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List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia

This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Asia. It includes both fully recognized states, states with limited recognition, and dependent territories of both Asian and non-Asian states. It lists 48 sovereign states and 6 dependent territories and other territories.

Geographical boundaries of Asia

The divisions between Asia and Europe occur at the Ural Mountains, Ural River and Caspian Sea in the east, the Caucasus Mountains and the Black Sea with its outlets, Bosporus and Dardanelles in the south. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia and to a lesser extent Turkey (97% in Asia) all have territory in both Asia and Europe. Armenia and Cyprus are entirely in Western Asia but are sociopolitically European countries.

The division between Asia and Africa is usually considered to be the Suez Canal, placing the Sinai peninsula in Asia, and therefore Egypt may be included as an Asian state.

The division between Asia and Australasia (Oceania) is disputed, and placed somewhere between Java and New Guinea. Indonesia spans both areas, but is considered to be Asian. East Timor is sometimes considered to be part of Australasia, but due to its being surrounded by Indonesia and its once being part of Indonesia, it is considered Asian. Papua New Guinea is occasionally considered Asian by virtue of neighbouring Indonesia, but this is rare, and it is generally accepted to be part of Australasia. The division between Asia and North America is considered to be the Bering strait. Some of the Aleutian Islands may be considered as Asian.

Sovereign states

Further information: Sovereign state

A sovereign state is a political association with effective sovereignty over a population for whom it makes decisions in the national interest.[1] According to the Montevideo convention, a state must have a permanent population, a defined territory, a government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other states.[2]

Recognized states

There are 48 Asian states in this list. All are members of the United Nations[3] except for Palestine, which is an observer state and has never controlled the majority of its claimed territory.[4]

Flag Map English short and formal names
[5][6][7]
Domestic short and formal names[5][6] Capital
[7][8][9]
Population[a][b]
[10]
Area[a][b]
[11]
150px Afghanistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Dari: جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان — افغانستان (Afghānestān — Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afghānestān)

Pashto: د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت — افغانستانت(Afghān̄istān — Afghānistān Islāmī Jumhūrīyat)
Kabul

Dari: کابل (Kābul)

Pashto: کابل(Kābul)
26,556,800 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Armenia

Republic of Armenia
Armenian: Հայաստան — Հայաստանի Հանրապետությու (Hayastan — Hayastani Hanrapetut'yun) Yerevan

Armenian: Երևան (Yerevan)
2,970,495 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Azerbaijan[a][b]

Republic of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijani: Azǝrbaycan — Azǝrbaycan Respublikası Baku

Azerbaijani: Bakı
9,593,000 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Bahrain

Kingdom of Bahrain
Arabic: مملكة البحرين — البحرين(Al Baḩrayn — Mamlakat al Baḩrayn) Manama

Arabic: المنامة(Al Manāmah)
1,316,500 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Bangladesh

People's Republic of Bangladesh
Bengali: বাংলােদ — গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ (Bāṁlādesh — Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṁlādesh) Dhaka

Bengali: ঢাকা (Ḍhākā)
161,083,804 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Bhutan

Kingdom of Bhutan
Dzongkha: འྲག་ཡ ఉ ལ — འྲག་གྷལ་ཁ (Druk Yul — Druk Gyalkhapb) Thimphu

Dzongkha: ཐིམ་ཕུ (Thimphu)
716,896 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Brunei

Brunei Darussalam
English: Brunei Darussalam

Malay: Brunei — Negara Brunei Darussalam
Bandar Seri Begawan

English: Bandar Seri Begawan

Malay: Bandar Seri Begawan
408,786 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Cambodia

Kingdom of Cambodia
Khmer: កមុពា — រពះាាាចរក កមុពា (Kâmpŭchéa — Preăhréachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchéa) Phnom Penh

Khmer: ភ្នំពេញ (Phnum Pénh)
14,952,665 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px China[b]

People's Republic of China
Chinese: 中国 — 中华人民共和国 (Zhongguo — Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo) Beijing

Chinese: 北京 (Beijing)
1,343,239,923 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Cyprus[b]

Republic of Cyprus
Greek: Κύπρος — Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία (Kýpros — Kypriakí Dimokratía)

Turkish: Kıbrıs — Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti
Nicosia

Greek: Λευκωσία (Lefkosia)

Turkish: Lefkoşa
1,138,071 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Georgia[a][b] Georgian: საქართველო (Sak'art'velo) Tbilisi / T'bilisi

Georgian: თბილისი (T'bilisi)
4,570,934 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px India

Republic of India
English: India — Republic of India

Hindi: भारत — भारत गणरा᭔य (Bhārat — Bhāratīya Gaṇarājya)
New Delhi

English: New Delhi

Hindi: नई दिल्ली (Naī Dillī)
1,205,073,612 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Indonesia[a]

Republic of Indonesia
Indonesian: Indonesia — Republik Indonesia Jakarta

Indonesian: Jakarta
248,645,008 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran
جمهوری اسلامی ایران (Īrān — Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān) Tehran

Persian: تهران(Tehrān)
78,868,711 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Iraq

Republic of Iraq
Arabic: العراق — جمهورية العراق(Al ‘Irāq — Jumhūrīyat al ‘Irāq) Baghdad

Arabic: بغداد(Baghdād)
36,004,552 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Israel

State of Israel
Arabic: إسرائيل — دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل(Isrā'īl — Dawlat Isrā'īl)

Hebrew: יִשְרָאֵל — מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל (Yisra'el — Medinat Yisra'el)
Jerusalem (Claimed and de facto)[c]

Hebrew: ירושלים(Yerushalayim)
7,590,758 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Japan Japanese: 日本 — 日本国 (Nihon / Nippon — Nihon-koku / Nippon-koku) Tokyo

Japanese: 東京都 (Tokyo)
127,368,088 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Arabic: اﻷرُدن — المملكة الأردنية الهاشميه(Al Urdun — Al Mamlakah al Urdunīyah al Hāshimīyah) Amman

Arabic: عمان(Ammān)
6,508,887 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Kazakhstan[a]

Republic of Kazakhstan
Kazakh: Қазақстан — Қазақстан Республикасы (Qazaqstan — Qazaqstan Respūblīkasy)

Russian: Казахстан — Республика Казахстан (Kazahstan — Respublika Kazahstan)
Astana

Kazakh: Астана

Russian: Астана (Astana)
17,522,010 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Korea, North

Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Korean: 조선 — 조선 민주주의 인민 공화국 (Chosŏn — Chosŏn-minjujuŭi-inmin-konghwaguk) Pyongyang

Korean: 평양 (Phyŏngyang)
24,589,122 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Korea, South

Republic of Korea
Korean: 한국 — 대한 민국 (Han’guk — Taehan Min’guk) Seoul

Korean: 서울 (Seoul)
48,860,500 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Kuwait

State of Kuwait
Arabic: دولة الكويت — اﻟﻜﻮﻳ(Al Kuwayt — Dawlat al Kuwayt) Kuwait City

Arabic: الكويت(Al Kuwayt)
3,268,431 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Republic
Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан — Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyzstan — Kyrgyz Respublikasy)

Russian: Кыргызстан — Кыргызская Республика (Kyrgyzstan — Kyrgyzskaja Respublika)
Bishkek

Kyrgyz: Бишкек (Bishkek)

Russian: Бишкек (Biškek)
5,496,737 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Laos

Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lao: ສາທາລະນະລດປະຊາທ ັ ປະໄຕປະຊາຊ ິ ນລາວ (Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxôn Lao) Vientiane

Lao: ວຽງຈັນ (Viangchan)
6,586,266 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Lebanon

Lebanese Republic
Arabic: لبنان — الجمهورية اللبنانية(Lubnān — Al Jumhūrīyah al Lubnānīyah) Beirut

Arabic: بيروت(Bayrūt)
4,140,289 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Malaysia Malay: Malaysia Kuala Lumpur[d]

Malay: Kuala Lumpur
30,527,000 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Maldives

Republic of Maldives
Dhivehi: ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ — ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi Raajje — Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa) Malé / Male'

Dhivehi: މާލެ (Maale)
394,451 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Mongolia Mongolian: Монго — Монгол улс (Mongol — Mongol uls) Ulaanbaatar

Mongolian: Улаанбаатар (Ulaanbaatar)
3,179,997 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Myanmar

Republic of The Union of Myanmar
Burmese: မြန်မာပြည် — ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌ (Myanma — Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw) Nay Pyi Taw

Burmese: နေပြည်တော် (Nay Pyi Taw)
54,584,650 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Nepali: नपाल — सघीय लोकताि᭠ᮢक गणत᭠ᮢ न ं पाल (Nepāl — Saṁghīya Loktāntrik Ganạ tantra Nepāl) Kathmandu

Nepali: काठमाडौं (Kāṭhmāḍauṁ)
29,890,686 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Oman

Sultanate of Oman
Arabic: عُمان — سلطنة عُمان(‘Umān — Salţanat ‘Umān) Muscat

Arabic: مسقط(Masqaţ)
3,090,150 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
English: Pakistan — Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Urdu: پَاکِسْتَان — اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان(Pākistān — Jamhūryat Islāmī Pākistān)
Islamabad

English: Islamabad

Urdu: اسلام آباد(Islāmābād)
190,291,129 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Philippines

Republic of the Philippines
English: Philippines — Republic of the Philippines

Template:Lang-tl
Manila

English: Manila

Template:Lang-tl
103,775,002 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Qatar

State of Qatar
Arabic: قطر — دولة قطر(Qatar — Dawlat Qatar) Doha

Arabic: الدوحة(Ad Dawḩah)
2,334,029 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Russia[a]

Russian Federation
Russian: Росси́я — Российская Федерация (Rossija — Rossijskaja Federacija) Moscow

Russian: Москва (Moskva)
142,517,670 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Arabic: السعودية — المملكة العربية السعودية(As Su‘ūdīya — Al Mamlakah al ‘Arabīyah as Su‘ūdīyah) Riyadh

Arabic: الرياض(Ar Riyāḑ)
31,521,418 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Singapore

Republic of Singapore
Chinese: 新加坡 — 新加坡共和国 Xinjiapo — Xinjiapo Gongheguo

English: Singapore — Republic of Singapore

Malay: Singapura — Republik Singapura

Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் — சிங்கப்பூர் குடியரசு (Chiṅkappūr — Chiṅkappūr Kuṭiyarachu)
Singapore

Chinese: 新加坡 Xinjiapo

English: Singapore

Malay: Singapura

Tamil: சிங்கப்பூர் (Chiṅkappūr)
5,353,494 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Sri Lanka

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Sinhalese: ශ්රී ලංකා — ශ්රී ලංකා ප්රජාතාන්ත්රික සමාජවාදී ජනරජය (Shrī Laṁkā — Shrī Laṁkā Prajātāntrika Samājavādī Janarajaya)

Tamil: இலᾱைக — இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சமத்துவ குடியரசு (Ilaṅkai — Ilaṅkai Jaṉanāyaka Choṣhalichak Kuṭiyarachu)
Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte

Sinhalese: ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර ක ෝට්ටේ (Shrī Jayavardhanapura Koṭṭe)

Tamil: ஶ்ரீ ஜெயவர்த்தனபுர கோட்டை (Shrī Jĕyavarttaṉapura Koṭṭai)
21,481,334 Script error: No such module "convert".
Syria

Syrian Arab Republic
Arabic: ﺔُﺳ ِﻮرَا / ﺳ ِﻮر — جمهورية سوريا العربية(Sūrīyah / Sūriyā — Al Jumhūrīyah al ‘Arabīyah as Sūrīyah) Damascus

Arabic: دمشق(Dimashq)
22,530,746 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Tajikistan

Republic of Tajikistan
Tajik: Тоҷикистон — Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tojikiston — Jumhurii Tojikiston) Dushanbe

Tajik: Душанбе (Dushanbe)
7,768,385 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Thailand

Kingdom of Thailand
Thai: ประเทศไทย — ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Prathet Thai — Ratcha Anachak Thai) Bangkok

Thai: กรุงเทพฯ (Krung Thep)
67,091,089 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Timor-Leste/East Timor[a]

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Portuguese: Timor-Leste — República Democrática de Timor-Leste

Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e — Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e
Dili

Portuguese: Dili
Tetum: Dili
1,143,667 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Turkey[a]

Republic of Turkey
Turkish: Türkiye — Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ankara

Turkish: Ankara
79,749,461 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Turkmenistan Turkmen: Türkmenistan Ashgabat

Turkmen: Aşgabat
5,054,828 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px United Arab Emirates Arabic: اﻹﻣﺎرا — دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة(Al Imārāt — Al Imārāt al ‘Arabīyah al Muttaḩidah) Abu Dhabi

Arabic: أبوظبي(Abu Dhabi)
9,577,000 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Uzbekistan

Republic of Uzbekistan
Uzbek: O‘zbekiston — O‘zbekiston Respublikasi Tashkent

Uzbek: Toshkent
30,492,800 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Vietnam / Viet Nam

Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Vietnamese: Việt Nam — Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam Hanoi

Vietnamese: Hà Nội
91,519,289 Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Yemen

Republic of Yemen
Arabic: اليمن — الجمهورية اليمنية(Al Yaman — Al Jumhūrīyah al Yamanīyah) Sana'a

Arabic: صنعاء(Şan‘ā’)
25,956,000 Script error: No such module "convert".

Partially recognized and unrecognized states

The six states in this list have varying levels of recognition, but are not members of the United Nations. All are defined as states by the declarative theory of statehood.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area
150px Abkhazia

Republic of Abkhazia[12]
Claimed as an autonomous republic of Georgia.[13] Recognised by four UN states.[14] Abkhaz: Аҧсуа (Apswa)[12] Sukhumi / Sukhum[12]

Abkhaz: Аҟəа (Akwa)[citation needed]
250,000[15] Script error: No such module "convert".[13]
150px Nagorno-Karabakh

Nagorno-Karabakh Republic[16]
Claimed as part of Azerbaijan.[17] Recognised only by 3 non-UN states.[citation needed] Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ — Լեռնային Ղարաբաղ Հանրապետություն[citation needed] (Lernayin Gharabaghi — Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetut’yun)[16] Stepanakert[16]

Armenian: Ստեփանակերտ (Khankendi)[citation needed]
141,400[18] Script error: No such module "convert".[19]
150px Northern Cyprus

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus[20]
Claimed as part of the Republic of Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey.[20] Turkish: Kuzey Kıbrıs — Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti[citation needed] Nicosia

Turkish: Lefkoşa[21]
285,356[22] Script error: No such module "convert".[11]
150px Palestine

State of Palestine
Arabic: فلسطين — دولة فلسـطين(Filastīn — As-Sulta Al-Wataniyya Al-Filastīniyya) Jerusalem (claimed)[23]
Ramallah(de facto)[citation needed]
4,225,710[10] Script error: No such module "convert".[11]
150px South Ossetia

Republic of South Ossetia
Claimed as part of Georgia.[24] Recognised by four UN states. Ossetian: Хуссар Ирыстон — Республикæ Хуссар Ирыстон (Khussar Iryston — Respublikæ Khussar Iryston)

Russian: Южная Осетия — Республика Южная Осетия (Yuzhnaya Osetiya — Respublika Yuzhnaya Osetiya)
Tskhinvali[24]

Ossetian: Цхинвал or Чъреба (Chreba)[citation needed]
70,000[24] Script error: No such module "convert".[25]
150px Taiwan

Republic of China[7][26]
Claimed as a province of the People's Republic of China, the government of Taiwan has not renounced claims over the mainland and is recognised as the government of China by 21 UN member states and the Holy See. Traditional Chinese: 臺灣/台灣 — 中華民國 (Táiwān — Zhōnghuá Mínguó)[citation needed] Taipei[7][8] 23,071,779[10] Script error: No such module "convert".[11]

Dependent territories and other territories

Further information: Dependent territory

The six entities in this list are either subject to a state they are not part of, or have a special political arrangement that was decided through an international agreement.

Flag Map English short and formal names Status[27] Domestic short and formal names Capital Population Area[11]
150px Akrotiri and Dhekelia

The Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia
British overseas territory English: Akrotiri and Dhekelia — Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia Episkopi Cantonment

English: Episkopi Cantonment[8]
15,700[10][e] Script error: No such module "convert".
150px British Indian Ocean Territory[5][7] British overseas territory English: British Indian Ocean Territory 4,000[28][f] Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Christmas Island

Territory of Christmas Island[5]
Territory of Australia English: Christmas Island — Territory of Christmas Island Flying Fish Cove[7] / The Settlement[8] 1,402[10] Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Cocos (Keeling) Islands

Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands[5]
Territory of Australia English: Cocos (Keeling) Islands — Territory of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands West Island[8] / Bantam[7] 596[10] Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Hong Kong

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China[7]
Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Chinese: 香港 — 中華人民共和國香港特別行政區

English: Hong Kong — Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Hong Kong[7] 7,122,508[10] Script error: No such module "convert".
150px Macau / Macao

Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China[29]
Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China Chinese: 澳門 — 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區

Portuguese: Macau — Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Macau / Macao[7] 573,003[10] Script error: No such module "convert".

See also

Notes

  1. Area and population figures given are for the whole state, including areas located outside of Asia. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey all contain territory in Europe. The border between Asia and Oceania is not clearly defined, and Indonesia and East Timor are sometimes placed in Oceania.
  2. ^ a b c d The area and population of states with separatist regions includes that of the separatist regions.
  3. ^ Jerusalem was declared the capital of Israel in 1950.[30] The 1980 Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel", and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the President's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament.[31] United Nations Security Council Resolution 478 declared the Jerusalem Law "null and void" and called on member states to withdraw their diplomatic missions from Jerusalem.[32] Foreign countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv and other Israeli cities.[33]
  4. ^ Although Kuala Lumpur is the official capital of Malaysia, Putrajaya is the seat of government.[34]
  5. ^ Akrotiri and Dhekelia are British military bases, with the population including 8,000 United Kingdom personnel and dependents.[35]
  6. ^ Although the islands have no remaining indigenous inhabitants, a military base shared between the United Kingdom and the United States is located on the island of Diego Garcia, with a staff of 4,000 people.[28]
  7. ^ Represents total land area. Including claimed ocean area, total area 54,400 km2 (21,004 sq mi).

References

  1. ^ Ashley, Richard K (1 June 1988). "Untying the Sovereign State: A Double Reading of the Anarchy Problematique". Millennium - Journal of International Studies (Sage Journals) 17 (2): 227–262. doi:10.1177/03058298880170020901. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  2. ^ "Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States". Council on Foreign Relations. 26 December 1933. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  3. ^ "United Nations Member States". United Nations. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  4. ^ "Non-member States". United Nations. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Field Listing :: Names". CIA. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  6. ^ a b "UNGEGN List of Country Names" (PDF). United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 2007. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "List of countries, territories and currencies". Europa. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Field Listing :: Capital". CIA. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  9. ^ "UNGEGN World Geographical Names". United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "Country Comparison :: Population". CIA. July 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Field Listing :: Area". CIA. Retrieved 7 August 2011. 
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