|Regions with significant populations|
|23x15px European Union||25,000|
North Mesopotamian Arabic|
Syriac, Kurdish & Turkish
|Related ethnic groups|
other Semitic peoples|
The Mhallami, or Mhalmites, (Arabic: محلّمى, Mḥallamī; Syriac: ܡܚܠܡܝ̈ܐ, Mḥallmāye/Mḥallmoye; Turkish: Mıhellemi) are Arabs, who are living in and around the city of Mardin. They originate from the Arab tribe of Banu Hanifa. Banu Hanifa's homeland was Najd in central Arabia, but they were settled by the Umayyad caliph Muawiyah I to that region. They are now primarily speakers of North Mesopotamian Arabic (qiltu variant) and Sunni Muslims of Shafi`i madh'hab.
After the Umayad Expansion into north Mesopotamia, many families from the the Arabian Peninsula were settled to the region of Al-Jazira, Mesopotamia. Yaqubi, who lived around that time, wrote in his book Kitab Futuh Al-buldan about the resettlement to the region of Mardin.
" The Jazira Region, the region to the north-east to Syria, was of special importance, particulary in the Umayad era. It includes Balis, Quasirin, Ruha(Edessa), Harran, Ra`s Kayfa, Sumaysat, Mardin, Sinjar, Raqqa, Qinnasrin und Quarqisiya. Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyan settled tribes from Rabia´a in the Jazira, especially in Sinjar."
— Fahd Al-Semmari, A History of the Arabian Peninsula
Mhallami of Lebanon
Lebanon had a population of 70,000 to 100,000 Mhallami prior to Lebanese Civil War. Their origin and legal status became a particular concern when they started to seek asylum in Western European countries en masse in early 1980s.
The first Mhallami cultural association of Turkey was founded in February 2008 in Hapsınas (Mercimekli) village of Midyat. Most of Mhallamis in Turkey live in Mardin and their famous place is Yerköy. It is a village that well known by the other name is Binardke. There are also 25 villages like that in the region.
- Organisierte Kriminalität: Schrecklich nette Familien; Spiegel Online Invalid language code.
- Die Libanon-Flüchtlinge in Berlin Ralph Ghadban Invalid language code.
- Heinrich Freckmann, Jürgen Kalmbach: Staatenlose Kurden aus dem Libanon oder türkische Staatsangehörige? (Ergebnis einer Untersuchung vom 08.–18. März 2001 in Beirut, Mardin und Ankara), Hannover, Hildesheim, 2001; S. 3–4 Invalid language code.