Open Access Articles- Top Results for Melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1

Melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1

SymbolsMCHR1 ; GPR24; MCH-1R; MCH1R; SLC-1; SLC1
External IDsOMIM601751 MGI2180756 HomoloGene21097 IUPHAR: 280 ChEMBL: 344 GeneCards: MCHR1 Gene
RNA expression pattern
File:PBB GE MCHR1 221354 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)NM_005297NM_145132
RefSeq (protein)NP_005288NP_660114
Location (UCSC)Chr 22:
41.07 – 41.08 Mb
Chr 15:
81.24 – 81.24 Mb
PubMed search[1][2]

Melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1, also known as MCH1, is one of the human melanin-concentrating hormone receptors.[1]

The protein encoded by this gene, a member of the G protein-coupled receptor family 1, is an integral plasma membrane protein which binds melanin-concentrating hormone. The encoded protein can inhibit cAMP accumulation and stimulate intracellular calcium flux, and is probably involved in the neuronal regulation of food consumption. Although structurally similar to somatostatin receptors, this protein does not seem to bind somatostatin.[1]


MCH1 is thought to have a number of functions including in the regulation of appetite,[2][3] and in stress, anxiety and depression.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

Selective Ligands



See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Entrez Gene: MCHR1 melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1". 
  2. Luthin DR (July 2007). "Anti-obesity effects of small molecule melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCHR1) antagonists". Life Sciences 81 (6): 423–440. PMID 17655875. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2007.05.029. 
  3. Rivera G, Bocanegra-García V, Galiano S, Cirauqui N, Ceras J, Pérez S, Aldana I, Monge A (2008). "Melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 antagonists: a new perspective for the pharmacologic treatment of obesity". Current Medicinal Chemistry 15 (10): 1025–1043. PMID 18393860. doi:10.2174/092986708784049621. 
  4. Hervieu G (August 2003). "Melanin-concentrating hormone functions in the nervous system: food intake and stress". Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets 7 (4): 495–511. PMID 12885269. doi:10.1517/14728222.7.4.495. 
  5. Shimazaki T, Yoshimizu T, Chaki S (2006). "Melanin-concentrating hormone MCH1 receptor antagonists: a potential new approach to the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders". CNS Drugs 20 (10): 801–11. PMID 16999451. doi:10.2165/00023210-200620100-00002. 
  6. Hervieu GJ (April 2006). "Further insights into the neurobiology of melanin-concentrating hormone in energy and mood balances". Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets 10 (2): 211–229. PMID 16548771. doi:10.1517/14728222.10.2.211. 
  7. Smith DG, Davis RJ, Rorick-Kehn L, Morin M, Witkin JM, McKinzie DL, Nomikos GG, Gehlert DR (June 2006). "Melanin-concentrating hormone-1 receptor modulates neuroendocrine, behavioral, and corticolimbic neurochemical stress responses in mice". Neuropsychopharmacology 31 (6): 1135–45. PMID 16205780. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1300913. 
  8. Roy M, David N, Cueva M, Giorgetti M (January 2007). "A study of the involvement of melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCHR1) in murine models of depression". Biological Psychiatry 61 (2): 174–180. PMID 16934771. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2006.03.076. 
  9. Saito Y, Nagasaki H (2008). "The melanin-concentrating hormone system and its physiological functions". Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation. Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation 46: 159–179. ISBN 978-3-540-78350-3. PMID 18227983. doi:10.1007/400_2007_052. 
  10. Audinot V, Lahaye C, Suply T, Beauverger P, Rodriguez M, Galizzi JP, Fauchère JL, Boutin JA (June 2001). "[125I]-S36057: a new and highly potent radioligand for the melanin-concentrating hormone receptor". British Journal of Pharmacology 133 (3): 371–378. PMC 1572795. PMID 11375253. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0704085. 
  11. Able SL, Ivarsson M, Fish RL, Clarke TL, McCourt C, Duckworth JM, Napier C, Katugampola SD (June 2009). "Localisation of melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 in rat brain and evidence that sleep parameters are not altered despite high central receptor occupancy". European Journal of Pharmacology 616 (1–3): 101–106. PMID 19540226. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.06.009. 
  12. Chaki S, Yamaguchi J, Yamada H, Thomsen W, Tran TA, Semple G, Sekiguchi Y (2005). "ATC0175: an orally active melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 antagonist for the potential treatment of depression and anxiety". CNS Drug Reviews 11 (4): 341–352. PMID 16614734. doi:10.1111/j.1527-3458.2005.tb00052.x. 
  13. Gehlert DR, Rasmussen K, Shaw J, Li X, Ardayfio P, Craft L, Coskun T, Zhang HY, Chen Y, Witkin JM (May 2009). "Preclinical evaluation of melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 antagonism for the treatment of obesity and depression". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 329 (2): 429–438. PMID 19182070. doi:10.1124/jpet.108.143362. 
  14. Doggrell SA (June 2003). "Does the melanin-concentrating hormone antagonist SNAP-7941 deserve 3As?". Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs 12 (6): 1035–1038. PMID 12783607. doi:10.1517/13543784.12.6.1035. 
  15. David DJ, Klemenhagen KC, Holick KA, Saxe MD, Mendez I, Santarelli L, Craig DA, Zhong H, Swanson CJ, Hegde LG, Ping XI, Dong D, Marzabadi MR, Gerald CP, Hen R (April 2007). "Efficacy of the MCHR1 antagonist N-[3-(1-{[4-(3,4-difluorophenoxy)phenyl]methyl}(4-piperidyl))-4-methylphenyl]-2-methylpropanamide (SNAP 94847) in mouse models of anxiety and depression following acute and chronic administration is independent of hippocampal neurogenesis". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 321 (1): 237–48. PMID 17237257. doi:10.1124/jpet.106.109678. 
  16. Takekawa S, Asami A, Ishihara Y, Terauchi J, Kato K, Shimomura Y, Mori M, Murakoshi H, Kato K, Suzuki N, Nishimura O, Fujino M (March 2002). "T-226296: a novel, orally active and selective melanin-concentrating hormone receptor antagonist". European Journal of Pharmacology 438 (3): 129–135. PMID 11909603. doi:10.1016/S0014-2999(02)01314-6. 

Further reading

  • Kolakowski LF, Jung BP, Nguyen T, Johnson MP, Lynch KR, Cheng R, Heng HH, George SR, O'Dowd BF (1997). "Characterization of a human gene related to genes encoding somatostatin receptors". FEBS Lett. 398 (2–3): 253–258. PMID 8977118. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(96)01160-X. 
  • Chambers J, Ames RS, Bergsma D, Muir A, Fitzgerald LR, Hervieu G, Dytko GM, Foley JJ, Martin J, Liu WS, Park J, Ellis C, Ganguly S, Konchar S, Cluderay J, Leslie R, Wilson S, Sarau HM (1999). "Melanin-concentrating hormone is the cognate ligand for the orphan G-protein-coupled receptor SLC-1". Nature 400 (6741): 261–265. PMID 10421367. doi:10.1038/22313. 
  • Saito Y, Nothacker HP, Wang Z, Lin SH, Leslie F, Civelli O (1999). "Molecular characterization of the melanin-concentrating-hormone receptor". Nature 400 (6741): 265–269. PMID 10421368. doi:10.1038/22321. 
  • Shimomura Y, Mori M, Sugo T, Ishibashi Y, Abe M, Kurokawa T, Onda H, Nishimura O, Sumino Y, Fujino M (1999). "Isolation and identification of melanin-concentrating hormone as the endogenous ligand of the SLC-1 receptor". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 261 (3): 622–626. PMID 10441476. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1999.1104. 
  • Dunham I, Shimizu N, Roe BA, Chissoe S, Hunt AR, Collins JE, Bruskiewich R, Beare DM, Clamp M, Smink LJ, Ainscough R, Almeida JP, Babbage A, Bagguley C, Bailey J, Barlow K, Bates KN, Beasley O, Bird CP, Blakey S, Bridgeman AM, Buck D, Burgess J, Burrill WD, O'Brien KP (1999). "The DNA sequence of human chromosome 22". Nature 402 (6761): 489–495. PMID 10591208. doi:10.1038/990031. 
  • Macdonald D, Murgolo N, Zhang R, Durkin JP, Yao X, Strader CD, Graziano MP (2000). "Molecular characterization of the melanin-concentrating hormone/receptor complex: identification of critical residues involved in binding and activation". Mol. Pharmacol. 58 (1): 217–25. PMID 10860944. 
  • An S, Cutler G, Zhao JJ, Huang SG, Tian H, Li W, Liang L, Rich M, Bakleh A, Du J, Chen JL, Dai K (2001). "Identification and characterization of a melanin-concentrating hormone receptor". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98 (13): 7576–7581. PMC 34710. PMID 11416225. doi:10.1073/pnas.131200698. 
  • Bednarek MA, Feighner SD, Hreniuk DL, Palyha OC, Morin NR, Sadowski SJ, MacNeil DJ, Howard AD, Van der Ploeg LH (2001). "Short segment of human melanin-concentrating hormone that is sufficient for full activation of human melanin-concentrating hormone receptors 1 and 2". Biochemistry 40 (31): 9379–9386. PMID 11478907. doi:10.1021/bi010867p. 
  • Bednarek MA, Tan C, Hreniuk DL, Palyha OC, MacNeil DJ, Van Der Ploeg LH, Howard AD, Feighner SD (2002). "Synthesis and biological evaluation in vitro of a selective, high potency peptide agonist of human melanin-concentrating hormone action at human melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (16): 13821–13826. PMID 11839762. doi:10.1074/jbc.M200563200. 
  • Audinot V, Lahaye C, Suply T, Rovère-Jovène C, Rodriguez M, Nicolas JP, Beauverger P, Cardinaud B, Galizzi JP, Fauchère JL, Nahon JL, Boutin JA (2002). "SVK14 cells express an MCH binding site different from the MCH1 or MCH2 receptor". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 295 (4): 841–848. PMID 12127971. doi:10.1016/S0006-291X(02)00763-5. 
  • Hoogduijn MJ, Ancans J, Suzuki I, Estdale S, Thody AJ (2002). "Melanin-concentrating hormone and its receptor are expressed and functional in human skin". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 296 (3): 698–701. PMID 12176038. doi:10.1016/S0006-291X(02)00932-4. 
  • Bächner D, Kreienkamp HJ, Richter D (2002). "MIZIP, a highly conserved, vertebrate specific melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 interacting zinc-finger protein". FEBS Lett. 526 (1–3): 124–128. PMID 12208518. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(02)03115-0. 
  • Verlaet M, Adamantidis A, Coumans B, Chanas G, Zorzi W, Heinen E, Grisar T, Lakaye B (2002). "Human immune cells express ppMCH mRNA and functional MCHR1 receptor". FEBS Lett. 527 (1–3): 205–210. PMID 12220661. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(02)03232-5. 
  • Logan DW, Bryson-Richardson RJ, Pagán KE, Taylor MS, Currie PD, Jackson IJ (2003). "The structure and evolution of the melanocortin and MCH receptors in fish and mammals". Genomics 81 (2): 184–191. PMID 12620396. doi:10.1016/S0888-7543(02)00037-X. 
  • Pissios P, Trombly DJ, Tzameli I, Maratos-Flier E (2003). "Melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 activates extracellular signal-regulated kinase and synergizes with G(s)-coupled pathways". Endocrinology 144 (8): 3514–3523. PMID 12865333. doi:10.1210/en.2002-0004. 
  • Gottumukkala RV, Waterman EA, Herd LM, Gawkrodger DJ, Watson PF, Weetman AP, Kemp EH (2003). "Autoantibodies in vitiligo patients recognize multiple domains of the melanin-concentrating hormone receptor". J. Invest. Dermatol. 121 (4): 765–770. PMID 14632194. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1747.2003.12494.x. 
  • Gibson WT, Pissios P, Trombly DJ, Luan J, Keogh J, Wareham NJ, Maratos-Flier E, O'Rahilly S, Farooqi IS (2004). "Melanin-concentrating hormone receptor mutations and human obesity: functional analysis". Obes. Res. 12 (5): 743–749. PMID 15166293. doi:10.1038/oby.2004.89. 
  • Hawes BE, Green B, O'Neill K, Fried S, Arreaza MG, Qiu P, Simon JS (2004). "Identification and characterization of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in MCH-R1 and MCH-R2". Obes. Res. 12 (8): 1327–1334. PMID 15340116. doi:10.1038/oby.2004.167. 
  • Collins JE, Wright CL, Edwards CA, Davis MP, Grinham JA, Cole CG, Goward ME, Aguado B, Mallya M, Mokrab Y, Huckle EJ, Beare DM, Dunham I (2005). "A genome annotation-driven approach to cloning the human ORFeome". Genome Biol. 5 (10): R84. PMC 545604. PMID 15461802. doi:10.1186/gb-2004-5-10-r84. 

External links

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.

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