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List of signers of the United States Constitution

Signers of the United States Constitution, the supreme law of the United States, include 39 of 55 delegates who attended the Constitutional Convention, and the convention's secretary, William Jackson, who signed the document to authenticate the results of the Convention's sessions.[1] The Constitution, called the most important document in American history, describes the branches of the United States government and how the government should be operated.[2] It was signed on September 17, 1787, in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, with all of the original Thirteen Colonies members sending representatives, with the exception of Rhode Island.[3]

Of the constitution's 40 signers, 23 were veterans of the Revolutionary War.[1] Jonathan Dayton was the youngest to sign the Constitution, at the age of 26, while Benjamin Franklin, at the age of 81, was the oldest.[3] Connecticut's Roger Sherman also signed the Articles of Association, the Declaration of Independence, and the Articles of Confederation, making him the only person to sign all four documents.[4] Six other signatories' names are on the Declaration of Independence, while another four are on the Articles of Confederation.

Table key

Table key
File:Dagger-14-plain.png Signer of the Articles of Association[5]
File:Double-dagger-14-plain.png Signer of the Declaration of Independence[6]
* Signer of the Articles of Confederation[7]


File:Constitution signatures.jpg
Part of page four of the Constitution, showing the signatures of the delegates
Order Name State represented
1 Washington, GeorgeGeorge WashingtonFile:Dagger-14-plain.png Virginia
2 Read, GeorgeGeorge ReadFile:Dagger-14-plain.pngFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png Delaware
3 Bedford, Jr., GunningGunning Bedford, Jr. Delaware
4 Dickinson, JohnJohn Dickinson* Delaware
5 Bassett, RichardRichard Bassett Delaware
6 Broom, JacobJacob Broom Delaware
7 McHenry, JamesJames McHenry Maryland
8 Jenifer, Daniel of St. ThomasDaniel of St. Thomas Jenifer Maryland
9 Carroll, DanielDaniel Carroll* Maryland
10 Blair, JohnJohn Blair Virginia
11 Madison, Jr., JamesJames Madison, Jr. Virginia
12 Blount, WilliamWilliam Blount North Carolina
13 Spaight, Richard DobbsRichard Dobbs Spaight North Carolina
14 Williamson, HughHugh Williamson North Carolina
15 Rutledge, JohnJohn Rutledge South Carolina
16 Pinckney, Charles CotesworthCharles Cotesworth Pinckney South Carolina
17 Pinckney, CharlesCharles Pinckney South Carolina
18 Butler, PiercePierce Butler South Carolina
19 Few, WilliamWilliam Few Georgia
20 Baldwin, AbrahamAbraham Baldwin Georgia
21 Langdon, JohnJohn Langdon New Hampshire
22 Gilman, NicholasNicholas Gilman New Hampshire
23 Gorham, NathanielNathaniel Gorham Massachusetts
24 King, RufusRufus King Massachusetts
25 Johnson, William SamuelWilliam Samuel Johnson Connecticut
26 Sherman, RogerRoger ShermanFile:Dagger-14-plain.pngFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png* Connecticut
27 Hamilton, AlexanderAlexander Hamilton New York
28 Livingston, WilliamWilliam Livingston New Jersey
29 Brearley, DavidDavid Brearley New Jersey
30 Paterson, WilliamWilliam Paterson New Jersey
31 Dayton, JonathanJonathan Dayton New Jersey
32 Franklin, BenjaminBenjamin FranklinFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png Pennsylvania
33 Mifflin, ThomasThomas Mifflin Pennsylvania
34 Morris, RobertRobert MorrisFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png* Pennsylvania
35 Clymer, GeorgeGeorge ClymerFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png Pennsylvania
36 FitzSimons, ThomasThomas FitzSimons Pennsylvania
37 Ingersoll, JaredJared Ingersoll Pennsylvania
38 Wilson, JamesJames WilsonFile:Double-dagger-14-plain.png Pennsylvania
39 Morris, GouverneurGouverneur Morris* Pennsylvania
40 Jackson, WilliamWilliam Jackson

See also


General reference
  1. ^ a b "William Jackson: Soldier-Statesmen of the Constitution" (PDF). Army Center of Military History. 1987. pp. 3–4. Retrieved June 2, 2012. 
  2. ^ Rossotti, Charles O. (2005). Many Unhappy Returns: One Man's Quest To Turn Around The Most Unpopular Organization In America. Harvard Business Press. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-59139-441-9. 
  3. ^ a b "The Founding Fathers: Delegates to the Constitutional Convention". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved June 28, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Roger Sherman". Architect of the Capitol. Retrieved June 28, 2009. 
  5. ^ Journals of the Continental Congress, Volume 1. United States Government Printing Office. 1904. p. 80. 
  6. ^ "Signers of the Declaration of Independence" (PDF). National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 2013-04-14. 
  7. ^ Gratz, Simon (1920). A book about Autographs. William J. Campbell. pp. 329–331.