View of Mannheim Palace|
View of Mannheim Palace
Some important inventions were made in Mannheim.
- Karl Drais built the first two-wheeled draisine in 1817.
- Karl Benz drove the first automobile on the streets of Mannheim in 1886. At his workshop in Mannheim he produced a lightweight three-wheeled vehicle powered by a single cylinder petrol/gasoline-fueled engine, first shown in public during 1886. This powered tricycle subsequently came to be widely regarded as the first automobile/motor car powered by an internal-combustion engine. Karl's wife Bertha Benz undertook the world’s first road trip by automobile from Mannheim to Pforzheim in August 1888.
- The Lanz Bulldog, a popular tractor with a rugged, simple Diesel engine was introduced in 1921.
- Karl Benz developed the world's first compact diesel-powered car at the Benz & Cie. motor works in Mannheim during 1923
- Julius Hatry built the world's first rocket plane in 1929.
Official sign of Bertha Benz Memorial Route, commemorating the world's first long distance journey by automobile from Mannheim to Pforzheim in 1888 Script error: No such module "convert".
The council has 48 seats and is elected by direct suffrage for five years. In the local elections in Baden-Württemberg, voters are allowed to take advantage of cumulative voting and vote splitting. Since the Second World War the SPD, except in the elections of 1999 and 2004, has received more votes than the CDU. The next municipal election will take place in 2019.
The outcome of the local elections of 25 May 2014 and the current members of the council is as follows:
|City Council election 2014|
|SPD||<center> −3.3||<center> 13 seats||<center> −3|
|CDU||<center> 26.1%||<center> −2.6||<center> 12 seats||<center> −3|
|Greens||<center> 16.3%||<center> +0.4||<center> 8 seats||<center> ±0|
|Mannheim List||<center> 9.3%||<center> +1.9||<center> 4 seats||<center> +1|
|AfD||<center> 7.8%||<center> +7.8||<center> 4 seats||<center> +4|
|The Left||<center> 6.2%||<center> +1.3||<center> 3 seats||<center> +1|
|FDP||<center> 4.5%||<center> −3.5||<center> 2 seats||<center> −2|
|Mittelstand für Mannheim||<center> 1.4%||<center> +1.4||<center> 1 seats||<center> +1|
|NPD||<center> 1.1%||<center> +1.1||<center> 1 seats||<center> +1|
The SPD, CDU, Greens, Mannheim List and AfD have official party status.
The mayor is the head of the city council and chairman of the council, being selected by direct suffrage for a term of eight years. The current mayor is Peter Kurz (SPD), who was elected during 2007 with 50.53 percent on a turnout of 36.64 percent in the first round.
The city leaders since 1810 are:
The University of Mannheim is one of Germany's younger universities. Although founded in 1967, it has its origins in the 1763-established Palatine Academy of Sciences and the former Handelshochschule. Situated in Mannheim Palace, it is Germany's leading university in business and economics and attracts students from around the world. Described by "Die Zeit" magazine as the 'Harvard of Germany' it is seen as the alma mater of German businessmen and women.
The university town also houses one of the medical schools of Heidelberg University, the Hochschule Mannheim, a branch of the Duale Hochschule of the State of Baden-Württemberg and several musical and theatrical academies, including the Pop Academy Mannheim, the Musikhochschule and the Theaterakademie. These institutions draw a large and diverse student body.
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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Mannheim, Germany for 1981–2010 (Source: DWD)
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This page is a soft redirect.Source: Data derived from Deutscher Wetterdienst
Mannheim is located in Germany's warmest region, the "Rhine shift". In summer, temperatures sometimes rise up to Script error: No such module "convert". and higher. The highest recorded temperature was Script error: No such module "convert". during the 2003 European heat wave. The daily lows during that time also were very high (around 25 °C). In comparison to other regions of Germany, Mannheim has a higher humidity in summer which causes a higher heat index. Snow is rare, even in the cold months. Precipitation occurs mostly during afternoon thunderstorms during the warmer period (average days of thunderstorms in a year is 40–50). Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).
- Fernmeldeturm Mannheim
- Synagoge Mannheim – Post-WWII synagogue
- Yavuz Sultan Selim Mosque
- Luisenpark – named one of the most beautiful parks of Europe
- Mannheim Palace (Mannheimer Schloss) – the city castle and main building of the University of Mannheim
- Wasserturm – the town's landmark water tower
- Jesuit Church
- SAP Arena – multifunctional indoor arena, home of Mannheim's ice-hockey team "Die Adler" ("The Eagles")
- Breite Strasse, Kunststrasse, and Kapuzinerplanken – Mannheim's main shopping destination
- International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg
- Wildpark and Waldvogelpark am Karlstern
- The city centre, designed in squares (Quadratestadt)
- Reißinsel, a natural area that an honorary citizen of Mannheim, Carl Reiß, bequeathed to the inhabitants of Mannheim
- Marktplatz (Market place), the square where fresh farmer's market takes place every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday. Fresh fruits, vegetables, and flowers can be purchased
- Mannheimer Mess (:the Mannheim-Fair): twice a year (spring & autumn) a big fair takes place on Neuer Messplatz-square.
The successor to the Karl Benz automobile manufacturing companies begun in Mannheim, Daimler AG, has had a large presence in Mannheim. Today, diesel engines and buses are assembled there. The Swiss Hoffmann–La Roche Diagnostic group (formerly known as Boehringer Mannheim) has its division headquarters in Mannheim. Additionally, the city also hosts large factories and offices of ABB, Alstom, BASF (Ludwigshafen), Bilfinger Berger, Bombardier, Fuchs Petrolub AG, John Deere, Siemens, SCA, Südzucker, and other companies.
U.S. Army locations
A number of U.S. Army Europe installations were located in and near Mannheim. The following locations provided services to and housed the "U.S. Army Garrison Mannheim" and other units of the U.S. Army. The U.S. Army Garrison Mannheim was formally deactivated on 31 May 2011.
- The Benjamin Franklin Village (Mannheim-Käfertal), housing. Also, it was the home of the Mannheim American High School and the Middle School , which closed on June 9, 2011. It will be vacated by 2014.
- Coleman Barracks and Coleman Army Airfield (Mannheim-Sandhofen) (The headquarters of the American Forces Network-Europe, and the home of the Army's 28th Transportation Battalion. Also, the location of the United States Army Corrections Facility-Europe. It will be vacated by 2015.
- Funari Barracks (Mannheim-Käfertal), which will be vacated by 2014.
- Spinelli Barracks (Mannheim-Feudenheim), which will be vacated by 2015.
- Sullivan Barracks (Mannheim-Käfertal) – formerly the headquarters of the U.S. Army's 7th Signal Brigade and the 529th Military Police Honor Guard Company's 2nd Platoon; will be vacated by 2014.
- Taylor Barracks (Mannheim-Vogelstang) – formerly the headquarters of the U.S. Army's 2nd Signal Brigade; it was vacated in 2011.
- Turley Barracks (Mannheim-Käfertal) in the early 1990s was home to the 181st Transportation Bn, with companies of 40th, 41st, 51st, 590th, TTP, and HHC transportation companies and also a light infantry unit called AMFL...
The following locations were part of the "U.S. Army Garrison Heidelberg" but were within the area of the city of Mannheim; They were vacated in 2010 and 2011:
- Friedrichsfeld Service Center (Mannheim-Friedrichsfeld)
- Hammonds Barracks (formerly Loretto Kaserne) (Mannheim-Seckenheim)
- Stem Kaserne (Mannheim-Seckenheim)
All personnel of the U.S. Army military community will leave Mannheim by 2015, some of them moving to Wiesbaden. With the exception of four barracks, all other barracks formerly occupied by the U.S. military had been returned to the German state for conversion to civilian use in 2011.
Mannheim Hauptbahnhof (central station) is at the end of the Mannheim-Stuttgart high-speed rail line and is the most important railway junction in the southwest of Germany, served by ICE high-speed train system with connections to Frankfurt am Main / Berlin, Karlsruhe / Basel, and Stuttgart / Munich. A new high speed line to Frankfurt also is planned to relieve the existing Ried Railway (Riedbahn).
Although Frankfurt International Airport is only Script error: No such module "convert". to the north, at various times over the years there were daily passenger flights from Mannheim City Airport (IATA code MHG) to London, Dresden, Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, and Saarbrücken. Currently, the only commercial passenger flights are from Berlin-Tegel.
Local Public Transport
The RheinNeckar S-Bahn, established in 2003, connects most of the Rhine-Neckar area including lines into the Palatinate, Odenwald, and southern Hesse. All S-Bahn lines run through Mannheim Hauptbahnhof, except S5. Further S-Bahn stations are at present Mannheim-Rangierbahnhof, Mannheim-Seckenheim, and Mannheim-Friedrichsfeld-Süd.
The 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge integrated Mannheim/Ludwigshafen tramway network also extends to Heidelberg. It is operated by RNV, a company wholly owned by the three cities mentioned and a couple of municipalities in the Palatinate. RNV is the result of a merger on 1 October 2009 between the region's five former municipal transportation companies. Interurban trams are operated by RNV on a triangular route between Mannheim, Heidelberg, and Weinheim that was originally established by the Upper Rhine Railway Company (Oberrheinische Eisenbahn, OEG), and the company also operates interurban trams between Bad Dürkheim, Ludwigshafen, and Mannheim. In the 1970s a proposal to build a U-Bahn out of the Mannheim and Ludwigshafen tramways was begun, but only small sections were built due to lack of funds. The only underground station in Mannheim is the Haltestelle Dalbergstraße. U-Bahn planning now has stopped. All public transport is offered at uniform prices set by the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Neckar (Rhine-Neckar transport union, VRN).
There are two nationally renowned football clubs in Mannheim, SV Waldhof Mannheim, who currently are playing in the 4th tier Regionalliga Süd, but who have played in the top tier, the Bundesliga; and VfR Mannheim, winner of the German championship in 1949, now playing in the 5th tier Oberliga Baden-Württemberg.
The city is home to the Mannheim Tornados, the oldest operational baseball and softball club in Germany. The Tornados play in the first division of the Baseball Bundesliga and have won the championship 11 times, more than any other club.
In 2003 the American football club MTG Rhein-Neckar Bandits was founded. The Bandits are playing in the first German Football League which is called GFL1. In the summer about 500 people watch each game.
The WWE visited Mannheim in 2008 and grossed more than half a million dollars with over 6,500 fans attending the event.
UFC fighter Dennis Siver lives and trains in Mannheim.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Famous people from Mannheim
- 1748: Josepha von Heydeck, mistress of Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria
- 1762: Constanze Mozart, wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791)
- 1821: Friedrich Engelhorn, founder of BASF
- 1856: Henry Morgenthau, Sr., United States politician and manager
- 1887: Emmy Wehlen, musical comedy actress and silent screen star
- 1897: Sepp Herberger, coach of the German national soccer team 1936–1964 ("The Miracle of Bern", world champion with his team in 1954)
- 1905: Albert Speer, Nazi architect, Minister for Armaments and Munitions during World War II
- 1939: Christiane Schmidtmer, Hollywood actress
- 1946: Fred Breinersdorfer, writer
- 1960: Norbert Schwefel, musician
- 1962: Uwe Rahn, football player
- 1969: Steffi Graf, tennis player
- 1971: Xavier Naidoo, pop singer
- 1972: Christian Wörns, football player for Borussia Dortmund and formerly Germany
- 1976: Bülent Ceylan, German-Turkish comedian
- 1977: Jochen Hecht, Buffalo Sabres National Hockey League
- See also: Famous people from Mannheim (German)
Notes and References
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
- "Metropolregion Rhein-Neckar". M-r-n.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- "World's 15 Most Inventive Cities". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
- "The Manhattan of Germany: the innovative Mannheim city". The New Economy. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "The rise of the smart city". The New Economy. Retrieved 2014-03-23.
- "Mannheim ist jetzt offiziell "Unesco City of Music"". RNZ. Retrieved 2014-12-27.
- Sonja Steiner-Welz, 400 Jahre Stadt Mannheim (Dokumente zur Stadtgeschichte). Band 1: bis zur Kaiserzeit, vol. 1, 2004, ISBN 978-3-936041-96-5, p. 41.
- Peter Kurz: Gedenken heute on Mannheim.de: "Bislang 2 262 Namen nennt die Liste der Mannheimer jüdischen Opfer, und sie ist noch nicht als vollständig anzusehen."
- Germany and the Second World War. Books.google.com. 2001-11-15. ISBN 978-0-19-822888-2. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- Stanton, Shelby, World War II Order of Battle: An Encyclopedic Reference to U.S. Army Ground Forces from Battalion through Division, 1939-1946 (Revised Edition, 2006), Stackpole Books.
- "Ausgabe der Klimadaten: Monatswerte". |date=July 2014 |source 2= "Dekadenrekorde".
- Climate Summary for Mannheim
- Mannheim Deactivation Ceremony | Article | The United States Army
- "Press release announcing the merger to form RNV (German-language)". of 23 September 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-06. Check date values in:
- [dead link]
- "FEI European Jumping Championship, Mannheim". Em2007.de. Retrieved 2011-04-07.
- Express June 23 2013
- Rheinpfalz July 25 2008
- Trendsportart Steckenpferdpolo: Ich glaub', mein Gaul holzt, Spiegel September 2014
- "Partner und Freundesstädte". Stadt Mannheim (in German). Retrieved 2013-07-26.
- "Oraşe înfrăţite (Twin cities of Minsk) [via WaybackMachine.com]" (in Romanian). Primăria Municipiului Chişinău. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-21.
- "Swansea - Wales :Mannheim.de". Mannheim City website. Mannheim City. 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- Wiederkehr, Gustav: Mannheim in Sage und Geschichte, H. Haas'schen Buchdruckerei, 1907, (Festgabe zur Feier des dreihundertjährigen Bestehens der Stadt)
- David, Manfred: Mannheimer Stadtkunde. Edition Quadrat, Mannheim 1982, ISBN 3-87804-125-X.
- Staatl. Archivverwaltung Baden-Württemberg in Verbindung mit d. Städten u. d. Landkreisen Heidelberg u. Mannheim (Hrsg.): Die Stadt- und die Landkreise Heidelberg und Mannheim: Amtliche Kreisbeschreibung. Band 1: Allgemeiner Teil. Karlsruhe 1966, DNB 458203858. Band 3: Die Stadt Mannheim und die Gemeinden des Landkreises Mannheim. Karlsruhe 1970, DNB 366145509.
- Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg (Hrsg.): Das Land Baden-Württemberg – Amtliche Beschreibung nach Kreisen und Gemeinden. Band V. * Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2.
- Huth, Hans: Die Kunstdenkmäler des Stadtkreises Mannheim. München 1982, ISBN 3-422-00556-0.
- Oesterreich, Carmen And Volker (Hrsg.): Mannheim, wo es am schönsten ist – 55 Lieblingsplätze. Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-936962-43-7.
- Schenk, Andreas: Mannheim und seine Bauten 1907–2007. Hrsg. v. Stadtarchiv Mannheim und Mannheimer Architektur- und Bauarchiv e. V. 5 Bde. Edition Quadrat, Mannheim 2000–2007, ISBN 3-923003-83-8.
- Walz, Guido (Red.): Der Brockhaus Mannheim. 400 Jahre Quadratestadt – Das Lexikon. Bibliographisches Institut & F. A. Brockhaus, Mannheim 2006, ISBN 3-7653-0181-7
- Naturführer Mannheim. Entdeckungen im Quadrat. Hrsg. von der Stadt Mannheim und der Bezirksstelle für Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege Karlsruhe. Verlag Regionalkultur, Ubstadt-Weiher 2000, ISBN 3-89735-132-3.
- Ellrich, Hartmut: Mannheim. Sutton, Erfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-86680-148-6.
- Nieß, Ulrich and Caroli, Michael (Hrsg.): Geschichte der Stadt Mannheim. Verlag Regionalkultur, Ubstadt-Weiher, Band 1: 2007, ISBN 978-3-89735-470-8. Band 2: 2007, ISBN 978-3-89735-471-5. Band 3: 2009, ISBN 978-3-89735-472-2.
- Mannheimer Altertumsverein/Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen: Mannheim vor der Stadtgründung – Teile I und II. Hrsg. Hansjörg Probst, 4 Bände. Mannheim 2007/08, ISBN 978-3-7917-2074-6.
- Vetter, Roland „Kein Stein soll auf dem andern bleiben“ Mannheims Untergang während des Pfälzischen Erbfolgekrieges im Spiegel französischer Kriegsberichte ISBN 3-89735-204-4
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mannheim.|
- Official page of Mannheim
- 16x16px Mannheim travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Rhein-Neckar Metropoliten Region Visitors' Site
- Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Neckar (Rhine-Neckar Transport)
- Parks in Mannheim
- Bertha Benz Memorial Route
- U.S. Army Garrison Mannheim homepage
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