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List of named passenger trains of Japan

This article contains lists of named passenger trains in Japan.

Shinkansen (bullet trains)

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated Maximum Operating Speed (kmph)
Aoba JR East Tokyo - Sendai 1982–1995 240
Asahi JR East Tokyo - Niigata 1982–2004 275
Asama JR East Tokyo - Nagano 1998– 260
Hakutaka JR East / JR West Tokyo - Kanazawa 2015– 260
Hayabusa JR East Tokyo - Shin-Aomori 2011– 320
Hayate JR East Tokyo - Shin-Aomori 2002– 275
Hikari JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Hiroshima and Nagoya - Hakata 1964– 270 (Tokaido Shinkansen) / 300 (Sanyo Shinkansen)
Hikari Rail Star JR West Shin-Ōsaka - Hakata 2000– 285
Kagayaki JR East / JR West Tokyo - Kanazawa 2015– 260
Kodama JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Shin-Ōsaka and Shin-Ōsaka - Hakata 1964– 285
Komachi JR East Tokyo - Akita 1997– 320
Mizuho JR Kyushu / JR West Shin-Ōsaka - Kagoshima-Chūō 2011– 300
Nasuno JR East Tokyo - Kōriyama 1995– 240
Nozomi JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Shin-Ōsaka, Hakata 1992– 300
Sakura JR Kyushu / JR West Shin-Ōsaka - Kagoshima-Chūō 2011– 300
Tanigawa JR East Tokyo - Echigo-Yuzawa 1997– 240
Toki JR East Tokyo - Niigata 1982–1997, 2004– 240
Tsubame JR Kyushu Hakata - Kagoshima-Chūō 2004– 260
Tsubasa JR East Tokyo - Shinjō 1992– 275
Tsurugi JR West Toyama - Kanazawa 2015– 260
Yamabiko JR East Tokyo - Morioka 1982– 240

Daytime trains

Limited express (partial list)

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Aizu JR East Kōriyama - Aizu-Wakamatsu 1968–2002
Akagi / Swallow Akagi JR East Ueno, Shinjuku - Takasaki, Maebashi 1982–
Ayame JR East Tokyo - Narita, Kashima Jingu, Chōshi 1975–
Azusa / Super Azusa JR East Shinjuku, Tokyo, Chiba - Matsumoto, Minami-Otari 1966–
Hitachi JR East Shinagawa - Katsuta, Iwaki 1969–
Inaho JR East Niigata - Sakata, Akita, Aomori 1969–
Hakuchō / Super Hakuchō JR East / JR Hokkaido Hachinohe, Aomori - Hakodate 2002–
Kaiji JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku - Kōfu, Ryūō 1988–
Kamoshika JR East Akita - Aomori 1997–2010
Kinugawa / Spacia Kinugawa JR East / Tōbu Shinjuku - Kinugawa Onsen 2006–
Kusatsu JR East Ueno - Manza-Kagawaguchi 1985–
Narita Express JR East Tokyo area - Narita Airport 1991–
Nikkō JR East / Tōbu Shinjuku - Tōbu-Nikko 2006–
Odoriko / Super View Odoriko JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku, Ikebukuro - Itō, Izukyū Shimoda 1981–
Sazanami JR East Tokyo - Kimitsu, Tateyama 1972–
Shiosai JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku - Sakura, Chōshi 1975–
Shirayuki JR East Niigata - Jōetsumyōkō 2015–
Ohayo Tochigi, Hometown Tochigi JR East Shinjuku - Utsunomiya, Kuroiso 1995–2010
Tokiwa JR East Shinagawa - Katsuta, Iwaki 2015–
Tsugaru JR East Hachinohe - Hirosaki 2002–
Wakashio JR East Shinjuku - Katsuura, Awa-Kamogawa 1972–
Asagiri Odakyu Shinjuku - Gotemba 1991–
Fujikawa JR Central Kōfu - Shizuoka 1996–
Hida JR Central Nagoya - Takayama, Toyama 1968–
Inaji JR Central Toyohashi - Iida 1996–
Nanki JR Central Nagoya - Kii-katsuura 1978–
Shinano JR Central Osaka, Nagoya - Nagano 1968–
Tōkai JR Central Tokyo - Shizuoka 1996–2007
Super Inaba JR West Okayama - Tottori 1993–
Haruka JR West Kyoto/Shin-Ōsaka - Kansai Airport 1993–
Kinosaki JR West Kyoto - Kinosaki Onsen  
Kita-Kinki JR West Shin-Osaka, Fukuchiyama - Toyooka, Kinosaki Onsen 1986–
Kuroshio, Super Kuroshio, Ocean Arrow JR West Kyoto, Shin-Osaka, Tennoji - Wakayama, Shirahama, Shingu  
Ohayo Express, Oyasumi Express JR West Fukui - Kanazawa - Toyama, Nanao  
Super Oki JR West Tottori - Yonago, Shin-Yamaguchi  
Super Matsukaze JR West Tottori - Masuda  
Shirasagi JR West Nagoya, Maibara - Kanazawa, Toyama, Tomari, Wakura-Onsen  
Thunderbird JR West Osaka - Kanazawa, Wakura-Onsen  
Lilac JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Asahikawa 1980–2007
Okhotsk JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Abashiri 1972–
Hokuto / Super Hokuto JR Hokkaido Hakodate - Sapporo 1965–
Super Kamui JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Asahikawa 2007–
Super Ozora JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Kushiro 1961–
Super Soya, Sarobetsu JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Wakkanai 2000–
Tokachi / Super Tokachi JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Obihiro 1990–
Super White Arrow JR Hokkaido New Chitose Airport/Sapporo - Asahikawa 1986–2007
Suzuran JR Hokkaido Muroran - Sapporo 1992–
Ashizuri JR Shikoku Kōchi - Nakamura  
Ishizuchi JR Shikoku Takamatsu - Matsuyama, Uwajima  
Nanpū JR Shikoku Okayama - Kōchi, Nakamura, Sukumo  
Shimanto JR Shikoku Takamatsu - Kōchi, Sukumo  
Shiokaze JR Shikoku Okayama - Iyo-Saijo, Matsuyama, Uwajima  
Uzushio JR Shikoku Okayama, Takamatsu - Tokushima  
Uwakai JR Shikoku Matsuyama - Uwajima  
Ariake JR Kyushu Mojiko, Kokura, Hakata - Kumamoto, Higo-Otsu, Hikari-no-mori 1967–
Huis Ten Bosch JR Kyushu Hakata - Huis Ten Bosch 1992–
Kaio JR Kyushu Hakata - Nogata 2001–
Kamome JR Kyushu Hakata - Nagasaki 1961–
Kirameki JR Kyushu Hakata - Kokura, Mojiko 2001–
Kirishima JR Kyushu Miyazaki, Kokubu - Kagoshima-Chuo 1995–
Kumagawa JR Kyushu Kumamoto - Hitoyoshi  
Midori JR Kyushu Hakata - Sasebo  
Relay Tsubame JR Kyushu Hakata - Shin-Yatsushiro 2004–
Sonic JR Kyushu Hakata - Ōita (via Nippō Main Line) 1997–
Trans-Kyushu Limited Express JR Kyushu Beppu - Hitoyoshi 2004–
Yufu, Yufuin-no-mori JR Kyushu Hakata - Ōita (via Kyūdai Main Line)  
Hakone Odakyu Shinjuku - Hakone-Yumoto  
Sagami Odakyu Shinjuku - Odawara  
μ Sky Meitetsu Shin-Unuma or Meitetsu Gifu - Central Japan International Airport  

Express

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Moriyoshi Akita Nairiku Kakunodate - Takanosu 1989-

Rapid

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Aterui JR East Mizusawa - Niigata  
Acty JR East Tokyo - Atami  
Aqua Liner JR West Yonago - Masuda  
Central Liner JR Central Nagoya - Nakatsugawa  
Hamayuri JR East Morioka - Kamaishi / Miyako (via Kamaishi Line)  
Karikachi JR Hokkaido Takikawa or Asahikawa - Obihiro  
Kitami JR Hokkaido Asahikawa - Kitami  
Kubikino JR East Arai - Niigata  
Marine Liner JR West / JR Shikoku Okayama - Takamatsu  
Mie JR Central Nagoya - Toba  
Nayoro JR Hokkaido Asahikawa - Nayoro  
Rabbit JR East Ueno - Utsunomiya / Kuroiso  
Rias JR East Morioka - Miyako (via Yamada Line)  
Shōnan Liner JR East Tokyo - Odawara (Some of trains pass Tōkaidō Freight Line)  
Tanbaji-Kaisoku JR West Osaka - Sasayamaguchi  
Tottori Liner JR West Tottori - Yonago  
Urban JR East Ueno - Takasaki / Maebashi  

Night trains

Limited express

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Akatsuki JR West Kyoto - Nagasaki –March 2008
Akebono JR East Ueno (Tokyo) - Aomori –January 2015
Asakaze   Tokyo - Shimonoseki –March 2005
Cassiopeia JR East Ueno - Sapporo  
Dream Nichirin JR Kyushu Hakata - Minami Miyazaki, Miyazaki Airport 1993–
Fuji JR Kyushu Tokyo - Ōita –March 2009
Hayabusa JR Kyushu Tokyo - Kumamoto –March 2009
Hokuriku JR East Ueno - Kanazawa –March 2010
Hokutosei JR East / JR Hokkaido Ueno - Sapporo  
Izumo JR East Tokyo - Izumoshi (via Tottori) –March 2006
Marimo JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Kushiro  
Naha JR Kyushu Kyoto - Kumamoto –March 2008
Nihonkai JR West / JR East Osaka - Aomori Aomori - Hakodate section discontinued in March 2006
Sunrise Izumo JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Izumoshi (via Okayama)  
Sunrise Seto JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Takamatsu  
Okhotsk JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Abashiri –March 2006; Daytime service continues
Rishiri JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Wakkanai  
Sakura   Tokyo - Nagasaki –March 2005
Suisei JR West Kyoto - Minami-Miyazaki –2005
Twilight Express JR West Osaka - Sapporo –March 2015

Express

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Daisen JR West Osaka - Yonago (via San'in Main Line) - October, 2004
Ginga JR West Tokyo - Osaka –March, 2008
Hamanasu JR Hokkaido Aomori - Sapporo 1955–
Kitaguni JR West Osaka - Niigata –Jan 2013
Noto JR East Ueno - Kanazawa –Feb 2012

Rapid

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Moonlight Echigo JR East Shinjuku - Niigata –May 2014
Moonlight Nagara JR East / JR Central Tokyo - Ōgaki  

See also

References

  • JR Timetable, December 2008
  • JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル (JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File). Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6. 
  • 列車名鑑1995 (Train Name Directory 1995). Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995. 
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