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Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia)

Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia)

Министерство по делам гражданской обороны, чрезвычайным ситуациям и ликвидации последствий стихийных бедствий
Ministerstvo po delam grazhdanskoy oborony, chrezvychainym situatsiyam i likvidatsii posledstviy stihiynyh bedstviy
File:Emblem of the Russian Ministry of Extraordinary Situations (big).png
Ministry Emblem
Ministry Flag
Agency overview
Formed January 10, 1994 (1994-01-10)
Jurisdiction President of Russia

Teatralny proyezd 3, Moscow
55°45′34.88″N 37°37′22.00″E / 55.7596889°N 37.6227778°E / 55.7596889; 37.6227778Coordinates: 55°45′34.88″N 37°37′22.00″E / 55.7596889°N 37.6227778°E / 55.7596889; 37.6227778{{#coordinates:55|45|34.88|N|37|37|22.00|E|type:landmark_region:RU |primary |name=

Minister responsible Vladimir Puchkov, Minister for the Affairs of Civil Defence, Emergency Situations and Disaster Relief
Child agency Russian State Fire Service

The Ministry of the Russian Federation for Affairs for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (Russian: Министерство России по делам гражданской обороны, чрезвычайным ситуациям и ликвидации последствий стихийных бедствий), also known as The Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russian: Министерство по чрезвычайным ситуациям - МЧС России), or internationally as EMERCOM (derived from "Emergency Control Ministry"), was established on January 10, 1994 by President Boris Yeltsin. There is a consideration that the real date of birth of the agency was on December 27, 1990, when the Russian Rescue Corps was established and assigned the mission of rapid response in the case of emergencies.[citation needed]

Current Head of Ministry is Vladimir Puchkov, who was appointed in May 17, 2012, replacing Sergey Shoygu, who was the first Emergencies Minister and has served as a minister for sixteen years.


According to an EMERCOM publication, the Ministry is an agency of Federal Executive Power with the following tasks:

  • developing proposals and initiatives in the sphere of State policy on issues within the Ministry's competence;
  • managing the Civil Defence and Search and Rescue Service in the Russian Federation;
  • providing for the functioning and further development of the Russian System of Disaster Management (RSDM);
  • directing activities aimed at eliminating the consequences of large-scale disasters, catastrophes and other emergencies;
  • conducting special submarine activities;
  • supervising the use of finance resources allocated to the Government for disaster management and response;
  • organizing the training of the population, and governing agencies and the RSDM forces for disaster management and response;
  • and organizing international cooperation in the fields of the Ministry's competency.


Sergey Shoigu

The First Minister in charge of EMERCOM was Sergei Shoigu. He was appointed by President Yeltsin in November 1991 as Chairman of the State Committee of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence Matters, Extraordinary Situations and the Liquidation of Natural Disasters. Shoigu was given the rank of Major General in October 1994, and his committee became a ministry in January 1994. President Yeltsin showed his faith in the importance of EMERCOM by designating Minister Shoigu a member of the Russian Security Council by Presidential Decree on February 1, 1994. In May 2012 he was appointed as Governor of Moscow Oblast and he resigned from his office.

Vladimir Puchkov

Vladimir Puchkov was the Deputy Minister of Emergencies. In May 2012 he was appointed as Minister.


  • Department for the Protection of the Population and Territories
  • Department for Disaster Prevention
  • Department of Forces
  • Department for International Cooperation
  • Department for the Elimination of Consequences of Radiological and other Disasters
  • Department for Science and Technology
  • Management Department

Commissions and Boards

  • Interagency Commission of the Russian Federation for Fighting Forest Fires
  • Interagency Commission of the Russian Federation for Floods
  • Interagency Maritime Coordinating Commission for Emergencies on the Seas and Water Basins
  • Interagency Commission of the Russian Federation for the Certification of Rescuers

Working through the office of the Prime Minister, the Ministry can ask for private, Ministry of Defence or Internal Troops of the MVD assistance. That is, the Ministry has international coordination power and the ability to tap local resources if required.

The Department of International Cooperation, to present an example of the activities of one of these departments and commissions, has already signed agreements on cooperation during disaster response and prevention with Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland, Poland, Belarus, Georgia, and Kazakhstan. Mutual assistance pacts are ready for signing with Mongolia, Latvia, Finland, Armenia, Moldova, Serbia and Estonia. An agreement also exists with the U.N. High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), and agreements are sought with the OSCE and NATO.

Internal organizations

File:MChS Beriev Be-200 waterbomber.jpg
Beriev Be-200 of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations
File:MChS Rossii Kamov Ka-226.jpg
Kamov Ka-226 of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations

To perform rapid response operations the following forces and equipment are available:

  • Russian State Fire Service -
  • Central Air-Mobile Rescue Team - These teams are equipped with aviation facilities that include helicopters and cargo aircraft (Ilyushin Il-76, Antonov An-72, An-148-100EM,[1] Ka-32A11VS). The teams have taken part in United Nations' humanitarian delivery operations.
  • Civil Defense Troops - These troops consist of military troop divisions and regiments stationed in various regions of the country aimed at civil defense measures during natural and man-made disasters.
  • EMERCOM Civil Defense Academy, Moscow - trains all officers and non-commissioned personnel of the Ministry in the duties of civil defense.
  • Search and Rescue Service - This service maintains 30 units in various republics, regions and provinces.



Name Type Origin Photo
Ka-226 Light utility helicopter 23x15px Russia 170px
Ka-32A Transport helicopter 23x15px Russia 170px
Mi-26 Heavy lift cargo helicopter 23x15px Soviet Union 170px
Mi-8 Transport helicopter 23x15px Soviet Union 170px
Il-76TD Transport airplane 23x15px Soviet Union 170px
An-3 Multipurpose aircraft 23x15px Russia 170px
An-74P Transport airplane 23x15px Soviet Union 170px
Be-200 Multirole amphibian 23x15px Russia 170px
An-148 Passenger aircraft 23x15px Ukraine 170px
Il-62 Passenger aircraft 23x15px Soviet Union 170px
Yak-42D Passenger aircraft 23x15px Soviet Union 170px


Name Type Origin Photo
GAZelle GAZ-2705 23x15px Russia 170px
PPU48-03 (Kamaz-43118 chassis) Mobile control point 23x15px Russia 170px
ASM-41-022 (base UAZ-3909) Rescue of general purpose 23x15px Russia 170px
ASM-48-031 (Kamaz-43118 chassis) Rescue vehicle 23x15px Russia 170px
Car for transportation department paramilitary mountain rescue units (Kamaz-4308 based) 23x15px Russia 170px
Petrovich-204-60 All-terrain vehicle 23x15px Russia 170px
ZiL-49061 Amphibious vehicle 23x15px Soviet Union


Name Type Origin Photo
Mars-700 Hovercraft 23x15px Russia 170px
Mars-2000 Hovercraft 23x15px Russia 170px
Khivus-6 Hovercraft 23x15px Russia 170px
Mongoose (project 12150M) Airboat 23x15px Russia 170px


See also

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  1. ^ "bmpd". Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  • EMERCOM of Russia, publication of the Ministry of Emergency Situations
  • EMERCOM: RUSSIA'S EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM (1995), Mr. Timothy L. Thomas, Foreign Military Studies Office, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Low Intensity Conflict and Law Enforcement, Vol 4, Autumn 1995, No 2

External links

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