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Montsec, Meuse

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Coordinates: 48°53′29″N 5°43′16″E / 48.8914°N 5.7211°E / 48.8914; 5.7211Coordinates: 48°53′29″N 5°43′16″E / 48.8914°N 5.7211°E / 48.8914; 5.7211{{#coordinates:48.8914|5.7211|type:city(68)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Lorraine</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Meuse</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Arrondissement of Commercy</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Canton</th><td> Canton of Saint-Mihiel</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Communauté de communes de la Petite Woëvre</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2008–2014) </th><td> Daniel Lombard</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (1999)2</th><td> 68</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 11/km2 (30/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 55353 / 55300</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Elevation</th><td> Script error: No such module "convert".
(avg. Script error: No such module "convert".)</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

Montsec is a commune in the Meuse department in Lorraine in north-eastern France.

History

File:Map of battle St. Mihiel.JPG
Map depicting Montsec during the Battle of Saint-Mihiel

During The Great War the village was occupied by the Germans in 1914 during the Battle of Flirey.[1] A hill sharing the same name, commands a view of the Woëvre Plain, and was used by German forces as an strong point, and for observation.[2] During the Battle of Saint-Mihiel in 1918, 1st Division attacked in the area of Montsec, bypassing it.[3] The 1st Division was joined by the 26th Division, attacking on the other side of Montsec, also bypassing it.[4] Both the 1st and 26th divisions were able to accomplish it by a smoke screen being placed on the hill.[5] Having been bypassed due to it being fortified, being cut off from the rest of the German line, it fell to the Allies.[2] This was accomplished by forces of the French 2nd Colonial Corps.[6]

Before the Battle of Nancy, the commune was liberated by the American 317th Infantry in 1944.[7]

Montsec American Monument

File:Montsec monument.jpg
Monument to American soldiers at Montsec

The monument was designed by Egerton Swartwout, and has been described as a doric temple.[8] It was built during the 1930s by the American Battle Monuments Commission;[9] it was dedicated in 1937.[10] The monument commemorates American forces involved in the Battle of Saint-Mihiel.[11] These included the First and Second armies.[12]

During World War II, German forces occupying France left the monument untouched.[13] As American forces advanced, and began to displace the Germans, the memorial was damaged by American artillery.[14] The monument was later restored.[14]

It has been described as being similar to the Jefferson Memorial.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ Richard Rubin (21 May 2013). The Last of the Doughboys: The Forgotten Generation and Their Forgotten World War. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 321. ISBN 0-547-84369-0. 
  2. ^ a b Frank Herbert Simmonds (1920). History of the world war. Published for the Review of reviews company by Doubleday, Page & company. pp. 223–224. 
  3. ^ Richard Joseph Beamish; Francis Andrew March (1919). America's Part in the World War: A History of the Full Greatness of Our Country's Achievements; the Record of the Mobilization and Triumph of the Military, Naval, Industrial and Civilian Resources of the United States. John C. Winston Company. p. 554. 
  4. ^ John Eisenhower (14 September 2001). Yanks: The Epic Story of the American Army in World War I. Simon and Schuster. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-7432-1637-1. 
  5. ^ Walter Hines Page; Arthur Wilson Page (1919). The World's Work. Doubleday, Page & Company. p. 82. 
  6. ^ James Alfred Moss; Harry Samuel Howland (1920). America in Battle: With Guide to the American Battlefields in France and Belgium. Geo. Banta Publishing Company. p. 168. 
  7. ^ Dominique, Dean James (August 2003). "Chapter 3: The Moselle River Bridgehead August 23-November 1, 1944". The Attack Will Go On: The 317th Infantry Regiment in World War II (PDF) (Masters). Louisiana State University. p. 30-31. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  8. ^ Ron Theodore Robin (14 July 2014). Enclaves of America: The Rhetoric of American Political Architecture Abroad, 1900-1965. Princeton University Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 978-1-4008-6310-5. 
  9. ^ Intelligence and Security Command Journal. U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command. 1984. p. 4. 
  10. ^ Montsec American Monument Dedication in 1937. ABMCVIDEOS. 13 June 2015 [1937]. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  11. ^ David Bonk (20 October 2011). St Mihiel 1918: The American Expeditionary Forces' trial by fire. Osprey Publishing. p. 93. ISBN 978-1-84908-880-0. 
  12. ^ "Montsec Monument" (PDF). American Battle Monuments Commission. 21 April 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  13. ^ Douglas Peter Mackaman Michael Mays. World War i and the Cultures of Modernity. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-60473-712-7. 
  14. ^ a b Rubin, Richard (18 September 2014). "In France, Artifacts of America’s Role in World War I". New York Times. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  15. ^ Julia Hargrove (1 March 2003). Tomb of the Unknowns (ENHANCED eBook). Lorenz Educational Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-4291-1258-1. 
    J. D. Ragsdale (25 March 2014). Beyond Buildings: Designed Spaces as Visual Persuasion. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 121. ISBN 978-1-4438-5838-0. 
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