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Marco Antonio Rubio (born May 28, 1971) is the junior United States Senator from Florida, serving since January 2011. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives.
A Cuban American native of Miami, Florida, Rubio is a graduate of the University of Florida and the University of Miami Law School. In the late 1990s, he served as a City Commissioner for West Miami and was elected to the Florida House of Representatives in 2000, representing the 111th House district. He was elected Speaker in November 2006.
Rubio announced a run for U.S. Senate in May 2009 after incumbent Republican Mel Martínez resigned. Initially trailing by double-digits against the incumbent Republican Governor Charlie Crist, Rubio eventually surpassed him in polling for the Republican nomination. Rubio won the Republican nomination after Crist opted instead to run with no party affiliation. In a three-way split against Crist and Democratic candidate Kendrick Meek, Rubio won the general election in November 2010 with 48.9 percent of the vote. He is one of three Latinos in the Senate, along with Bob Menendez of New Jersey and Ted Cruz of Texas.
- 1 Early life, education, and political career
- 2 Florida House of Representatives
- 3 U.S. Senate
- 4 2016 presidential campaign
- 5 Political positions
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Electoral history
- 8 Books written by Rubio
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life, education, and political career
Rubio was born in Miami, Florida, the second son and third child of Mario and Oria (Garcia) Rubio. His parents were Cubans who immigrated to the United States in 1956 and were naturalized as U.S. citizens in 1975. Rubio's maternal grandfather, Pedro Victor Garcia, also immigrated legally to the U.S. in 1956, but he returned to Cuba to find work in 1959. When he returned to the U.S. in 1962 without a visa, the U.S. embassy in Cuba being closed, an immigration judge ordered him deported. U.S. immigration authorities ultimately used their discretion to allow him to remain in the U.S. without a visa. In 2012, The Associated Press concluded that Garcia might have been living in the U.S. illegally for four years, from 1962 to 1966.
In October 2011, the St. Petersburg Times and The Washington Post reported that Rubio's previous statements that his parents were forced to leave Cuba in 1959, after Fidel Castro came to power, were incorrect. His parents left Cuba in 1956, during the dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista. According to The Washington Post, Rubio's "embellishments" resonated with many voters in Florida, claiming they would be less impressed by his family being economic migrants instead of political refugees from a communist regime. Rubio responded: "The real essence of my family's story is not about the date my parents first entered the United States. Or whether they traveled back and forth between the two nations. Or even the date they left Fidel Castro's Cuba forever and permanently settled here. The essence of my family story is why they came to America in the first place, and why they had to stay."
Rubio's family was Roman Catholic, though from age 8 to age 11, he and his family attended The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints while living in Las Vegas, where his father worked as a bartender at Sams Town Hotel and his mother a housekeeper at the Imperial Palace Hotel and Casino. He received his first communion as a Catholic in 1984, before moving back to Miami with his family a year later. He was confirmed and married in the Catholic Church.
Rubio attended South Miami Senior High School and graduated in 1989. He then attended Tarkio College for one year on a football scholarship from 1989 to 1990, before enrolling at Santa Fe Community College (now Santa Fe College). He earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in political science from the University of Florida in 1993, and his J.D. degree cum laude from the University of Miami School of Law in 1996. Rubio said that his education resulted in $100,000 of student loans, which he paid off in 2012.
While studying law, Rubio interned for U.S. Representative Ileana Ros-Lehtinen. He also worked on Republican Senator Bob Dole's 1996 presidential campaign. He served as a City Commissioner for West Miami before being elected to the Florida House of Representatives in early 2000.
Florida House of Representatives
In late 1999, a special election was called to fill the seat for the 111th House District in the Florida House of Representatives, representing Miami. The seat had been held by Representative Carlos Valdes, who had run for and won an open Florida State Senate seat.
Rubio placed second in the Republican primary on December 14, 1999, but won the run-off election for the Republican nomination, by 64 votes. He then defeated Democrat Anastasia Garcia with 72% of the vote in a January 25, 2000 special election.
In November 2000, Rubio won re-election unopposed. In 2002, he won re-election to a second full term unopposed. In 2004, he won re-election to a third full term with 66% of the vote. In 2006, he won re-election to a fourth full term unopposed.
In December 2002, Rubio was appointed House Majority Leader by Speaker Johnnie Byrd. In November 2003, Rubio clinched the Speakership after State Representatives Dennis Baxley, Jeff Kottkamp, and Dennis A. Ross dropped out. He became the first Cuban American to become Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives.
Rubio is the author of the book 100 Innovative Ideas for Florida's Future, which includes information that he compiled while traveling around the state and talking with citizens. This was done through what Rubio calls "Idearaisers". Many of the issues that he pushed for in his first year as speaker came from ideas in this book. In 2007, he championed a major overhaul of the Florida tax system, arguing it would reduce property taxes and decrease the size of government.
During his time as Speaker of the Florida House, Rubio shared a residence with another Florida State Representative, David Rivera; the two men co-owned the property in Tallahassee. The home later fell into foreclosure after deferring months of mortgage payments. This issue surfaced in June 2010, during Rubio's run for the US Senate but was considered resolved according to Rubio's spokesman.
In 2010 Rubio was questioned about charges of nearly $110,000 made to his Republican Party American Express card during his two years as House speaker. The records listed some personal items, including grocery bills, wine, and plane tickets for his wife. Rubio said the charges were legitimate Republican Party expenses and that he personally paid American Express more than $16,000 for expenses unrelated to the party.
On May 5, 2009, Rubio announced on his website that he planned to run for the United States Senate seat being vacated by Mel Martínez, who had resigned and been replaced by George LeMieux. Prior to the announcement, he had been meeting with fundraisers and supporters throughout the state. Initially trailing by double-digits against the incumbent Governor of his own party, Charlie Crist, Rubio eventually surpassed Crist in polling for the Republican nomination.
On April 28, 2010, Crist announced he would be running without a party affiliation, effectively ceding the Republican nomination to Rubio. Several of Crist's top fundraisers, as well as Republican leadership, refused to support Crist after Rubio won the Republican nomination for the Senate.
On November 2, 2010, Marco Rubio won the general election with 49 percent of the vote to Crist's 30% and Democrat Kendrick Meek's 20%. Following his victory in the elections, Rubio soon became the subject of speculation as a potential Republican candidate for the 2012 presidential election. Rubio stated shortly after taking office that he had no interest in running for president or vice president in 2012.
Rubio voted against the Budget Control Act of 2011, which included mandatory budget cuts from "sequestration", and said later that defense spending should never have been linked to taxes and the deficit. "You're constantly being given false choices," Rubio said in August 2012. "'If you want to save national security, you have to agree to raise taxes that will hurt our economy.' Well, that's a false choice and quite frankly it's a destructive one."
In October 2011, Rubio co-sponsored the Reducing the Size of Federal Government Through Attrition Act. The bill, which was not voted on in the Senate, would have reduced federal employment by 10% by 2015.
In November 2011, Rubio and Senator Chris Coons (D-Del) co-sponsored the American Growth, Recovery, Empowerment and Entrepreneurship Act (AGREE Act). The bill would extend many tax credits and exemptions for businesses investing in research and development, equipment, and other capital. It would also provide a tax credit for veterans who start a business franchise, allow an increase in immigration for certain types of work visas, and strengthen copyright protections.
In 2012 Rubio introduced a bill, co-sponsored by Joe Manchin, to allow employers to be exempted from newly mandated coverage for contraception based on religious or moral grounds, but it was not adopted in the Senate.
Rubio voted against the 2012 Fiscal Cliff Resolutions. Although he received some criticism for this position, he responded: “Thousands of small businesses, not just the wealthy, will now be forced to decide how they'll pay this new tax, and, chances are, they'll do it by firing employees, cutting back their hours and benefits, or postponing the new hire they were looking to make. And to make matters worse, it does nothing to bring our dangerous debt under control.”
In January 2013, Senator Rubio proposed a plan providing a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants currently living in the United States. Rubio’s multistep plan included fines, back taxes, background checks, and a lengthy probationary period. His proposal contrasted with the Republican party’s long-held view that offering citizenship to undocumented immigrants is virtually the same as amnesty. At the annual Conservative Political Action Conference in 2015, Rubio stated that his biggest lesson from the experience was that Americans would not support comprehensive immigration reform until the border is secure.
Rubio was chosen to deliver the Republican response to President Obama’s 2013 State of the Union Address. It marked the first time the response was delivered in English and Spanish. Rubio's attempt to draw a strong line against the looming defense sequestration was undercut by fellow Republican senator Rand Paul's additional response to Obama's speech that called for the sequester to be carried out.
On April 17, 2013, Rubio voted against an expansion of background checks for gun purchases.
In May 2013, Rubio proposed the Regulation Costs to Small Businesses Act which would have required the Small Business Administration to conduct an annual study to estimate the total cost of regulations on small businesses.
In July 2013, Rubio and Senator Ben Cardin (D-MD) introduced the Foreign Aid Transparency and Accountability Act of 2013. The bill would require federal agencies to monitor and regularly report on the performance of foreign assistance programs based on specified goals and metrics. The reports would be published publicly. According to Rubio: "America’s foreign assistance programs need greater transparency to ensure that they are advancing our values and interests overseas."
In 2014, Rubio co-sponsored with Senator Mark Warner legislation to revise the process for calculating and collecting student loans. The legislation would base student loan payments on the student's subsequent income and automatically collect payments from paychecks in order to simplify the process and eliminate loan servicer fees.
In 2015 at a summit organized by Concerned Veterans for America Rubio said that the United States Department of Veterans Affairs was "simply buckling under the weight of its own bureaucracy" as he endorsed their proposal to open veterans care to private providers.
- Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Subcommittee on Aviation Operations, Safety, and Security
- Subcommittee on Communications, Technology, and the Internet
- Subcommittee on Oceans, Atmosphere, Fisheries, and Coast Guard, (Chair)
- Subcommittee on Science and Space
- Subcommittee on Surface Transportation and Merchant Marine Infrastructure, Safety, and Security
- Committee on Foreign Relations
- Select Committee on Intelligence
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
2016 presidential campaign
In April 2014, the departure of Cesar Conda, Rubio's chief of staff since 2011, was seen as a sign of Rubio's plans to run for President in 2016. Conda will lead Rubio's Reclaim America PAC as a senior adviser, and will remain as a part-time advisor to Rubio.
Groups supporting Rubio raised over $530,000 in the first three months of 2014, most of which was spent on consultants and data analytics, in what was seen as preparations for a presidential campaign.
A poll from the WMUR/University, tracking New Hampshire Republican primary voters' sentiment, showed Rubio at the top alongside Kentucky senator Rand Paul later in 2013, but as of April 18, 2014, he had dropped to 10th place behind other Republican contenders. The poll, however, also suggests that Rubio is not disliked by the primary voters, which could be positive for him if other candidates choose not to run. Rubio placed second among potential 2016 Republican presidential candidates in an online poll of likely voters conducted by Zogby Analytics in January 2015.
In January 2015, it was reported that Rubio had begun contacting top donors and appointing advisors for a potential 2016 run, including George Seay, who previously worked on such campaigns as Rick Perry's in 2012 and Mitt Romney's in 2008, and Jim Rubright, who had previously worked for Jeb Bush, Romney, and John McCain. Rubio also instructed his aides to "prepare for a presidential campaign" prior to a Team Marco 2016 fundraising meeting in South Beach.
On April 13, 2015, Rubio announced that he will run for President of the United States in 2016.
Rubio holds conservative views on fiscal and social issues, and has been called the "crown prince" of the Tea Party movement. His Senate votes in 2011 and 2012 earned him 100.00 ratings from the American Conservative Union.
He supports an initiative to limit federal spending growth to the per capita inflation rate. He opposed Obama's stimulus package of 2009. He supports initiatives to balance the federal budget, including a balanced budget amendment. Rubio supports Social Security changes to prevent projected future deficits in the program. He believes the program should have a higher age for the start of benefits for workers who are more than ten years away from retirement to account for Americans living longer. He has stated his support of federal R&D funding and space exploration funding to promote technological innovation, which he sees as critical to the development to the economy. He supports extending the Bush tax cuts and believes no taxes should be increased during a recession. He also opposes the capital gains tax, stating that it is double taxation, as well as the estate tax. Rubio supports a flat rate federal tax. In 2014, Rubio proposed legislation to replace the earned income tax credit with a federal wage enhancement for qualifying low-wage jobs. The proposal would apply to singles as well as married couples and families with children. It would also arrive in sync with a monthly paycheck rather than a year-end lump-sum credit. Rubio asserted that this was a "better way to support low-income workers than simply raising the minimum wage."
Rubio joined twenty-two other GOP senators in voting against reauthorizing the Violence Against Women Act, stating that he largely supported it but objected to certain new provisions in the bill. Rubio identifies as pro-life. He strongly opposes Roe v. Wade, and has stated that the "right to life is a fundamental one that trumps virtually any other right I can imagine". On March 14, 2013, Rubio reiterated his opposition to same-sex marriage at the Conservative Political Action Conference, saying "that states should have the right to define marriage in the traditional way". Rubio opposed the nomination of Sonia Sotomayor to the Supreme Court based on "her case history and testimony regarding the Second Amendment at the state level, eminent domain takings and the so-called constitutional right to privacy that resulted in the Roe v. Wade decision". As of 2010, he was rated B+ by the National Rifle Association (NRA) for his stance on gun control. Rubio urged his party to compromise on the DREAM Act to keep from alienating Hispanic voters from the Republican party in 2012. Regarding medical cannabis, Rubio says he would like to learn more about the "science of it", but is only open to allowing forms of the drug that do not cause a high. He firmly supports continued criminal penalties for recreational cannabis. He has stated "I don’t think legalizing marijuana or even decriminalizing it is the right decision for our country".
He has stated that radical Islamist terrorists pose the greatest threat to the United States and that these radicals intend to impose their beliefs on the world. He voted "yes" on extending the roving wiretaps provision of the Patriot Act, which governs surveillance of suspected terrorists. Rubio has supported Obama's initial response to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant's invasion of Iraq. He has also called for arms to support moderate elements in the Syrian opposition and a bombing campaign to stop ISIL's advance, but voted against an authorization to use force in Syria.
Rubio has stated that he does not believe that human activity is causing global warming, and argues that proposals to address it would not work but would instead "destroy" the economy. The independent fact-checking website PolitiFact found that Rubio had consistently questioned the scientific understanding of climate change: "Rubio consistently either avoids the link between human activity and climate change, or outright denies it."
Rubio married Jeanette Dousdebes, a former bank teller and Miami Dolphins cheerleader, in 1998, and together they have four children. Rubio and his family live in West Miami, Florida. Rubio attends Christ Fellowship, a Southern Baptist Church in West Kendall, Florida, as well as Catholic services.
In an interview in 2012, Rubio said: "I'm a Roman Catholic. I'm theologically in line with the Roman Catholic Church. I believe in the authority of the church, but I also have tremendous respect for my brothers and sisters in other Christian faiths. I recognize, as the Catholic Church does, that there are excellent teachings of the Word throughout other denominations. The elements of salvation are found in these churches as well."
After leaving the Florida House of Representatives due to term limits in January 2009, Rubio started his own law firm. He was also hired by the Florida International University for a teaching position after agreeing to raise a large portion of his salary through private contributions. Billionaire auto dealer and Miami power-broker Norman Braman gave $100,000 to finance Rubio's position.
|Florida U.S. Senate election 2010|
Books written by Rubio
- 100 Innovative Ideas for Florida's Future. Regnery Publishing. 2006. ISBN 978-1596985117.
- An American Son: A Memoir. Sentinel HC. 2012. ISBN 978-1595230942.
- American Dreams: Restoring Economic Opportunity for Everyone. Sentinel HC. 2015. ISBN 978-1595231130.
- "Explaining the Senate's growing conservative Latino caucus". WBEZ91.5. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
- "Marco Rubio tells donors he's running for president in 2016". CBS News. April 13, 2015. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Steve Benen (April 13, 2015). "Marco Rubio rolls the dice". MSNBC. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- David M. Drucker (April 13, 2015). "Marco Rubio jumps in, will leave Senate". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved April 13, 2015.
- Linkins, Jason (October 20, 2011). "Marco Rubio, Bobby Jindal Become Focus Of Bipartisan Birthers". The Huffington Post.
- Roig-Franzia, Manuel (October 21, 2011). "Marco Rubio's compelling family story embellishes facts, documents show". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
- Roig-Franzia, Manuel (June 17, 2012). "Marco Rubio's grandfather had difficult transition to U.S.". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- "Marco Rubio's grandfather ordered deported to Cuba in 1962". West Palm Beach, FL: WPBF. Associated Press. April 25, 2012. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
- "Rubio's Grandfather may have termporarily been in U.S. illegally". Associated Press. 25 April 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- Rubio, Marco (October 21, 2011). "My family's flight from Castro". Politico. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Burr, Thomas (June 18, 2012). "Marco Rubio's book explains why he left Mormonism". Salt Lake Tribune.
- "Marco Rubio About". Marco Rubio Senator. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
- Marrapodi, Erin (February 23, 2012). "Sen. Marco Rubio's religious journey: Catholic to Mormon to Catholic to Baptist and Catholic". CNN. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- "Representative Marco Rubio". Florida House of Representatives.
- Bennett, George (October 2, 2010). "Republican candidate Marco Rubio casts U.S. Senate race as battle for America". Palm Beach Post. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "Marco Rubio – Biography" (PDF). Republican Business Council. 2010. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- "Transcript: Marco Rubio's State of the Union Response – ABC News". Abcnews.go.com. February 13, 2013. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- Clark, Lesley (January 5, 2011). "Miami's Marco Rubio becomes new Florida senator". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 24, 2011.
- O'Keefe, Ed (April 10, 2014). "In South Florida, Jeb Bush and Marco Rubio are forcing locals to pick sides". Washington Post. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
- Leary, Alex (October 9, 2010). "Marco Rubio's meteoric rise in Florida politics". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
- CM-Azares, David (December 15, 1999). "Diaz De La Portilla Wins State Senate Seat". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "December 14, 1999 Special Primary Senate 34 and House 111 & 115". Florida Department of State Division of Elections. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Elfrink, Tim (July 22, 2010). "Marco Rubio, Tea Party pretty boy". Miami New Times. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "Legislator says he got calls demanding he end sit-in Series: AROUND THE STATE: [SOUTH PINELLAS Edition]". St. Petersburg Times. January 26, 2000. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "FL State House 111 Race – Nov 07, 2000". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "FL State House 111 Race – Nov 05, 2002". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "FL State House 111 Race – Nov 02, 2004". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "FL State House 111 Race – Nov 07, 2006". Our Campaigns. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "Dade Hispanics Set to Get Top Posts in House". Nl.newsbank.com. December 10, 2002. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- "Two S. Florida Democrats To Lead Senate Committees". Nl.newsbank.com. December 18, 2002. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Fineout, Gary (November 15, 2003). "Baxley backs off House leader bid". Ocala.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "Rubio claims 57 of his 100 ideas were made law by the Florida Legislature". Politifact. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- "Marco Rubio's U.S. Senate campaign grew out of his 2007 antitax roots". Tampa Bay Times. July 12, 2010. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- Bender, Michael C. (June 17, 2010). "Rubio faces foreclosure on Tally home; his campaign says it's resolved". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved May 5, 2011.
- "Marco Rubio Made Personal Charges On GOP Credit Card". HuffPost Politics. 2010-04-27. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- CONDON, STEPHANIE (April 21, 2010). "Marco Rubio, Florida GOP Under Federal Investigation, Report Says". CBS News. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- "GOP Credit Scandal Threatens to Halt Rubio's Momentum in Primary". Fox News. April 22, 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- Reinhard, Beth (March 5, 2009). "Marco Rubio quietly registers to run for U.S. Senate". The Miami Herald.
- "Rubio Edges Crist In Florida Gop Senate Race, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; President Obama Under Water As Voters Disapprove". Quinnipiac University. January 26, 2010.
- "Election 2010: Florida Republican Primary for Senate". Rasmussen Reports. February 1, 2010. Archived from the original on February 9, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2012.
- "Charlie Crist will run for Senate with no party affiliation". Tampa Bay Times.
- Schwandt, Kimberly (April 28, 2010). "Crist to Run as Independent in FL Sen Race". Fox News. Retrieved July 10, 2010.
- Romm, Tony (April 18, 2010). "McConnell: Crist would lose all GOP support if he ran as independent". The Hill. Retrieved July 10, 2010.
- Martin, Jonathan; Catanese, David (April 17, 2010). "Top Charlie Crist supporters torn over indy bid". Politico. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- Farrington, Brendan; Kay, Jennifer (August 24, 2010). "Marco Rubio Wins Florida GOP Senate Primary". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 3, 2010.
- "Florida Senate Election Results". NBC News. November 8, 2010. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
- Knickerbocker, Brad (November 6, 2010). "President Obama, Marco Rubio face off on tax cuts". Christian Science Monitor.
- Goodman, Lee-Anne (November 5, 2010). "Florida's new senator seen as 'Great Right Hope'". Toronto Star.
- Rahn, Will (January 10, 2011). "Marco Rubio: I want to be a senator, not president or vice president". The Daily Caller. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- Hayes, Stephen (January 28, 2011). "Marco Rubio Picks a Chief of Staff: Cesar Conda". The Weekly Standard.
- "Rubio taps Cheney aide for chief of staff". Politico. Jan 26, 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- "Sen. Marco Rubio hires Cesar Conda to be chief of staff". Tampa Bay Times. Jan 28, 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- McAuliff, Michael; Mershon, Erin (August 2, 2012) " Mandatory Budget Cuts From Sequestration Slammed By Republicans As 'Dumb,' 'Terrible'" Huffington Post. Accessed February 25, 2013.
- Ashley Lopez (October 12, 2011). "Rubio cosponsors bill that would eliminate one out of every ten federal jobs". The Florida Independent. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- Laura Green (November 16, 2011). "Sen. Marco Rubio says bipartisan jobs bill built on common ground". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved August 18, 2013.
- "White House Attacks Marco Rubio's Contraception Bill". The Huffington Post. Associated Press. February 13, 2012.
- Reinhard, Beth (January 3, 2013). "Paul Ryan vs. Marco Rubio: The Politics of the Cliff Vote". National Journal.
- "Sen. Marco Rubio (R)". National Journal Almanac. Retrieved 16 August 2014.
- Reiff, Laura Foote; Nataliya Binshteyn (Jan 28, 2013). "President Obama to Outline Plan for Comprehensive Immigration Reform on Tuesday". The National Law Review. Greenberg Traurig, LLP.
- "Marco Rubio Attempts to Win Back Conservatives on Immigration". The Huffington Post. February 27, 2015.
- Wolf, Z. Byron (February 6, 2013). "State of the Union: Marco Rubio to Deliver Republican Response". ABC News. Retrieved February 19, 2013.
- "Has U.S. GOP Lost Its Standing as The Strong-on-Defense Party?". Defense News.
- "U.S. Senate Roll Call Votes 113th Congress – 1st Session". United States Senate. Retrieved 2013-07-30.
- J.D. Harrison (14 April 2015). "What a Marco Rubio White House could mean for businesses". Washington Post. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
- "Senators Rubio and Cardin introduce bipartisan bill to increase transparency of foreign aid". Gretawire. July 10, 2013. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
- FRENCH, LAUREN; MIN KIM, SEUNG (17 December 2014). "Marco Rubio calls out pope on Cuba". www.politico.com (POLITICO LLC). Retrieved 17 December 2014.
- Wagner, Dennis (February 26, 2015). "Veterans propose major changes in VA health care". www.usatoday.com (USA TODAY). Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- Leary, Alex (April 20, 2012). "At Florida International University, GOP rising star Sen. Marco Rubio is professor Rubio". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
- "Absentee ballot: Ted Cruz a no-show at most committee meetings, floor votes". Fox News. 23 April 2015. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
In February, an analysis carried out by Vocativ in partnership with GovTrack.us, showed that Rubio beats Cruz as the senator most absent from chambers, having missed 99, or 8.3 percent, of 1,198 total votes since taking office in January 2011 to February of this year.
- "Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation". U.S. Senate.
- "Committee on Foreign Relations". U.S. Senate.
- "Marco Rubio announces staff changes sure to fuel 2016 talk". The Washington Post. April 11, 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- "Marco Rubio Shakes Up Staff And Stirs 2016 Presidential Rumors". Fox News Latino. April 14, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Paul, Rubio lead potential Republican 2016 contenders in spending". Chicago Tribune. April 16, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Marco Rubio's long, hard fall in New Hampshire". The Washington Examiner. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- "Latest Zogby Poll Declares Rubio a Real 'Player'". Sunshine State News. January 26, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- "Marco Rubio leaps to second place in Zogby poll (tied with Jeb and just behind Mitt) – but he’s first among women". Daily Mail. January 23, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- "Rubio signs on top fundraiser, lines up donors in move toward 2016 bid". Fox News.
- Murray, Mark (January 23, 2015). "Marco Rubio Takes Steps Towards 2016 Run". NBC News. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- Caputo, Marc (January 23, 2015). "Sen. Marco Rubio to aides: 'Prepare for a presidential campaign'". Miami Herald. Retrieved January 24, 2015.
- Parker, Ashley. "Marco Rubio Announces 2016 Presidential Bid". The New York Times.
- "Midterms 2010: Tea Party 'Crown Prince' Marco Rubio wins". The Daily Telegraph (London). November 3, 2010. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
- Roig-Franzia, Manuel (June 15, 2012). "Five myths about Marco Rubio". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- "2011 U.S. Senate Votes". The American Conservative Union. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "ACU's 2012 Ratings of Congress" The American Conservative Union. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "Marco Rubio". OnTheIssues.
- Rubio, Marco (8 January 2014). "Rubio Delivers Address on 50th Anniversary of the "War on Poverty"". senate.gov. Marco Rubio. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Kim, Seung Min (February 12, 2013). "Marco Rubio opposes Violence Against Women Act". Politico. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- May, Carolyn (February 2, 2012) "Rubio: 'America cannot truly fulfill its destiny unless' it ends abortion" Daily Caller. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- "At CPAC, Marco Rubio ducks a challenge". BBC News. March 14, 2013.
- "GOP Rob Portman Announces Support for Same Sex Marriage". NBC Politics. March 15, 2013.
- "Opposing the philosophy of Sonia Sotomayor isn't anti-Hispanic". Politico.
- "Marco Rubio". New York Times. July 2, 2012.
- Gray, Sarah. "Marco Rubio's Positions on Millennial Issues". attn. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
Krieg, Gregory. "Here's Where Marco Rubio Stands on the 5 Issues Most Important to Young People". Policy Mic. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Memoli, Michael A. (7 July 2014). "Republican divide over strategy for Middle East, Iraq is growing". www.stripes.com (Tribune Washington Bureau). Retrieved 8 July 2014.
- Leary, Alex (September 4, 2013). "Rubio votes against Syria strikes". www.tampabay.com (Tampa Bay Times). Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- Caputo, Marc (May 15, 2014). "Marco Rubio explains his climate-change skepticism". The Miami Herald. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- Bennett, Brian (May 11, 2014). "Marco Rubio says human activity isn't causing climate change". Los Angeles Times.
- Kliegman, Julie (May 14, 2014). "Has Marco Rubio backtracked on climate change?". PolitiFact.
- Rettig, Jessica (May 4, 2010). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Marco Rubio". U.S. News and World Report. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- "The women behind the men who would be Florida's senator". Tampa Bay Times. July 31, 2010. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Southern Baptist Convention". sbc.net.
- Gibson, David (November 15, 2010). "Is Marco Rubio Catholic or Baptist? Or Is the Reformation Over?". Politics Daily. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Oppenheimer, Mark (November 26, 2010). "Marco Rubio: Catholic or Protestant?". New York Times.
- Bailey, Sarah Pulliam (June 19, 2012). "Q & A: Marco Rubio on His Faith of Many Colors". Christianity Today. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Reinhard, Beth (May 22, 2010). "Rubio's income grew with his political clout, tax records show". Tampa Bay Times. Miami Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2013.
- Barbaro, Michael; Edermay, Steve (10 May 2015). "Billionaire Lifts Marco Rubio, Politically and Personally". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marco Rubio.|
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Project Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at The Library of Congress
- Senator Marco Rubio official U.S. Senate website
- Marco Rubio for President campaign website
- Marco Rubio at DMOZ
|Florida House of Representatives|
|Member of the Florida House of Representatives
from the 111th district
| Succeeded by|
|Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives
| Succeeded by|
|Party political offices|
|Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Florida
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Florida
Served alongside: Bill Nelson
|United States order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|United States Senators by seniority
| Succeeded by|
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