Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for List of offshore wind farms

List of offshore wind farms

This article is about offshore wind farms. For onshore wind farms, see List of onshore wind farms. For more complete lists, see Lists of offshore wind farms by country.

This page lists the top 25 offshore wind farms that are currently operational rated by nameplate capacity. It also lists the 10 largest offshore wind farms currently under construction, the 10 largest proposed offshore wind farms, and offshore wind farms with notability other than size.

As of August 2013 the London Array in the United Kingdom is the largest offshore wind farm in the world at 630 MW. This is followed by the Greater Gabbard Wind Farm (504 MW), also in the UK. The Gwynt y Môr wind farm (576 MW) is the largest project currently under construction.

The biggest producer of wind energy is the Greater Gabbard wind farm. In 2012 it produced 1,195 GigaWatt-hours (GWh). The second largest producer is Horns Rev 2 with 956 GWh produced in 2012. In terms of total production since introduction Horns Rev 1 remains the largest with 5,877 GWh produced since the park opened. Nysted 1, also in Denmark, is the second largest wind farm in the world in terms of total energy produced. Nysted 1 has produced 5,097 GWh since its start. Third is Horns Rev 2 with 2,959 GWh produced.[1]

Top 25 operational offshore wind farms

This is a list of the top 25 offshore wind farms that are currently operational, rated by nameplate capacity. In the case of a tied bottom place in the table, the wind farm with the earliest commissioning date is used.

Wind farm Total
(MW)
Location Site coordinates Turbines & model Commissioning
Date
Refs
London Array 630 United Kingdom 38|38|N|01|33|13|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=London Array

}} || 175 × Siemens 3.6-120 || 2012 ||[2][3][4]

Greater Gabbard 504[5] United Kingdom 52|48|N|1|56|24|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Greater Gabbard wind farm

}} || 140 × Siemens 3.6-107 || 2012 ||[6][7][8]

Anholt 400 Denmark 36|00|N|11|12|36|E |type:landmark_region:DK name=Anholt Offshore Wind Farm

}} || 111 × Siemens 3.6-120 || 2013 ||[9][10][11][12]

BARD Offshore 1 400 Germany 22|N|5|59|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=BARD Offshore 1

}} || 80 × BARD 5.0 || 2013 ||[13][14][15]

West of Duddon Sands 389 United Kingdom 59|02|N|3|27|50|W |type:landmark_region:GB name=West of Duddon Sands

}} || 108 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 || 2014 ||[16][17]

Walney
(phases 1&2)
367.2 United Kingdom 02|38|N|3|31|19|W |type:landmark_region:GB name=Walney Wind Farm

}} || 102 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 || 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2) ||[18][19]

Thorntonbank
(phases 1-3)
325 Belgium 33|00|N|2|56|00|E |type:landmark_region:BE name=Thorntonbank phases 1&2&3

}} || 6 × Senvion 5MW,
48 × Senvion 6.15MW || 2009 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)
2013 (phase 3)||[20][21][22][23]

Sheringham Shoal 315 United Kingdom 7|N|1|8|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm

}} || 88 × Siemens 3.6-107 || 2012 ||[24][25] [26] [27]

Thanet 300 United Kingdom 26|N|01|38|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Thanet Offshore Wind Project

}} || 100 × Vestas V90-3MW || 2010 ||[28][29]

DanTysk 288 Germany 9|00|N|7|10|30|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=DanTysk

}} || 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 || 2014 ||[30]

Meerwind Süd / Ost 288 Germany 23|00|N|7|42|00|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=Meerwind Süd / Ost

}} || 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 || 2014 ||[31]

Lincs 270 United Kingdom 11|00|N|00|29|00|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Lincs Wind Farm

}} || 75 × 3.6MW || 2013 ||[32]

Northwind 216 Belgium 37|08|N|02|54|03|E |type:landmark_region:BE name=Northwind

}} || 72 × Vestas V112-3.0MW || 2014 || [33]

Horns Rev 2 209.3 Denmark 36|00|N|7|35|24|E |type:landmark_region:DK name=Horns Rev 2

}} || 91 × Siemens 2.3-93 || 2009 ||[34]

Rødsand II 207 Denmark 33|0|N|11|42|36|E |type:landmark_region:DK name=Nysted Wind Farm

}} || 90 × Siemens 2.3-93 || 2010 ||[35][36]

Chenjiagang
(Jiangsu) Xiangshui
201 China 29|00|N|119|52|00|E |type:landmark_region:CN name=Jiangsu Xiangshui Wind Farm

}} || 134 × 1.5MW || 2010 ||[37][38]

Lynn
and Inner Dowsing
194 United Kingdom 07|39|N|00|26|10|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Lynn and Inner Dowsing

}} || 54 × Siemens 3.6-107 || 2008 ||[39][40][41][42]

Robin Rigg
(Solway Firth)
180 United Kingdom 45|N|3|43|W |type:landmark_region:GB name=Robin Rigg Wind Farm

}} || 60 × Vestas V90-3MW || 2010 ||[43]

Gunfleet Sands 172 United Kingdom 43|16|N|1|17|31|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Gunfleet Sands Offshore Wind Farm

}} || 48 × Siemens 3.6-107 || 2010 ||[44][45]

Nysted (Rødsand I) 166 Denmark 33|0|N|11|42|36|E |type:landmark_region:DK name=Nysted Wind Farm

}} || 72 × Siemens 2.3 || 2003 ||[39][46][47]

Bligh Bank (Belwind) 165 Belgium 39|36|N|2|48|0|E |type:landmark_region:BE name=Bligh Bank Offshore Wind Farm

}} || 55 × Vestas V90-3MW || 2010 ||[48]

Horns Rev 1 160 Denmark 31|47|N|7|54|22|E |type:landmark_region:DK name=Horns Rev

}} || 80 × Vestas V80-2MW || 2002 ||[39][46][49]

Ormonde 150 United Kingdom 6|N|3|24|W |type:landmark_region:GB name=Ormonde Wind Farm

}} || 30 × Senvion 5M || 2012 ||[7][50][51]

Longyuan Rudong
Intertidal
Demonstration
150 China 30|N|121|15|E |type:landmark_region:CN name=Longyuan Rudong

}} || 21 × Siemens 2.3-93;
20 × Goldwind 2.5MW
17 × Sinovel 3W
2 × CSIC HZ 5.0-154 Prototype || 2011 (phase 1)
2012 (phase 2)||[52][53][54][55]

Princess Amalia 120 Netherlands 35|24|N|4|13|12|E |type:landmark_region:NL name=Princess Amalia Wind Farm

}} || 60 × Vestas V80-2MW || 2008 ||[39][56]

Top 10 under construction

This is a list of the 10 largest offshore wind farms currently under construction.

Wind farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Turbines
& model
Completion Refs
Gwynt y Môr 576 United Kingdom 28|00|N|3|36|00|W |type:landmark_region:GB name=Gwynt y Môr wind farm

}} || 160 × Siemens SWT-3.6-107 || 2015 ||[57][58]

Global Tech I 400 Germany 30|00|N|6|21|30|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=Global Tech I

}} || 80 × Areva Multibrid M5000 5MW|| 2015 ||[59][60]

Gode Wind 1 330 Germany 04 7|02 type:landmark_region:DE name=Gode Wind I

}} || 55 x Siemens SWT-6.0-154 || 2016 ||[61]

Borkum Riffgrund 1 312 Germany 54|0|N|07|45|00|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=Borkum Riffgrund 1 Wind Farm

}} || 78 × Siemens SWT-4.0-120 || 2015 ||[62][63]

Nordsee Ost 295 Germany 26|00|N|7|41|00|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=Nordsee Ost

}} || 48 × Senvion 6M || 2015 ||[64][65]

EnBW Baltic 2 288 Germany 58|24|N|13|10|40|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=EnBW Baltic 2

}} || 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 || 2015 ||[66][67]

Amrumbank West 288 Germany 30|0|N|07|48|00|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=Amrumbank West Wind Farm

}} || 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 || 2015 ||[68][69]

Butendiek 288 Germany 58|0|N|06|33|00|E |type:landmark_region:DE name=Butendiek Wind Farm

}} || 80 × Siemens SWT-3.6-120 || 2015 ||[70][71]

Humber Gateway 219 United Kingdom 38|N|0|17|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Humber Gateway Wind Farm

}}

73 × Vestas V112-3 MW 2015 [72][73]
Westermost Rough 210 United Kingdom 48|N|0|9|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Westermost Rough Wind Farm

}}

35 × Siemens SWT-6.0-154 2015 [74]

Top 3 biggest producers of energy

This is a list of the 3 largest offshore wind farms by actual energy production since commissioning.

Wind farm Production 2012
(GWh)
Total production
(GWh)
Country Turbines
& model
Official start Refs
Horns Rev 1 676 5877 Denmark 80 × Vestas V80 2.0 MW 2002 [1]
Nysted 1 575 5097 Denmark 72 × Bonus 2.3 MW 2003 [1]
Horns Rev 2 956 2959 Denmark 91 x Siemens 2.3 MW 2009 [1]

Top proposed wind farm areas

The following table lists largest offshore wind farm areas (by nameplate capacity) that are only at a proposal stage, and have achieved at least some of the formal consents required before construction can begin.

Wind Farm Total
(MW)
Country Coordinates Consents Refs
Blekinge Offshore 2,500 Sweden 56|15|N|14|59|37.3|E |type:landmark_region:SE name=Blekinge Offshore

}} || Awaiting decision of environmental court ||[75]

Korea Offshore 2,500 South Korea Korean Government Approved [76]
Moray Firth 1,300 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [77]
Creyke Beck A 1,200 United Kingdom 43|28.63|N|2|46|06.80|E |type:landmark_region:GB name=Dogger Bank

}} || Crown Estate Round 3 || [78][79]

Creyke Beck B 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [78][79]
East Anglia (formerly Norfolk Bank) 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [77][80]
Irish Sea 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [77]
Teesside A 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [78][79]
Teesside B 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 3 [78][79]
Triton Knoll 1,200 United Kingdom Crown Estate Round 2 [81]

Other notable offshore wind farms

Wind Farm Country Coordinates Year Notability Refs
Vindeby Denmark 1991 First offshore wind farm; 11 × Bonus 450 kW [39][46][82][83][84][85]
Beatrice United Kingdom 7|48|N|3|4|12|W |type:landmark_region:GB name=Beatrice Wind Farm

}} || 2007 || 2 × Senvion 5MW prototype turbines, deepest fixed-foundation at 45-metre water depth ||[86][87][88]

Hywind Norway 2009 First full-scale, deep-water floating turbine: Siemens 2.3 MW turbine in 220 meter-deep water [89][90]

See also

Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Portal/images/r' not found.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Annual production by commissioned sites". Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  2. ^ London Array's own website announcement of commencement of offshore works
  3. ^ Wittrup, Sanne. First foundation Ing.dk, 8 March 2011. Accessed: 8 March 2011.
  4. ^ London Array Project home page
  5. ^ 504 MW extension is planned
  6. ^ "UK: Greater Gabbard Offshore Wind Farm Generates Power". Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  7. ^ a b "Offshore Wind Farms 2008" (PDF). EWEA. 2009-02-02. Retrieved 2009-02-04. 
  8. ^ SSE Greater Gabbard project page
  9. ^ "VIPs cut ribbon at 400MW Anholt" Recharge News, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
  10. ^ Jan Bjerre Lauridsen & Søren Andersen. "Queen says Good Wind to giant turbines" Berlingske, 4 September 2013. Accessed: 4 September 2013.
  11. ^ "All turbines at Anholt Offshore wind farm now operational" (Press release). DONG Energy. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  12. ^ Anholf Offshore wind farm in 4C Offshore Retrieved 2013-08-27
  13. ^ BARD 1 (4c)
  14. ^ Rösler eröffnet Offshore-Windpark Bard 1 Retrieved 2013-08-26
  15. ^ German Federal Minister Inaugurates BARD Offshore 1 Retrieved 2013-08-26
  16. ^ "West of Duddon Sands reaches foundation installation halfway point". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  17. ^ "West of Duddon Sands". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  18. ^ Datasheet for site: Walney 1 Offshore wind farm. LORC Knowledge, 2011
  19. ^ "UK: Walney Offshore Wind Farm Fully Operational". 2012-06-14. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
  20. ^ C-Power: General Informations
  21. ^ RWE Innogy: First foundation of offshore wind farm Thornton Bank 2 installed off Belgium
  22. ^ Phase 2 completed
  23. ^ Belgium: Thornton Bank Offshore Wind Farm Officially Inaugurated
  24. ^ "SWT-3.6-107 Wind Turbine". Siemens. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  25. ^ "Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm" (PDF). StatoilHydro. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  26. ^ Sheringham Shoal home page
  27. ^ Norway’s Crown Prince Opens Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm (UK)
  28. ^ "Thanet". The Engineer Online. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-11-26. 
  29. ^ "Thanet offshore wind farm starts electricity production". BBC News. 2010-09-23. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  30. ^ "DanTysk". Retrieved 2015-01-10. 
  31. ^ "Germany's 288MW Meerwind inaugurated in North Sea". Retrieved 2014-11-14. 
  32. ^ "Lincs Wind Farm Now Fully Operational". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  33. ^ "4C Offshore - Northwind Offshore wind farm". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  34. ^ Horns Rev 2 turbines
  35. ^ E.ON finishes Rødsand II Business Week, 14 July 2010. Retrieved: 11 September 2010.
  36. ^ Datasheet for site: Roedsand 2 offshore wind farm. LORC Knowledge, 2011
  37. ^ Jiangsu Xiangshui 201MW wind farm all turbines connected to the grid (Modern Han Chinese language publication)
  38. ^ 4C Offshore Chenjiagang Xiangshui Project[dead link]
  39. ^ a b c d e Operational offshore wind farms in Europe, end 2009 EWEA. Retrieved: 23 October 2010.
  40. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  41. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  42. ^ Wind farm's first turbines active
  43. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  44. ^ [1] UK Wind Energy Database
  45. ^ Interactive Map for Marine Estate
  46. ^ a b c Christensen, Allan S. & Madsen, Morten. Supply Chain study on the Danish offshore wind industry page 33-42 Offshore Center Denmark, 29. August 2005. Retrieved: 23 October 2010.
  47. ^ "Introduction to the (Nysted offshore) park". Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  48. ^ "Belwind". Retrieved 2009-08-03. 
  49. ^ Horns Revolution, Modern Power Systems, 2002-10-05, accessed 2010-04-14.
  50. ^ Vattenfall Ormonde
  51. ^ [2]
  52. ^ China's largest offshore project now online
  53. ^ Xinhuanet: Pilot project paves way for China's offshore wind power boom
  54. ^ Windpower Offshore: 150MW Rudong project fully operational
  55. ^ CSIC HZ5.0-127 offshore wind turbine generator prototype in Rudong Intertidal I
  56. ^ "Prinses Amaliawindpark Project Details". Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  57. ^ "Gwynt y Môr Offshore Wind Farm". 4C Offshore. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  58. ^ Gwynt y Môr project page
  59. ^ "Global Tech I – Construction Progress Now finished and Broken Down". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  60. ^ "Successful installation of Global Tech I offshore transformer station". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  61. ^ http://www.4coffshore.com/windfarms/gode-wind-foundation-installed-successfully-nid1669.html
  62. ^ Borkum Riffgrund I Offshore Wind Farm
  63. ^ DONG Energy reaches Milestone at Borkum Riffgrund 1
  64. ^ "Cable-laying begins at Nordsee Ost". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  65. ^ "Offshore wind farm Nordsee Ost". Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  66. ^ "Construction Starts on EnBW Baltic 2 OWF". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  67. ^ "4C Offshore - Baltic 2 Wind Farm". Retrieved 2013-08-27. 
  68. ^ Amrumbank West Offshore Wind Farm
  69. ^ E.ON lays groundwork for Amrumbank West
  70. ^ Butendiek Offshore Wind Farm
  71. ^ Am Offshore-Windpark vor Sylt werden die ersten Arbeiten verrichtet
  72. ^ Construction-phase Surveys for Humber Gateway Offshore Wind Farm
  73. ^ Humber Gateway Offshore Wind Farm
  74. ^ Westermost Rough Offshore Wind Farm
  75. ^ [3]
  76. ^ [4]
  77. ^ a b c New UK offshore wind farm licences are announced, BBC News, 2010-01-08
  78. ^ a b c d Recharge: Forewind finalises first four Dogger Bank boundaries
  79. ^ a b c d "Region's MPs lobbied over Dogger Bank wind farm" BBC, 12 October 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2012. Quote: "proposed offshore wind farm"
  80. ^ [5]
  81. ^ Design of Triton Knoll Offshore Wind Farm Project off UK Coast Kicks Off
  82. ^ "Data on operating and decommissioned wind turbines (as at end of June 2010)". ENS. 2010-07-16. Retrieved 2010-08-09. 
  83. ^ 4cOffshore listing for Vindeby
  84. ^ Stenstrop, Georg. Vindeby Kulturarv. Retrieved: 1 September 2010.
  85. ^ Prinds, Karsten. "Where offshore wind was invented". OceanWise, 2011
  86. ^ Sharp, Stephen. Scotland shares excellence in renewable energy at World Investment Congress Scottish Enterprise, 15 June 2007. Retrieved: 18 October 2010. "subsea jacket structure which enables the turbines to sit in 45m of water" .. "deepest water depth"
  87. ^ Kempton et al. Supporting Information page 3 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 14 August 2009. Retrieved: 17 October 2010.
  88. ^ Beatrice wind farm demonstrator project
  89. ^ Patel, Prachi (2009-06-22). "Floating Wind Turbines to Be Tested". IEEE Spectrum. Retrieved 2009-06-25. will test how the 2.3-megawatt turbine holds up in 220-meter-deep water. 
  90. ^ Madslien, Jorn (8 September 2009). "Floating challenge for offshore wind turbine". BBC News (BBC). Retrieved 2009-09-16. world's first full-scale floating wind turbine 

External links