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Mezgitkale

Mezgitkale is a 2nd- or 3rd-century mausoleum in Mersin Province of Turkey.

Geography

Mezgitkale (also known as Korkusuz Kral Mezarı “Mausoleum of fearless king” ) is a small mousaleum near Öztürkmenli village in Silifke district at 36°28′N 34°02′E / 36.467°N 34.033°E / 36.467; 34.033{{#coordinates:36|28|N|34|02|E||| | |name= }}. It is situated in the Script error: No such module "convert". high plateau to the south of Toros Mountains. It is accessible from Atakent on the Mediterranean shore. Distance to Silifke is Script error: No such module "convert". and to Mersin is Script error: No such module "convert".

History

Although the Turkish suffix -kale means fort, this building is actually a mausoleum. Also, contarary to popular belief it is not a mausoleum of a king. It was built by an eminent Roman citizen (probably a land owner) for his family. The building was used as a tomb for about two centuries.[1] Then it was abandoned during the Byzantine era. During Ottoman era, the building was used as a house and a furnace was added to the original building.

Technical details

The dimensions of the square building are 7.8 x 7.8 m2 ( 25.6 x 25.6 ft 2) The entrance with four Corinth type columns and corbels is at the south. On the north wall there are reliefs of a shield, a sword and two scorpions. On the west wall there is a relief (now partially damaged) of a phallus probably dedicated to Priapos. Next to the moselaum, there is a stone carved cistern with dimensions 5 x 20 x 8 m3 ( 16.4 x 65 x 26 ft3) [1] According to Ministry of Culture and Tourism, there was also an olive oil workshop around.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Silifke governor’s page Invalid language code.
  2. ^ Haydar Dönmez-Candaş Keskin: Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı, 27. Araştırma Sonuçları Cilt 3 sf. 101