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Malaysian Indian in Penang

Kaum India Pulau Pinang
பினாங்கு இந்தியர்கள்
Malaysian Indian in Penang
Template:Image array
Total population
153,472
10.4% of Penang total population (2010)(Not include Non resident Indians):[1]
Regions with significant populations
Georgetown and Prai
Languages

Mainly : Tamil

Juga: English language,Manglish, Urdu, Telugu, Malayalam, Bahasa Melayu
Religion

Majority : Hindu

Minoriti: Christian, Sikhism,Buddhism Bahá'í, Jainism,Islam
Related ethnic groups
Malaysian Indian, Chitty, Chindian

Penangite Malaysian Indian People is a Malaysian living in Penang of Indian origin. Many are descendants from those who migrated from India during the British colonisation of Malaya. However, historical sources prove that the Indians arrived in Penang since the glory days of the Chola dynasty.Moreover, Indians in Penang is one of the most successful ethnic in Malaysia.It can be proved by the appointment of Dr P.Ramasamy as deputy chief minister of Penang.It made him the first Indian to hold the post of deputy chief minister in any state of Malaysia.[2] In addition, first Tamil Vernacular School in Malaysia established in Penang.[3][4]

History

Main article: Malaysian Indian

Already in the 1790s, Light mentions Chulias (that is, people from the Coromandel Coast of India) as shopkeepers and farm labourers in Penang. Light estimated that about two thousand men came to work in this manner each year; however, in contrast to the Chinese, these labourers did not settle permanently in Penang. They would, rather, work for long enough to save money and then return to their families in south India. This group of migrants comprised the ‘Adi Dravidas,’ a group of impoverished labourers originating in the hinterlands of the Tamil country and Andhra Desa who, facing insufficient work in their homeland, went abroad for survival.

Another class of Indian migrants was a class of people hailing from the Kaveri delta areas (from the Ramnad district of Madras) known as ‘Nattukottai Chettiars’ who were by occupation money-lenders. Their presence in Penang and elsewhere where plantations sprang up aided merchants, miners, and planters, as these Chettiars were advancing required working capital in the absence of any effective banks. Light also encouraged migration by the Chettiar community as part of his plan to create a cash economy on Penang.

Unlike the Tamil migrants, Telugu migrants from the northern Coromandel Coast came to Penang as families. For this reason, many did not leave when their work terms expired, but rather continued working on plantations or as merchants. Over 1,500,000 south Indians who worked in Malayan plantations, more than three-fourths returned to India, nearly all of them Tamil.

Beginning with Light, Penang boasted a tradition of religious tolerance; all races could practice their respective religious faith and social stability in a multi-racial society was thus achieved.

Education

The first Tamil vernacular schools in Malaya (now Malaysia) was set up in Penang under the Labour Code.In 2014, the Penang government brought a motion to open the first Tamil vernacular secondary school in Malaysia at Penang.But for political reasons this proposal was rejected by the central government.[5] In fact, MIC has also been silent on this issue.

Indians also form the bulk of English teachers in Penang. Law and medicine has traditionally been a preferred career option by Indian families although younger Indians now venturing into other fields such as engineering, finance and entrepreneurship

List of Tamil Schools in Penang

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Jawi

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Alma

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Juru

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Malakoff

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Mayfield

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Prye

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ramakrishna

♦ SJK (Tamil) Sungai Ara

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Valdor

♦ SJK (Tamil) Sungai Bakap

♦ SJK (Tamil) Azad

♦ SJK (Tamil) Bayan Lepas

♦ SJK (Tamil) Bukit Mertajam

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Byram

♦ SJK (Tamil) Nibong Tebal

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Changkat

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sempah

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Krian

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Transkrian

♦ SJK (Tamil) Permatang Tinggi

♦ SJK (Tamil) Palaniandy

♦ SJK (Tamil) Mak Mandin

♦ SJK (Tamil) Perai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Jalan Sungai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Tasik Permai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Batu Kawan

♦ SJK( Tamil) Perak Sangeetha Sabah, Ipoh

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kerajaan, Jalan Sungai Pari, Ipoh

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Yam Seng, Semanggol

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Changkat Salak, Salak Utara

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Selaba, Teluk Intan

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Jendarata 1, Teluk Intan

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Jendarata 2

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Jendarata 3

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Getah Taiping

♦ SJK (Tamil) Pangkor

♦ SJK (Tamil) Taman Desa Pinji

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kampung Tun Sambanthan, Ayer Tawar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Ayer Tawar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Cluny

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Banopdane

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kampung Baru Matang

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sogomana

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kampong Colombia, Ayer Tawar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Flemington

♦ SJK (Tamil) Bandar Behrang

♦ SJK (Tamil) Batak Rabit

♦ SJK (Tamil) Jebong Lama

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Kota Bahroe

♦ SJK (Tamil) Methodist Malim Nawar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Gapis

♦ SJK (Tamil) Nova Scotia 2

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ayer Tawar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Tapah

♦ SJK (Tamil) Khir Johari

♦ SJK (Tamil) Tun Sambanthan

♦ SJK (Tamil) Bharathy

♦ SJK (Tamil) Sungkai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Slim River

♦ SJK (Tamil) Slim Village

♦ SJK (Tamil) Tan Sri Dato' Manickavasagam

♦ SJK (Tamil) Tong Wah

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Bidor Tahan

♦ SJK (Tamil) Bikam

♦ SJK (Tamil) Sungai Kruit

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sunkai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Trolak

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kelapa Bali

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Behrang River

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Katoyang

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Cashwood

♦ SJK (Tamil) Maha Ganesa Viddyasalai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Chettiars

♦ SJK (Tamil) Pengkalan Baru

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Huntly

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Walbrook

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sungai Wangi 2

♦ SJK (Tamil) Mukim Pundut

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kampung Kayan

♦ SJK (Tamil) Beruas

♦ SJK (Tamil) Tanjong Rambutan

♦ SJK (Tamil) St. Philomena Convent

♦ SJK (Tamil) Perak Sangeetha Sabah

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kampung Simee

♦ SJK (Tamil) Gunong Rapat

♦ SJK (Tamil) Menglembu

♦ SJK (Tamil) Cangkat

♦ SJK (Tamil) Tronoh

♦ SJK (Tamil) Gopeng

♦ SJK (Tamil) Methodist, Buntong Ipoh

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Chemor

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Changkat Kiding

♦ SJK (Tamil) Klebang

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Strathisla

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Kinta Vally

♦ SJK (Tamil) Mambang Diawan

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kampar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Kampar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Selinsing

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kuala Kurau

♦ SJK (Tamil) Simpang Lima

♦ SJK (Tamil) Bagan Serai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Saint Mary's

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sungai Bogak

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Gula

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Chersonese

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Jin Seng

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Soon Lee

♦ SJK (Tamil) Arumugam Pillai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Kelumpong

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Gedong

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sungai Biong

♦ SJK (Tamil) Mahathma Gandi Kalasalai

♦ SJK (Tamil) Gandhi Memorial

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Kati

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Gapis

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Perak River Valley

♦ SJK (Tamil) Enggor

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Elphil

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sungai Reyla

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Dovenby

♦ SJK (Tamil) Thiruvalluvar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Sithambaram Pillay

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sussex

♦ SJK (Tamil) Netesa Pillay

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sungai Timah

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sabrang

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Nova Scotia 1

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Rubana 1

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Teluk Buloh

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Jendarata Bahagian Alpha Bernam

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Flemington

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Teluk Bharu

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Kuala Bernam

♦ SJK (Tamil) Bagan Datoh

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Strathmashie

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang New Coconut

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Ulu Bernam 2

♦ SJK (Tamil) ladang Sungai Samak

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Kamatchy

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kamunting

♦ SJK (Tamil) YMHA

♦ SJK (Tamil) St Teresa's Convent

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ulu Sepetang

♦ SJK (Tamil) Selama

♦ SJK (Tamil) Pondok Tanjung

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Holyrood

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Malaya

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Sin Wah

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Lauderdale

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Matang

♦ SJK (Tamil) Kampong Baru

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Allagar

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Temerloh

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Stoughton

♦ SJK (Tamil) Pengkalan Hulu

♦ SJK (Tamil) Gerik

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Kota Lima

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Glenealy

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Serapoh

♦ SJK (Tamil) Ladang Buloh Akar

Language

The main language spoken by Indians in Penang is Tamil Language and Malaysian Tamil. Whereas, Urdu is also spoken by a small number of Indian Muslims. However, young people are more interested in speaking English and English-Tamil mixture macaronic language, Tanglish.[6]

Cuisine

Indian cuisine in Penang is a phenomenon.Food like Nasi Kandar and Roti Canai is not only the most popular dishes in Penang, but throughout Malaysia. Indian food in Penang is heavily influenced by the Chetti cuisine.

Enclave

Little India in the city of George Town is a well-known Indian enclaves in Malaysia. It Covers an area around Lebuh Queen, Lebuh Chulia and Market Street.It location at the centre of Penang Heritage Zone and nearby Penang's main finance centre, Beach Street make it one of the most famous and notable shopping spot in Penang among local and tourist.

Festival

Main article: Thaipusam

One of the biggest festivals in Penang for Hindu ethnic is Thaipusam. Thaipusam is dedicated to the lord Muraga.Deepavali, better known as the 'Festival of Lights', is another major Hindu festival celebrated by all Hindus. Tamils celebrate the harvest festival of Pongal, which is usually held 13 to 16 January. Similar celebrations, known as Makar Sankranti is celebrated by most other Indian communities and ethnic Punjabi harvest festival called them as Lohri. While ethnic Christians celebrate Christmas Day and Good Friday.

Notable Penangite Indians

Penangite Indian Movie

Sources

  • Sandhu, Kernial Singh (1969), Indians in Malaya-immigration and settlement, Cambridge University Press, p. 29 
  • Sinnappah, Anasanatnam (1979), Indians in Malaysia and Singapore, Kulala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, p. 19 
  • Snider, Nancy (1968), "What Happened in Penang", Asian Survey 12: 960–975, doi:10.1525/as.1968.8.12.01p0433y 

References