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Open Access Articles- Top Results for List of tallest structures in the United States

List of tallest structures in the United States

The height of structures in the United States has historically been poorly documented. However the data is a matter of public record, appearing in documents maintained by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

This list is populated heavily by antenna masts. The engineering aspects of super-tall masts are highly specialized. Only four companies erect the majority of such structures: Doty Moore Tower Services (Cedar Hill, Texas); Kline Towers (Columbia, South Carolina); LeBlanc Royal Telecom (Oakville, Ontario); and Stainless Inc. (North Wales, Pennsylvania). The design and construction are largely governed by RS222E Electronic Industries Alliance standards. A Script error: No such module "convert". mast costs between $0.7 and $1.1 million to build, while a Script error: No such module "convert". mast costs $2.4 to $4 million. Prices generally vary depending on tower capacity and wind loading specifications.

A common misperception is that landmarks such as the Stratosphere Tower are the tallest United States structures, but they are in fact the tallest buildings. Likewise Taipei 101 was often misrepresented as the world's tallest structure (although it was the tallest occupied building, before the certification of Dubai's Burj Khalifa as such), but in fact is far eclipsed by antenna towers in over a dozen states in the United States and in other countries.

In the United States, the FAA and the FCC must approve all towers exceeding Script error: No such module "convert". in height. Furthermore, it is very difficult to get permission for structures over Script error: No such module "convert". high. The FCC presumes them to be inconsistent with the public interest, while the FAA presumes them to be a hazard to air navigation, resulting in poor airspace usage. A significant burden of proof is placed on the applicant to show that such a structure is in the public's best interests. Only when both agencies have resolved all legal, safety, and management concerns is such an application approved.

Since 1978 the United States has maintained eleven tethered aerostats sites along the southern borders. These balloons rise to Script error: No such module "convert"., carrying radar units for drug interdiction purposes. However since the balloons are aided by buoyancy and are not permanent they are not considered true structures.

State-by-state listing

Alabama

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    • Year Built: 1986
    • At 2,000 ft (610 m), this structure ties 19 others around the United States as the seventh tallest structure in the world.[1]

Alaska

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    • Year Built: 1986
    • Owner: Alaska Public Telecommunications Inc

Arizona

  • Midwest Tower Dolan Springs

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    • Year built: 1996-1998
    • Owner: U.S. Bureau of Reclamation (24.3%), SRP (21.7%), Los Angeles Dept. of Water and Power (21.2%), Arizona Public Service Co. (14.0%), NV Energy (11.3%), Tucson Electric Power (7.5%)
    • The Navajo Generating Station, a coal-fired power plant located 4 miles (6 km) east of Page, has three 775 ft (236 m) lined, reinforced concrete stacks. The plant's original stacks were demolished in the late 1990s after being replaced by larger diameter stacks of the same height. The new stacks were required to accommodate cooler, saturated flue gas that resulted when wet SO2 scrubbers were added.
  • The tallest radio tower is the 650 ft (198 m) KSZR (97.5) tower in Oro Valley near Tucson.

Arkansas

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    • Year built: 1987
    • Owner: Grapevine Communications

California

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| |name=Hearst-Argyle Tower }}) and the 1,994 ft (607.8 m) high Channel 40 Tower (38°16′21.4″N 121°30′21.6″W / 38.272611°N 121.506000°W / 38.272611; -121.506000 (Channel 40 Tower){{#coordinates:38|16|21.4|N|121|30|21.6|W|type:landmark | |name=Channel 40 Tower }}).

Colorado

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    • Year built: 2003
    • Owner: Denver Radio Tower Company
    • The primary reason for the tower is to get radio stations who do not have a license for the Denver area to get into the Denver area (big advertising bucks). According to Raymond Morris, "I was the previous owner of the land on which the tower was located. I was trying to negotiate a lease with them, but the going got tough and I ended up selling 367.3 acres [1.5 km²] from a larger piece of land, (4,000 feet × 4,000 feet) [1.2 by 1.2 km]."

Connecticut

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    • Year built: 1984
    • Owner: Communications Site Management LLC

Delaware

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    • Year built: 1982
    • Owner: WBOC

District of Columbia

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    • Year built: 1989
    • Owner: District of Columbia Office of Property Management
    • Operator: Washington, D.C. Police Department

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    • Year built: 1963
    • Owner: WTTG Fox

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    • Year built: 1884
    • Operator: National Park Service

Florida

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    • Year built: 1978
    • Owner: Gray Television
  • WCIX TV Tower
    • Homestead
    • Height: 1,801 ft (549 m)
    • Destroyed in 1992
    • Rebuilt

Georgia

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    • Year built: 1987
    • Owner: Gray Midamerica TV

Hawaii

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Idaho

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    • Year built: 1961
    • Owner: KMVT Broadcasting

Illinois

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Indiana

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    • Year built: 1957
    • Owner: Tribune

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    • Year Built: 1956
    • Owner: Nexstar Broadcasting, Inc.

Iowa

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    • Year built: 1972
    • Owner: NYT Broadcast Holdings LLC
    • Height: 2,000 ft (609.6 m)
    • Sioux City (42°35'11.0" N, 96°13'57.0" W)
    • Year built: 1965
  • AFLAC Tower
    • Height: 2,000 ft (609.4 m)
    • Rowley (42°24'02.0" N, 91°50'37.0" W )
    • Year built: 1984

Kansas

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    • Year built: 1963
    • Owner: Media General Operations
    • This was KTVH-TV until 1983, when it became KWCH-TV. Signal also broadcast on DT on Ch 19.

Kentucky

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    • Year built: 1990
    • Owner: Raycom Media
    • This tower was built to allow WAVE to reach into parts of the Cincinnati, OH market, which sacrificed the western part of the Louisville DMA. They abandoned a tower in Floyds Knobs, IN when the La Grange tower went on the air. They have since put their HD antenna and transmitter at the Indiana site and abandoned the La Grange tower.

Louisiana

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    • Year built: 1986
    • Owner: Clear Channel Broadcasting

Maine

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    • Year built: 2001
    • Owner: Hearst-Argyle
    • This tower was built in 2001 to replace WMTW's transmitting facility atop Mount Washington (New Hampshire) (read about the perils of this site here). It began transmitting on February 5, 2002. The second tallest structure is the WGME (CBS-13) tower in Raymond,[2] which measures 1,624 ft (495 m).

Maryland

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    • Year built: 1987
    • Owner: Cunningham Communications/Sinclair
    • Second highest is WMDT-TV ABC/47 (Salisbury) at 1,027 ft (313 m), near Sharptown.

Massachusetts

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    • Year Built: 1969
    • Owner: Entravision Communications Corporation[3]

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    • Year built: 1957
    • Owner: Richland Towers[4]

Michigan

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    • Year built: 1972. Replaced with a newer, but shorter tower in 2010.
    • Owner: Central Michigan University
    • FCC ASRN: 1002163 (Old tower), 1274349 (New tower)
    • Because of the replacement, this tower is no longer the tallest in Michigan

Minnesota

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    • Year built: 1997 (Tower actually constructed in 1982 by the now defunct L.E.O. Broadcasting of St. Cloud Minnesota.)
    • Owner: Paxson Minneapolis / KXLI
    • This station is licensed to St. Cloud; attempts to cover both that city and Minneapolis/St. Paul from a site between the two cities; and was formerly known as KXLI-TV.

Mississippi

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    • Year built: 1999
    • Owner: Raycom Media

Missouri

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    • Year built: 2000
    • Owner: KYTV

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    • Year built: 1971
    • Owner: Missouri State University (Former SW Missouri State University)

Montana

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    • Year built: 1986
    • Owner: Max Media of Montana

Nebraska

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    • Year built: 1969
    • Owner: Citadel Communications
    • The KDUH-TV tower of 1,965 ft (599 m) at Hemingford collapsed in early 2003 during reinforcement work. The Duhamel Broadcasting Tower Angora was constructed about Script error: No such module "convert". away and was completed in September 2003. The replacement tower is 160 m (about 500 ft) shorter than the original. KXVO and KPTM in Omaha (which are co-owned) have an FCC construction permit to build a taller tower that would put their antennas 577 m (roughly 1,900 ft) up. There was also a Script error: No such module "convert".-mast at Hemingford, which collapsed in 2002.

Nevada

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    • Year built: 2012
    • Owner: Shamrock Communications, Inc.; Scranton, PA
    • The BREN Tower, located in Jackass Flats (Area 25) of the Nevada Test Site, was a mast that was built for nuclear radiation testing. The 465 meter tall, 345 ton structure was constructed by Columbus, Ohio-based Dresser-Ideco in 1962. It was originally erected in Yucca Flat (Area 4) before being dismantled in 1966 and moved to Area 25. The mast was owned by the Department of Energy and maintained by National Security Technologies. On 23 May 2012 the BREN Tower was demolished. The tallest structure in Nevada since mid-2012 is the Shamrock Tower in Jessup, Nevada at 446.2 meters tall, erected in mid-2012. The second tallest structure in Nevada is the Moapa Entravision Tower at Moapa, a 426.7 metres tall guyed TV mast at Moapa erected in 2008, the third tallest 401 metres tall Moapa Kemp Tower at Moapa, the fourth tallest is Stratosphere Tower near downtown Las Vegas, which was erected in 1994-96 and reaches 1,149 ft (350 m) and 921 ft (281 m) without the mast. It is also the second-tallest freestanding structure in the western U.S. after the Kennecott Smokestack in Utah.

New Hampshire

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    • Year built: 1966
    • Owner: Gunn Mountain Communications
    • Formerly was used for WRLP-32. Antenna and transmitter site has been abandoned since 1978.

New Jersey

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    • Year built: 2000
    • Owner: Hispanic Broadcasters of Philadelphia

New Mexico

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    • Year built: 1965
    • Owner: LIN TV

New York

  • Tallest structure in New York was the north tower of the World Trade Center from 1973 to 2001, with an overall height including the antenna mast of 1,727 ft (526.3 m). The original World Trade Center towers were destroyed in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, temporarily making the Empire State Building the tallest building in New York, until the completion of One World Trade Center in May 2013.
  • One World Trade Center is currently the tallest building in the western hemisphere, and the third tallest building in the world by pinnacle height..

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    • Year completed: May 10, 2013
    • Owner: Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
    • Stories: Total - 105 (86 usable above-ground floors, 91–99 and 103–104 designated as mechanical space, 100-102 observation floors, top floor designated as 105)
    • Total height (including pinnacle): 1,792 ft[5]

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    • Year built: 1998
    • Owner: Spectrasite through American Towers
    • FCC ASRN: 1059064
    • Tallest guyed mast in New York State

North Carolina

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    • Year built: 1984
    • Owner: Lincoln Financial Media
  • WITN/WNCT Television Tower/WNCT 107.9 FM Radio (Eastern North Carolina NBC/CBS)
    • Height: 1,985 ft (605 m)
    • Grifton
    • Year Built: 1979
    • Owner: Tall Towers, Inc. (joint venture between WITN and WNCT)

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    • Built in 1989 as replacement for two masts of the same height, which collapsed during an ice storm.

North Dakota

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    • Year built: 1998
    • The KRDK-TV tower is the world's fourth tallest man-made structure. It had collapsed three times due to winter and summer storms, though the first time it collapsed in 1968, it was caused from a Marine helicopter cutting four guy wires of the tower. The KVLY TV tower, the world's third tallest man-made structure, is only about six miles (10 km) from the KRDK-TV tower. This tower is used so KRDK-TV can cover both Fargo and Grand Forks.

Ohio

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    • Year built: 1983
    • Owner: Barrington Broadcasting
    • There was a taller tower from 1987 or 1988 until 1994 or 1995 when it was dismantled. It belonged to WCOM-TV (Mansfield Ind 68) and was located just south of Butler, Ohio. WCOM-TV signed on March 3, 1988. Height of the tower was Script error: No such module "convert".. WCOM-TV used the tall tower and a directional antenna to try to serve the Columbus market. The station went dark in 1991 and the tower was sold to a religious broadcaster in South Carolina to be used as two separate Script error: No such module "convert". towers. An engineer recently reported that part of the tower was still on the ground in Sumter, South Carolina.

Oklahoma

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    • Year built: 1988
    • Owner: KTUL, LLC

Oregon

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    • Year built: 1994
    • Owner: KPDX-TV (PDX 49) / Meredith Corporation

Pennsylvania

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    • Year built: 1998
    • Owner: WPVI Inc./CBS

Rhode Island

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    • Year built: 1965
    • Owner: Freedom Communications

South Carolina

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    • Year built: 1986
    • Owner: Lincoln Financial Media

South Dakota

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    • Year built: 1999
    • Owner: Red River Broadcast LLC

Tennessee

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    • Year built: 1963
    • Owner: South Central Communications
    • The tower is home to WIMZ-FM 103.5, whose antenna is at the top. The tower is located one mile (1.6 km) east of House Mountain and stands Script error: No such module "convert". above ground level. When used for television broadcasts by its former owner, Multimedia, Incorporated (former licensee of WBIR-TV, Knoxville) it was shielded by mountains from the audience in the western Knoxville suburbs like Farragut, Oak Ridge, and Oliver Springs. This tower was built because the owners of WBIR-TV could not obtain land atop nearby House Mountain, because the only land suitable for a television tower base on the mountain had been purchased by the station's main competitor WATE-TV, Knoxville. When completed, it was for a short time the tallest man-made structure on earth.

Texas

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    • Year built: 2006
    • Owner: Tall Towers Ventures, Inc

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    • Year built: 2005
    • Owner: Educational Media Foundation

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    • Year built: 1986
    • Owner: American Tower Corporation

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    • Year built: 2002
    • Owner: Salem Radio Properties

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    • Year built: 2001
    • Owner: GOW Broadcasting

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    • Year built: 2000
    • Owner: Service Broadcasting Corp.

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    • Year built: 2006
    • Owner: Tall Towers Ventures, Inc

Height data according to FCC's ASR entries.

Utah

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    • Year built: 1978
    • Owner: Kennecott Copper Corporation
    • This incredibly tall smokestack was designed to help the Garfield smelter comply with the Clean Air Act. It is a prominent structure along the shore of the Great Salt Lake adjacent to Interstate 80, about 10 miles (16 km) west of Salt Lake City. The smoke rises to an altitude of 5,540 ft (1,689 m) MSL. The tallest non-smokestack structure is a 660 ft (201 m) radio mast near Plain City, owned by the Bible Broadcasting Network.

Vermont

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    • Year built: 1981
    • Owner: Hometown Broadcasting
    • Tower 1 of a 3 tower AM array.[6]

Virginia

  • American Towers Tower Suffolk
    • Height: 1,254.9 feet (382.5 m)
    • Suffolk at 36°48'31.8" N and 76°30'11.3"
    • Year Built: 2003
    • Owner: American Towers Corp. (ATC)
    • WTKR-DT, WHRO-DT, WTVZ-TV/DT, WPVX-TV/DT

Washington

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    • Year built: 1982-85
    • Owner: Equity Office Properties
    • The Columbia Center was intended to be 1,005 ft (306 m) tall but was disapproved by the FAA. It was built in 1982-85 and has 76 floors.
  • KREM Tower
    • The tallest antenna tower is the 940 ft (287 m) KREM (CBS-2) tower at Spokane.

West Virginia

Wisconsin

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    • Year built: 1966
    • Owner: WEAU-TV
    • Collapsed 3/23/2011 [1]

Wyoming

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    • Year built: 2009

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    • Year built: ?
    • Owner: U.S. Coast Guard
    • A Coast Guard site in Wyoming is part of the worldwide LORAN marine navigation network, which is gradually becoming obsolete due to GPS. The tower is especially useful to ships plying the Great Lakes. The antenna puts out 540 kW of power

Puerto Rico

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An incomplete lists of tallest structures in Puerto Rico. Main reference: U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) database

Structure Height (ft) Height (metres) Year of built Structure Type Use Place Comments
Aguada VLF transmission mast Script error: No such module "convert". 367.3 m  ? Guyed mast VLF/LF-transmission Aguada operated by US Navy
Telemundo WKAQ TV Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 336.8 m 1971 Guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission Cayey
Cayey Pegasus Broadcasting Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 332.5 m 1966 Guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission Cayey
Arso Radio Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 208 m 1996 Guyed mast UHF/VHF-transmission Cabo Rojo
La Cadena del Milagri Tower Script error: No such module "convert". 167 m 1991 Lattice tower UHF/VHF-transmission Utuado
Arecibo Observatory Script error: No such module "convert". 150 m 1963 Radio telescope Radio and Radar astronomy Arecibo World's largest radio telescope

By structural type

Tallest structures in the United States for different uses/structural types. Please expand and/or correct, if necessary

Category Structure City Height (ft)
Guyed mast KVLY-TV mast Blanchard, ND 2,063 feet
Skyscraper One World Trade Center New York City, NY 1,776 feet
Tower for exclusive scientific use BREN-Tower (Demolished) Nevada Test Site 1,527 feet
Guyed mast insulated against ground VLF transmitter Lualualei Lualualei, HI 1,503 feet
Chimney Homer City Generating Station Homer City, PA 1,217 feet
Concrete tower Stratosphere Tower Las Vegas, NV 1,149 feet
Free-standing lattice tower WITI TV Tower Shorewood, WI 1,078 feet
Bridge Royal Gorge Bridge Cañon City, CO 1,053 feet
Suspension Bridge Golden Gate Bridge San Francisco, CA 746 feet
Dam Hoover Dam Boulder City, NV 726 feet
Industrial building VAB Kennedy Space Center, FL 526 feet
Church St. Patrick's Cathedral New York City, NY 330 feet
Aerial tramway support pillar Roosevelt Island Tramway New York City, NY 250 feet
Stone tower/Obelisk San Jacinto Monument La Porte, TX 567 feet

See also

Notes and references

External links