Open Access Articles- Top Results for Montpellier
Journal of Clinical & Experimental OphthalmologyFunctionalized Nanoparticles for Drug Delivery, One- and Two-photon Photodynamic Therapy as a Promising Treatment of Retinoblastoma
Journal of Civil & Environmental EngineeringAcid production as a Limiting Factor during the Aerobic Biological PreTreatment of Confectionary Wastewaters
Journal of Depression and AnxietyNeurobiology and Effectiveness of Antipsychotic Drugs in Resistant Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Systematic Review
Journal of Clinical & Experimental Dermatology ResearchPost Laser-Amelanotic Pattern of Lentigo Maligna: Pitfalls in Diagnosis and Treatment of Pigmented Facial Lesions of Unknown Nature
Civil & Environmental EngineeringAerobic Granules Formation in Dual-Layer Percolating Filters
|Top to bottom, left to right: L'aqueduc Saint-Clément, la Place de l'Europe, la Place de la Comédie, l'hôtel de région, la promenade du Peyrou, le Corum, l'arc de Triomphe, la cathédrale Saint Pierre.|
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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Montpellier (1981-2010 averages)
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This page is a soft redirect.Source: Météo France 
Since 2001, Montpellier has been divided into seven official neighbourhoods, themselves divided into sub-neighbourhoods. Each of them possesses a neighbourhood council.
- Montpellier-centre : historical centre (Écusson), Comédie, Gares, Faubourg Boutonnet, Saint-Charles, Faubourg Saint-Jaume, Peyrou, Les Arceaux, Figuerolles, Faubourg du Courreau, Gambetta, Clémenceau, Méditerranée, boulevard de Strasbourg, Le Triangle, Polygone, Antigone, Nouveau-Monde, Parc à Ballons, Les Aubes, Les Beaux-Arts, Saint-Lazare.
- Croix-d'Argent : avenue de Toulouse, Croix d'Argent, Mas Drevon, Tastavin, Lemasson, Garosud, Mas de Bagnères, Mas Nouguier, les Sabines, Lepic, Pas du Loup, Estanove, les Bouisses, Val-de-Crozes, Bagatelle.
- Les Cévennes : Les Cévennes, Alco, Le Petit Bard, Pergola, Saint-Clément, Clémentville, Las Rebès, La Chamberte, La Martelle, Montpellier-Village, Les Grisettes, Les Grèzes.
- Mosson : La Mosson, Celleneuve, La Paillade, les Hauts-de-Massane, Le Grand-Mail, Les Tritons.
- Hôpitaux-Facultés : Malbosc, Saint-Priest, Euromédecine, Zolad, Plan des 4 Seigneurs, Hôpitaux, IUT, Père Soulas, Universités, Vert-Bois, Hauts de Boutonnet, Aiguelongue, Justice, Parc zoologique de Lunaret, Agropolis.
- Port-Marianne : La Pompignane, Richter, Millénaire, Jacques Cœur, Consuls de Mer, Grammont, Odysseum, Montaubérou, La Méjanelle, La Mogère.
- Prés d'Arènes : Les Prés d'Arènes, Avenue de Palavas, La Rauze, Tournezy, Saint-Martin, Les Aiguerelles, Pont-Trinquat, Cité Mion.
The whole metropolitan area had a population of 510,400 in 2006. In 2011, the estimated population of the metropolitan area was 561,326.
For most of its history, and even today, Montpellier is known for its significant Spanish population, heritage and influence.
|The arms of Montpellier are blazoned :|
Azure, a madonna proper, vested gules and azure, sitting on an antique throne Or, holding a Baby Jesus proper vested azure, in chief the uncial letters A and M, and in base on an inescutcheon argent a torteau (gules).
The virgin is "Notre Dame des Tables", named for the money changing tables at the Basilica of Notre-Dame des Tables. The A and M are for "Ave Maria". The inescutcheon is the arms of the Lords of Montpellier (Guilhem).
- The main focus point of the city is the Place de la Comédie, with the Opera Comédie built in 1888.
- The Musée Fabre.
- In the historic centre, a significant number of hôtels particuliers can be found. The majority of the buildings of the historic centre of Montpellier (the Ecusson) have medieval roots and were modified between the 16th and the 18th centuries. Some buildings, along Rue Foch and the Place de la Comédie, were built in the 19th century.
- The Rue du Bras de Fer (Iron Arm Street) is very typical of the medieval Montpellier.
- The mikve, ritual Jewish bath, dates back to the 12th century and is one of very few in Europe.
- The Jardin des plantes de Montpellier—oldest botanical garden in France, founded in 1593
- The La Serre Amazonienne, an tropical rain forest greenhouse
- The 14th-century Saint Pierre Cathedral
- The Porte du Peyrou, a triumphal arch built at the end of the 17th century, and the Place Royal du Peyrou built in the 17th century, are the highest point of the Ecusson.
- The Tour des Pins, the only remaining of 25 towers of the city medieval walls, built around 1200.
- The Tour de la Babotte, a medieval tower which was modified in the 18th century to welcome an observatory.
- The Saint Clément Aqueduct, built in the 18th century.
- The Antigone District and other housing projects have been designed by the architect Ricardo Bofill from Catalonia, Spain
- A number of châteaux, so-called follies, built by wealthy merchants surround the city
The University of Montpellier is one of the oldest in the world, founded in 1160, and having been granted a charter in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad von Urach and confirmed by Pope Nicholas IV in a papal bull of 1289. It was suppressed during the French Revolution but was re-established in 1896.
It is not known exactly at what date the schools of literature were founded which developed into the Montpellier faculty of arts; it may be that they were a direct continuation of the Gallo-Roman schools. The school of law was founded by Placentinus, a doctor from Bologna university, who came to Montpellier in 1160, taught there during two different periods, and died there in 1192. The school of medicine was founded perhaps by a graduate of the Muslim Spain medical schools; it is certain that, as early as 1137, there were excellent physicians at Montpellier. The statutes given in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad, legate of Honorius III, which were completed in 1240 by Pierre de Conques, placed this school under the direction of the Bishop of Maguelonne. Pope Nicholas IV issued a Bull in 1289, combining all the schools into a university, which was placed under the direction of the bishop, but which in fact enjoyed a large measure of autonomy.
Theology was at first taught in the convents, in which St. Anthony of Padua, Raymond Lullus, and the Dominican Bernard de la Treille lectured. Two letters of King John prove that a faculty of theology existed at Montpellier independently of the convents, in January 1350. By a Bull of 17 December 1421, Martin V granted canonical institution to this faculty and united it closely with the faculty of law. In the 16th century the faculty of theology disappeared for a time, when Calvinism, in the reign of Henry II of France, held complete possession of the city. It resumed its functions after Louis XIII had reestablished the royal power at Montpellier in 1622; but the rivalries of Dominicans and Jesuits interfered seriously with the prosperity of the faculty, which disappeared at the Revolution. The faculty numbered among its illustrious pupils of law Petrarch, who spent four years at Montpellier, and among its lecturers Guillaume de Nogaret, chancellor to Philip the Fair, Guillaume de Grimoard, afterwards pope under the name of Urban V, and Pedro de Luna, antipope as Benedict XIII. But after the 15th century this faculty fell into decay, as did also the faculty of arts, although for a time, under Henry IV of France, the latter faculty had among its lecturers Casaubon.
The Montpellier school of medicine owed its success to the ruling of the Guilhems, lords of the town, by which any licensed physician might lecture there; there was no fixed limit to the number of teachers, lectures were multiplied, and there was a great wealth of teaching. Rabelais took his medical degrees at Montpellier. It was in this school that the biological theory of vitalism, elaborated by Barthez (1734–1806), had its origin. The French Revolution did not interrupt the existence of the faculty of medicine.
The faculties of science and of letters were re-established in 1810; that of law in 1880. It was on the occasion of the sixth centenary of the university, celebrated in 1889, that the Government of France announced its intention—which has since been realized—of reorganizing the provincial universities in France.
- University of Montpellier 1: medicine, pharmacy, law, sport, business
- Montpellier 2 University: sciences
- Paul Valéry University, Montpellier III: arts, languages and social sciences
These three universities are currently forming a PRES (a university consortium), which is planned to soon become a single university: the University of Southern France, Montpellier.
- Ecole Polytechnique Universitaire de Montpellier (Polytech)
- National Superior Architecture School of Montpellier(ENSAM)
- École nationale de l'aviation civile
- ENSCM: chemistry
- École pour l'informatique et les nouvelles technologies
- Montpellier SupAgro: agronomy
- SUPINFO International University: private institution of higher education in general Computer Science
Montpellier is served by railway, including TGV highspeed trains. Montpellier's main railway station is Saint-Roch. There are plans to construct a high-speed railway linking Nîmes and Montpellier with the LGV Méditerranée.
The Transports de l'agglomération de Montpellier (TaM) manages the city's public transportation, including its Script error: No such module "convert". tramway network consisting of four lines and several parking facilities. Line 1 runs from Mosson in the west to Odysseum in the east. Line 2 runs from Jacou in the northeast to St. Jean-de-Vedas in the southwest. Line 3 and Line 4 opened in April 2012. Line 3, which is Script error: No such module "convert". long, links Juvignac and Perols with a branch to Lattes and serves 32 stations. Line 4 circles the center and serves as a connector line between the various arms of tram system. They intersect at Gare St. Roch station, Rives du Lez and Corum.
Montpellier was the finish of Stage 11 and the departure of Stage 12 in the 2007 Tour de France. The city is home to a variety of professional sports teams:
- Montpellier Hérault Rugby, of the Top 14 who play rugby union formerly at the Stade Sabathé and now at the Stade Yves du Manoir. In the 2010/2011 season, the team made it to the Top 14 Final against the Stade Toulousain.
- Montpellier HSC of Ligue 1 who play association football at the Stade de la Mosson. MHSC became French Champions on May 20, 2012.
- Montpellier Red Devils who play rugby league in Elite 1 division at the Stade Sabathé
- Montpellier Agglomération Handball are a team handball club playing in the French National League.
- Montpellier Vipers of France's Division 1 ice hockey Federation, play at the Patinoire de l'Agglomération de Montpellier at Odysseum
- Montpellier Water Polo play in the National League and European Cup competitions.
- Barracudas de Montpellier is a baseball club, and competes in Division Élite, a French top level baseball league.
The Festival de Radio France et Montpellier is a summer festival of opera and other music held in Montpellier. The festival concentrates on classical music and jazz with about 150 events, including opera, concerts, films, and talks. Most of these events are free and are held in the historic courtyards of the city or in the modern concert halls of Le Corum. Le Corum cultural and conference centre contains 3 auditoriums. The city is a center for cultural events since there are many students. Montpellier has two large concerts venues: Le Zenith Sud (7.000 seats) and L'Arena (14.000 seats).
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)|
Twin towns – Sister cities
Montpellier is twinned with:
Montpellier was the birthplace of:
- Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne (c. 1110–1179), rabbi and author of the halakhic work Ha-Eshkol.
- Saint Roch (1295–1327), pilgrim to Rome, venerated as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church
- Pierre Magnol (1638–1715), botanist, founder of the concept of plant families
- Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès (1753–1824), lawyer and statesman, author of the Code Napoléon
- Guillaume Mathieu, comte Dumas (1753–1837), military leader
- Auguste Comte (1798–1857), a founder of the discipline of sociology
- Antoine Jérôme Balard (1802–1876), chemist
- Émile Saisset (1814–1863), philosopher
- Charles Bernard Renouvier (1815–1903), philosopher
- Édouard Albert Roche (1820–1883), astronomer
- Alfred Bruyas (1821–1876), art collector
- Alexandre Cabanel (1823–1889), painter
- Frédéric Bazille (1841–1870), Impressionist painter
- Léo Malet (1909–1996), crime novelist
- Jeanne Demessieux (1921–1968), organist, pianist, composer, and pedagogue
- Monique de Bissy, member of the Resistance during World War II (1923–2009)
- Jean-Luc Dehaene (1940–2014), Prime-Minister of Belgium
- Didier Auriol (1958- ), rally driver, 1994 World Rally Champion.
- Rémi Gaillard (1975– ), famous French prankster
Other famous inhabitants include:
- François Rabelais (1493–1553) was a student at the University of Montpellier
- Nostradamus (1503–1566) was a student at the University of Montpellier
- Ioan Iacob Heraclid, ruler of Moldavia from 1561 to 1563
- Pierre-Joseph Amoreux (1741–1824), zoologist
- Jean-Louis Michel (1785–1865), fencing master, who lived in Montpellier from 1830 onwards
- Agénor Azéma de Montgravier (1805–1863), deputy director of l'Ecole d'Artillerie de Montpellier, died in Montpellier in 1863
- Gaston Darboux (1842–1917), mathematician
- Josias Braun-Blanquet (1884–1980), botanist
- Jean Moulin (1899-1943), famous French resistant during WWII, studied and worked in Montpellier
- Alexander Grothendieck (1928–2014), mathematician
- Nikola Karabatić (1984–) handball player
- Paul Valéry (1871–1945) was a student at the University of Montpellier
- Enver Hoxha (1908–1985) was a student at the University of Montpellier
- Grégory Vignal (1981–), Birmingham City F.C. full-back
- Taha Hussein (1889–1973) was a student at the University of Montpellier
- Michel Navratil (1908–2001), survivor of the sinking of the RMS Titanic
- Guy Delisle (1966- _____), Canadian-born cartoonist, animator and author 
Other locations named after Montpellier
"Montpellier" is used as the name of other towns and streets in as many as four continents. Many places in England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland carry the name Montpellier. Often they are in resort locations claiming some of the healthy attributes for which the French city was renowned in earlier centuries. The variant spelling "Montpelier" is common, and is of quite early provenance. Brewer uses that spelling. The first example was the early 19th-century suburb of Montpelier in Brighton.
Secondary Montpelliers/Montpeliers are also found in Australia, Canada, South Africa, and the Caribbean.
The capital of the American state of Vermont was named Montpelier because of the high regard held by the Americans for the French who aided their Revolutionary War against the British. Several other American cities are also named Montpelier.
- "Montpellier Tourist Information and Montpellier Tourism". Montpellier Information and Tourism. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
- "Records Montpellier". Meteoc.free.fr. Retrieved 2013-10-06.
- "Prévisions météo de Météo-France – Climat en France". Météo France. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
- insee (2011-01-01). "Montpellier". insee.fr. Retrieved 2015-01-01.
- "Railway Gazette: Southern LGV projects make progress". Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "Vivre > Transport > Tramway" [Living > Transport > Tramway] (in French). Montpellier-agglomération. Retrieved 2014-12-26.
- Midi Libre (a major daily newspaper in the South of France): "In 2008, 76,000 stations, used 800,000 times, have been registered in Montpellier. A success, and little vandalism compared to the Velib in Paris."[dead link]
- Tous à Vélo AFP 19 October 2007: "Paris, Orléans and Montpellier receive the 'Bicycle Trophy 2007' for their achievement in Bike Sharing programs".
- http://www.rugby13montpellier.com Official website
- "Barcelona internacional – Ciutats agermanades" (in Spanish). © 2006–2009 Ajuntament de Barcelona. Retrieved 13 July 2009.
- France3 and AFP (January 31, 2015). "Le dessinateur montpelliérain Guy Delisle va passer du cocon familial à la Tchétchénie". France3. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- "All the Montpelliers". 2005.[unreliable source?]
- "Montpelier & Clifton Hill Conservation Area Character Statement" (PDF). Brighton & Hove City Council (Design & Conservation Department). 20 October 2005. p. 1. Archived from the original on 31 July 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Swift, Esther Munroe (1977). Vermont Place Names: Footprints of History. Houghton Mifflin. pp. 451–454. ISBN 0-8289-0291-7.
- Lewis, Archibald (1971). The Guillems of Montpellier: A Sociological Appraisal.
- "Montpellier", A handbook for travellers in France, London: John Murray, 1861
- "Montpellier". South-eastern France (3rd ed.). Leipsic: Karl Baedeker. 1898.
- "Montpellier", The Encyclopaedia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424
|40x40px||Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Montpellier.|
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montpellier.|
- Official website
- Montpellier travel guide and pictured city tour with My Euro Guide
- TAM – Public Transport System
- Catholic Encyclopedia Montpellier
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