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Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca

Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca
Laguna Seca

Location Monterey County, near Monterey, California, United States
Time zone UTC-8 (UTC-7 DST)
Coordinates

36°35′03″N 121°45′13″W / 36.58417°N 121.75361°W / 36.58417; -121.75361Coordinates: 36°35′03″N 121°45′13″W / 36.58417°N 121.75361°W / 36.58417; -121.75361{{#coordinates:36|35|03|N|121|45|13|W|type:landmark_region:US-CA |primary |name=

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Owner Monterey County Parks Department
Operator Sports Car Racing Association of the Monterey Peninsula
Opened 1957
Construction cost $1.5 million USD
Major events United States motorcycle Grand Prix
CART
American Le Mans Series
Monterey Historic Automobile Races
Surface Paved
Length 2.238 mi (3.602 km)
Turns 11
Lap record 1'05.786 (Marc Gené, Scuderia Ferrari, Ferrari F2003-GA, 2012, Formula 1)

Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca (previously known as Laguna Seca Raceway) is a paved road racing track in central California used for both auto racing and motorcycle racing, built in 1957 near both Salinas and Monterey, California, United States.

The racetrack is Script error: No such module "convert". long, with a Script error: No such module "convert". elevation change.[1][2] Its eleven turns are highlighted by the circuit's signature turn, the downhill-plunging "Corkscrew" at Turns 8 and 8A. A variety of racing, exhibition, and entertainment events are held at the raceway, ranging from superkarts to sports car racing to music festivals.

The name Laguna Seca is Spanish for "dry lake": the area where the track now lies was once a lake, and the course was built around the dry lake bed. After the course was reconfigured, two artificial ponds were added.

History

File:LagunaSecaMay08.jpg
Laguna Seca Raceway from between Turns 1 and 2
File:LagunaSecaOriginal.svg
The original layout

The earliest development of the local area occurred in 1867 with the founding of the nearby Laguna Seca Ranch, which has operated continuously for 140 years with grazing and equestrian uses.[3]

The track was built in 1957 at a cost of $1.5 million raised from local businesses and individuals on part of the US Army's Fort Ord (a maneuver area and field artillery target range) after the nearby Pebble Beach Road Races were abandoned for being too dangerous. Since 1974, the property was deeded over to the Monterey County Parks Department and continues to be part of the park system.

The first race, held on November 9, 1957, was won by Pete Lovely driving a Ferrari. In the intervening years, the track has hosted USRRC, Can-Am, Trans-Am, Formula 5000, IMSA GT, CART, American Le Mans Series, Grand American, Monterey Historic Automobile Races, Speed World Challenge, AMA (American Motorcyclist Association), WSBK Superbike World Championship and MotoGP motorcycle races (but 125 and 250 are not admitted).

The day-to-day operations of the track, along with the management and promotion of major racing events, are handled by the Sports Car Racing Association of the Monterey Peninsula (SCRAMP), a non-profit organization. With oversight by a board of local residents, SCRAMP operates with a professional staff on-site with the goal of generating income through the operations of the racetrack which is then redistributed to local charities.

The track itself has undergone significant changes over the past two decades to meet evolving safety homologation requirements of the Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM), Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) and other sanctioning bodies. Changes include the addition of the entire infield area in 1988 (present day turns 3, 4, and 5, eliminating the straight that started at present day turn 2 and ended at present day turn 5) extending the track from its original Script error: No such module "convert". length to meet the minimum-track-length criteria of the FIM for MotoGP events, plus the more recent relocation of pedestrian bridges and embankments, and the expansion of gravel pits outside turns 1, 2, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10 for additional runoff. The original media center was demolished in 2006 to make way for additional run-off room in Turn 1. Also in 2006, the 'hump' at the top of the Rahal Straight was flattened to accommodate the MotoGP riders, though some claim that this increases the wind effects that can perturb a race motorcycle. Remnants of the old configuration can still be seen from the parking lot between turns two and five. They are found underneath a road leading to the parking area for entrant trailers and RVs.

File:CORKSCREW.JPG
The "Corkscrew" at Turn 8
File:Horag Corkscrew.jpg
A view of the "Corkscrew" from the bottom

The famous Turn 8 and 8A combination, popularly referred to as the Corkscrew, is considered one of the motorsport world's most challenging turns,[citation needed] due to the drop in elevation as well as its blind crest and apex on the uphill approach.[4]

Turn 2, with its difficult and technical double-apex, has been renamed the 'Andretti Hairpin', in honor of former Formula 1 World Champion Mario Andretti, while Turn 9 has been renamed 'Rainey Curve' in honor of 500cc Grand Prix motorcycle racing World Champion Wayne Rainey, a resident of nearby Salinas, California. Also the straight that runs between Turn 6 and Turn 7 has been renamed the 'Rahal Straight' after four-time consecutive Champ Car race winner Bobby Rahal.

A Champ Car World Series weekend had been a prominent event from 1983 through 2004, when its spot on the calendar was shifted to the San Jose Grand Prix. On the last lap of the 1996 CART race, Alex Zanardi passed Bryan Herta on the inside of the Corkscrew to take the victory. Uruguayan driver Gonzalo Rodríguez died during the practice session of the 1999 CART race after crashing at the same corner. Because of the incident, runoff was installed at the end of the Rahal Straight. Champ Car announced on September 11, 2007 that they would be returning the Northern California race to Laguna Seca from San Jose over the May 16–18 weekend in 2008.[5] But the subsequent merger of Champ Car and IndyCar resulted in the race being canceled.

The track is also the site of the annual Monterey Historics event sponsored every August by Rolex that sees an extraordinarily eclectic mixture of race cars on the course. Each year features a different marque. Considered one of the two greatest historic racing events (along with the Goodwood Festival in England), attendance often rivals, or surpasses the professional racing events listed above.

There are many permanent dry and hook-up camping facilities located at the raceway, which are available year-round as part of the Laguna Seca Recreation Area, the county park in which the racetrack is set.

The track's primary corporate sponsor is Mazda, who hold some of their own events there and display their products at major racing events. As part of the sponsorship, the track is now officially referred to as Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca.

Racing

Major events each year include the U.S. Sports Car Invitational featuring the Grand American Rolex Sports Car Series, Monterey Sports Car Championships featuring a six-hour endurance race for the ALMS, Monterey Historics for classic racecars, and the Red Bull U.S. Grand Prix featuring both the MotoGP World Championship and the U.S. AMA Superbike Series. In 2006, the A1 Grand Prix brought international open-wheel racing back to Mazda Raceway Laguna Seca.

Formula One

In 1989, the year following the last Formula One race in Detroit, choices for a new location for the United States Grand Prix came down to Laguna Seca and Phoenix. The aforementioned 1988 improvements to the track were made in part to lure the F1 race. In the final decision, Laguna Seca was thought to be too remote and too small for an F1 crowd, and so Phoenix was granted the Grand Prix.

Lap records

On August 20, 2006, Toyota F1 test driver Ricardo Zonta set an unofficial lap record of 1:06.039.[6] The previous record time was 1:07.722, set by Helio Castroneves in a Penske Champ Car during qualifying for the 2000 CART Honda Grand Prix of Monterey. The unofficial record was re-taken by a Champ Car on March 10, 2007 by Sébastien Bourdais, who lapped in 1'05.880 during Champ Car Spring Training. The unofficial record was again re-taken by a Formula One car on May 19, 2012 by Marc Gené, who lapped in 1'05.786 in a Ferrari F2003-GA during the 2012 Ferrari Racing Days.[7]

Officially, Castroneves is still the recordholder as the times of Zonta, Bourdais and Gené were set during exhibition and testing sessions, and official records can only be set in race conditions (either in practice, qualifying, or during a race).

At the 2008 Monterey Sports Car Championships, David Brabham set a pole position time of 1:10.103 in a Le Mans Prototype.[8]

The fastest lap at the 2006 A1GP race was 1:17.951, set by Nicolas Lapierre.

At the 2012 United States motorcycle Grand Prix, Jorge Lorenzo set a pole time of 1:20.554 on the Yamaha. During the 2014 Superbike World Championship season, Tom Sykes set a time of 1:21.811 on the Kawasaki.[9]

The Porsche 918 Spyder holds the production car lap record with 1:29.89.[10]

Other use

Automotive

When not being used by the major events the track can be rented. Approximately twice a year the Sports Car Club of America holds regional club races for the San Francisco Region. Various clubs rent the track throughout the year for informal high performance driving schools that allow the public to drive their own cars at speed. The raceway has also played host to prototype testing of the Nissan GT-R in 2007.[11]

The track is featured in video games such as the Gran Turismo series (including the bike version Tourist Trophy), Forza Motorsport, and the MotoGP series. In a bid to compare real life versus video games, Jeremy Clarkson of the British automotive show Top Gear attempted to beat his Gran Turismo time of 1:41.148 in a Honda NSX by racing the real track in the same car in 2005. During the trials, Clarkson determined that the game omitted a few details of the track, and the game's physics allowed him to brake later when coming into turns than he could in real life. As a consequence, reality prevailed and he managed a best time of only 1:57 on the real course.[12] However, both he and the track instructor agreed that it is possible to complete the course in 1:41 in a Honda NSX if the driver were sufficiently experienced, talented, and most importantly fearless.

Laguna Seca is home to a branch of the Skip Barber Racing School, which conducts race and street driver training in the paddock area and on the circuit itself on a year-round basis.[13]

Other non-automotive events

Laguna Seca and the part of the old Fort Ord that is now Bureau of Land Management land annually host the Sea Otter Classic "Celebration of Cycling". As the first major event of the year – typically held in April – it kicks off both the road bike and mountain bike seasons.

Several times each year, bicycles are permitted on the track for 2 hours. The admission fee is $10 per bicycle rider.

On September 17, 1987, Pope John Paul II celebrated mass at Laguna Seca Raceway, where 72,000 people had gathered to see him.[14]

On June 24, 2011, John Mueller of Muellerized Suspension Systems married Sheila Stone on the top of the corkscrew at Laguna Seca. This is the location where the ashes of Lee Mueller (4 time SCCA National Champion, IMSA GTU Champion, 3 time winner of the 24 Hours of Daytona, and 12 Hours of Sebring winner), John Mueller's father, were spread.[15]

Races

Major events

Other events

A1 Grand Prix

Season Sprint Race Winner Feature Race Winner
2005–2006 23x15px Salvador Durán 23x15px Salvador Durán

MotoGP

Year Races Winners Team Bike
2005 23x15px Nicky Hayden Repsol Honda RC 211V
2006 23x15px Nicky Hayden Repsol Honda RC 211V
2007 23x15px Casey Stoner Ducati Marlboro Desmosedici GP7
2008 23x15px Valentino Rossi Fiat Yamaha YZR-M1
2009 23x15px Dani Pedrosa Repsol Honda RC 212V
2010 23x15px Jorge Lorenzo Fiat Yamaha YZR-M1
2011 23x15px Casey Stoner Repsol Honda RC 212V
2012 23x15px Casey Stoner Repsol Honda RC 213V
2013 23x15px Marc Márquez Repsol Honda RC 213V

Superbike World Championship

Year Races Winners Team Bike
1995 23x15px Anthony Gobert
23x15px Troy Corser
Muzzy Kawasaki
Promotor Ducati Corse
Kawasaki ZX-7R
Ducati 916
1996 23x15px John Kocinski
23x15px Anthony Gobert
Ducati Corse
Muzzy Kawasaki
Ducati 916
Kawasaki ZX-7R
1997 23x15px John Kocinski
23x15px John Kocinski
Castrol Honda-HRC
Castrol Honda-HRC
Honda RC45
Honda RC45
1998 23x15px Troy Corser
Template:Country data Japan Noriyuki Haga
Ducati Corse
Yamaha World Superbike Team
Ducati 916
Yamaha YZF750
1999 23x15px Anthony Gobert
23x15px Ben Bostrom
Vance & Hines Ducati
Vance & Hines Ducati
Ducati 996
Ducati 996
2000 Template:Country data Japan Noriyuki Haga
23x15px Troy Corser
Yamaha World Superbike Team
Aprilia
Yamaha YZF-R7
Aprilia RSV1000
2001 23x15px Ben Bostrom
23x15px Ben Bostrom
L&M Ducati
L&M Ducati
Ducati 996
Ducati 996
2002 23x15px Troy Bayliss
23x15px Colin Edwards
Infostrada Ducati Corse
Castrol Honda-HRC
Ducati 998
Honda RC51
2003 23x15px Pierfrancesco Chili
23x15px Rubén Xaus
PSG-1 Ducati
FILA Ducati Corse
Ducati 998
Ducati 998
2004 23x15px Chris Vermeulen
23x15px Chris Vermeulen
ten Kate Honda
ten Kate Honda
Honda CBR1000RR
Honda CBR1000RR
2005 - 2012, Event not held at Laguna Seca
2013 23x15px Tom Sykes
23x15px Eugene Laverty
Kawasaki Racing Team
Aprilia Racing Team
Kawasaki ZX-10R
Aprilia RSV4
2014 23x15px Marco Melandri
23x15px Tom Sykes
Aprilia Racing Team
Kawasaki Racing Team
Aprilia RSV4
Kawasaki ZX-10R

AMA Grand National Roadrace

Season Winner Team/Entrant Bike
1972 23x15px Calvin Rayborn II Harley-Davidson Motor Co Harley-Davidson
1973 23x15px Gary Nixon Erv Kanemoto/Kawasaki Kawasaki Heavy Industries
1974 23x15px Kenny Roberts Yamaha Factory Team Yamaha
1975 23x15px Kenny Roberts Yamaha Factory Team Yamaha
1976 23x15px Steve Baker Yamaha Factory Team Yamaha

AMA Superbike

Season Winner Team/Entrant Bike
1976 23x15px Reg Pridmore Butler & Smith BMW BMW
1977 23x15px Steve McLaughlin Yoshimura Suzuki
1978 23x15px Wes Cooley Yoshimura Suzuki
1979 23x15px Freddie Spencer Kawasaki Factory Kawasaki
1980 23x15px Freddie Spencer American Honda Honda
1981 23x15px Eddie Lawson Team Muzzy Kawasaki
1982 23x15px Eddie Lawson Team Muzzy Kawasaki
1983 23x15px Wayne Rainey Team Muzzy Kawasaki
1984 23x15px Fred Merkel American Honda Honda
1985 23x15px John Ashmead Ashmead / Gary Meadley Honda
1986 23x15px Wayne Rainey American Honda Honda
1987 23x15px Bubba Shobert American Honda Honda
1988 23x15px Bubba Shobert Shobert/Honda Honda
1989–1991: No race
1992 23x15px Doug Polen Fast by Ferracci Ducati
1993 23x15px Doug Polen Fast by Ferracci Ducati
1994 23x15px Pascal Picotte Fast by Ferracci Ducati
1995 23x15px Freddie Spencer Fast by Ferracci Ducati
1996 23x15px Doug Chandler Team Muzzy Kawasaki
1997 23x15px Doug Chandler Team Muzzy Kawasaki
1998 23x15px Miguel Duhamel American Honda Honda
1999 23x15px Anthony Gobert Vance & Hines Ducati
2000 23x15px Nicky Hayden American Honda Honda
2001 23x15px Eric Bostrom Kawasaki Factory Kawasaki
2002 23x15px Eric Bostrom Kawasaki Factory Kawasaki
2003 23x15px Mat Mladin Yoshimura Racing Suzuki
2004 23x15px Ben Bostrom Parts Unlimited American Honda Honda
2005 23x15px Eric Bostrom Parts Unlimited MotoAustin Ducati
2006 23x15px Ben Spies Yoshimura Racing Suzuki
2007
July
23x15px Ben Spies Yoshimura Racing Suzuki
2007
Sept
23x15px Ben Spies Yoshimura Racing Suzuki
2008
July
23x15px Mat Mladin Yoshimura Racing Suzuki
2008
Sept
23x15px Mat Mladin Yoshimura Racing Suzuki
2009 23x15px Aaron Yates Michael Jordan Motorsports Suzuki
2010 23x15px Ben Bostrom Pat Clark Motorsports Yamaha
2011 23x15px Tommy Hayden Yoshimura Racing Suzuki
2012 23x15px Josh Hayes Graves Motorsports Yamaha
2013
July
23x15px Josh Hayes Graves Motorsports Yamaha
2013
Sept
23x15px Josh Hayes Graves Motorsports Yamaha
2014
Nov
Template:Country data IDN ikiwblack Hell Motorsports Suzuki

Rolex Sports Car Series

Season Winning Drivers Car Team Event Name Duration
2005 23x15px Luis Díaz / 23x15px Scott Pruett Riley Mk XI-Lexus Chip Ganassi Racing with Felix Sabates Road & Track 250 250 miles
2006 23x15px Max Angelelli / 23x15px Jan Magnussen / 23x15px Wayne Taylor Riley Mk XI-Pontiac SunTrust Racing U.S. Sportscar Invitational
2007 23x15px Patrick Long / 23x15px Jörg Bergmeister Crawford DP03-Porsche Alex Job Racing U.S. Sportscar Invitational 2:30
2008 23x15px Ryan Dalziel / 23x15px Henri Zogaib Riley Mk XI-BMW SAMAX Motorsport RumBum.com 250 250 miles
2009 23x15px Jon Fogarty / 23x15px Alex Gurney Riley Mk XI-Pontiac GAINSCO/Bob Stallings Racing Verizon Festival of Speed 250 miles
2010 Event not held
2011 23x15px Jon Fogarty / 23x15px Alex Gurney Riley Mk XI-Chevrolet GAINSCO/Bob Stallings Racing Continental Tire Sports Car Festival 2:45
2012 23x15px Richard Westbrook / 23x15px Antonio Garcia Coyote-Porsche Spirit of Daytona Racing Continental Tire Sports Car Festival 2:45
2013 23x15px Max Angelelli / 23x15px Jordan Taylor Dallara-Corvette Wayne Taylor Racing Continental Tire Sports Car Festival 2:45

Trans-Am

Year Class Driver Car
1969 Over 2000cc
Under 2000cc
23x15px Mark Donohue
23x15px Peter Gregg
Chevrolet Camaro
Porsche 911
1970 Over 2000cc
Under 2000cc
23x15px Parnelli Jones
23x15px Lee Midgley
Ford Mustang
Alfa Romeo GTA
1971 Event not held
1972 Under 2500cc 23x15px John Morton Datsun 510
1973–1977 Event not held
1978 Category I
Category II
23x15px Bob Tullius
23x15px Greg Pickett
Jaguar XJS
Chevrolet Corvette
1979 Category I
Category II
23x15px Bob Tullius
23x15px Peter Gregg
Triumph TR8
Porsche
1980 23x15px Greg Pickett Chevrolet Corvette
1981 23x15px George Follmer Chevrolet Camaro
1982 23x15px Elliott Forbes-Robinson Pontiac Trans Am
1983–1999 Event not held
2000 23x15px Kenny Wilden Chevrolet Camaro
2001 23x15px Justin Bell Chevrolet Corvette
2002–2003 Event not held
2004 23x15px Tommy Kendall Jaguar XKR

References

Further reading

"Laguna Seca Raceway: 40 Years Through the Corkscrew: 1957-1997" (David and Mary-Ellen Wright-Rana, 1997) — ISBN 0966024818

External links