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List of governments by development aid

This is a list of governments giving development aid based on official development assistance (ODA) provided to developing countries.

Most ODA comes from the 28 members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), or about $135 billion in 2013, with an additional $15.9 billion from the European Commission and a further $9.4 billion from seven non-DAC countries, which reported preliminary figures in 2013.[1]

Official development assistance by country in absolute terms in 2013

To qualify as official development assistance, a contribution must contain three elements:

  1. Be undertaken by the official sector (that is, a government or government agency);
  2. With promotion of economic development and welfare as the main objective;
  3. At concessional financial terms (that is, with favorable loan terms.)

Thus, by definition, ODA does not include private donations.

According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the DAC countries giving the highest amounts of ODA (in absolute terms) are as follows. European Union countries together gave $70.73 billion and EU Institutions gave a further $15.93 billion.[1][2][3]

  1. 23x15px United States – $31.55 billion
  2. 23x15px United Kingdom – $17.88 billion
  3. 23x15px Germany – $14.06 billion
  4. Template:Country data Japan – $11.79 billion
  5. 23x15px France – $11.38 billion
  6. 23x15px Sweden – $5.83 billion
  7. 23x15px Norway – $5.58 billion
  8. 23x15px Netherlands – $5.44 billion
  9. 23x15px Canada – $4.91 billion
  10. 23x15px Australia – $4.85 billion
  11. 23x15px Italy – $3.25 billion
  12. 23x16px  Switzerland – $3.20 billion
  13. 23x15px Denmark – $2.93 billion
  14. 23x15px Belgium – $2.28 billion
  15. 23x15px Spain – $2.20 billion
  16. Template:Country data South Korea – $1.74 billion
  17. 23x15px Finland – $1.44 billion
  18. 23x15px Austria – $1.17 billion
  19. 23x15px Ireland – $0.82 billion
  20. 23x15px Portugal – $0.48 billion
  21. 23x15px Poland – $0.47 billion
  22. 23x15px New Zealand – $0.46 billion
  23. 23x15px Luxembourg – $0.43 billion
  24. 23x15px Greece – $0.31 billion
  25. 23x15px Czech Republic – $0.21 billion
  26. 23x15px Slovak Republic – $0.09 billion
  27. 23x15px Slovenia – $0.06 billion
  28. Template:Country data Iceland – $0.04 billion

Non-DAC countries reported preliminary ODA figures as follows:

Official development assistance by country as a percentage of Gross National Income in 2013

The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development also lists countries by the amount of ODA they give as a percentage of their gross national income. Five countries met the longstanding UN target for an ODA/GNI ratio of 0.7% in 2013:[1][2]

  1. 23x15px Norway – 1.07%
  2. 23x15px Sweden – 1.02%
  3. 23x15px Luxembourg – 1.00%
  4. 23x15px Denmark – 0.85%
  5. 23x15px United Kingdom – 0.72%
  6. 23x15px Netherlands – 0.67%
  7. 23x15px Finland – 0.55%
  8. 23x16px  Switzerland – 0.47%
  9. 23x15px Belgium – 0.45%
  10. 23x15px Ireland – 0.45%
  11. 23x15px France – 0.41%
  12. 23x15px Germany – 0.38%
  13. 23x15px Australia – 0.34%
  14. 23x15px Austria – 0.28%
  15. 23x15px Canada – 0.27%
  16. 23x15px New Zealand – 0.26%
  17. Template:Country data Iceland – 0.26%
  18. Template:Country data Japan – 0.23%
  19. 23x15px Portugal – 0.23%
  20. 23x15px United States – 0.19%
  21. 23x15px Spain – 0.16%
  22. 23x15px Italy – 0.16%
  23. Template:Country data South Korea – 0.13%
  24. 23x15px Slovenia – 0.13%
  25. 23x15px Greece – 0.13%
  26. 23x15px Czech Republic – 0.11%
  27. 23x15px Poland – 0.10%
  28. 23x15px Slovak Republic – 0.09%

European Union countries that are members of the Development Assistance Committee gave 0.42% of GNI (excluding the $15.93 billion given by EU Institutions).[1]

Non-DAC countries reported preliminary ODA figures as a percentage of GNI as follows:

The UAE's ODA/GNI ratio rose to 1.25% in 2013, the largest reported share of any country, due to their contributions to address financial and infrastructure needs in Egypt,[1] Jordan, Palestine, Afghanistan and Syria. The UAE puts this figure at 1.33% of GNI and a total of $5.9 in aid contributions for 2013.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high". OECD. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "NET OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FROM DAC AND OTHER DONORS IN 2013" (PDF). OECD. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  3. ^ "Development and cooperation". European Union. Retrieved 29 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Khoori, Ayesha (2 February 2015). "UAE aid more than triples to Dh21.6bn". The National. Retrieved 3 February 2015.