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Major League Baseball Manager of the Year Award

This article is about the award presented by the Baseball Writers Association of America. For the award presented by The Sporting News, see The Sporting News Manager of the Year Award.
File:Lou Piniella - 2008 - cropped.jpg
Lou Piniella won the 2008 National League Manager of the Year Award, and won twice in the American League.

In Major League Baseball, the Manager of the Year Award is an honor given annually since 1983 to the best managers in the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The winner is voted on by 28 members of the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). Each places a vote for first, second, and third place among the managers of each league.[a] The manager with the highest score in each league wins the award.[1]

Several managers have won the award in a season when they led their team to 100 or more wins. Lou Piniella won 116 games with the Seattle Mariners in 2001,[2] the most by a winning manager, and Joe Torre won 114 with the New York Yankees in 1998.[3] Tony La Russa and Sparky Anderson finished with identical 104–58 records in 1983 and 1988, respectively.[4][5] Three National League managers, including Dusty Baker, Whitey Herzog, and Larry Dierker, have exceeded the century mark as well. Baker's San Francisco Giants won 103 games in 1993;[6] Dierker's 1998 Houston Astros won 102 and Herzog led the Cardinals to 101 wins in the award's third season.[7][8]

In 1991, Bobby Cox became the first manager to win the award in both leagues, winning with the Atlanta Braves and having previously won with the Toronto Blue Jays in 1985.[9] La Russa, Piniella, Jim Leyland, Bob Melvin and Davey Johnson have since won the award in both leagues.[2][4][10] Cox and La Russa have won the most awards, with four.[4][9] Baker, Leyland, and Piniella have won three times.[2][6][10] In 2005, Cox became the first manager to win the award in consecutive years.[9] Buck Showalter and Matt Williams are the most recent winners.

Because of the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike cut the season short and cancelled the post-season, the BBWAA writers effectively created a de facto mythical national championship (similar to college football) by naming managers of the unofficial league champions (lead the leagues in winning percentage) (Buck Showalter and Felipe Alou) as Managers of the Year.[11][12] Two franchises, the New York Mets and the Milwaukee Brewers, have not had a manager win the award.

Only five managers have won the award while leading a team that finished outside the top two spots in its division. Ted Williams was the first, after leading the "expansion" Washington Senators to a third-place finish (and, at 86-76, their only winning season) in the American League East, in 1969. Buck Rodgers won the award in 1987 with the third-place Expos.[13] Tony Peña and Showalter won the award with third-place teams in back-to-back years: Peña with the Royals in 2003, and Showalter with the Rangers in 2004.[14][15] Joe Girardi is the only manager to win the award with a fourth-place team (2006 Florida Marlins);[16] he is also the only manager to win the award after fielding a team with a losing record.

Key

File:Dagger-14-plain.png Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame
^
Indicates multiple award winners in the same year
(#) Number of wins by managers who have won the award multiple times
Year Each year links to that particular Major League Baseball season

Winners

American League

File:The skipper, Joe Maddon lr.jpg
Joe Maddon (2008 and 2011 AL Manager of the Year)
File:Ron Gardenhire 2006.jpg
Ron Gardenhire (2010 AL Manager of the Year). Gardenhire had previously finished as the runner-up for the award five times, tied for the most with Tony LaRussa.
File:Bob Melvin getting ejected.jpg
Bob Melvin (2007 NL Manager of the Year), 2012 AL Manager of the Year
File:Jim Leyland.jpg
Jim Leyland (1990 and 1992 NL Manager of the Year), 2006 AL Manager of the Year
Year Manager Team Division Finish Record
1983
La Russa, TonyTony La Russa (1) Chicago White Sox West 1st <center>99–63
<center>1984 Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson (1) Detroit Tigers East 1st <center>104–58
<center>1985 Cox, BobbyBobby Cox (1) Toronto Blue Jays East 1st <center>99–62
<center>1986 McNamara, JohnJohn McNamara Boston Red Sox East 1st <center>95–66
<center>1987 Anderson, SparkySparky Anderson (2) Detroit Tigers East 1st <center>98–64
<center>1988 La Russa, TonyTony La Russa (2) Oakland Athletics West 1st <center>104–58
<center>1989 Robinson, FrankFrank Robinson Baltimore Orioles East 2nd <center>87–75
<center>1990 Torborg, JeffJeff Torborg Chicago White Sox West 2nd <center>94–68
<center>1991 Kelly, TomTom Kelly Minnesota Twins West 1st <center>95–67
<center>1992 La Russa, TonyTony La Russa (3) Oakland Athletics West 1st <center>96–66
<center>1993 Lamont, GeneGene Lamont Chicago White Sox West 1st <center>94–68
<center>1994[b] Showalter, BuckBuck Showalter (1) New York Yankees East 1st <center>70–43
<center>1995 Piniella, LouLou Piniella (1) Seattle Mariners West 1st <center>79–66
<center>1996^[c] Oates, JohnnyJohnny Oates Texas Rangers West 1st <center>90–72
<center>1996^[c] Torre, JoeJoe Torre New York Yankees East 1st <center>92–70
<center>1997 Johnson, DaveyDavey Johnson (1) Baltimore Orioles East 1st <center>98–64
<center>1998 Torre, JoeJoe Torre (2) New York Yankees East 1st <center>114–48
<center>1999 Williams, JimyJimy Williams Boston Red Sox East 2nd <center>94–68
<center>2000 Manuel, JerryJerry Manuel Chicago White Sox Central 1st <center>95–67
<center>2001 Piniella, LouLou Piniella (2) Seattle Mariners West 1st <center>116–46
<center>2002 Scioscia, MikeMike Scioscia Anaheim Angels West 2nd <center>99–63
<center>2003 Pena, TonyTony Peña Kansas City Royals Central 3rd <center>83–79
<center>2004 Showalter, BuckBuck Showalter (2) Texas Rangers West 3rd <center>89–73
<center>2005 Guillén, OzzieOzzie Guillén Chicago White Sox Central 1st <center>99–63
<center>2006 Leyland, JimJim Leyland (3) Detroit Tigers Central 2nd <center>95–67
<center>2007 Wedge, EricEric Wedge Cleveland Indians Central 1st <center>96–66
<center>2008 Maddon, JoeJoe Maddon (1) Tampa Bay Rays East 1st <center>97–65
<center>2009 Scioscia, MikeMike Scioscia (2) Los Angeles Angels West 1st <center>97–65
<center>2010 Gardenhire, RonRon Gardenhire Minnesota Twins Central 1st <center>94–68
<center>2011 Maddon, JoeJoe Maddon (2) Tampa Bay Rays East 2nd <center>91–71
<center>2012 Melvin, BobBob Melvin (2) Oakland Athletics West 1st <center>94–68
<center>2013 Francona, TerryTerry Francona Cleveland Indians Central 2nd <center>92–70
<center>2014 Showalter, BuckBuck Showalter (3) Baltimore Orioles East 1st <center>96–66

National League

Year Manager Team Division Finish Record
<center>1983 Lasorda, TommyTommy Lasorda (1) Los Angeles Dodgers West 1st <center>91–71
<center>1984 Frey, JimJim Frey Chicago Cubs East 1st <center>96–65
<center>1985 Herzog, WhiteyWhitey Herzog St. Louis Cardinals East 1st <center>101–61
<center>1986 Lanier, HalHal Lanier Houston Astros West 1st <center>96–66
<center>1987 Rodgers, BuckBuck Rodgers Montréal Expos East 3rd <center>91–71
<center>1988 Lasorda, TommyTommy Lasorda (2) Los Angeles Dodgers West 1st <center>94–67
<center>1989 Zimmer, DonDon Zimmer Chicago Cubs East 1st <center>93–69
<center>1990 Leyland, JimJim Leyland (1) Pittsburgh Pirates East 1st <center>95–67
<center>1991 Cox, BobbyBobby Cox (2) Atlanta Braves West 1st <center>94–68
<center>1992 Leyland, JimJim Leyland (2) Pittsburgh Pirates East 1st <center>96–66
<center>1993 Baker, DustyDusty Baker (1) San Francisco Giants West 2nd <center>103–59
<center>1994[b] Alou, FelipeFelipe Alou Montréal Expos East 1st <center>74–40
<center>1995 Baylor, DonDon Baylor Colorado Rockies West 2nd <center>77–67
<center>1996 Bochy, BruceBruce Bochy San Diego Padres West 1st <center>91–71
<center>1997 Baker, DustyDusty Baker (2) San Francisco Giants West 1st <center>90–72
<center>1998 Dierker, LarryLarry Dierker Houston Astros Central 1st <center>102–60
<center>1999 McKeon, JackJack McKeon (1) Cincinnati Reds Central 2nd <center>96–67
<center>2000 Baker, DustyDusty Baker (3) San Francisco Giants West 1st <center>97–65
<center>2001 Bowa, LarryLarry Bowa Philadelphia Phillies East 2nd <center>86–76
<center>2002 La Russa, TonyTony La Russa (4) St. Louis Cardinals Central 1st <center>97–65
<center>2003 McKeon, JackJack McKeon (2) Florida Marlins East 2nd <center>75–49
<center>2004 Cox, BobbyBobby Cox (3) Atlanta Braves East 1st <center>96–66
<center>2005 Cox, BobbyBobby Cox (4) Atlanta Braves East 1st <center>90–72
<center>2006 Girardi, JoeJoe Girardi Florida Marlins East 4th <center>78–84
<center>2007 Melvin, BobBob Melvin (1) Arizona Diamondbacks West 1st <center>90–72
<center>2008 Piniella, LouLou Piniella (3) Chicago Cubs Central 1st <center>97–64
<center>2009 Tracy, JimJim Tracy Colorado Rockies West 2nd <center>92–70
<center>2010 Black, BudBud Black San Diego Padres West 2nd <center>90–72
<center>2011 Gibson, KirkKirk Gibson Arizona Diamondbacks West 1st <center>94–68
<center>2012 Johnson, DaveyDavey Johnson (2) Washington Nationals East 1st <center>98–64
<center>2013 Hurdle, ClintClint Hurdle Pittsburgh Pirates Central 2nd <center>94–68
<center>2014 Williams, MattMatt Williams Washington Nationals East 1st <center>96–66

Notes

See also

References

General
Inline citations
  1. ^ Castrovince, Anthony; Beck, Jason (November 14, 2007). "Wedge named AL's top manager". Major League Baseball. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c "Lou Piniella Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  3. ^ "Joe Torre Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  4. ^ a b c "Tony La Russa Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  5. ^ "Sparky Anderson Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  6. ^ a b "Dusty Baker Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  7. ^ "Larry Dierker Managerial Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  8. ^ "Whitey Herzog Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c "Bobby Cox Managerial Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  10. ^ a b "Jim Leyland Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  11. ^ "Buck Showalter Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Felipe Alou Managerial Record". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  13. ^ "1987 Montreal Expos Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  14. ^ "2003 Kansas City Royals Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  15. ^ "2004 Texas Rangers Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  16. ^ "2006 Florida Marlins Batting, Pitching, & Fielding Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
  17. ^ "2008 NL Manager of the Year Voting". ESPN.com. Associated Press. November 12, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2009. 
  18. ^ Spira, Greg (October 28, 2004). "Internet Baseball Awards". Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved June 1, 2009. 
  19. ^ Bryant, Howard (2005). Juicing the Game. Penguin Group. p. 53. ISBN 0-670-03445-2. 
  20. ^ "MLB Awards (Manager of the Year Award Winners)". Major League Baseball. Retrieved May 25, 2009. 
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