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Magdalena Maleeva

Magdalena Maleeva
Магдалена Малеева
File:Magdalena Maleeva RG 2005.jpg
Country 23x15px Bulgaria
Residence Sofia, Bulgaria
Born (1975-04-01) 1 April 1975 (age 40)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Height Script error: No such module "convert".
Turned pro April 1989
Retired October 2005
Plays Right-handed (two-handed backhand)
Prize money $4,398,582
Singles
Career record 439–290
Career titles 10 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest ranking No. 4 (29 January 1996)
Grand Slam Singles results
Australian Open 4R (1991, 1993, 1994, 2002)
French Open 4R (1993, 1996, 2003, 2004)
Wimbledon 4R (2001, 2002, 2004, 2005)
US Open QF (1992)
Doubles
Career record 121–133
Career titles 5 WTA, 1 ITF
Highest ranking No. 13 (2 February 2004)

Magdalena Maleeva (Bulgarian: Магдалена Малеева) (born 1 April 1975) is a Bulgarian former tennis player. She played on the WTA tour competing in singles and doubles, from April 1989 to October 2005. Her best position in the WTA Tour was no. 4 between 29 January to 4 February 1996.

Biography

Born in Sofia, Maleeva was the youngest of the three children of Yuliya Berberyan and Georgi Maleev. Yulia, who came from a prominent Armenian family which found refuge in Bulgaria after the 1896 Armenian massacres in the Ottoman Empire, was one of the best Bulgarian tennis players in the 1960s.[1] After she retired from professional tennis in the 1970s, Berberyan started on a coaching career. She trained all of her three daughters, Magdalena, Katerina and Manuela, each of whom eventually became WTA top six players.

In 1988 Maleeva became the youngest ever national tennis champion of Bulgaria, at the age of 13 years and four months. She turned professional in 1989, reaching the final of her first professional tournament at ITF/Bari-ITA. In her Grand Slam debut at the French Open in 1990, she passed the qualifications and reached the third round. In 1992 Maleeva snatched her first Tour event victory in San Marino. The following year she reached the fourth round at the Australian, the French and the US Open, as well as the third round of Wimbledon. That same year, she was the opponent of Monica Seles at a tournament in Hamburg, Germany when a deranged fan stabbed Seles in the back on the court. In 1995 Maleeva won a total of three tournaments, in Moscow, Chicago, Oakland, which allowed her to reach a career-high no. 4 in the WTA rankings in January 1996.

In June 1998, Maleeva underwent shoulder surgery, which forced her off the tour for the next eleven months. She started competing again in May 1999 and reached top 20 again in 2001. In 2002 she won the prestigious Kremlin Cup in Moscow, defeating three top 10 players on her way (Venus Williams, Amélie Mauresmo, and Lindsay Davenport). In 2004, she married her long-standing boyfriend, Lubomir Nokov.

Maleeva won a career total of ten WTA Tour titles in singles and five in doubles. She is the recipient of the 1993 WTA Tour Most Improved Player Award and was nominated for the 1990 WTA Tour Most Impressive Newcomer Award. She participated at the Olympic Games in Barcelona, Atlanta, and Athens.

Life after tennis

In October 2005, Maleeva retired from professional tennis after 16 seasons (years), and became the last of the Maleeva sisters to retire. She now lives in Sofia, Bulgaria. On 27 June 2007, Maleeva gave birth to her first child: a girl named Yuliya and on 13 December 2008 she gave birth to a second child – Marko and on 20 August 2012 to their third child – Nina. She has been very active with the environmental organization 'Gorichka.bg', which works to create public awareness about urgent environmental problems. Maleeva also has created 'Harmonica'Harmonica, a brand for organic foods, has a couple of organic food stores in Sofia under the brand 'Biomag' and is a partner at the Maleeva tennis club.

In October 2010 Maleeva won the Bulgarian national outdoor championship, becoming the youngest and the oldest player to have won it, within 22 years.

In 2011, she made a brief tennis comeback, playing and winning three doubles matches for Bulgaria at the Fed Cup.[2]

In March 2011, Maleeva was voted 8th in the "100 most influential women in Bulgaria" by Pari newspaper.

WTA Career Finals

Singles: 21 (10–11)

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (2–3)
Tier II (2–4)
Tier III (3–3)
Tier IV (1–0)
Tier V (2–1)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1. 28 April 1991 Bol, Yugoslavia Clay 23x15px Sandra Cecchini 4–6, 6–3, 5–7
Winner 1. 27 July 1992 San Marino, San Marino Clay 23x15px Federica Bonsignori 7–6(7–3), 6–4
Runner-up 2. 10 January 1993 Brisbane, Australia Hard 23x15px Conchita Martínez 3–6, 4–6
Winner 2. 25 September 1994 Moscow, Russia Carpet (I) 23x15px Sandra Cecchini 7–5, 6–1
Winner 3. 9 October 1994 Zurich, Switzerland Carpet (I) 23x15px Natasha Zvereva 7–5, 3–6, 6–4
Winner 4. 12 February 1995 Chicago, USA Carpet (I) 23x15px Lisa Raymond 7–5, 7–6(7–2)
Runner-up 3. 5 April 1995 Hilton Head, USA Clay 23x15px Conchita Martínez 1–6, 1–6
Runner-up 4. 21 May 1995 Berlin, Germany Clay 23x15px Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 4–6, 1–6
Winner 5. 24 September 1995 Moscow, Russia Carpet (I) 23x15px Elena Makarova 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 5. 1 October 1995 Leipzig, Germany Carpet (I) 23x15px Anke Huber W/O
Winner 6. 5 November 1995 Oakland, USA Carpet (I) Template:Country data JPN Ai Sugiyama 6–3, 6–4
Runner-up 6. 26 May 1996 Madrid, Spain Clay 23x15px Jana Novotná 6–4, 4–6, 3–6
Winner 7. 21 November 1999 Pattaya City, Thailand Hard 23x15px Anne Kremer 4–6, 6–1, 6–2
Runner-up 7. 1 October 2000 Luxembourg City, Luxembourg Carpet (I) 23x15px Jennifer Capriati 6–4, 1–6, 4–6
Runner-up 8. 18 February 2001 Nice, France Carpet (I) 23x15px Amélie Mauresmo 2–6, 0–6
Winner 8. 22 April 2001 Budapest, Hungary Clay 23x15px Anne Kremer 3–6, 6–2, 6–4
Runner-up 9. 30 September 2001 Leipzig, Germany Carpet (I) 23x15px Kim Clijsters 1–6, 1–6
Winner 9. 6 October 2002 Moscow, Russia Carpet (I) 23x15px Lindsay Davenport 5–7, 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
Runner-up 10. 27 October 2002 Luxembourg City, Luxembourg Hard (I) 23x15px Kim Clijsters 1–6, 2–6
Winner 10. 15 June 2003 Birmingham, United Kingdom Grass Template:Country data JPN Shinobu Asagoe 6–1, 6–4
Runner-up 11. 8 February 2004 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (I) 23x15px Lindsay Davenport 4–6, 1–6

Doubles: 10 (5–5)

Winner — Legend
Grand Slam tournaments (0–0)
WTA Tour Championships (0–0)
Tier I (1–1)
Tier II (2–1)
Tier III (1–3)
Tier IV (0–0)
Tier V (1–0)
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winner 1. 28 April 1991 Bol, Yugoslavia Clay 23x15px Laura Golarsa 23x15px Sandra Cecchini
23x15px Laura Garrone
W/O
Runner-up 1. 14 February 1993 Osaka, Japan Carpet (I) 23x16px Manuela Maleeva 23x15px Jana Novotná
23x15px Larisa Neiland
1–6, 3–6
Runner-up 2. 25 April 1993 Barcelona, Spain Clay 23x16px Manuela Maleeva 23x15px Conchita Martínez
23x15px Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
6–4, 1–6, 0–6
Winner 2. 17 February 2002 Antwerp, Belgium Carpet (I) 23x16px Patty Schnyder 23x15px Nathalie Dechy
23x15px Meilen Tu
6–3, 6–7(3–7), 6–3
Runner-up 3. 23 June 2002 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands Grass 23x15px Bianka Lamade 23x15px Catherine Barclay
23x15px Martina Müller
4–6, 5–7
Winner 3. 30 March 2003 Miami, USA Hard 23x15px Liezel Huber Template:Country data JPN Shinobu Asagoe
Template:Country data JPN Nana Miyagi
6–4, 3–6, 7–5
Winner 4. 4 May 2003 Warsaw, Poland Clay 23x15px Liezel Huber 23x15px Eleni Daniilidou
23x15px Francesca Schiavone
3–6, 6–4, 6–2
Runner-up 4. 10 January 2004 Gold Coast, Australia Hard 23x15px Liezel Huber 23x15px Svetlana Kuznetsova
23x15px Elena Likhovtseva
3–6, 4–6
Runner-up 5. 8 February 2004 Tokyo, Japan Carpet (I) 23x15px Elena Likhovtseva 23x15px Cara Black
23x15px Rennae Stubbs
0–6, 1–6
Winner 5. 8 January 2005 Gold Coast, Australia Hard 23x15px Elena Likhovtseva 23x15px Maria Elena Camerin
23x15px Silvia Farina Elia
6–3, 5–7, 6–1
  • W/O = Walk Over

ITF Singles Circuit finals: 3 (2–1)

Singles: 2 (1–1)

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$15,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Opponent in the final Score in the final
Runner-up 1. 9 April 1989 Bari, Italy Clay 23x15px Eva Maria Schuerhof 6–2, 1–6, 6–7(5–7)
Winner 1. 5 December 1999 Cergy-Pontoise, France Hard (I) 23x15px Seda Noorlander 6–1, 6–4

Doubles: 1 (1–0)

Legend
$100,000 tournaments
$75,000 tournaments
$50,000 tournaments
$25,000 tournaments
$15,000 tournaments
$10,000 tournaments
Outcome No. Date Tournament Surface Partner Opponents in the final Score in the final
Winner 1. 25 March 1990 Moulins, France Carpet (I) 23x15px Andrea Strnadová 23x15px Valerie Ledroff
23x15px Pascale Paradis
3–6, 6–1, 6–1

Fed Cup

Magdalena Maleeva debuted for the Bulgaria Fed Cup team in 1991. Since then she has an 18–8 singles record and a 9–9 doubles record (27–17 overall).

Singles (18–8)

Edition Round Date Against Surface Opponent W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991 23x15px Hungary Hard 23x15px Petra Schmitt W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991 23x15px United States 23x15px Jennifer Capriati L 5–7, 2–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992 23x15px Australia Clay 23x15px Rachel McQuillan W 7–6(7–4), 6–2
RPO 16 July 1992 23x15px Romania 23x15px Ruxandra Dragomir W 6–0, 6–1
1993 World Group I R1 19 July 1993 Template:Country data KOR Clay Template:Country data KOR Park Sung-hee W 6–0, 6–4
R2 21 July 1993 23x15px Argentina 23x15px Florencia Labat W 6–4, 5–7, 6–3
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994 23x15px Croatia Clay 23x15px Iva Majoli L 6–3, 4–6, 4–6
R2 21 July 1994
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Indonesia
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Indonesia Yayuk Basuki
W 6–3, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994 23x15px France 23x15px Mary Pierce W 6–7(6–8), 6–4, 6–4
1995 World Group I QF 22 April 1995 23x15px Spain Carpet (I) 23x15px Conchita Martínez L 2–6, 4–6
23 April 1995 23x15px Arantxa Sánchez Vicario W 6–3, 6–3
1998 Europe/Africa Group I RR 14 April 1998 23x15px Romania Clay 23x15px Raluca Sandu L 1–6, 3–6
15 April 1998 23x15px South Africa 23x15px Mariaan de Swardt L 1–6, 5–7
16 April 1998 23x15px Latvia 23x15px Elena Krutko L 6–7(2–7), 6–1, 1–6
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002 23x15px Portugal Clay 23x15px Angela Cardoso W 6–0, 6–0
25 April 2002 23x15px Georgia 23x15px Salome Devidze W 6–1, 6–3
26 April 2002 23x15px Estonia 23x15px Kaia Kanepi W 6–4, 6–2
PPO 27 April 2002 23x15px Ukraine 23x15px Yuliya Beygelzimer L 3–6, 4–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003 23x15px Georgia Clay 23x15px Margalita Chakhnashvili W 6–3, 6–1
23 April 2003 23x15px Serbia and Montenegro 23x15px Jelena Janković W 6–2, 3–6, 6–2
24 April 2003 Template:Country data ISR Template:Country data ISR Anna Smashnova W 7–5, 6–4
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005 23x15px South Africa Clay 23x15px Natalie Grandin W 6–4, 6–3
21 April 2005 23x15px Hungary 23x15px Zsófia Gubacsi W 7–6(7–4), 6–2
PPO 23 April 2005 23x15px Netherlands 23x15px Michaëlla Krajicek W 4–6, 6–3, 6–2
2005 World Group II Play-offs PO 9 July 2005 Template:Country data JPN Hard (I) Template:Country data JPN Aiko Nakamura W 3–6, 6–4, 6–3
10 July 2005 Template:Country data JPN Akiko Morigami L 6–7(3–7), 3–6

Doubles (9–9)

Edition Round Date Partner Against Surface Opponents W/L Result
1991 World Group I R1 22 July 1991 23x15px Katerina Maleeva 23x15px Hungary Hard 23x15px Virág Csurgó
23x15px Ágnes Gee
W 6–1, 6–2
R2 24 July 1991 23x15px Katerina Maleeva 23x15px United States 23x15px Gigi Fernández
23x15px Zina Garrison-Jackson
L 2–6, 1–6
1992 World Group I R1 14 July 1992 23x15px Katerina Maleeva 23x15px Australia Hard 23x15px Nicole Bradtke
23x15px Rennae Stubbs
L 2–6, 1–6
RPO 16 July 1992 23x15px Elena Pampoulova 23x15px Romania 23x15px Ruxandra Dragomir
23x15px Irina Spîrlea
L 6–7(5–7), 2–6
1993 World Group I R2 21 July 1993 23x15px Katerina Maleeva 23x15px Argentina Clay 23x15px Inés Gorrochategui
23x15px Patricia Tarabini
L 7–5, 4–6, 2–6
1994 World Group I R1 19 July 1994 23x15px Katerina Maleeva 23x15px Croatia Clay 23x15px Iva Majoli
23x15px Maja Murić
W 6–2, 6–3
QF 22 July 1994 23x15px Katerina Maleeva 23x15px France 23x15px Julie Halard
23x15px Nathalie Tauziat
L 2–6, 6–3, 2–6
1995 World Group I QF 23 April 1995 23x15px Katerina Maleeva 23x15px Spain Carpet (I) 23x15px Neus Ávila Bonastre
23x15px Virginia Ruano Pascual
W 6–0, 6–1
2002 Europe/Africa Group I RR 24 April 2002 23x15px Desislava Topalova 23x15px Portugal Clay 23x15px Angela Cardoso
23x15px Ana-Catarina Nogueira
W 6–2, 7–5
PPO 27 April 2002 23x15px Desislava Topalova 23x15px Ukraine 23x15px Yuliya Beygelzimer
23x15px Alona Bondarenko
L 4–6, 0–6
2003 Europe/Africa Group I RR 21 April 2003 23x15px Desislava Topalova 23x15px Georgia Clay 23x15px Margalita Chakhnashvili
23x15px Tinatin Kavlashvili
W 6–1, 6–2
23 April 2003 23x15px Desislava Topalova 23x15px Serbia and Montenegro 23x15px Katarina Mišić
23x15px Dragana Zarić
L 3–6, 6–3, 0–6
24 April 2003 23x15px Desislava Topalova Template:Country data ISR Template:Country data ISR Tzipora Obziler
Template:Country data ISR Anna Smashnova
L 7–6(7–3), 3–6, 3–6
2005 Europe/Africa Group I RR 20 April 2005 23x15px Sesil Karatantcheva 23x15px South Africa Clay 23x15px Lizaan Du Plessis
23x15px Alicia Pillay
W 6–3, 6–2
21 April 2005 23x15px Sesil Karatantcheva 23x15px Hungary 23x15px Virág Németh
23x15px Ágnes Szávay
L 6–4, 3–6, 1–6
2011 Europe/Africa Group I RR 2 February 2011 23x15px Tsvetana Pironkova 23x15px Poland Hard 23x15px Klaudia Jans-Ignacik
23x15px Alicja Rosolska
W 6–1, 6–3
3 February 2011 23x15px Tsvetana Pironkova 23x15px Luxembourg 23x15px Anne Kremer
23x15px Claudine Schaul
W 6–2, 7–5
4 February 2011 23x15px Dia Evtimova Template:Country data ISR Template:Country data ISR Valeria Patiuk
Template:Country data ISR Keren Shlomo
W 6–3, 6–4
  • RR = Round Robin
  • PPO = Promotion Play-off
  • RPO = Relegation Play-off

Grand Slam singles performance timeline

Tournament 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Career SR Career Win-Loss
Australian Open A Q2 4R 1R 4R 4R 1R A A 1R A 1R 1R 4R 3R 2R 3R 0 / 12 17–12
French Open Q1 3R 1R 3R 4R 1R 2R 4R 1R A 1R 3R 1R 1R 4R 4R 2R 0 / 15 20–15
Wimbledon A 2R 1R 1R 3R 2R A 2R 3R A A 2R 4R 4R 2R 4R 4R 0 / 13 21–13
US Open Q1 1R 2R QF 4R 4R 2R 1R 3R A A 2R 2R 3R 1R 2R 2R 0 / 14 20–14
SR 0 / 0 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 54 78–54
Year End Ranking 216 73 38 20 16 11 6 19 36 115 89 22 16 14 30 25 52
  • A = did not participate in the tournament.
  • SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

Record against other top players

As of 11 November 2010 Maleeva's win-loss record against certain players who have been ranked World No. 10 or higher is as follows:[3] Players who have been ranked World No. 1 are in boldface.

See also

References

External links

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