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List of tallest buildings in Africa

File:Lagos Island.jpg
Lagos, Africa's largest city and economic powerhouse.[1][2]
File:Trust0.jpg
Johannesburg, city with a high number of skyscrapers.
File:NBO5.jpg
The skyline of Nairobi, Kenya.
File:Kinshasa downtown.jpg
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

This article ranks skyscrapers on the African continent by height. While skyscrapers remain more sparse in Africa than in Asia and North America, a significant number of African cities possess distinguishable skylines. Initially, only a small number of major financial and commercial centers boasted large skylines, such as Lagos, Johannesburg, Nairobi, Harare and Abidjan. However, since the 2000s, skyscrapers have been constructed in many other African cities, including Cairo, Maputo, Abuja, Kampala, Cape Town, Durban, Addis Ababa, Dar es Salaam, Luanda and Port Louis.

Since 1973, the tallest skyscraper in Africa has been Johannesburg's Carlton Centre, which stands Script error: No such module "convert". tall. However, several taller buildings are proposed.

Tallest buildings

This list ranks African buildings that stand at least Script error: No such module "convert". tall, based on standard height measurements. This includes spires and architectural details, but does not include antenna masts. Buildings over Script error: No such module "convert". tall are highlighted.

Building Pinnacle Height Floors Year Country City
Carlton Centre Script error: No such module "convert". 50 1973 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Ponte City Apartments Script error: No such module "convert". 54 1975 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Bahia Center 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 31 2014 23x15px Algeria Oran
Bahia Center 2 Script error: No such module "convert". 31 2014 23x15px Algeria Oran
Bahia Center 3 Script error: No such module "convert". 31 2014 23x15px Algeria Oran
Bahia Center 4 Script error: No such module "convert". 31 2014 23x15px Algeria Oran
NECOM House[3] Script error: No such module "convert". 32 1979 23x15px Nigeria Lagos
PSPF Towers - Tower A[4][5] Script error: No such module "convert". 35 2014 23x15px Tanzania Dar Es Salaam
PSPF Towers - Tower B[6][7] Script error: No such module "convert". 35 2014 23x15px Tanzania Dar Es Salaam
Marble Towers Script error: No such module "convert". 32 1973 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Pearl Dawn[8] Script error: No such module "convert". 31 2010 23x15px South Africa Durban
South African Reserve Bank Building[9] Script error: No such module "convert". 38 1988 23x15px South Africa Pretoria
Metlife Centre[10] Script error: No such module "convert". 28 1993 23x15px South Africa Cape Town
88 on Field[11] Script error: No such module "convert". 26 1985 23x15px South Africa Durban
UAP Tower[12] Script error: No such module "convert". 31 2015 Template:Country data Kenya Nairobi
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Building[13] Script error: No such module "convert". 39 1994 23x15px Egypt Cairo
El Gezira Tower Movenpick Hotel[14] Script error: No such module "convert". 43 1996 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Grand Hyatt Cairo[15] Script error: No such module "convert". 41 2002 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Nile City South Tower[16] Script error: No such module "convert". 34 2003 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Nile City North Tower[17] Script error: No such module "convert". 34 2002 23x15px Egypt Cairo
KwaDukuza eGoli Hotel Tower 1[18] Script error: No such module "convert". 40 1970 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Times Tower[19] Script error: No such module "convert". 33 2000 Template:Country data Kenya Nairobi
Michelangelo Towers[20] Script error: No such module "convert". 34 2005 23x15px South Africa Sandton
Trust Bank Building[21] Script error: No such module "convert". 34 1970 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
El Maadi Residential Tower 13[22] Script error: No such module "convert". 42 1985 23x15px Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 14[22] Script error: No such module "convert". 42 1985 23x15px Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 15[22] Script error: No such module "convert". 42 1985 23x15px Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 16[22] Script error: No such module "convert". 42 1985 23x15px Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 17[22] Script error: No such module "convert". 42 1985 23x15px Egypt Cairo
El Maadi Residential Tower 18[22] Script error: No such module "convert". 42 1985 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Maroc Telecom HQ[24] Script error: No such module "convert". 20 2012 23x15px Morocco Rabat
Standard Bank Building[25] Script error: No such module "convert". 34 1968 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Portside Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 32 2014 23x15px South Africa Cape Town
Southern Life Center[26] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1973 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
San Stefano Grand Plaza Script error: No such module "convert". 35 2006 23x15px Egypt Alexandria [27]
Monte Blanc[28] Script error: No such module "convert". 40 1985 23x15px South Africa Durban
ABSA Tower Pretoria[29] Script error: No such module "convert". 38 1976 23x15px South Africa Pretoria
Bank Misr Building[30] Script error: No such module "convert". 29 1985 23x15px Ethiopia Addis Ababa
NTC Tower[23] Script error: No such module "convert". 29 2009 23x15px Sudan Khartoum
Old Mutual Centre[30] Script error: No such module "convert". 33 1995 23x15px South Africa Durban
Tour CNPS[31] Script error: No such module "convert". 32 1982 23x15px Cameroon Yaoundé
Millenium Tower[32][33] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 2014 23x15px Tanzania Dar es Salaam
209 Smit Street[34] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1976 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Four Seasons Hotel Cairo at Nile Plaza[35] Script error: No such module "convert". 31 1999 23x15px Egypt Cairo
1 Thibault Square[36] Script error: No such module "convert". 32 1972 23x15px South Africa Cape Town
Bank of Mauritius Tower[36] Script error: No such module "convert". 26 2006 23x15px Mauritius Port Louis
Union Bank Building (Lagos)[37] Script error: No such module "convert". 28  ?? 23x15px Nigeria Lagos
Kine Centre[38] Script error: No such module "convert". 27 1974 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Rita Tower[39][40] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 2014 23x15px Tanzania Dar es Salaam
New Reserve Bank Tower[41] Script error: No such module "convert". 28 1997 23x15px Zimbabwe Harare
Corinthia Bab Africa Hotel[42] Script error: No such module "convert". 28 2003 23x15px Libya Tripoli
Nessco Building[43] Script error: No such module "convert". 26 2007 23x15px Libya Tripoli
Al Fatah Tower[44] Script error: No such module "convert". 25 2006 23x15px Libya Tripoli
Embassy Building[45] Script error: No such module "convert". 28 1991 23x15px South Africa Durban
Teleposta Towers[46] Script error: No such module "convert". 27 2000 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi
La Cité Administrative Tour D[47] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1984 23x15px Ivory Coast Abidjan
Atterbury House [48] Script error: No such module "convert". 29 1976 23x15px South Africa Cape Town
Carlton Center Hotel [49] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1973 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Holiday Inn Durban - Marine Parade[50] Script error: No such module "convert". 28 1985 23x15px South Africa Durban
Holiday Inn Garden Court North Beach[51] Script error: No such module "convert". 33 1978 23x15px South Africa Durban
Residences Roda Island[52] Script error: No such module "convert". 39  ?? 23x15px Egypt Cairo
ABSA Centre Cape Town [53] Script error: No such module "convert". 33 1970 23x15px South Africa Cape Town
The Spinnaker[54] Script error: No such module "convert". 27 2007 23x15px South Africa Durban
Casablanca Twin Center (Tour 1) Script error: No such module "convert". 28 1999 23x15px Morocco Casablanca
Casablanca Twin Center (Tour 2) Script error: No such module "convert". 28 1999 23x15px Morocco Casablanca
320 West Street[55] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1973 23x15px South Africa Durban
Mauritius Telecom Tower [56] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1990 23x15px Mauritius Port Louis
Ramses Hilton & World Trade Center[57] Script error: No such module "convert". 36 1980 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Hilton World Trade Center Residences I[58] Script error: No such module "convert". 32  ?? 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Schlesinger Building[59] Script error: No such module "convert". 21 1965 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Golden Acre[60] Script error: No such module "convert". 28 1979 23x15px South Africa Cape Town
Protea Hotel Landmark Lodge [61] Script error: No such module "convert". 31 1976 23x15px South Africa Durban
The Parade[62] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1986 23x15px South Africa Durban
Loch Logan Park [63] Script error: No such module "convert". 27 1986 23x15px South Africa Bloemfontein
Semiramis Inter-Continental Hotel[64][65] Script error: No such module "convert". 29 1976 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Nabemba Tower[66] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1986 23x15px Congo Brazzaville
Tour Postel 2001[64] Script error: No such module "convert". 26 1984 23x15px Ivory Coast Abidjan
Ivoire InterContinental Abidjan Hotel Tower I[64] Script error: No such module "convert". 24 1969 23x15px Ivory Coast Abidjan
Immeuble CAISTAB[67] Script error: No such module "convert". 25 1984 23x15px Ivory Coast Abidjan
Cocoa House[67] Script error: No such module "convert". 26 1965 23x15px Nigeria Ibadan
Southern Sun Cape Sun[68] Script error: No such module "convert". 32 1983 23x15px South Africa Cape Town
Highpoint Hillbrow [69] Script error: No such module "convert". 25 1972 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Kenyatta International Conference Centre[70] Script error: No such module "convert". 33 1974 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi
Intercontinental Luanda[71][72] Script error: No such module "convert". 25 2014 23x15px Angola Luanda
NSSF Building[73] Script error: No such module "convert". 28 1973 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi
Independence House[74] Script error: No such module "convert". 23 1960 23x15px Nigeria Lagos
Nani Tower[75] Script error: No such module "convert". 22 2004 23x15px Ethiopia Addis Ababa
Four Seasons Cairo at First Residence[76] Script error: No such module "convert". 30  ?? 23x15px Egypt Cairo
RTNC Congo Building[77] Script error: No such module "convert". 22  ?? 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
Immeuble CCIC[78] Script error: No such module "convert". 22  ?? 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
Gecamines Commercial Building (SOZACOM)[78] Script error: No such module "convert". 22 1977 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
Uhuru Heights[79][80] Script error: No such module "convert". 27 2012 23x15px Tanzania Dar es Salaam
2 Fevrier Sofitel Hotel[81] Script error: No such module "convert". 36 1980 23x15px Togo Lome
Intercontinental Hotel & Casino[82] Script error: No such module "convert". 25 2011 23x15px Angola Luanda
Belmont Building[83] Script error: No such module "convert". 32 1954 23x15px Egypt Cairo
ESCOM Building[84] Script error: No such module "convert". 24 2009 23x15px Angola Luanda
CBN Lagos[85][86] Script error: No such module "convert". 22 2013 23x15px Nigeria Lagos
InterContinental Lagos[87] Script error: No such module "convert". 22 2013 23x15px Nigeria Lagos
Old Mutual Namibia Headquarters[88] Script error: No such module "convert". 21 2010 23x15px Namibia Windhoek
Huda Tower[89] Script error: No such module "convert". 22 2004 23x15px Ethiopia Addis Ababa
I & M Bank Tower[90] Script error: No such module "convert". 18 2001 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi
Alexandria City Centre Tower I[91] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 2003 23x15px Egypt Alexandria
Radio & Television Building[92] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1957 23x15px Egypt Cairo
El Gezira Sheraton Hotel[93] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1984 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Conrad International Cairo Hotel[94] Script error: No such module "convert". 30 1999 23x15px Egypt Cairo
The Fairmont Cairo[95] Script error: No such module "convert". 25 2007 23x15px Egypt Cairo
Deneys Reitz[96] Script error: No such module "convert". 24 2010 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Hotel InterContinental Kinshasa Tower II[97] Script error: No such module "convert". 20  ?? 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
La Cité Administrative Tour E[67] Script error: No such module "convert". 24 1984 23x15px Ivory Coast Abidjan
La Cité Administrative Tour C[67] Script error: No such module "convert". 24 1984 23x15px Ivory Coast Abidjan
Bank of Tanzania South Tower[98] Script error: No such module "convert". 20 2006 23x15px Tanzania Dar es Salaam
Bank of Tanzania North Tower[99] Script error: No such module "convert". 20 2006 23x15px Tanzania Dar es Salaam
NRZ Headquarters[100] Script error: No such module "convert". 23 1985 23x15px Zimbabwe Bulawayo
Immeuble Kébé[101] Script error: No such module "convert". 21 1973 23x15px Senegal Dakar
Park Avenue[102] Script error: No such module "convert". 24 1973 23x15px South Africa Pietermaritzburg
Sanport 140[103] Script error: No such module "convert". 22 1976 23x15px South Africa Port Elizabeth
Edificio Kanhangulo[104] N/A 25 2013 23x15px Angola Luanda

Timeline of tallest skyscrapers in Africa

Name City Years as tallest Metres Feet Floors Photo
Carlton Centre Johannesburg 1973–present 223 H 732 50 100px
KwaDukuza eGoli Hotel Tower 1, Trust Bank Building Johannesburg 1970–1973 140 459 31 100px
Standard Bank Building Johannesburg 1968–1970 138.8 455 34 100px
Schlesinger Building Johannesburg 1965–1968 110 361 21 100px
Belmont Building Cairo 1954–1965 102 235 32
Mutual Heights Building Cape Town 1940–1954 91 298 18
Chamber of Mines Building Johannesburg 1936–1940 80 262 18
Union Buildings Pretoria 1913–1936 60 196 10 100px

Tallest under construction, approved or proposed

File:Bay of Luanda.jpg
Luanda, Angola, is undergoing massive reconstruction due to the end of the Angolan Civil War.
File:Neotown Port-Louis Mauritius.jpg
Artist's impression of the Neotown development in Port Louis, Mauritius.

Under construction

This list ranks buildings currently under construction in Africa that will stand at least Script error: No such module "convert". tall.

Name Height Floors Year Country City Notes
The Great Mosque of Algiers Script error: No such module "convert". N/A 2016 23x15px Algeria Algiers [105]
FinanceCom Complex Script error: No such module "convert". 33 2016 23x15px Morocco Casablanca [citation needed]
Britam Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 31 2016 Template:Country data Kenya Nairobi [106][107]
Tanzania Port Authority HQ Script error: No such module "convert". 40 2015 23x15px Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [108][109]
Hazina Trade Centre Script error: No such module "convert". 40 2015 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi [110]
Millennium Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 42 2015 23x15px Nigeria Abuja [111][112]
JW Marriott Hotel Script error: No such module "convert". 42 2016 23x15px Morocco Casablanca [113]
UAP Park Tower 163 m(470 ft) 33 2015 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi [114][115]
Abuja World Trade Centre Script error: No such module "convert". 37 2015 23x15px Nigeria Abuja [116][117]
IMOB Business Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 35 2015 23x15px Angola Luanda [118][119]
Mzizima Towers Script error: No such module "convert". 35 2015 23x15px Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [120]
Mzizima Towers Script error: No such module "convert". 33 2015 23x15px Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [120]
MNF SQUARE Script error: No such module "convert". 32 2016 23x15px Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [121]
MNF SQUARE Script error: No such module "convert". 32 2016 23x15px Tanzania Dar Es Salaam [121]
Casa Finance City Tour Script error: No such module "convert". 33 2017 23x15px Morocco Casablanca [122]
Prism tower Script error: No such module "convert". 32 2016 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi [123]
Banco de Mocambique Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 31 2014 23x15px Mozambique Maputo [124]
Kianda Towers Script error: No such module "convert". 27 2014 23x15px Angola Luanda [125][126]
Kingdom Kampala Centre N/A 34 2018 23x15px Uganda Kampala [127]
Congo Office des Routes N/A 32 2015 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa [128]
CIF Tower II N/A 30 2014 23x15px Angola Luanda [129]

On-hold, approved or proposed

This section lists skyscrapers that are on-hold, approved or proposed in Africa, and are planned to rise over Script error: No such module "convert". tall.

Name Height Floors Country
City Status Notes
Al Noor Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 114 23x15px Morocco Casablanca Proposed [130]
Upperhill square Script error: No such module "convert". 66 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi Proposed [131]
Hope City Script error: No such module "convert". 72 23x15px Ghana Accra Proposed Upon completion will have one of its six towers being the tallest in Africa[132]
The One Nairobi Script error: No such module "convert". 70 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi Proposed [133]
Stratosphere ~Script error: No such module "convert". 64 23x15px Nigeria Abuja Proposed [134]
International Finance Centre 1 ~Script error: No such module "convert". 60 23x15px South Africa Sandton Proposed [135]
Jabavu village tower Script error: No such module "convert". 45 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi approved [136]
Jabavu village tower Script error: No such module "convert". 30 Template:Country data Kenya Kenya Nairobi approved [136]
Congo Towers - Tower A ~Script error: No such module "convert". 44 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Proposed [137]
International Finance Centre 2 ~Script error: No such module "convert". 42 23x15px South Africa Sandton Proposed [135]
Mutual Place ~Script error: No such module "convert". 41 23x15px South Africa Sandton Proposed [135]
Angola World Trade Center Tower A Script error: No such module "convert". 42 23x15px Angola Luanda Proposed [138]
Commercial Bank of Ethiopia Headquarters Script error: No such module "convert". 42 23x15px Ethiopia Addis Ababa Proposed [139]
Kgoro - The Gateway A ~Script error: No such module "convert". 45 23x15px South Africa Sandton Proposed [135]
Kgoro - The Gateway B ~Script error: No such module "convert". 30 23x15px South Africa Sandton Proposed [135]
75 on Maude ~Script error: No such module "convert". 40 23x15px South Africa Sandton On Hold [135]
Angola World Trade Center Tower B Script error: No such module "convert". 37 23x15px Angola Luanda Proposed [138]
Mexico Square Tower ~Script error: No such module "convert". 35 23x15px Ethiopia Addis Ababa Proposed [137]
Congo Towers - Tower B ~Script error: No such module "convert". 33 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Proposed [137]
Tour Minam 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 33 23x15px Senegal Dakar Proposed [140]
Tour Minam 2 Script error: No such module "convert". 33 23x15px Senegal Dakar Proposed [140]
Langa Sun Hotel Script error: No such module "convert". 32 23x15px South Africa Durban Proposed [141]
Strand on Adderley - Tower 1 ~Script error: No such module "convert". 30 23x15px South Africa Cape Town Proposed [135]
Strand on Adderley - Tower 2 ~Script error: No such module "convert". 30 23x15px South Africa Cape Town Proposed [135]
Abyssinia Bank Tower ~Script error: No such module "convert". 34 23x15px Ethiopia Addis Ababa Proposed [142]
Sandown Tower ~Script error: No such module "convert". 30 23x15px South Africa Durban Proposed [135]
Crystal Towers ~Script error: No such module "convert". 30 23x15px South Africa Pretoria Proposed [135]
Village Walk Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 30 23x15px South Africa Sandton Approved [135]
Luanda Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 23 23x15px Angola Luanda Proposed [135]
Euro Africa Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 23 23x15px Angola Luanda Proposed [143]
Edifício Rocha Monteiro Script error: No such module "convert". 24 23x15px Angola Luanda Approved [142]
Phomella Towers ~Script error: No such module "convert". 28 23x15px South Africa Pretoria Proposed [135]
Kampala Tower ~Script error: No such module "convert". 60 23x15px Uganda Kampala Proposed [135]
Movement House ~Script error: No such module "convert". 27 23x15px Uganda Kampala Proposed [135]
Kingdom Kampala ~Script error: No such module "convert". 34 23x15px Uganda Kampala Proposed [135]
Kampala Hilton Hotel ~Script error: No such module "convert". 26 23x15px Uganda Kampala Proposed [135]
NSSF Towers ~Script error: No such module "convert". 25 23x15px Uganda Kampala Proposed [135]
Mapeera House ~Script error: No such module "convert". 18 23x15px Uganda Kampala Proposed [135]
Emakhosini Centre ~Script error: No such module "convert". 25 23x15px South Africa Durban Proposed [135]
Gare Centrale Twin Tower A Script error: No such module "convert". 32 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa On Hold [144] Upon completion, this twin complex will be the tallest twin towers in central Africa.
Gare Centrale Twin Tower B Script error: No such module "convert". 32 23x15px Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa On Hold [145]
ANP Casablanca Script error: No such module "convert". 25 23x15px Morocco Casablanca Proposed [146]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Africa now has a new economic powerhouse". enca. 8 April 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Davies, Catriona (27 September 2010). "Nigeria: West Africa's economic powerhouse". CNN. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ PSPF Commercial Tower A at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  5. ^ SkyscraperPage: PSPF Commercial Towers - Tower A
  6. ^ PSPF Commercial Tower B at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  7. ^ SkyscraperPage: PSPF Commercial Towers - Tower B
  8. ^ emporis.com - Pearl Dawn, Durban
  9. ^ emporis.com - South African Reserve Bank Building, Pretoria
  10. ^ Metlife Centre, Cape Town
  11. ^ emporis.com - 88 on Field
  12. ^ [2]
  13. ^ emporis.com - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cairo
  14. ^ El Gezira Tower Movenpick Hotel, Cairo
  15. ^ Grand Hyatt Cairo, Cairo
  16. ^ Nile City South Tower, Cairo
  17. ^ Nile City North Tower, Cairo
  18. ^ Kwa Dukuza eGoli Hotel
  19. ^ New Central Bank Tower, Nairobi
  20. ^ Michelangelo Towers
  21. ^ Trust Bank Building (Johannesburg)
  22. ^ a b c d e f emporis.com - El Maadi Residential Complex
  23. ^ a b NTC Tower
  24. ^ [3]. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
  25. ^ Standard Bank Building
  26. ^ Southern Life Center
  27. ^ [4]
  28. ^ Monte Blanc
  29. ^ ABSA Tower Pretoria
  30. ^ a b Old Mutual Centre
  31. ^ [5]
  32. ^ [6]
  33. ^ Millenium Tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  34. ^ [7]
  35. ^ [8]
  36. ^ a b [9]
  37. ^ [10]
  38. ^ [11]
  39. ^ Rita Tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  40. ^ [12]
  41. ^ [13]
  42. ^ [14]
  43. ^ [15]
  44. ^ [16]
  45. ^ [17]
  46. ^ [18]
  47. ^ [19]
  48. ^ Shell House
  49. ^ Carlton Center Hotel
  50. ^ Holiday Inn Durban - Marine Parade
  51. ^ Holiday Inn Garden Court North Beach
  52. ^ [20]
  53. ^ ABSA Centre Cape Town
  54. ^ The Spinnaker
  55. ^ The Spinnaker
  56. ^ mauritius telecom
  57. ^ [21]
  58. ^ [22]
  59. ^ Schlesinger Building
  60. ^ Golden Acre
  61. ^ Protea Hotel Landmark Lodge
  62. ^ The Parade
  63. ^ [23]
  64. ^ a b c [24]
  65. ^ http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/302534.aspx
  66. ^ [25]
  67. ^ a b c d [26]
  68. ^ Holiday Inn Cape Town
  69. ^ Highpoint Hillbrow
  70. ^ [27]
  71. ^ [28]
  72. ^ Intercontinental Hotel & Casino at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  73. ^ [29]
  74. ^ [30]
  75. ^ [31]
  76. ^ [32]
  77. ^ [33]
  78. ^ a b [34]
  79. ^ SkyscraperPage: Uhuru Heights
  80. ^ Uhuru Heights at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  81. ^ [35]
  82. ^ [36]
  83. ^ [37]
  84. ^ CTBUH: ESCOM Building
  85. ^ "Climbing without crane and flexible scaffolding procedure with system". Peri. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
  86. ^ "Successful construction". Peri. Retrieved 6 May 2015. 
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  89. ^ [39]
  90. ^ [40]
  91. ^ [41]
  92. ^ [42]
  93. ^ [43]
  94. ^ [44]
  95. ^ [45]
  96. ^ Deneys Reitz
  97. ^ [46]
  98. ^ [47]
  99. ^ [48]
  100. ^ [49]
  101. ^ [50]
  102. ^ [51]
  103. ^ [52]
  104. ^ SkyscraperPage: Edificio Kanhangulo
  105. ^ [53]
  106. ^ SkyscraperPage: Britam Tower
  107. ^ Britam Tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  108. ^ [54]
  109. ^ [55]
  110. ^ Hazina Trade Centre at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  111. ^ Editor, Sun Publishing (August 20, 2006). "Abuja’s grandiose Tower". Daily SunSun Publishing. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  112. ^ "Construction starts on Nigerian art and nature complex". World Architecture News. 14 March 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-05. 
  113. ^ [56]
  114. ^ SkyscraperPage: UAP Park Towers
  115. ^ UAP Park Towers at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  116. ^ [57]
  117. ^ Abuja World Trade Centre at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  118. ^ SkyscraperPage: IMOB Business Tower
  119. ^ IMOB Business Tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  120. ^ a b [58]
  121. ^ a b [59]
  122. ^ [60]
  123. ^ Prism tower at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  124. ^ Banco de Mocambique Tower 1 at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  125. ^ SkyscraperPage: Kianda Towers
  126. ^ Edificio Kilamba at CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  127. ^ SkyscraperPage: Kingdom Kampala Centre
  128. ^ SkyscraperPage: Congo Office des Routes
  129. ^ SkyscraperPage: CIF Tower II
  130. ^ [61]
  131. ^ [62]
  132. ^ [63]
  133. ^ [64]
  134. ^ [65]
  135. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t [66]
  136. ^ a b [67]
  137. ^ a b c [68]
  138. ^ a b [69]
  139. ^ [70]
  140. ^ a b [71]
  141. ^ [72]
  142. ^ a b [73]
  143. ^ [74]
  144. ^ [75]
  145. ^ [76]
  146. ^ [77]