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Lokesh Chandra

Lokesh Chandra
File:Lokesh Chandra.jpg
Born 1927
Ambala, Haryana, India
Nationality Indian
Education M.A., 1947, Ph.D., 1950
Occupation Scholar
Title President, ICCR[1]

Lokesh Chandra (1927 -- ) is a prominent scholar of the Vedic period, Buddhism and the Indian arts. Presently he is the president of Indian Council for Cultural Relations.[2] Before that he was the Director of the International Academy of Indian Culture. He has also served as a member of the Indian Rajya Sabha, Vice-President of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, and Chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research.[3]

In 2006 he was recognized with India's Padma Bhushan award.[4]

He is the son of the famous Sanskrit scholar, linguist and politician Raghu Vira.

He was awarded Ph.D. by the State University of Utrecht[5] in 1950 in recognition to his contributions of critically editing the Gavamayana portion of the Vedic work Jaiminiya Brahmana with the help of newly discovered manuscripts. In the Netherlands, he also studied with the famous Indologist Jan Gonda.

Lokesh Chandra knows several languages including Hindi, Sanskrit, Pali, Avesta, Old Persian, Japanese, Chinese, Tibetan, Mongolian, Indonesian, Greek, Latin, German, French, and Russian.

He has to his credit over 360 works and text editions.[6] Among them are classics like his Tibetan-Sanskrit Dictionary, Materials for a History of Tibetan Literature, Buddhist Iconography of Tibet, and his Dictionary of Buddhist Art in about 20 volumes. [7]



  • Buddhist Iconography
  • India's Contributions to World Thought and Culture
  • Transcendental Art of Tibet
  • Mudras in Japan
  • Cultural Horizons of India
  • Dictionary of Buddhist Iconography in 15 volumes.
  • With Raghu Vira, Gilgit Buddhist Manuscripts. Facsimile edition. New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture, 1959-74.


  • Lokesh Chandra (1984). "The Origin of Avalokitesvara" (PDF). Indologica Taurinenaia (International Association of Sanskrit Studies). XIII (1985-1986): 187–202. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 



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