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Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency

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This page is a soft redirect.Abbreviation || MMEA / APMM#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Motto || Mengawal Melindung Menyelamat#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. || Guard Protect Save #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Formed || 15 February 2005–present #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Employees || 7,000 Officers #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.National agency
(Operations jurisdiction) || Malaysia#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Legal jurisdiction || Malaysian Maritime Zone #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Governing body || Government of Malaysia#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Constituting instrument || Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004 [Act 633] #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Headquarters || Federal Government Administrative Centre Putrajaya#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Agency executive || Admiral Datuk Mohd Amdan bin Kurish RMN, Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Parent agency || Prime Minister's Department#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="text-align:center; background:#efefef; border-top:solid 1px #aaa" colspan="2" #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Facilities#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Helicopters || Aérospatiale AS 365 Dauphin; AgustaWestland AW139#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Amphibious Aircraft || Bombardier 415#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect. style="background: #efefef; text-align:center; border-top:solid 1px #aaa" colspan="2"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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This page is a soft redirect.www.mmea.gov.my
Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency
Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia
Logo of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.
Flag of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency.
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure

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The Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (Abbreviation: MMEA; Malay: Agensi Penguatkuasaan Maritim Malaysia; APMM) or also known as Malaysian Coast Guard, is the principal government agency tasked with maintaining law and order and coordinating search and rescue operations in the Malaysian Maritime Zone and on the high seas. It is in effect the coast guard of Malaysia. The Agency is not part of nor are there any plans for it be integrated into the Malaysian Armed Forces. The Agency and its members are part of the Malaysian Federal Civil Agency and report directly to the Prime Minister's Department.

Background

The history of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency began with the report on the Feasibility Study on the Establishment of Malaysian Coastguard conducted by National Security Council, Prime Minister's Department. The findings of the report was agreed to by the Government and a Nucleus Team led by Datuk Abu Talib bin Haji Harun, was created with the objective of organising the creation of the Agency. The Agency was formally established with the enactment of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency Act 2004 (Act 633) by the Malaysian Parliament in May 2004. Subsequently, the Act received the Royal Assent from the Yang Di Pertuan Agong on 25 June 2004 and was gazetted on 1 July of the same year. On 15 February 2005, the Act came into force. The Agency achieved operational status on 30 November 2005 with the commencement of patrols by MMEA vessels. The agency maintains close ties with the United States and Japanese coast guards. The agency carries out law enforcement work during peace time.

Organisation

Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement

A Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement appointed by the Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King) on the advice of the Prime Minister under Section 4(1) of the Act is responsible for the operational direction, command, control and supervision of the Agency. Administratively, the Director General reports directly to the Chief Secretary to the Government. By virtue of his office, he is also the head of the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Service. The Director General is assisted by three Deputy Directors General, each responsible for Management, Operations and Logistics. The post is an open one enabling any civil, military or police officer to be appointed to the post. For the purposes of discipline, the Director General is considered to be a member of the general public service of the Federation under Section 4(4). At present the Director General of Malaysian Maritime Enforcement is Admiral Datuk Mohd Amdan bin Kurish MMEA, former Royal Malaysian Navy Fleet Operations Commander.

Officers and other ranks

The officers and other ranks of the MMEA are appointed by the Public Service Commission as Maritime Enforcement Service officers under Section 5(1) of the Act and are considered civil servants under the Malaysian Civil Service. The Agency also consists of officers and staff from various other Services such as the Administrative and Diplomatic Service, Judicial and Legal Service, Information System Service and others. These personnel are primarily involved in matters of administration, finance, procurement, human resource management, legal affairs and prosecution, and information technology. With the exception of the Director, all other MMEA officers are not commissioned by the Yang Di Pertuan Agong (King). This means that Malaysian armed forces personnel may not give an honor salute to MMEA officers.

Headquarters

The headquarters of the Agency is situated at One IOI Square, IOI Resort, Putrajaya, close to the federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The Agency HQ was formerly based in Cyberjaya before it shifted to the present address in April 2006.

Academy

The Akademi Maritim Sultan Ahmad Shah (AMSAS) or Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) Academy is a coast guard academy. It is located at Gebeng near Kuantan, Pahang.

Operational areas

File:Sabah Malaysia Hari-Merdeka-2013-Parade-168.jpg
Members of MMEA during Hari Merdeka Parade 2013 in Kota Kinabalu

The operational area of the Agency is the Malaysian Maritime Zone which is divided into 5 Maritime Regions consisting of 18 Maritime Districts.

Zon Maritim Semenanjung

Zon Maritim Sabah Sarawak

Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Northern Peninsular Maritime Region Langkawi Island-Bernam River Langkawi, Kedah
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 1 Langkawi Island-Kuala Muda Bukit Malut, Langkawi
Maritime District 2 Kuala Muda-Parit Buntar Batu Uban, Penang
Maritime District 3 Parit Buntar-Bernam River Lumut, Perak
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Southern Peninsular Maritime Region Bernam River-Endau Johor Bahru, Johor
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 4 Bernam River-Sepang Port Klang, Selangor
Maritime District 5 Sepang-Kuala Kesang Linggi, Melaka
Maritime District 6 Kuala Kesang-Johor Causeway Johor Bahru, Johor
Maritime District 7 Johore Causeway-Endau Tanjung Sedili, Johor
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Eastern Peninsular Maritime Region Endau-Tumpat Kuantan, Pahang
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 8 Endau-Tanjung Geliga Kuantan, Pahang
Maritime District 9 Tanjung Geliga-Besut Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Maritime District 10 Besut-Tumpat Tok Bali, Kelantan
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Sarawak Maritime Region Tanjung Datu-Tanjung Baram Kuching, Sarawak
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 11 Tanjung Datu-Igan Kuching, Sarawak
Maritime District 12 Igan-Tanjung Payong Bintulu, Sarawak
Maritime District 13 Tanjung Payong-Tanjung Baram Miri, Sarawak
Region Operational Area Regional Headquarters
Sabah Maritime Region Tanjung Baram-Pulau Sebatik Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
District Operational Area Headquarters
Maritime District 14 Tanjung Baram-Kuala Penyu Labuan
Maritime District 15 Kuala Penyu-Kampung Mendawang Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
Maritime District 16 Kampung Mendawang-Beluran Kudat, Sabah
Maritime District 17 Beluran-Kunak Sandakan, Sabah
Maritime District 18 Kunak-Pulau Sebatik Tawau, Sabah

Ranks

Ranks for officers and other ranks in the Agency are derived from the Royal Malaysian Navy. Officer and Warrant Officer insignia are similar to that of their naval counterparts. Chevrons are used to denote the ranks of Chief Petty Officer and below.

Insignia Rank Maritime Enforcement Service Grade Equivalent Civil Service Grade Equivalent Army/Malaysian Air Force Rank
80px Rear Admiral Maritime / Malay: Laksamana Muda Maritim Premier Grade C Premier Grade C Major General
80px First Admiral Maritime / Malay: Laksamana Pertama Maritim X26 Grade 54 Brigadier General
No Image No Equivalent No Equivalent Grade 52 No Equivalent
80px Captain Maritime / Malay: Kapten Maritim X24 Grade 48 Colonel
80px Commander Maritime / Malay: Komander Maritim X22 Grade 44 Lieutenant Colonel
80px Lieutenant Commander Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Komander Maritim X20 Grade 41 Major
80px Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Maritim X17/X18 Grade 41 Captain
80px Sub Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Madya Maritim X16 Grade 32 Lieutenant
80px Acting Sub Lieutenant Maritime / Malay: Leftenan Muda Maritim X13 Grade 27 Second Lieutenant
80px Warrant Officer I Maritime / Malay: Pegawai Waran I Maritim X12 Grade 26 Warrant Officer I
80px Warrant Officer II Maritime / Malay: Pegawai Waran II Maritim X10 Grade 22 Warrant Officer II
80px Chief Petty Officer Maritime / Malay: Bintara Kanan Maritim X8 Grade 20 Staff Sergeant
80px Petty Officer Maritime / Malay: Bintara Muda Maritim X6 Grade 20 Sergeant
80px Leading Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kanan Maritim X4 Grade 20 Corporal
80px Able Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kelas I Maritim X2 Grade 17 Lance Corporal
80px Junior Able Rate Maritime / Malay: Laskar Kelas II Maritim X1 Grade 17 Junior Lance Corporal

Special Forces

The MMEA currently have their own Special Forces unit. Called the STAR (Special Task And Rescue). It is composed of members from the Royal Malaysian Air Force's PASKAU and Royal Malaysian Navy's PASKAL. Their task is to do hostage rescue works in shallow waters that are under MMEA's power. They are also tasked to do anti-terrorist actions in Malaysian waters alongside with the Malaysian Navy. The STAR team are considerably well trained as the members are taken from (Royal Malaysian Air Force) and the Royal Malaysian Navy Special Forces.

On 2 July 2009, the first batch of fresh commando units graduated from Basic Commando Selection alongside with the Royal Malaysian Airforce SFs, PASKAU. They were given American Styled ACUs (Army Combat Uniform), blue PASKAU berets and also the Malaysian Army Zebra Woodland Camouflage uniform.

Malaysian Maritime Zone

Internal waters and territorial sea

  • Territorial Sea: 12 nautical miles (22 km) from baseline
  • Sovereignty: part of the territory of Malaysia.
  • Subject to the right of innocent passage for all vessels

Contiguous zone

  • 24 nautical miles (44 km) from coast.
  • Jurisdiction to prevent or punish infringement of customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws.

Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)

  • 200 nautical miles (370 km) from coast.
  • Sovereign rights over the management of the resources of the seabed and water column.
  • Jurisdiction in respect of: - construction of artificial islands- marine scientific research - protection and preservation of the marine environment.
  • Subject to the rights of other States including: freedoms of navigation, overflight, and laying of submarine cables.

Continental shelf

  • Script error: No such module "convert". or to the extent of the continental margin.
  • Sovereign rights over the management of the resources of the seabed but not the water column.
  • Jurisdiction in respect of: -construction of artificial islands - drilling on the continental shelf.
  • Subject to the rights of other States including freedoms of navigation, overflight, laying of submarine cables and revenue sharing.


Strength and Equipment

MMEA Aircraft

Aircraft Photo Role Versions Inventory Notes
AgustaWestland AW139 Multi-purpose helicopter AW139 3 Used for SAR, coastal patrol and law enforcement duties
Eurocopter Dauphin Multi-purpose helicopter AS365 N3 3 Used for search and rescue and surveillance
Bombardier 415 Water bomber CL-415MP 2 Used for aerial firefighting
File:M70-02 (8231200851).jpg
Eurocopter AS.365 Dauphin at Subang

MMEA Ships

Offshore Patrol Vessel

  • 2 x Langkawi Class Patrol Ship
  • 2 x Kapal Maritim Perwira (Ex- Australian Customs and Border Protection Service)

Patrol Vessels

  • 15 x Gagah Class Ship
  • 15 x Sipadan Class Ship
  • 5 x Ramunia Class Ship
  • 2 x Nusa Class Ship
  • 2 x Rhu Class Ship
  • 10 x Pengawal Class Ship
  • 1 x Peninjau Class Ship
  • 5 x Pelindung Class Ship
  • 5 x Semilang Class Ship
  • 2 x Penggalang Class Ship
  • 4 x Penyelamat Class Ship
  • 1 x Pengaman Class Ship
  • 38 x Kilat Class Ship
  • 4 x Malawali Class Ship

Training Vessel

  • 1 x Merlin Class Ship[1]

Weaponry

Standard Issue Infantry Weapons
Standard Issue Infantry Weapons Origin Versions Quantity Notes
Handgun Types
Glock 19 23x15px Austria Standard Not known -
Shotgun Types
Remington 870 Shotgun 23x15px United States Remington M870 Tactical Not known
Submachinegun Types
Heckler & Koch MP5 23x15px Germany Standard Unknown -
Heckler & Koch UMP 23x15px West Germany 9mm version Unknown -
Assault rifle Types
Heckler & Koch G36 23x15px Germany G36C Unknown Late on delivery caused to replace by SIG SG 553
Colt M4A1 Carbine 23x15px United States Standard Unknown STAR only
Colt M16A1 23x15px United States Standard Unknown Ex-PDRM and ex-MAF rifles
Steyr AUG 23x15px Austria Standard Unknown Ex-MAF
SIG 553 23x16px  Switzerland Standard Unknown STAR only

Procurement

Malaysia has called tender for 7 New Generation Patrol Craft (NGPC). Specifications for the ship are modern patrol vessel of about 45 metre in length from a proven hull design, seven days endurance and embarkation for 30 crew and 10 extra personnel. It shall be equipped with a RHIB and a 30mm main gun fitted in a remote weapon station (RWS). The ship is also need to be supplied with a UAV which is launched via catapult and recover by skyhook. RM393 million was allocated for this tender. There is plan for another 7 more vessel.

Notes

External links