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List of tallest buildings in the world

File:Burj Khalifa.jpg
The 828 m tall Burj Khalifa in Dubai has been the tallest building in the world since 2010. The Burj Khalifa has been classified as Megatall.[1]

This article lists the world's tallest buildings, ranked by

  • structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building);
  • highest point on the building.

The lists include buildings that

  • are completed or topped-out
  • have continuous occupiable floors
  • are under construction and buildings partially constructed but on hold

For lists that include non-building structures, see

Ranking criteria and alternatives

The international non-profit organization Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) was formed in 1969 and announces the title of "The World's Tallest Building" and sets the standards by which buildings are measured. It maintains a list of the 100 tallest completed buildings in the world.[2] The organization currently ranks Burj Khalifa in Dubai as the tallest at Script error: No such module "convert"..[2] The CTBUH only recognizes buildings that are complete, however, and some buildings listed within these list articles are not considered complete by the CTBUH.

In 1996, as a response to the dispute as to whether the Petronas Towers or the Sears Tower was taller,[3] the council listed and ranked buildings in four categories:

  • height to structural or architectural top;
  • height to floor of highest occupied floor;
  • height to top of roof (removed as category in November 2009);[4] and
  • height to top of any part of the building.

Spires are considered integral parts of the architectural design of buildings, to which changes would substantially change the appearance and design of the building, whereas antennas may be added or removed without such consequences. This naturally hurts the rankings of buildings without spires, or with antennas instead of spires, or with shorter spires. The most famous such discrepancy is that the Petronas Towers, with their spires, are ranked higher than the Willis Tower (formerly called the Sears Tower) with its antennas, despite the Petronas Towers' lower roofs and lower highest points (of spire/antenna).

However, this type of discrepancy has happened before, without resulting in a change of the criteria used to determine the world's tallest building, which until 1996 was the height to the top of the tallest architectural element (spires, but not antennae). A famous historical case of this discrepancy was the rivalry between The Trump Building (then known as the Bank of Manhattan Building) and the Chrysler Building. The Bank of Manhattan Building employed only a short spire and was 927 ft (283 m) tall and had a much higher top occupied floor (the second category in the 1996 criteria for tallest building). In contrast, the Chrysler Building employed a very large 125 ft (38 m) spire secretly assembled inside the building to claim the title of world's tallest building with a total height of 1,048 ft (319 m), despite having a lower top occupied floor and a shorter height when both buildings' spires are not counted in their heights. Upset by Chrysler's victory, Shreve & Lamb, the consulting architects of the Bank of Manhattan Building, wrote a newspaper article claiming that their building was actually the tallest, since it contained the world's highest usable floor. They pointed out that the observation deck in the Bank of Manhattan Building was nearly 100 ft (30 m) above the top floor in the Chrysler Building, whose surpassing spire was strictly ornamental and essentially inaccessible.[5] At present the issue of identifying the tallest building is not contested, as Burj Khalifa tops the list by some margin, regardless of which criterion is applied.[6][7]

Tallest buildings in the world

This list includes all buildings (completed and topped out) which reach a height of 300 metres (984 ft) or more as assessed by their highest architectural feature. As of 2014, seven of the last eight buildings to have held the record as 'tallest building in the world' are still found in the buildings over 300 m (984 ft), with the North Tower of the original World Trade Center being the exception after its destruction in the September 11 attacks of 2001.

bold †Denotes building that is or was once tallest in the world
Rank Building[A][8] City Country Height (m)[2] Height (ft) Floors Built
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai 23x15px UAE 828 m 2,717 ft 163 2010
2 Shanghai Tower[9] Shanghai 23x15px China 632 m 2,073 ft 128 2015[B]
3 Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower Mecca 23x15px Saudi Arabia 601 m[10] 1,971 ft 120 2012
4 One World Trade Center New York City 23x15px United States 541.3 m 1,776 ft 104 2014
5 CTF Finance Centre Guangzhou 23x15px China 530 m[11] 1,740 ft 111 2016[B]
6 Taipei 101 Taipei 23x15px Taiwan 509 m[12] 1,670 ft 101 2004
7 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai 23x15px China 492 m 1,614 ft 101 2008
8 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong Template:Country data Hong Kong 484 m 1,588 ft 118 2010
9 Petronas Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 452 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
9 Petronas Tower 2 Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 452 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
11 Zifeng Tower Nanjing 23x15px China 450 m 1,476 ft 89 2010
12 Willis Tower† (formerly the Sears Tower) Chicago 23x15px United States 442 m  1,450 ft  108 1974
13 KK100 Shenzhen 23x15px China 442 m 1,449 ft 100 2011
14 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou 23x15px China 440 m 1,440 ft 103 2010
15 Marina 101 Dubai 23x15px United Arab Emirates 427 m 1,399 ft 101 2015[B]
16 432 Park Avenue New York City 23x15px United States 426 m 1,397 ft 96 2015[B]
17 Trump International Hotel and Tower[13] Chicago 23x15px United States 423 m 1,389 ft 98 2009
18 Jin Mao Tower Shanghai 23x15px China 421 m 1,380 ft 88 1999
19 Princess Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 414 m 1,358 ft[14] 101 2012
20 Al Hamra Tower Kuwait City Template:Country data Kuwait 413 m 1,354 ft 80 2011
21 2 International Finance Centre Hong Kong Template:Country data Hong Kong 412 m 1,352 ft 88 2003
22 23 Marina Dubai 23x15px UAE 395 m 1,296 ft 89 2012
23 CITIC Plaza Guangzhou 23x15px China 391 m 1,283 ft 80 1997
24 Capital Market Authority Headquarters Riyadh 23x15px Saudi Arabia 385 m 1 263 ft 85 2015[B]
25 Shun Hing Square Shenzhen 23x15px China 384 m 1,260 ft 69 1996
26 Eton Place Dalian Tower 1 Dalian 23x15px China 383 m 1,257 ft 80 2015[B]
27 Burj Mohammed bin Rashid Abu Dhabi 23x15px UAE 381 m 1,251 ft 88 2014
28 Empire State Building New York City 23x15px United States 381 m 1,250 ft 102 1931
29 Elite Residence Dubai 23x15px UAE 380.5 m 1,247 ft 87 2012
30 Central Plaza Hong Kong Template:Country data Hong Kong 374 m 1,227 ft 78 1992
31 Bank of China Tower Hong Kong Template:Country data Hong Kong 367 m 1,205 ft 70 1990
32 Bank of America Tower New York City 23x15px United States 366 m 1,200 ft 54 2009
33 Almas Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 363 m 1,191 ft 68 2009
34 JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Tower 1 Dubai 23x15px UAE 355 m 1,166 ft 82 2012
34 JW Marriott Marquis Dubai Tower 2 Dubai 23x15px UAE 355 m 1,166 ft 82 2012
36 Emirates Office Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 355 m 1,163 ft 54 2000
37 OKO Tower - South Tower Moscow 23x15px Russia 354 m 1,160 ft 85 2015[B]
38 The Marina Torch Dubai 23x15px UAE 352 m 1,155 ft 86 2011
39 Forum 66 Tower 1 Shenyang 23x15px China 351 m 1,150 ft 68 2015[B]
40 The Pinnacle Guangzhou 23x15px China 350 m 1,149 ft 60 2012
41 Tuntex Sky Tower Kaohsiung 23x15px Taiwan 348 m 1,140 ft 85 1997
42 Aon Center Chicago 23x15px United States 346 m 1,136 ft 83 1973
43 The Center Hong Kong Template:Country data Hong Kong 346 m 1,135 ft 73 1998
44 John Hancock Center Chicago 23x15px United States 344 m 1,128 ft 100 1969
45 ADNOC Headquarters Abu Dhabi 23x15px UAE 342 m 1,122 ft 76 2015[B]
45 Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 342 m 1,122 ft 76 2010[B]
47 The Wharf Times Square Wuxi 23x15px China 339 m 1,112 ft 68 2014
47 Chongqing World Financial Center Chongqing 23x15px China 339 m 1,112 ft 78 2014
47 Mercury City Tower Moscow 23x15px Russia 339 m 1,112 ft 75 2012
50 Tianjin Modern City Office Tower Tianjin 23x15px China 338 m 1,109 ft 65 2015[B]
51 Tianjin World Financial Center Tianjin 23x15px China 337 m 1,105 ft 79 2010
52 Shimao International Plaza Shanghai 23x15px China 333 m 1,094 ft 61 2005
53 Rose Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 333 m 1,093 ft 72 2007
54 Minsheng Bank Building Wuhan 23x15px China 331 m 1,087 ft 68 2007
55 China World Trade Center Tower 3 Beijing 23x15px China 330 m 1,083 ft 74 2009
55 Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang Template:Country data North Korea 330 m 1,083 ft 105 1992[C]
57 Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower Hanoi 23x15px Vietnam 329 m 1,078 ft 72 2011
58 Al Yaqoub Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 328 m 1,076 ft 69 2013[B]
58 Longxi International Hotel Huaxi Village 23x15px China 328 m 1,076 ft 72 2011
58 Wuxi Suning Plaza 1 Wuxi 23x15px China 328 m 1,076 ft 68 2014
61 The Index Dubai 23x15px UAE 326 m 1,070 ft 80 2010
62 The Landmark Abu Dhabi 23x15px UAE 324 m 1,072 ft 72 2012
63 Deji Plaza Phase 2 Nanjing 23x15px China 324 m 1,072 ft 62 2013
64 Yantai Shimao No.1 The Harbour Yantai 23x15px China 323 m 1,060 ft 59 2015[B]
65 Q1 Gold Coast 23x15px Australia 323 m 1,058 ft 80 2005
66 Wenzhou World Trade Center Wenzhou 23x15px China 322 m 1,056 ft 68 2010
67 Burj Al Arab Dubai 23x15px UAE 321 m 1,053 ft 60 1999
68 Nina Tower Hong Kong Template:Country data Hong Kong 310 m 1,051 ft 80 2007
69 Sinar Mas Center 1 Shanghai 23x15px China 320 m 1,048 ft 66 2016[B]
70 Chrysler Building New York City 23x15px United States 319 m 1,047 ft 77 1930
66 New York Times Building New York City 23x15px United States 319 m 1,046 ft 52 2007
67 HHHR Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 317 m 1,042 ft 72 2010
68 Bank of America Plaza Atlanta 23x15px United States 317 m 1,040 ft 55 1992
69 Moi Center Shenyang 23x15px China 311 m 1,020 ft 75 2012
70 U.S. Bank Tower Los Angeles 23x15px United States 310 m 1,018 ft 73 1989
71 Menara Telekom Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 310 m 1,017 ft 55 2001
71 Ocean Heights Dubai 23x15px UAE 310 m 1,017 ft 82 2010
71 Sky Tower Abu Dhabi 23x15px UAE 310 m 1,017 ft 74 2010
71 Cemindo Tower Jakarta Template:Country data Indonesia 310 m 1,017 ft 63 2015
75 Pearl River Tower Guangzhou 23x15px China 310 m 1,016 ft 71 2012
76 Fortune Center Guangzhou 23x15px China 309 m 1,015 ft 73 2015[B]
77 Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Dubai 23x15px UAE 309 m 1,014 ft 56 2000
78 Eurasia Moscow 23x15px Russia 309 m 1,013 ft 72 2013[B]
79 Burj Rafal Riyadh 23x15px Saudi Arabia 308 m 1,010 ft 68 2014[B]
80 Franklin Center Chicago 23x15px United States 307 m 1,007 ft 60 1989
81 Cayan Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 306 m 1,005 ft 76 2013
81 One57 New York City 23x15px United States 306 m 1,004 ft 75 2013
81 East Pacific Center Tower A Shenzhen 23x15px China 306 m 1,004 ft 85 2012
81 The Shard London 23px United Kingdom 306 m 1,004 ft 72 2012
81 The Address Downtown Burj Khalifa Dubai 23x15px UAE 306 m 1,004 ft 63 2008
86 JPMorgan Chase Tower Houston 23x15px United States 305 m 1,002 ft 75 1982
86 Etihad Tower 2[15][16] Abu Dhabi 23x15px UAE 305 m 1,002 ft 79 2011
86 Northeast Asia Trade Tower Incheon Template:Country data South Korea 305 m 1,001 ft 68 2010
89 Baiyoke Tower II Bangkok 23x15px Thailand 304 m 997 ft 85 1997
89 Wuxi Maoye City - Marriott Hotel Wuxi 23x15px China 304 m 997 ft 68 2014
91 Two Prudential Plaza Chicago 23x15px United States 303 m 995 ft 64 1990
92 Chang Fu Jin Mao Tower Shenzhen 23x15px China 303 m 994 ft 68 2016[B]
92 Heung Kong Tower Shenzhen 23x15px China 303 m 994 ft 61 2014[B]
92 KAFD World Trade Center[17] Riyadh 23x15px Saudi Arabia 303 m 994 ft 67 2015[B]
95 Leatop Plaza Guangzhou 23x15px China 303 m 993 ft 65 2011
96 Wells Fargo Plaza Houston 23x15px United States 302 m 992 ft 71 1983
96 Kingdom Centre Riyadh 23x15px Saudi Arabia 302 m 992 ft 41 2002
98 Gate of the Orient Suzhou 23x15px China 302 m 990 ft 68 2012
99 Moscow Tower Moscow 23x15px Russia 302 m 989 ft 76 2010
100 We've the Zenith Tower A Busan Template:Country data South Korea 301 m 987 ft 80 2011
101 Aspire Tower Doha 23x15px Qatar 300 m 984 ft 36 2007
101 Arraya 2 Kuwait City Template:Country data Kuwait 300 m 984 ft 60 2009
101 Gran Torre Santiago Santiago 23x15px Chile 300 m 984 ft 64 2012
101 Abeno Harukas Osaka Template:Country data Japan 300 m 984 ft 59 2014

Photo gallery

Alternative measurements

Height to roof

Some assessments of the tallest building use 'height to roof' to determine tallest building in the world, as "architectural feature" is regarded as a subjective and an inaccurate comparative measure. In November 2009, the CTBUH stopped using the roof height as a method of measurement for tall buildings due to the fact that modern tall buildings rarely have a part of the building that can categorically be determined as the 'roof'.[18]

Rank Building City Country Height (m) Height (ft) Floors Built
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai 23x15px UAE 828.0 m 2,717 ft 163 2010
2 Shanghai Tower Shanghai 23x15px China 574.6 m 1,885 ft 121 2015
3 Abraj Al-Bait Towers Mecca 23x15px Saudi Arabia 530.0 m 1,740 ft 120 2012
4 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai 23x15px China 487.4 m 1,599 ft 101 2008
5 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong 23x15px China 484.0 m 1,588 ft 108 2010
6 Taipei 101 Taipei 23x15px Taiwan 449.2 m 1,471 ft 101 2004
7 Willis Tower Chicago 23px United States 442.0 m 1,451 ft 108 1974
8 Kingkey 100 Shenzhen 23x15px China 442.0 m 1,449 ft 100 2011
9 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou 23x15px China 432.0 m 1,417 ft 103 2009
10 One World Trade Center New York City 23px United States 417.0 m 1,368 ft 104 2014
11 International Finance Centre Hong Kong 23x15px China 406.9 m 1,335 ft 88 2003
12 23 Marina Dubai 23x15px UAE 395.0 m 1,296 ft 89 2012
13 Princess Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 392.0 m 1,286 ft[14] 101 2012
14 Empire State Building New York City 23px United States 381.0 m 1,250 ft 102 1931
14 Zifeng Tower Nanjing 23x15px China 381.0 m 1,250 ft 89 2009
16 Petronas Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 378.6 m 1,242 ft 88 1998
16 Petronas Tower 2 Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 378.6 m 1,242 ft 88 1998
18 Jin Mao Building Shanghai 23x15px China 370.0 m 1,231 ft 88 1998
19 Al Hamra Tower Kuwait City Template:Country data Kuwait 368.0 m 1,207 ft 80 2011
20 Trump International Hotel and Tower Chicago 23px United States 356.6 m 1,170 ft 96 2009
21 Tuntex Sky Tower Kaohsiung 23x15px Taiwan 347.5 m 1,140 ft 85 1997
22 Aon Center Chicago 23px United States 346.3 m 1,136 ft 83 1973
23 John Hancock Center Chicago 23px United States 343.5 m 1,127 ft 100 1969
24 Mercury City Tower Moscow 23x15px Russia 339.0 m 1,112 ft 75 2012
25 China World Trade Center Tower 3 Beijing 23x15px China 333.0 m 1,093 ft 74 2008
26 Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang Template:Country data North Korea 330.0 m 1,083 ft 105 1992[C]
27 The Index Dubai 23x15px UAE 328.0 m 1,076 ft 80 2009
28 Shun Hing Square Shenzhen 23x15px China 324.8 m 1,066 ft 69 1996
29 CITIC Plaza Guangzhou 23x15px China 321.9 m 1,056 ft 80 1997
30 Nina Tower Hong Kong 23x15px China 318.8 m 1,046 ft 80 2006
31 Rose Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 315.0 m 1,033 ft 72 2008
31 Bank of China Tower Hong Kong 23x15px China 315.0 m 1,033 ft 72 1990
33 Bank of America Plaza Atlanta 23px United States 311.8 m 1,023 ft 55 1992
34 Emirates Office Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 311.0 m 1,020 ft 56 2000
35 U.S. Bank Tower Los Angeles 23px United States 310.3 m 1,018 ft 73 1989
36 Menara Telekom Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 310.0 m 1,017 ft 55 2001
36 Almas Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 310.0 m 1,017 ft 74 2008
38 Central Plaza Hong Kong 23x15px China 309.0 m 1,014 ft 78 1992
39 The Address Downtown Burj Khalifa Dubai 23x15px UAE 306.0 m 1,004 ft 78 2008
40 JPMorgan Chase Tower Houston 23px United States 305.4 m 1,002 ft 75 1982
41 Northeast Asia Trade Tower Incheon Template:Country data South Korea 305.1 m 1,001 ft 68 2010
42 The Shard London 23px United Kingdom 304.1 m 998 ft 72 2012
43 Baiyoke Tower II Bangkok 23x15px Thailand 304.0 m 997 ft 85 1997
44 Wells Fargo Plaza Houston 23px United States 302.4 m 992 ft 71 1983
45 Kingdom Centre Riyadh 23x15px Saudi Arabia 302.0 m 991 ft 41 2002
46 Moscow Tower Moscow 23x15px Russia 302.0 m 989 ft 76 2010
47 We've the Zenith Busan Template:Country data South Korea 301.0 m 988 ft 80 2011

Height to pinnacle (highest point)

This measurement disregards distinctions between architectural and non-architectural extensions, and simply measures to the highest point. This measurement is useful for air traffic obstacle determinations, and is also a wholly objective measure. However, this measurement includes extensions that are easily added, removed, and modified from a building and are independent of the overall structure.

This measurement only recently came to use, when the Petronas Towers passed the Sears Tower (now called Willis Tower) in height. The former was considered taller because its spires were considered architectural, while the latter's antennae were not. This led to the split of definitions, with the Sears Tower claiming the lead in this and the height-to-roof (now highest occupied floor) categories, and with the Petronas claiming the lead in the architectural height category.

File:Tallest Buildings in the World in 2014 by pinaccle height.png
Tallest buildings in the world by pinnacle height, including all masts, poles, antennae, etc. in 2014.
Rank Building City Country Height Floors Built
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai 23x15px UAE 829.8 m 2,722 ft 163 2010
2 Shanghai Tower Shanghai 23x15px China 632 m 2,073 ft 121 2015
3 Abraj Al-Bait Towers Mecca 23x15px Saudi Arabia 601 m[10] 1,971 ft 120 2012
4 One World Trade Center New York City 23px United States 546.2 m 1,792 ft 104 2014
5 Willis Tower Chicago 23px United States 527.0 m 1,729 ft 108 1974
6 Taipei 101 Taipei 23x15px Taiwan 509.0 m 1,669 ft 101 2004
7 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai 23x15px China 494.4 m 1,614 ft 101 2008
8 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong 23x15px China 484.0 m 1,588 ft 108 2010
9 John Hancock Center Chicago 23px United States 457.2 m 1,500 ft 100 1969
10 Petronas Tower 1 Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 452.0 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
10 Petronas Tower 2 Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 452.0 m 1,483 ft 88 1998
12 Zifeng Tower Nanjing 23x15px China 450.0 m 1,476 ft 89 2009
13 Empire State Building New York City 23px United States 443.2 m 1,454 ft 102 1931
14 Kingkey 100 Shenzhen 23x15px China 442 m 1,449 ft 100 2011
15 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou 23x15px China 440.5 m 1,445 ft 103 2009
16 Trump International Hotel and Tower Chicago 23px United States 423.4 m 1,389 ft 96 2009
17 Jin Mao Tower Shanghai 23x15px China 421.0 m 1,381 ft 88 1998
18 International Finance Centre Hong Kong 23x15px China 416.5 m 1,366 ft 88 2003
19 Princess Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 414.0 m 1,358 ft[14] 101 2012
20 Al Hamra Tower Kuwait City Template:Country data Kuwait 412.6 m 1,354 ft 80 2010
21 23 Marina Dubai 23x15px UAE 395 m 1,296 ft 89 2012
22 CITIC Plaza Guangzhou 23x15px China 391.0 m 1,283 ft 80 1997
23 Shun Hing Square Shenzhen 23x15px China 384.0 m 1,260 ft 69 1996
24 Tuntex Sky Tower Kaohsiung 23x15px Taiwan 378.0 m 1,240 ft 85 1997
25 Emirates Park Tower 1 Dubai 23x15px UAE 376.0 m 1,234 ft 77 2010
25 Emirates Park Tower 2 Dubai 23x15px UAE 376.0 m 1,234 ft 77 2010
27 Central Plaza Hong Kong 23x15px China 374.0 m 1,227 ft 78 1992
28 Bank of China Tower Hong Kong 23x15px China 367.4 m 1,205 ft 72 1990
29 Bank of America Tower New York City 23px United States 365.8 m 1,200 ft 54 2008
30 Almas Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 363.0 m 1,191 ft 68 2008
31 Emirates Office Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 356.4 m 1,169 ft 56 2000
32 SEG Plaza Shenzhen 23x15px China 355.8 m 1,167 ft 70 2000
33 First Canadian Place Toronto 23x15px Canada 355.0 m 1,165 ft 72 1975
34 The Torch Dubai 23x15px UAE 348.1 m 1,142 ft 80 2011
35 Aon Center Chicago 23px United States 346.3 m 1,136 ft 83 1973
36 The Center Hong Kong 23x15px China 346.0 m 1,135 ft 73 1998
37 Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 342.0 m 1,122 ft 76 2010
38 Mercury City Tower Moscow 23x15px Russia 339 m 1,112 ft 75 2012
39 Conde Nast Building New York City 23px United States 338.0 m 1,109 ft 48 1999
40 Tianjin World Financial Center Tianjin 23x15px China 336.9 m 1,105 ft 79 2010
41 Shanghai Shimao International Plaza Shanghai 23x15px China 333.0 m 1,094 ft 60 2005
42 Rose Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 333.0 m 1,093 ft 72 2008
43 Minsheng Bank Building Wuhan 23x15px China 331.0 m 1,086 ft 68 2007
44 Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang Template:Country data North Korea 330.0 m 1,083 ft 105 1992[C]
44 China World Trade Center Tower 3 Beijing 23x15px China 330.0 m 1,083 ft 74 2008
46 Baiyoke Tower II Bangkok 23x15px Thailand 328.0 m 1,076 ft 85 1997
46 The Index Dubai 23x15px UAE 328.0 m 1,076 ft 80 2009
46 Al Yaqoub Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 328.0 m 1,076 ft 72 2010
46 Hanging Village of Huaxi Huaxi Village 23x15px China 328.0 m 1,076 ft 72 2011
50 The Landmark Abu Dhabi 23x15px UAE 324.0 m 1072 ft 72 2010[B]
51 Q1 Gold Coast 23x15px Australia 322.5 m 1,058 ft 78 2005
52 Wenzhou World Trade Center Wenzhou 23x15px China 322.0 m 1,056 ft 68 2010
53 Burj Al Arab Dubai 23x15px UAE 321.0 m 1,053 ft 60 1999
54 Chrysler Building New York City 23px United States 318.9 m 1,046 ft 77 1930
54 New York Times Building New York City 23px United States 318.9 m 1,046 ft 52 2007
56 Nina Tower Hong Kong 23x15px China 318.8 m 1,046 ft 80 2006
57 HHHR Tower Dubai 23x15px UAE 317.8 m 1,042 ft 72 2010
57 Bank of America Plaza Atlanta 23px United States 317.8 m 1,042 ft 55 1992
59 U.S. Bank Tower Los Angeles 23px United States 310.3 m 1,018 ft 73 1989
60 Ocean Heights Dubai 23x15px UAE 310.0 m 1,017 ft 82 2010
60 Menara Telekom Kuala Lumpur 23x15px Malaysia 310.0 m 1,017 ft 55 2001
60 Sky Tower Abu Dhabi 23x15px UAE 310.0 m 1,017 ft 74 2010
63 Pearl River Tower Guangzhou 23x15px China 310.0 m 1,016 ft 71 2012
64 The Shard London 23x15px UK 309.6 m 1,016 ft 95 2012
65 Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel Dubai 23x15px UAE 309.0 m 1,014 ft 56 2000
66 AT&T Corporate Center Chicago 23px United States 307.0 m 1,007 ft 60 2001
67 The Address Downtown Burj Khalifa Dubai 23x15px UAE 306.0 m 1,004 ft 63 2008
68 JPMorganChase Tower Houston 23px United States 305.4 m 1,002 ft 75 1982
68 Etihad Tower 2[15][16] Abu Dhabi 23x15px UAE 305.4 m 1,002 ft 79 2011
70 Northeast Asia Trade Tower Incheon Template:Country data South Korea 305.1 m 1,001 ft 68 2010
71 Two Prudential Plaza Chicago 23px United States 303.3 m 995 ft 64 1990
72 Leatop Plaza Guangzhou 23x15px China 302.7 m 993 ft 65 2012
73 Wells Fargo Plaza Houston 23px United States 302.4 m 992 ft 71 1983
73 One Shell Plaza Houston 23px United States 302.4 m 992 ft 50 1971
75 Kingdom Centre Riyadh 23x15px Saudi Arabia 302.0 m 991 ft 41 2002
76 Moscow Tower Moscow 23x15px Russia 302.0 m 989 ft 76 2010
77 We've the Zenith Busan Template:Country data South Korea 301.0 m 988 ft 80 2011
78 Commerzbank Tower Frankfurt 23x15px Germany 300.1 m 985 ft 53 1997
79 Aspire Tower Doha 23x15px Qatar 300.0 m 984 ft 36 2007
79 Arraya 2 Kuwait City Template:Country data Kuwait 300.0 m 984 ft 60 2009

Buildings under construction

This list shows buildings taller than 300 metres or 65 floors that are currently under construction.

Building Planned pinnacle height Planned roof height Floors Planned completion Country City Remarks
Kingdom Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 214 2019 23x15px Saudi Arabia Jeddah Will become the tallest in the world upon completion.[19]
Suzhou Zhongnan Center Script error: No such module "convert". 144 2020 23x15px China Suzhou [20]
Ping An Finance Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 115 2016 23x15px China Shenzhen
Wuhan Greenland Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 124 2020 23x15px China Wuhan
Goldin Finance 117 Script error: No such module "convert". 117 2018 23x15px China Tianjin
Rose Rock IFC Script error: No such module "convert". 100 2017 23x15px China Tianjin
Baoneng Shenyang Global Financial Center Script error: No such module "convert". 114 2018 23x15px China Shenyang
Lotte World Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 123 2016 Template:Country data South Korea Seoul Will become the tallest building in the OECD with the tallest observation deck in the world.[21]
225 West 57th Street Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 94 2019 23x15px United States New York City Will become the second tallest building in New York, and the tallest residential building in the world; also known as the Nordstrom Tower.
Tianjin Chow Tai Fook Binhai Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 108 2018 23x15px China Tianjin
KL118 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 118 23x15px Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
China Zun Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 111 2017 23x15px China Beijing
Pertamina Energy Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 99 2020 Template:Country data Indonesia Jakarta
Dalian Greenland Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 88 2016 23x15px China Dalian
Busan Lotte Town Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 107 2016 Template:Country data South Korea Busan
Hengqin Headquarters Tower 2 Script error: No such module "convert". 106 2017 23x15px China Zhuhai
Chengdu Greenland Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 100 2018 23x15px China Chengdu
International Commerce Center 1 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 99 2016 23x15px China Chongqing
Tianjin R&F Guangdong Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 91 2016 23x15px China Tianjin
Lakhta Center Script error: No such module "convert". 86 2018 23x15px Russia St. Petersburg Will become tallest building in Europe upon completion.[22]
Landmark 81 Script error: No such module "convert". 81 2018 23x15px Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City
Riverview Plaza Script error: No such module "convert". 82 2016 23x15px China Wuhan
China Resources Centre Block A Script error: No such module "convert". 90 2018 23x15px China Nanning [24]
World One Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 117 2016 Template:Country data India Mumbai Will become tallest residential skyscraper in the world if completed before Pentominium.[25][26][27][28][29][30]
Wuhan Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 88 2015 23x15px China Wuhan
111 West 57th Street Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 80 2017 23x15px United States New York City Scheduled to be world's skinniest skyscraper "with a slenderness ratio of about 1:23."[31]
Diamond Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 93 2017 23x15px Saudi Arabia Jeddah
Dongguan International Trade Center 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 88 23x15px China Dongguan
Marina 101 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 101 2015 23x15px United Arab Emirates Dubai
LCT Landmark Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 101 2018 Template:Country data South Korea Busan
Huaguoyuan Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 64 2017 23x15px China Guiyang
Huaguoyuan Tower 2 Script error: No such module "convert". 64 2017 23x15px China Guiyang
Nanjing Olympic Suning Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 88 2017 23x15px China Nanjing
Ningbo Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 79 2017 23x15px China Ningbo
Shum Yip Upperhills Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 80 2019 23x15px China Shenzhen
Eton Place Dalian Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 80 2014 23x15px China Dalian
The Domain Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 88 2014 23x15px UAE Abu Dhabi
Gemdale Gangxia Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 2017 23x15px China Shenzhen
Three World Trade Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 71 2017 23x15px United States New York City Also known as 175 Greenwich Street[32]
Federation Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 93 2015 23x15px Russia Moscow
Oberoi Oasis Residential Tower Script error: No such module "convert".[33] Script error: No such module "convert". 82 2015 Template:Country data India Mumbai
Zhujiang New City Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 87 2015 23x15px China Guangzhou
Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower A Script error: No such module "convert". 76 2018 23x15px China Nanjing
Dalian International Trade Center Script error: No such module "convert". 86 2016 23x15px China Dalian
VietinBank Business Center Office Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 68 2016 23x15px Vietnam Hanoi
Greenland Group Suzhou Center Script error: No such module "convert". 75 2018 23x15px China Wujiang [34]
30 Hudson Yards Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 80 2018-2019 23x15px United States New York City Tallest building in the Hudson Yards development.
Oko Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 91 2015 23x15px Russia Moscow
Forum 66 Tower 2 Script error: No such module "convert". 68 2015 23x15px China Shenyang
Hanking Center Script error: No such module "convert". 65 2018 23x15px China Shenzhen [35]
Lamar Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 72 2016 23x15px Saudi Arabia Jeddah
Gezhouba International Plaza Script error: No such module "convert". 69 2017 23x15px China Wuhan
Spring City 66 Script error: No such module "convert". 2018 23x15px China Kunming [36]
Shimao Hunan Center Script error: No such module "convert". 2018 23x15px China Changsha
Comcast Innovation and Technology Center Script error: No such module "convert". 59 2018 23x15px United States Philadelphia Will become the tallest building in the United States outside New York and Chicago.
Xiamen International Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 81 2016 23x15px China Xiamen [37]
LCT Residential Tower A Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 85 2018 Template:Country data South Korea Busan
One Shenzhen Bay Script error: No such module "convert". 80 2018 23x15px China Shenzhen
Tianjin Modern City Office Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 65 2016 23x15px China Tianjin
Orchid Crown Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 75 2015 Template:Country data India Mumbai [38][39]
Orchid Crown Tower 2 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 75 2015 Template:Country data India Mumbai [40][41]
Orchid Crown Tower 3 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 75 2015 Template:Country data India Mumbai [42][43]
ADNOC Headquarters Script error: No such module "convert". 65 2015 23x15px UAE Abu Dhabi
Wilshire Grand Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 77 2017 23x15px United States Los Angeles Will become tallest building in the United States west of Chicago.
DAMAC Heights Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 85 2016 23x15px UAE Dubai
LCT Residential Tower B Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 85 2018 Template:Country data South Korea Busan
Salesforce Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 61 2017 23x15px United States San Francisco Will become tallest building in San Francisco.
China Chuneng Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 2017 23x15px China Shenzhen
Jinan Center Financial City Script error: No such module "convert". 23x15px China Jinan
Mandarin Oriental Chengdu Script error: No such module "convert". 88 2017 23x15px China Chengdu
Changsha A9 Financial District Script error: No such module "convert". 68 2019 23x15px China Changsha
Suning Plaza Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 77 2016 23x15px China Zhenjiang
Wuhan Yangtze River Shipping Center Script error: No such module "convert". 65 2018 23x15px China Wuhan
Yuexiu Fortune Center Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 66 2016 23x15px China Wuhan
Zhuhai St. Regis Hotel & Office Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 67 2016 23x15px China Zhuhai
Hon Kwok City Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 80 2015 23x15px China Shenzhen
Concord International Centre Script error: No such module "convert". 62 2016 23x15px China Chongqing
Golden Eagle Tiandi Tower B Script error: No such module "convert". 68 2018 23x15px China Nanjing
Nanjing World Trade Center Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 69 2016 23x15px China Nanjing
Baoneng Center Script error: No such module "convert". 65 2018 23x15px China Shenzhen
Gate of Taipei Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 76 2016 23x15px Taiwan Taipei
Abu Dhabi Plaza Script error: No such module "convert". 75 2017 Template:Country data Kazakhstan Astana
Palais Royale Mumbai Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 75 2015 Template:Country data India Mumbai Will become the tallest building in India, if completed before India Tower and World One.[44]
53W53 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 82 2018 23x15px United States New York Also known as the MoMA Expansion Tower and Tower Verre.
White Magnolia Plaza Script error: No such module "convert". 67 2015 23x15px China Shanghai
Runhua Global Center 1 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 72 2015 23x15px China Changzhou
Riverside Century Plaza Main Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 66 2015 23x15px China Wuhu
Australia 108 Script error: No such module "convert". 100 2016 23x15px Australia Melbourne Will become second tallest building in Australia, and the tallest building in Melbourne.
Chongqing IFS T1 Script error: No such module "convert". 65 2016 23x15px China Chongqing
Namaste Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 62 2017 Template:Country data India Mumbai It resembles the ‘Namaste’ gesture: two wings of the hotel are clasped together like hands greeting.
MahaNakhon Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 77 2015 23x15px Thailand Bangkok It will become Thailand's tallest building upon completion in 2015.
The Stratford Residences Script error: No such module "convert". 70 2015 23x15px Philippines Makati It will become the Philippines' highest building.
Lokhandwala Minerva Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 84 or 85 2016 Template:Country data India Mumbai Residential[45][46][47]
Diwang International Fortune Center Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 75 2014 23x15px China Liuzhou
Lamar Tower 2 Script error: No such module "convert". 62 2014 23x15px Saudi Arabia Jeddah
Century IT Park 300 m
(984 ft)
59 2019 Template:Country data India Mumbai [48][49]
Shenglong Global Center Script error: No such module "convert". 57 2017 23x15px China Fuzhou
Jin Wan Plaza 1 Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 66 2017 23x15px China Tianjin [50]
Langham Hotel Tower Script error: No such module "convert". Script error: No such module "convert". 74 2015 23x15px China Dalian
Tameer Commercial Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 74 2015 23x15px UAE Abu Dhabi
Supernova Spira Script error: No such module "convert". 80 2015 Template:Country data India Noida
Omkar Worli Project Tower 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 78 2016 Template:Country data India Mumbai
Omkar Worli Project Tower 2 Script error: No such module "convert". 77 2016 Template:Country data India Mumbai
Omkar Alta Monte 1 Script error: No such module "convert". 73 2015 Template:Country data India Mumbai

Buildings on hold

This list shows building whose construction is on hold that are planned to be, upon completion, over 300 metres (984.3 ft).

Building Planned pinnacle height Proposed completion Country City
Bahria Icon Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 2025 23x15px Pakistan Karachi
Sky City Script error: No such module "convert". 2014 23x15px China Changsha
India Tower[51][52] Script error: No such module "convert". 2016 Template:Country data India Mumbai
Port Tower Karachi Script error: No such module "convert". 2018 23x15px Pakistan Karachi
Doha Convention Center Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 2014 23x15px Qatar Doha
Pentominium Script error: No such module "convert". 2014 23x15px UAE Dubai
Al Quds Endowment Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 2014 23x15px Qatar Doha
Entrecalles Script error: No such module "convert". 23x15px Colombia Bogotá
Dubai Towers Doha Script error: No such module "convert". 2014 23x15px Qatar Doha
Chongqing International Finance Centre[53][54] Script error: No such module "convert". 23x15px China Chongqing
Marina 106 Script error: No such module "convert". 2012 23x15px UAE Dubai
Two World Trade Center Script error: No such module "convert". 2015 23px United States New York City
Lighthouse Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 2012 23x15px UAE Dubai
One Galleon Place Script error: No such module "convert". 2015 23x15px Philippines Pasig
Abu Dhabi Plaza Script error: No such module "convert". 2016 Template:Country data Kazakhstan Astana
Square Capital Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 2012 Template:Country data Kuwait Kuwait City
Parc1 Tower A Script error: No such module "convert". 2013 Template:Country data South Korea Seoul
Skycity Script error: No such module "convert". 23x15px Philippines Mandaluyong
Tianjin Kerry Center[55] Script error: No such module "convert". 23x15px China Tianjin
Torre Insignia[56] Script error: No such module "convert". 2018 23x15px Mexico Monterrey
Orchid Heights Tower A[57][58] Script error: No such module "convert". 2014 Template:Country data India Mumbai
Orchid Heights Tower B[59][60] Script error: No such module "convert". 2014 Template:Country data India Mumbai
Lopez Center Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 2015 23x15px Philippines Makati
Tianjin International Trade Centre Script error: No such module "convert". 2012 23x15px China Tianjin
Qatar National Bank Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 2014 23x15px Qatar Doha

List by continent

The following list shows the tallest completed buildings located in each continent listed by greatest to least height:

a On 14 February 2012 it became the tallest building in Latin America.[61]
Continent Building Height Floor count Completed Country City
Asia Burj Khalifa Script error: No such module "convert". 160 2010 23x15px United Arab Emirates Dubai
North America One World Trade Center Script error: No such module "convert". 104 2014 23x15px United States New York City
Europe Federation Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 95 2015 23x15px Russia Moscow
Oceania Q1 Script error: No such module "convert". 78 2005 23x15px Australia Gold Coast
South America Gran Torre Santiagoa Script error: No such module "convert". 64 2012 23x15px Chile Santiago
Africa Carlton Centre Script error: No such module "convert". 50 1973 23x15px South Africa Johannesburg
Antarctica Long Duration Balloon (LDB) Payload Preparation Buildings[62] N/A N/A 2005[63] 23x15px Antarctica McMurdo Station

List of buildings with 100+ floors

See also

Notes

A. ^ Destroyed buildings not included
B. ^ Topped out but not completed.
C. ^ Topped out in 1992, when construction was halted. Work was restarted in 2008, exterior work completed in 2011; interior work ongoing.

References

  1. ^ "The Tallest 20 in 2020: Entering the Era of the Megatall". CTBUH. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "100 tallest completed buildings in the world". CTBUH. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  3. ^ Lynn S. Beedle. "Tallest: Petronas vs. Sears Tower Controversy". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 2014-08-24. 
  4. ^ "CTBUH changes height criteria, Burj Khalifa height increases". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. 17 November 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2009. 
  5. ^ Binders, George (August 2006). 101 of the World's Tallest Buildings. p. 102.
  6. ^ "Tall Buildings In Numbers Vanity Height". Ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  7. ^ "Most of the World's Tallest Buildings Game the System With 'Vanity Height' - Jenny Xie". The Atlantic Cities. 2013-09-09. Retrieved 2013-09-21. 
  8. ^ Adapted from Emporis - World's Tallest Skyscrapers
  9. ^ "China tallest building, Shanghai Tower, gets final beam". 3 August 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Abraj Al-Bait Towers at CTBUH
  11. ^ CTF Finance Centre at CTBUH
  12. ^ Taipei 101 at CTBUH
  13. ^ CTBUH: Trump Tower Chicago
  14. ^ a b c "Princess Tower | Buildings". Dubai /: Emporis. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  15. ^ a b "Stellar Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  16. ^ a b "CTBUH Tall Buildings Database: Etihad Tower 2". Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  17. ^ "KAFD World Trade Center". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 24, 2015. 
  18. ^ "CTBUH Changes Height Criteria". Ctbuh.org. 2009-11-17. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  19. ^ "Kingdom Tower in Saudi Arabia Will Soon Be the World's Tallest Building". Retrieved 2014-12-28. 
  20. ^ Suzhou Zhongnan Center Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  21. ^ CTBUH. "Lotte World Tower Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database". Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  22. ^ Lakhta Center Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  23. ^ "Changsha IFS Tower T1". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved September 17, 2014. 
  24. ^ "China Resources Centre Block A". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Lodha’s premium project require a capex of Rs 2000 crore". Moneycontrol.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  26. ^ (AFP) – Jun 7, 2010 (2010-06-07). "AFP: Mumbai plans world's tallest apartment block". Google.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  27. ^ "Sakaal Times". Sakaal Times. 2010-06-08. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  28. ^ "World’s tallest apartment in Mumbai by 2014 - Videos - India - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 2010-02-03. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  29. ^ "Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  30. ^ "World One, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  31. ^ SHoP Goes Skinny
  32. ^ "''Three World Trade Center''". Tallestbuildingintheworld.org. Retrieved 2010-12-13. 
  33. ^ "Oberoi Oasis Residential Tower;". CTBUH. Retrieved 2012-08-23. 
  34. ^ "Greenland Group Suzhou Center". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Hanking Center". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Spring City 66". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved October 21, 2014. 
  37. ^ Xiamen International Centre Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database
  38. ^ CTBUH. "Orchid Crown Tower A Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database". 0.00000 ; 0.00000: Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  39. ^ "Orchid Crown Tower 1, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  40. ^ CTBUH. "Orchid Crown Tower B Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database". 0.00000 ; 0.00000: Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  41. ^ "Orchid Crown Tower 2, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  42. ^ CTBUH. "Orchid Crown Tower C Facts | CTBUH Skyscraper Database". 0.00000 ; 0.00000: Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  43. ^ "Orchid Crown Tower 3, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  44. ^ 155 West 57th Street at CTBUH
  45. ^ "Official Website". www.lokhandwalainfrastructure.com. Retrieved 2010-10-26. 
  46. ^ "Minerva, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-08-21. 
  47. ^ "Lokhandwala Minerva". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  48. ^ "Century IT Park". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  49. ^ "Century IT Park". skyscraperpage.com. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  50. ^ "Jin Wan Plaza 1". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  51. ^ "CTBUH Tall Buildings Database". Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  52. ^ - Thursday. "Economic downturn barely dents appetite for super-tall - The National". Thenational.ae. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  53. ^ "JW Marriott International Finance Centre". SkyscraperPage. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  54. ^ "Marriott Center". Emporis. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  55. ^ "Tianjin Kerry Center". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved January 19, 2015. 
  56. ^ "Torre Insignia". The Skyscraper Center. Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  57. ^ "CTBUH Tall Buildings Database". Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  58. ^ "Orchid Heights Tower A, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  59. ^ "CTBUH Tall Buildings Database". Buildingdb.ctbuh.org. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  60. ^ "Orchid Heights Tower B, Mumbai". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2012-09-20. 
  61. ^ "Costanera Center es oficialmente el edificio más alto de Latinoámerica". La Segunda. 2012-02-14. 
  62. ^ "McMurdo Station - Antarctica", StratoCat. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  63. ^ Jones, W. Vernon. "Report on the Balloon Program", NASA Astrophysics Subcommittee Meeting. 16 April 2013.

External links

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