Conferences

M

For the letter of the Cyrillic §script (М, м), see Em (Cyrillic).
This article is about the letter of the alphabet. For other uses, see M (disambiguation).

Template:Latin letter info

M (named em /ˈɛm/)[1] is the 13th letter of the ISO basic Latin alphabet.

History

Egyptian hieroglyph "n" -Phoenician
Mem
Etruscan M Greek
Mu
Roman M
<hiero>n</hiero> x25px x25px x35px Roman M

The letter M is derived from the Phoenician Mem, via the Greek Mu (Μ, μ). Semitic Mem probably originally pictured water. It is thought that Semitic people working in Egypt c. 2000 BC borrowed a hieroglyph for "water" that was first used for an alveolar nasal (/n/), because of the Egyptian word for water, n-t. This same symbol became used for /m/ in Semitic, because the word for water began with that sound.

Use

The letter 'm' represents the bilabial consonant sound, [m], in the orthography of Latin, as well as in many modern languages. In English, the Oxford English Dictionary (first edition) says that 'm' is sometimes a vowel in words like spasm and in the suffix -ism. In modern terminology, this would be described as a syllabic consonant — IPA [m̩].

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

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This page is a soft redirect. align=center #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Unicode name || colspan=2 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.LATIN CAPITAL LETTER M || colspan=2 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.    LATIN SMALL LETTER M#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:left;" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.EBCDIC family || Template:Charmap/altdec || D4 || Template:Charmap/altdec || 94 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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This page is a soft redirect.ASCII1 || Template:Charmap/altdec || 4D || Template:Charmap/altdec || 6D
Character colspan=2 style="font-size: 150%" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. M
colspan=2 style="font-size: 150%" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. m
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 77 U+004D 109 U+006D
UTF-8 77 4D 109 6D
Numeric character reference &#77; &#x4D; &#109; &#x6D;
1 Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.

Other representations

References

  1. ^ "M" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "em," op. cit.

External links

  • 16x16px Media related to M at Wikimedia Commons
  • 16x16px The dictionary definition of M at Wiktionary
  • 16x16px The dictionary definition of m at Wiktionary