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Maubeuge

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Coordinates: 50°16′39″N 3°58′24″E / 50.2775°N 03.9734°E / 50.2775; 03.9734Coordinates: 50°16′39″N 3°58′24″E / 50.2775°N 03.9734°E / 50.2775; 03.9734{{#coordinates:50.2775|03.9734|type:city(33546)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Nord-Pas-de-Calais</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Nord</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Avesnes-sur-Helpe</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Canton</th><td> Maubeuge-Nord and Maubeuge-Sud</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Maubeuge Val de Sambre</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2001–2008) </th><td> Rémi Pauvros</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 18.85 km2 (7.28 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (1999)2</th><td> 33,546</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 59392 / 59600</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

Maubeuge is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

It is situated on both banks of the Sambre (here canalized), Script error: No such module "convert". east of Valenciennes and about Script error: No such module "convert". from the Belgian border.

History

Maubeuge (ancient Malbodium, from Latin, derived from the Old Frankish name Malboden, meaning "assizes of Boden") owes its origin to Maubeuge Abbey, a double monastery, for men and women, founded in the 7th century by Saint Aldego, the relics of whom are preserved in the church. It subsequently belonged to the territory of Hainaut. It was burnt by Louis XI of France, by Francis I of France, and by Henry II of France, and was finally assigned to France by the Treaty of Nijmegen.

It was fortified by Vauban by the command of Louis XIV of France, who under Turenne first saw military service there.

Besieged in 1793 by Prince Josias of Coburg, it was relieved by the victory of Wattignies, which is commemorated by a monument in the town. It was unsuccessfully besieged in 1814, but was compelled to capitulate, after a vigorous resistance, in the Hundred Days.

As a fortress Maubeuge has an old enceinte of bastion trace which serves as the center of an important entrenched camp of 18 miles perimeter, constructed for the most part after the War of 1870, but since modernized and augmented.

The forts were besieged in World War I by the German Empire. Maubeuge suffered heavily in World War II: 90% of the town centre was destroyed by bombardments in May 1940. Fighting again occurred in early September of 1944, in and around the outskirts of Maubeuge, involving units of the U.S. 1st Infantry Division during the American push toward Belgium.[1][2]

Heraldry

Maubeuge
Porte de Mons
Porte de Mons
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The arms of Maubeuge are blazoned :
Or, 4 lions, 2 in bend sable armed and langued gules, 2 in bend sinister gules armed and langued azure, in chief an eagle sable beaked langued membered and armed gules, overall a crozier Or bendwise.



Economy

There are important foundries, forges and blast furnaces, together with manufactures of machine tools and porcelain.

The town has a board of trade arbitration, a communal college, a commercial and industrial school.

Tour de France

Maurice Garin, the winner of the inaugural 1903 Tour de France, began his cycling career in 1892 with the local Maubeuge cycling club, when he finished 5th in the Maubeuge-Hirson-Maubeuge, Script error: No such module "convert".race.[3] In 2003, on the 100th anniversary of his win, he was commemorated with a street named after him.

Personalities

See also

Sources

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