23x15px New Zealand Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 5]
Prime Minister - John Key
23x15px Nicaragua
23x15px Niger President - Mahamadou Issoufou Prime Minister - Brigi Rafini
23x15px Nigeria
Template:Country data North Korea Supreme Leader - Kim Jong-un[n 6]
Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly - Kim Yong-nam[n 7]
Premier of the Cabinet - Pak Pong-ju
23x15px Norway King - Harald V Prime Minister - Erna Solberg
23x15px Oman
23x15px Pakistan President - Mamnoon Hussain Prime Minister - Nawaz Sharif
23x15px Palau
23x15px Palestine President - Mahmoud Abbas Prime Minister - Rami Hamdallah
23x15px Panama
23x15px Papua New Guinea Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Michael Ogio
Prime Minister - Peter O'Neill
23x15px Paraguay
23x15px Peru President - Ollanta Humala[n 1] President of the Council of Ministers - Pedro Cateriano
23x15px Philippines
23x15px Poland President - Bronisław Komorowski
President-elect - Andrzej Duda
President of the Council of Ministers - Ewa Kopacz
23x15px Portugal President - Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister - Pedro Passos Coelho
23x15px Qatar Emir - Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Prime Minister - Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani
23x15px Romania President - Klaus Iohannis Prime Minister - Victor Ponta
23x15px Russia President - Vladimir Putin Chairman of the Government - Dmitry Medvedev
23x15px Rwanda President - Paul Kagame[n 1] Prime Minister - Anastase Murekezi
23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Acting Governor-General - Samuel Weymouth Tapley Seaton
Prime Minister - Timothy Harris
23x15px Saint Lucia Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Dame Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister - Kenny Anthony
23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Frederick Ballantyne
Prime Minister - Ralph Gonsalves
23x15px Samoa O le Ao o le Malo - Tufuga Efi Prime Minister - Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
23x15px San Marino
23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe President - Manuel Pinto da Costa Prime Minister - Patrice Trovoada
23x15px Saudi Arabia
23x15px Senegal President - Macky Sall Prime Minister - Mohamed Dionne
23x15px Serbia President - Tomislav Nikolić President of the Government - Aleksandar Vučić
23x15px Seychelles
23x15px Sierra Leone
23x15px Singapore President - Tony Tan Prime Minister - Lee Hsien Loong
23x15px Slovakia President - Andrej Kiska Prime Minister - Robert Fico
23x15px Slovenia President - Borut Pahor President of the Government - Miro Cerar
23x15px Solomon Islands Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Frank Kabui
Prime Minister - Manasseh Sogavare
23x15px Somalia President - Hassan Sheikh Mohamud Prime Minister - Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke
23x15px South Africa
Template:Country data South Korea President - Park Geun-hye[n 1] Prime Minister - Vacant
Prime Minister-designate - Hwang Kyo-ahn
23x15px South Sudan
23x15px Spain King - Felipe VI President of the Government - Mariano Rajoy
23x15px Sri Lanka President - Maithripala Sirisena[n 1] Prime Minister - Ranil Wickremesinghe
23x15px Sudan
23x15px Suriname
23x15px Swaziland King - Mswati III Prime Minister - Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini
23x15px Sweden King - Carl XVI Gustaf Prime Minister - Stefan Löfven
23x16px  Switzerland
23x15px Syria President - Bashar al-Assad Prime Minister - Wael Nader Al-Halqi
23x15px Tajikistan President - Emomalii Rahmon Prime Minister - Kokhir Rasulzoda
23x15px Tanzania President - Jakaya Kikwete[n 1] Prime Minister - Mizengo Pinda
23x15px Thailand King - Bhumibol Adulyadej Prime Minister - Prayuth Chan-ocha
23x15px Togo President - Faure Gnassingbé[n 1] Prime Minister - Kwesi Ahoomey-Zunu
23x15px Tonga King - Tupou VI Prime Minister - ʻAkilisi Pohiva
23x15px Trinidad and Tobago President - Anthony Carmona Prime Minister - Kamla Persad-Bissessar
23x15px Tunisia President - Beji Caid Essebsi Head of Government - Habib Essid
23x15px Turkey President - Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Prime Minister - Ahmet Davutoğlu
23x15px Turkmenistan
23x15px Tuvalu Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Iakoba Italeli
Prime Minister - Enele Sopoaga
23x15px Uganda President - Yoweri Museveni[n 1] Prime Minister - Ruhakana Rugunda
23x15px Ukraine President - Petro Poroshenko Prime Minister - Arseniy Yatsenyuk
23x15px United Arab Emirates President - Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan Prime Minister - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
23x15px United Kingdom Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3] Prime Minister - David Cameron
23x15px United States
23x15px Uruguay
23x15px Uzbekistan President - Islam Karimov[n 1] Prime Minister - Shavkat Mirziyoyev
23x15px Vanuatu President - Baldwin Lonsdale Prime Minister - Joe Natuman
23x16px  Vatican City Sovereign - Pope Francis President of the Governorate - Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello
23x15px Venezuela
23x15px Vietnam President - Trương Tấn Sang Prime Minister - Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
23x15px Yemen President - Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi[n 1] Prime Minister - Khaled Bahah
23x15px Zambia
23x15px Zimbabwe

Other states

The following states control their territory and are recognized by at least one UN member state.

State Head of state Head of government
23x15px Abkhazia President - Raul Khadjimba Prime Minister - Artur Mikvabia
23x15px Cook Islands[n 9] Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Queen's Representative - Tom Marsters
Prime Minister - Henry Puna
23x15px Kosovo President - Atifete Jahjaga Prime Minister - Isa Mustafa
23x15px Niue[n 9] Queen - Elizabeth II[n 3]
Governor-General - Sir Jerry Mateparae[n 5]
Premier - Toke Talagi
23x15px Northern Cyprus President - Mustafa Akıncı Prime Minister - Özkan Yorgancıoğlu
23x15px Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic President - Mohamed Abdelaziz Prime Minister - Abdelkader Taleb Omar
23x15px South Ossetia President - Leonid Tibilov Prime Minister - Domenty Kulumbegov
23x15px Taiwan President - Ma Ying-jeou President of the Executive Yuan -
Mao Chi-kuo

The following states / governments control their territory but are not recognized by any UN member states.

State/Government Also claimed by Head of state Head of government
23x15px Nagorno-Karabakh Republic 23x15px Azerbaijan President - Bako Sahakyan Prime Minister - Arayik Harutyunyan
23x15px Somaliland 23x15px Somalia
President - Mohamed Mohamoud Silanyo
23x15px Transnistria 23x15px Moldova President - Yevgeny Shevchuk Prime Minister - Tatiana Turanskaya

Other governments

These alternative governments are recognized as a sovereign state by at least one UN member.

Government Also claimed by Head of state Head of government
23x15px General National Congress 23x15px Libya President of the GNC - Nouri Abusahmain Acting Prime Minister - Khalifa al-Ghawi
23x15px Syrian Interim Government 23x15px Syria President - Khaled Khoja Prime Minister - Ahmad Tu'mah
23x15px Revolutionary Committee 23x15px Yemen
President of the Revolutionary Committee - Mohammed Ali al-Houthi

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v In this state the President is both head of state and government. The office of Prime Minister, Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers or Chief Executive Officer exists in these states, but it does not hold any real power.
  2. ^ a b The President of France and the French Co-Prince of Andorra are positions held by the same person
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Queen Elizabeth II is separately and equally monarch of 16 sovereign states known collectively as the Commonwealth realms. In each of these countries, with the exception of the United Kingdom (where she predominantly resides), she is represented at the national level by a governor-general (unhyphenated in Canada as governor general). In some of these countries, opinion differs as to whether the Queen or governor-general should be designated as head of state; there is no questioning of the Queen's position as sovereign, above the governors-general, however.
  4. ^ The three-member presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of state collectively.
  5. ^ a b The Governor-General of New Zealand and the Governor-General of Niue are positions held by the same person
  6. ^ Supreme Leader is used as a description, for sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of single office. The actual offices held by Kim Jong-un are: First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, First Chairman of the National Defence Commission, Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.
  7. ^ The Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly accepts the credentials of foreign ambassadors, signs treaties, receives visiting heads of state and represents North Korea on all state visits—the ceremonial functions normally performed by a head of state in other countries. The Chairman of the Presidium has held these duties since 5 September 1998, when the Constitution of North Korea was revised.
  8. ^ The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of the Swiss Confederation. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
  9. ^ a b States in free association with New Zealand.

References

External links