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List of lakes by area

"Largest lakes" redirects here. For the largest lakes by volume, see List of lakes by volume. For lakes on bodies other than Earth, see List of largest lakes and seas in the Solar System.

This is a list of terrestrial lakes with a surface area of more than Script error: No such module "convert"., ranked by area.[1][2][3] This list does not include reservoirs and lagoons.

The area of some lakes can vary considerably over time, either seasonally or from year to year. This is especially true of salt lakes in arid climates.

List of lakes

Continent color key
Africa Asia Europe North America South America Antarctica
  Name Countries with shoreline Area Length Maximum depth Water volume Thumbnail (same scale for all lakes) File:Scale outline.png Notes
1 Caspian Sea* Template:Country data Kazakhstan
23x15px Russia
23x15px Turkmenistan
23x15px Azerbaijan
Template:Country data Iran
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Caspian outline.png The Caspian Sea is often regarded as the world's largest lake, but it contains an oceanic basin (contiguous with the world ocean until 11 million years ago) rather than being entirely over continental crust.[4][5][6][7][8]
2 Superior[n 1] 23x15px Canada
23x15px United States
Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] File:Superior outline.gif Largest of the Great Lakes by volume, having more water than the other four combined.[citation needed] Popularly considered the largest freshwater lake by surface area, though lakes Michigan and Huron are treated hydrologically as a single entity due to their connection at the deepwatered Straits of Mackinac.[n 1]
3 Victoria 23x15px Uganda
Template:Country data Kenya
23x15px Tanzania
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Victoria outline.gif The largest lake in Africa
4 Huron[n 1] 23x15px Canada
23x15px United States
Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] File:Huron outline.gif Contains Manitoulin Island, the world's largest lake island[15]
5 Michigan[n 1] 23x15px United States Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] File:Michigan outline.gif Largest lake entirely within one country.[citation needed]
6 Tanganyika 23x15px Burundi
23x15px Tanzania
23x15px Zambia
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Tanganyika outline.gif Longest freshwater lake in the world[16]
7 Baikal 23x15px Russia Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Baikal outline.gif Deepest lake in the world and largest volume fresh water lake in the world.[17]
8 Great Bear Lake 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Great bear outline.gif Largest lake entirely within Canada[18]
9 Malawi 23x15px Malawi
23x15px Mozambique
23x15px Tanzania
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Nyasa outline.gif
10 Great Slave Lake 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Great slave outline.gif Deepest lake in North America[19]
11 Erie 23x15px Canada
23x15px United States
Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] File:Erie outline.gif
12 Winnipeg 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Winnipeg outline.gif
13 Ontario 23x15px Canada
23x15px United States
Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] Script error: No such module "convert".[9] File:Ontario outline.gif
14 Ladoga 23x15px Russia Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Ladoga outline.gif Largest lake in Europe[20]
15 Balkhash* Template:Country data Kazakhstan Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Balkhash outline.gif
16 Vostok Antarctica Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Vostok outline.gif Largest lake in Antarctica
17 Onega 23x15px Russia Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Onega outline.gif
18 Titicaca 23x15px Peru
23x15px Bolivia
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Titicaca outline.gif Largest lake in South America.[citation needed]
19 Nicaragua 23x15px Nicaragua Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Nicaragua outline.gif
20 Athabasca 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Athabasca outline.gif
21 Taymyr 23x15px Russia Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Taymyr outline.png Largest lake north of the Arctic Circle[citation needed]
22 Turkana* 23x15px Ethiopia
Template:Country data Kenya
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Turkana outline.gif It is the world's largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake.[21]
23 Reindeer Lake 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Reindeer outline.gif
24 Issyk-Kul* Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Issyk-kul outline.gif
25 Urmia* Template:Country data Iran Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Urmia outline.gif
26 Vänern 23x15px Sweden Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Vänern outline.gif
27 Winnipegosis 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Winnipegosis outline.gif
28 Albert 23x15px Uganda
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Albert outline.png
29 Mweru 23x15px Zambia
23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Mweru outline.png
30 Nettilling 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Nettilling outline.gif It is on Baffin Island and is the largest lake on an island.[22]
31 Nipigon 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Nipigon outline.gif
32 Manitoba 23x15px Canada Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Manitoba outline.gif
33 Great Salt Lake* 23x15px United States Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Great salt outline.gif
34 Qinghai Lake* (or Kokonor) 23x15px China Script error: No such module "convert". (2007) File:Qinghai outline.png
35 Saimaa 23x15px Finland Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Saimaa outline.gif
36 Lake of the Woods 23x15px Canada
23x15px United States
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Lake of the Woods outline.gif
37 Khanka 23x15px China
23x15px Russia
Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". File:Khanka outline.png

* denotes saline lake.

Source for the 20 largest lakes (and their areas):[23]

See also

Notes and references

Note: Lake areas may slightly vary depending on the sources.

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d Although Lake Michigan and Lake Huron are usually considered distinct sometimes they are regarded as a single lake known as Lake Michigan–Huron. When treated as a single entity, it is the largest freshwater lake by surface area in the world, at Script error: No such module "convert"..[10][11][12][13][14]
References
  1. ^ Likens, Gene E., ed. (2009). "Historical Estimates of Limnicity". Encyclopedia of inland waters (1st ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier. ISBN 0120884623.  Table 1: The world's lakes >2000 km2 in area, arranged in decreasing order of lake area. See also Lakes (Formation, Diversity, Distribution)
  2. ^ Marsh, William M.; Martin M. Kaufman. Physical geography : great systems and global environments. Table 16.2: Great lakes of the world by lake type. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 399. ISBN 0521764289. 
  3. ^ van der Leeden, Frits; Troise, Fred L.; Todd, David Keith, eds. (1991). The water encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Chelsea, Mich.: Lewis. pp. 198–200. ISBN 9780873711203. 
  4. ^ "Plume over the Caspian Sea". NASA. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  5. ^ "Caspian Sea". Britannica. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  6. ^ "Endorheic Lakes". United Nations. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  7. ^ DuMont, H.J. "The Caspian Lake: History, biota, structure, and function" (PDF). American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Retrieved 2010-11-29. 
  8. ^ Planet Earth And the New Geoscience (2003:154). Victor Schmidt, William Harbert, University of Pittsburgh
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t http://www.epa.gov/glnpo/atlas/gl-fact1.html Great Lakes Factsheet No. 1 US Environmental Protection Agency website retrieved September 9, 2012
  10. ^ David Lees in Canadian Geographic writes, "Contrary to popular belief, the largest lake in the world is not Lake Superior but mighty Lake Michigan–Huron, which is a single hydrological unit linked at the Straits of Mackinac." Lees, David. "High and Dry" Canadian Geographic (May/June 2004) pp.94-108.
  11. ^ "Lakes Michigan and Huron are considered to be one lake hydraulically because of their connection through the deep Straits of Mackinac." Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. "Great Lakes Sensitivity to Climatic Forcing: Hydrological Models." NOAA, 2006.
  12. ^ "Lakes Michigan and Huron are considered to be one lake, as they rise and fall together due to their union at the Straits of Mackinac." U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, "Hydrological Components" Record Low Water Levels Expected on Lake Superior. August 2007. p.6
  13. ^ "Great Lakes Map". Michigan Department of Environmental Quality. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  14. ^ "Largest Lake in the World". geology.com. Retrieved 28 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "Manitoulin Island website". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Lake Tanganyika at Encyclopaedia Britannica". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Lake Baikal, World's Largest Freshwater Body". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Plate 18. Large Lakes" (PDF). Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "WorldAtlas.com: Great Slave Lake". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  20. ^ "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: Lake Ladoga". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  21. ^ "Omo Valley in Ethiopia, Lake Turkana". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  22. ^ "Lakes on Islands". Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "Largest Lakes (Area)". LakeNet. Retrieved 3 March 2013. 

External links

Further reading