List of members of the United Nations Security Council
Membership of the United Nations Security Council is held by the five permanent members and ten elected, non-permanent members. Prior to 1966, there were six elected members, while the permanent members have in essence not changed since the creation of the United Nations in 1945, apart from the representation of China. Elected members hold their place on the Council for a two-year term, and half of these places are contested each year. To ensure geographical continuity, a certain number of members is allocated for each of the five UN regional groupings.
- 1 Current membership
- 2 Regional Groups
- 3 Previous and future Security Council composition
- 4 Membership by Year
- 5 List by number of years as Security Council member
- 6 Future candidacies
- 7 Non-members
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- Permanent members
|Country||Regional Group||Member Since|
|23x15px People's Republic of China||Asia-Pacific Group||1971, replaced the Republic of China|
|23x15px France||Western European and Others Group||1946|
|23x15px Russian Federation||Eastern European Group||1991, replaced the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics|
|23x15px United Kingdom||Western European and Others Group||1946|
|23x15px United States||Western European and Others Group||1946|
- Non-permanent members
|Country||Regional Group||Term Began||Term Ends|
|23x15px Angola||African Group||2015||2016|
|23x15px Chad||African Group||2014||2015|
|23x15px Chile||Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)||2014||2015|
|Template:Country data Jordan||Asia-Pacific Group||2014||2015|
|23x15px Lithuania||Eastern European Group||2014||2015|
|23x15px Malaysia||Asia-Pacific Group||2015||2016|
|23x15px New Zealand||Western European and Others Group||2015||2016|
|23x15px Nigeria||African Group||2014||2015|
|23x15px Spain||Western European and Others Group||2015||2016|
|23x15px Venezuela||Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)||2015||2016|
- African Group: 3 members
- Asia-Pacific Group:[note 1] 2 members
- Eastern European Group (CEIT, or Countries with Economies in Transition): 1 member
- Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC): 2 members
- Western European and Others Group (WEOG): 2 members; at least one of these must be from Western Europe
In addition, one of the non-permanent members of the council is an Arab country, alternately from the African or Asia-Pacific groups. This rule was added to the system in 1967 for it to be applied beginning with 1968.
Each year the UN General Assembly elects five new members for a two-year term; these elections always begin in October of the year, and continue until the two-thirds majority for the number of countries for each region has been reached. Re-election is allowed, but the term must not be consecutive.
- Electoral timetable
|Term beginning in years that are:||odd||even|
|African Group||one member||two members *|
|Asia-Pacific Group||one member||one member *|
|Eastern European Group||none||one member|
|Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)||one member||one member|
|Western European and Others Group||two members||none|
* The representative of Arab nations alternates between these two elected spaces.
Previous and future Security Council composition
From 1946 to 1965, the security council included six non-permanent members. The regional grouping at that time was:
- Latin America: 2 members
- Commonwealth of Nations: 1 member
- Eastern Europe: 1 member
- Middle East: 1 member
- Western Europe: 1 member
There were some exceptions to this grouping: Liberia took the place of a Western European country in 1961; the Ivory Coast substituted a member of the Commonwealth in 1964–1965; and the Eastern Europe group included Asian countries from 1956.
As part of a proposed expansion of the Security Council, Brazil, Germany, India and Japan, collectively the Group of 4 or G4 nations, are seeking permanent representation on this body.
On 1 January 2014, the following changes in membership of the council occurred as a result of an election held in 2013:
|Regional group||Outgoing member||Incoming member|
|Asia-Pacific||23x15px Pakistan||Template:Country data Jordan|
|Latin American & Caribbean (GRULAC)||23x15px Guatemala||23x15px Chile|
|Eastern European||23x15px Azerbaijan||23x15px Lithuania|
Membership by Year
|Year||Chinese seat||French seat||Soviet/Russian seat||British seat||American seat|
|1945||23x15px Republic of China||23x15px French Republic (4th)||23x15px Soviet Union||23x15px United Kingdom||23x15px United States|
|1949||23x15px Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|1958||23x15px French Republic (5th)|
|1971||23x15px People's Republic of China|
|1992–present||23x15px Russian Federation|
List by number of years as Security Council member
This list contains the 130 United Nations member states so far elected to the United Nations Security Council, including the five permanent members, all listed by number of years each country has so far spent on the UNSC. Of all the members, 6 have so far ceased to exist, leaving the list with 124 modern nations. These, combined with the 69 modern nations that have never been elected to the UNSC to date (see Non-members, below), make up the entirety of the 193 current members of the UN.
Years on the Security Council, as of 2014, including current year where relevant :
Indicates permanent member
Indicates current elected member (2014)
Indicates former United Nations member
|Years [note 8]||Country||First Year||Most Recent Year||Regional Group||Notes|
|69||23x15px France||1946||2015||WEOG||Permanent member|
|69||23x15px United Kingdom||1946||2015||WEOG||Permanent member|
|69||23x15px United States||1946||2015||WEOG||Permanent member|
|45||23x15px Soviet Union||1946||1991||E. European||Former permanent member, replaced by Russian Federation|
|44||23x15px People's Republic of China||1971||2015||Asia-Pacific||Permanent member|
|25||23x15px Republic of China||1946||1971||Asian||Former permanent member, replaced by People's Republic of China|
|24||23x15px Russian Federation||1991||2015||E. European||Permanent member|
|20||Template:Country data Japan||1958||2010||Asia-Pacific|
|14||Template:Country data India||1950||2012||Asia-Pacific|
|10||23x15px Chile||1952||2015||GRULAC||Current membership of Security Council expires 31 December 2015|
|10||23x15px Germany||1977||2012||WEOG||Includes 4 years when the Federal Republic of Germany consisted only of West Germany|
|10||23x15px Nigeria||1966||2015||African||Current membership of Security Council expires 31 December 2015|
|9||23x15px Egypt||1946||1997||African (Arabic)||Includes 2 years with the seat held in the name of the United Arab Republic, of which for more than 15 months UAR served as the name of modern day Egypt|
|9||23x15px Poland||1946||1997||E. European|
|9||23x15px Spain||1969||2015||WEOG||Current membership of Security Council expires 31 December 2016|
|9||23x15px Venezuela||1962||2015||GRULAC||Current membership of Security Council expires 31 December 2016|
|7||23x15px Romania||1962||2005||E. European|
|7||23x15px Syria||1947||2003||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)||Includes one year (1961) during which the United Arab Republic was a member, for the greater part of which Syria was a member of that union|
|7||23x15px Yugoslavia||1950||1989||E. European||Predecessor of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia|
|6||23x15px Algeria||1968||1989||African (Arabic)|
|6||23x15px Bulgaria||1966||2003||E. European|
|6||23x15px Costa Rica||1974||2009||GRULAC|
|6||Template:Country data Indonesia||1973||2008||Asia-Pacific|
|6||Template:Country data Jordan||1965||2015||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)||Current membership of Security Council expires 31 December 2015|
|6||23x15px Malaysia||1965||2015||Asia-Pacific||Current membership of Security Council expires 31 December 2016|
|6||23x15px New Zealand||1954||2015||WEOG||Current membership of Security Council expires 31 December 2016|
|6||23x15px Morocco||1963||2013||African (Arabic)|
|6||23x15px Tunisia||1959||2003||African (Arabic)|
|6||23x15px Ukraine||1948||2001||E. European||Includes 4 years of membership under the name of 23x15px Ukrainian SSR. Additionally, Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union during its 45 years of Security Council membership|
|4||23x15px Burkina Faso||1984||2009||African||For first 7 months of membership of the Security council in 1984 was known as Upper Volta.|
|4||23x15px Côte d'Ivoire||1964||1991||African|
|4||23x15px Hungary||1968||1993||E. European|
|4||Template:Country data Iraq||1957||1975||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)|
|4||Template:Country data Jamaica||1979||2001||GRULAC|
|4||Template:Country data Kenya||1973||1998||African|
|4||23x15px Lebanon||1953||2011||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)|
|4||23x15px Libya||1976||2009||African (Arabic)|
|4||File:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal||1969||1989||Asia-Pacific|
|4||23x15px Republic of the Congo||1986||2007||African|
|4||23x15px South Africa||2007||2012||African|
|4||23x15px Zaire||1982||1991||African||Now known as Democratic Republic of the Congo|
|3||23x15px Angola||2003||2015||African||Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2016|
|3||23x15px Czechoslovakia||1964||1979||E. European||Predecessor of Czech Republic and Slovakia|
|2||23x15px Azerbaijan||2012||2013||E. European||Was part of the Soviet Union during its 45 years of Security Council membership|
|2||23x15px Bahrain||1998||1999||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)|
|2||23x15px Bosnia and Herzegovina||2010||2011||E. European||Was also part of the SFR Yugoslavia during its 7 years of Security Council membership|
|2||23x15px Byelorussian SSR||1974||1975||E. European||Now known as Belarus|
|2||23x15px Cape Verde||1992||1993||African|
|2||23x15px Ceylon||1960||1961||Asia-Pacific||Now known as Sri Lanka|
|2||23x15px Chad||2014||2015||African (Arabic)||Was a colony of France from 1900 to 11 August 1960; Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2015|
|2||23x15px Croatia||2008||2009||E. European||Was also part of the SFR Yugoslavia during its 7 years of Security Council membership|
|2||23x15px Czech Republic||1994||1995||E. European||Was also part of Czechoslovakia during its 3 years of Security Council membership|
|2||23x15px East Germany||1980||1981||E. European||Now subsumed into Germany, which has 5 years of Security Council membership since it has included the former territory of East Germany|
|2||Template:Country data Honduras||1995||1996||GRULAC|
|2||Template:Country data Iran||1955||1956||Asia-Pacific|
|2||Template:Country data Kuwait||1978||1979||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)|
|2||23x15px Lithuania||2014||2015||E. European||Was part of the Soviet Union from 3 August 1940 to 11 March 1990; Current membership of Security Council expires in December 2015|
|2||23x15px Oman||1994||1995||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)|
|2||23x15px Sierra Leone||1970||1971||African|
|2||23x15px Singapore||2001||2002||Asia-Pacific||Was also part of Malaysia for several months of 1965 during its membership of the Security Council|
|2||23x15px Slovakia||2006||2007||E. European||Was also part of Czechoslovakia during its 3 years of Security Council membership|
|2||23x15px Slovenia||1998||1999||E. European||Was also part of the SFR Yugoslavia during its 7 years of Security Council membership|
|2||23x15px Sudan||1972||1973||African (Arabic)|
|2||23x15px Trinidad and Tobago||1985||1986||GRULAC|
|2||23x15px Qatar||2006||2007||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)|
|2||23x15px United Arab Emirates||1986||1987||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)|
|2||23x15px United Arab Republic||1961||1962||African (Arabic)||Predecessor of Syria and Egypt|
|2||23x15px Yemen||1990||1991||Asia-Pacific (Arabic)||The entity elected, and which held the Security Council seat for the first five months of membership, was South Yemen: unification with North Yemen occurred during the time of membership.|
|1||23x15px Liberia||1961||1961||African||Served only one year[note 9]|
The following countries have made known their applications for future United Nations Security Council membership:
|2015||Egypt, Senegal||Bangladesh, Japan||Ukraine||Uruguay||–|
|2016||Kenya, Seychelles||Kazakhstan, Thailand||–||?||Sweden, Italy, the Netherlands|
|2018||?||Indonesia, Maldives||–||?||Belgium, Germany, Israel|
|2021||?||Bahrain, United Arab Emirates||Albania||?||–|
|2027||?||Republic of Korea||?||?||–|
Serbia as a member of the Eastern European Group has also expressed their wish to apply for United Nations Security Council membership in the future, but did not specify any term. Australia as a member of the Western European and Others Group announced its intentions to apply for membership on the United Nations Security Council, but have not specified a term as of yet.
As of July 2011, there are currently 193 members of the United Nations and five permanent members of the Security Council. The other ten seats are assigned amongst the remaining 188 members. As a result, many members have never been on the Security Council. The following list is a summary of all countries, currently 69 modern nations and three historical ones, that have never been a member of the United Nations Security Council. The three historical UN members listed are Tanganyika, Zanzibar, and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Indicates former United Nations member
|UN Member state||Regional Group||Security Council membership as part of another entity|
|23x15px Albania||E. European|
|23x15px Antigua and Barbuda||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1632 to 1 November 1980|
|23x15px Armenia||E. European||Was part of the Soviet Union from 29 November 1920 to 25 December 1991|
|23x15px Bahamas||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1717 to 10 July 1973|
|23x15px Barbados||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1625 to 30 November 1966|
|23x15px Belize||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1862 to 21 September 1981|
|23x15px Brunei||Asia-Pacific||Was a protectorate of the United Kingdom from 1888 to 1984, and was occupied by Japan from 1941 to 1945|
|23x15px Cambodia||Asia-Pacific||Was a colony of France from 1863 to 9 November 1953|
|23x15px Central African Republic||African||Was a colony of France from 1894 to 13 August 1960|
|23x15px Comoros||African||Was a colony of France from 1841 to 6 July 1975|
|23x15px Cyprus||Asia-Pacific||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 5 November 1914 to 16 August 1960|
|23x15px Dominica||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1783 to 3 November 1978|
|23x15px Dominican Republic||GRULAC|
|23x15px El Salvador||GRULAC|
|23x15px Equatorial Guinea||African||Equatorial Guinea was a colony of Spain until 1968, but Spain's first term on the UNSC was in 1969|
|23x15px Eritrea||African||Was under the administration of the United Kingdom from 1941 to 1947, then a United Nations Trust Territory from 1947 to 1952, then part of Ethiopia from 1952 to 24 May 1993|
|23x15px Estonia||E. European||Was part of the Soviet Union from 1944 to 20 August 1991|
|23x15px Fiji||Asia-Pacific||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1874 to 10 October 1970|
|23x15px Georgia||E. European||Was part of the Soviet Union from 25 February 1921 to 25 December 1991|
|23x15px Grenada||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1763 to 7 February 1974|
|Template:Country data Haiti||GRULAC|
|Template:Country data Iceland||WEOG|
|Template:Country data Israel||None / WEOG[note 10]||Part of a League of Nations mandate under United Kingdom administration from 25 April 1920 to 14 May 1948|
|Template:Country data Kazakhstan||Asia-Pacific||Was part of the Soviet Union from 26 April 1920 to 25 December 1991|
|Template:Country data Kiribati||Asian / None[note 11]||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1892 to 12 July 1979|
|Template:Country data Kyrgyzstan||Asia-Pacific||Was part of the Soviet Union from 1 February 1926 to 25 December 1991|
|23x15px Laos||Asia-Pacific||Was a colony of France from 1893 to 19 July 1949|
|23x15px Latvia||E. European||Was part of the Soviet Union from 5 August 1940 to 21 August 1991|
|23x15px Lesotho||African||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1884 to 4 October 1966|
|23x15px Macedonia||E. European||Was part of Yugoslavia from 29 November 1943 to 3 April 1993|
|23x15px Malawi||African||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1891 to 6 July 1964|
|23x15px Maldives||Asia-Pacific||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1887 to 26 July 1965|
|23x15px Marshall Islands||Asia-Pacific||Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under Japanese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the United States from 17 July 1947 to 21 October 1986|
|23x15px Federated States of Micronesia||Asia-Pacific||Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under Japanese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the United States from 17 July 1947 to 3 November 1986|
|23x15px Moldova||E. European||Was part of the Soviet Union from 28 June 1940 to 25 December 1991|
|23x15px Montenegro||E. European||Was part of Yugoslavia from 29 November 1943 to 28 April 1992 [note 12]|
|23x15px Mozambique||African||Mozambique was a colony of Portugal from 1498 to 25 June 1975, but Portugal's first term on the UNSC was in 1979|
|23x15px Myanmar||Asia-Pacific||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1824 to 4 January 1948|
|23x15px Nauru||Asia-Pacific||Was a United Nations Trust Territory administered by the United Kingdom, Australia, and New Zealand from 1 January 1946 to 31 January 1968|
|23x15px Palau||Asia-Pacific||Was part of the League of Nations South Pacific Mandate under Japanese administration from 28 June 1919 to 17 July 1947, then part of the United Nations Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands under the administration of the United States from 17 July 1947 to 1 October 1994|
|23x15px Papua New Guinea||Asia-Pacific||Was administered by Australia in the case of the Territory of Papua from 1905, the Territory of New Guinea as a League of Nations mandate from 1919 and as a unified Territory of Papua and New Guinea from 1949 until 16 September 1975|
|23x15px Saint Kitts and Nevis||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1713 to 19 September 1983|
|23x15px Saint Lucia||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1803 to 22 February 1979|
|23x15px Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||GRULAC||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1783 to 27 October 1979|
|23x15px Samoa||Asia-Pacific||Was a League of Nations mandate under the administration of New Zealand from 17 December 1920 to 25 January 1947, then a United Nations Trust Territory under the administration of New Zealand from 25 January 1947 to 1 January 1962|
|23x15px San Marino||WEOG|
|23x15px São Tomé and Príncipe||African||São Tomé and Príncipe was a colony of Portugal from 1471 to 12 July 1975, but Portugal's first term on the UNSC was in 1979|
|23x15px Saudi Arabia||Asia-Pacific||Saudi Arabia was elected in the 2013 election, but declined the seat.|
|23x15px Serbia||E. European||Was part of Yugoslavia from 31 January 1946 to 27 April 1992 [note 13]|
|23x15px Seychelles||African||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 29 June 1976|
|23x15px Solomon Islands||Asia-Pacific||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1893 to 7 July 1978|
|23x15px South Sudan||African||Was part of Sudan from the country's independence from the United Kingdom and Egypt on 1 January 1956 to 9 July 2011|
|23x15px Suriname||GRULAC||Was a colony of the Netherlands from 1667 to 25 November 1975|
|23x15px Swaziland||African||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1902 to 6 September 1968|
|23x15px Tajikistan||Asia-Pacific||Was part of the Soviet Union from 14 October 1924 to 25 December 1991|
|23x15px Tanganyika||Commonwealth Seat||Was a League of Nations mandate under the administration of the United Kingdom from 20 July 1922 to 11 December 1946, then a United Nations Trust Territory under the administration of the United Kingdom until 9 December 1962, then independent until federation with Zanzibar to form Tanzania|
|23x15px Timor-Leste||Asia-Pacific||During the existence of the United Nations, Timor Leste has been a colony of Portugal (until 28 November 1975) and occupied by Indonesia (until 1999); Indonesia was a Security Council member in 1995-6.|
|23x15px Tonga||Asia-Pacific||Was a protectorate of the United Kingdom from 18 May 1900 to 4 June 1970|
|23x15px Turkmenistan||Asia-Pacific||Was part of the Soviet Union from 13 May 1925 to 8 December 1991|
|23x15px Tuvalu||Asia-Pacific||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 1892 to 1 October 1978|
|23x15px Uzbekistan||Asia-Pacific||Was part of the Soviet Union from 13 May 1925 to 25 December 1991|
|23x15px Vanuatu||Asia-Pacific||Was a Condominium under joint sovereignty of the United Kingdom and France from 1906 to 30 July 1980|
|23x15px Zanzibar||Commonwealth Seat||Was a colony of the United Kingdom from 27 August 1896 to 10 December 1963, then independent until federation with Tanganyika to form Tanzania on 26 April 1964.|
|23x15px FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro||E. European||Was part of Yugoslavia from 29 November 1943 to 27 April 1992|
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- United Nations Regional Groups
- Member states of the United Nations
- List of members of the United Nations Economic and Social Council
- List of members of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
- "Asian group of nations at UN changes its name to Asia-Pacific group", Radio New Zealand International, 2011-08-31.
- The Eastern Europe group included Asian countries from 1956 onwards
- Liberia took the place of the Western European country in 1961
- Morocco took the place of the Middle Eastern country in 1963–1964
- Côte d'Ivoire took the place of a member of the Commonwealth in 1964–1965
- At the time of election, and until August 1984, the country was known as Republic of Upper Volta.
- The election was secured by South Yemen, and in May 1990, during its membership of the Security Council, it unified with North Yemen to form the single country of Yemen.
- Table shows years completed or in progress. Each term on the Council consist of 2 years. Any odd number of years are countries currently serving the first year of a term, countries with terms between 1956 and 1967, when the order of the council changed, or the three countries (Mexico, Egypt and the Netherlands) who had the first terms in 1946 and changed in 1947
- Liberia retired after one year following an agreement reached on the 15th Session. Ireland was elected for the remainder of the two-year term.
- Not a member of any regional group until joining the WEOG in 2000. Crossette, Barbara (3 December 1999). "Membership in Key Group Within U.N. Eludes Israel". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 April 2011.
- As of May 2006, Kiribati is not a member of any regional group
- Montenegro was also part of FR Yugoslavia and of Serbia and Montenegro from 27 April 1992 to 5 June 2006, but these entities were not members of the Security Council
- Serbia was also part of FR Yugoslavia and of Serbia and Montenegro from 27 April 1992 to 5 June 2006, but these entities were not members of the Security Council
- The United Nations Security Council, The Green Papers Worldwide
- Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics. Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia No. 47 – 1961. Aust. Bureau of Statistics. p. 1143. GGKEY:5SX8QTW3P5T. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
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