Open Access Articles- Top Results for Meana di Susa

Meana di Susa

Template:Infobox Italian comune

Meana di Susa is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 50 km west of Turin. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 950 and an area of 17.7 km².[1]

Meana di Susa borders the municipalities of Susa, Gravere, Mattie, Usseaux, and Fenestrelle.

The village name is derived from its original Latin name of Mediana, signifying its location as the midpoint on the road from Paris to Rome. People of the village are known as Meanesi.

Each year on the Sunday closest to September 18, the village celebrates the feast of its patron saint, San Costanzo. The festival is centred on the parish church, Santa Maria Assunta. The festival also provides an opportunity for the community to honour the youth who are coming of age.

Emigration: With limited prospects for employment in the Susa Valley, young men and women began to migrate away the village in the late 19th century. For some, the destination was Marseilles in France, given as the place of birth in several delayed birth registrations, and given as the last place of residence for some passengers entering the United States through Ellis Island.

A few immigrants from Meana di Susa reached North America in the late 1890s, with a rather large number arriving between 1903 and 1914. Records from Ellis Island record approximately 400 passengers from Meana entering New York on their way to other destinations, although some were returning after a visit home. To a lesser extent, some immigrants entered North America through Canadian ports such as Quebec or Halifax, as well as some smaller U.S. ports.

According to passenger records, their main destinations were the Gravenhurst/Bracebridge/Huntsville area of Ontario; Toronto, Ontario; Welland/Port Colborne area of Ontario; The Seattle/Renton area of Washington State; San Francisco, California; New York City; Mellen Wisconsin, and several towns in Western Pennsylvania. Most of the first passengers were adult males, typically in their 20s or 30s. Many had wives in Italy. Most were joining a friend or relative, although in some cases the “friend” may have simply been a contact. The friend usually had a surname typical to Meana or to the region.

The passengers often travelled with someone else from Meana or one of the surrounding towns, notably Gravere.

The draw to Washington State and to Pennsylvania was work in the coal mines.

Those headed for Mellen Wisconsin and the Bracebridge/Huntsville area of north central Ontario were going to work in tanneries owned by the Shaw family, which actively recruited men in Meana and Gravere, first for the factory in Mellen and then for the Canadian faxtories.

Several of those who went to the Ontario tanneries later relocated to Detroit, Toronto, and the Niagara Peninsula, notably Welland.

Other tannery destinations included Acton Ontario, Munising Michigan, and Tomahawk Wisconsin.

In his book Italians in Toronto, Development of a National Identity 1875 to 1935 John Zucchi states that those from this region who went to Toronto were primarily employed in the catering and restaurant trades. Zuchhi in his book observed: A peasant in Meana or Gravere near Susa in 1910 realized sooner or later that working in a tannery in Acton or Bracebridge, Ontario or as a chef or waiter in Toronto was more remunerative than collecting chestnuts or fruit for export to France.

One result of emigration was a sharp drop in the birth rate. The civil records for Meana list 80 births in 1902, eight years later only 37 were born.

Demographic evolution

<timeline> Colors=

 id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9)
 id:darkgrey  value:gray(0.8)
 id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1)
 id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8)

ImageSize = width:455 height:303 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:3000 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:1000 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:200 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo


 bar:1861 text:1861
 bar:1871 text:1871
 bar:1881 text:1881
 bar:1901 text:1901
 bar:1911 text:1911
 bar:1921 text:1921
 bar:1931 text:1931
 bar:1936 text:1936
 bar:1951 text:1951
 bar:1961 text:1961
 bar:1971 text:1971
 bar:1981 text:1981
 bar:1991 text:1991
 bar:2001 text:2001


 color:barra width:20 align:left
 bar:1861 from: 0 till:1762
 bar:1871 from: 0 till:1884
 bar:1881 from: 0 till:1940
 bar:1901 from: 0 till:1952
 bar:1911 from: 0 till:1862
 bar:1921 from: 0 till:1539
 bar:1931 from: 0 till:1123
 bar:1936 from: 0 till:1104
 bar:1951 from: 0 till:1087
 bar:1961 from: 0 till:922
 bar:1971 from: 0 till:897
 bar:1981 from: 0 till:881
 bar:1991 from: 0 till:858
 bar:2001 from: 0 till:921


 bar:1861 at:1762 fontsize:XS text: 1762 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1871 at:1884 fontsize:XS text: 1884 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1881 at:1940 fontsize:XS text: 1940 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1901 at:1952 fontsize:XS text: 1952 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1911 at:1862 fontsize:XS text: 1862 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1921 at:1539 fontsize:XS text: 1539 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1931 at:1123 fontsize:XS text: 1123 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1936 at:1104 fontsize:XS text: 1104 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1951 at:1087 fontsize:XS text: 1087 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1961 at:922 fontsize:XS text: 922 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1971 at:897 fontsize:XS text: 897 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1981 at:881 fontsize:XS text: 881 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:1991 at:858 fontsize:XS text: 858 shift:(-8,5)
 bar:2001 at:921 fontsize:XS text: 921 shift:(-8,5)


 fontsize:S pos:(20,20)
 text:Data from ISTAT



  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  • Barabe, Joe. A Journey Into Mellen.
  • Boon, Pat. La Nostalgia: Social and Cultural Traditions of Italians in Huntsville.
  • Franco, Emile. Immigrants from Meana di Susa Italy who Entered Through New York
  • Franco, Emile, From Meana to Canada, Huntsville Forester, December 23, 2003
  • Jannon, Giorgio. Il sogno nella valigia. Storie e memorie di emigranti della valle di Susa fra '800 e '900.
  • Patria, E. and Odiardi, W. Mediana: Storia Breve di Meana e dei Meanesi.
  • Terzianno, Ed. The Little Town Band that Grew.
  • Zucchi, John. Italians in Toronto: Development of a National Identity, 1875 -1935.

External links