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Municipalities and cities of Serbia

File:SerbiaPoliticalDivision.png
Districts and municipalities of Serbia including Serbia's claim over Kosovo [a]

Municipalities and cities form the basic level of local government in Serbia. Serbia is divided into 150 municipalities (opštine) and 24 cities (gradovi).[1]

Of the 150 municipalities, 41 are located in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 42 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 39 in Vojvodina and 28 (de facto 37) in Kosovo. Of the 24 cities, 6 are in Southern and Eastern Serbia, 10 in Šumadija and Western Serbia, 6 in Vojvodina, 1 in Kosovo, and 1 (Belgrade) has a status of separate statistical region.[1]

A city may and may not be divided into city municipalities (gradske opštine) depending on their size. Currently, there are six cities in Serbia with city municipalities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Kragujevac, Požarevac and Vranje comprise several city municipalities, divided into "urban" (in the city proper) and "other" (suburban). There are 33 city municipalities (17 in Belgrade, 5 in Niš, 5 in Kragujevac, 2 in Novi Sad, 2 in Požarevac and 2 in Vranje).[2]

Municipalities

Like in many other countries, municipalities are the basic entities of local government in Serbia. The head of the municipality is the President of the municipality, while the executive power is held by the Municipal council, and legislative power by the Municipal assembly. Municipal assembly is elected on local elections (held every 4 years), while the President and the Council are elected by the Assembly. Municipalities have their own property (including public service companies) and budget. Only the cities officially have mayors (gradonačelnici), although the municipal presidents are often informally referred to as such.

The territory of a municipality is composed of a town (seat of the municipality) and surrounding villages. The municipality bears the name of the seat town[3] (e.g. the territory of the Municipality of Kikinda is composed of the town of Kikinda, which is the seat of the municipality, and surrounding villages.).

Advocates of reform of Serbian local self-government system point out that Serbian municipalities (with 50,000 citizens in average) are the largest in Europe, both by territory and number of residents, and as such can be inefficient in handling citizens' needs and distributing the income from the country budget into most relevant projects.[4][5]

Cities and city municipalities

Cities are another type of local self-government. The territory with the city status usually has more than 100,000 inhabitants,[1] but is otherwise very similar to municipality. There are 24 cities (gradovi), each having an assembly and budget of its own. Only the cities have mayors (gradonačelnik), although the presidents of the municipalities are often referred to as "mayors" in everyday usage.

As with a municipality, the territory of a city is composed of a city proper and surrounding villages (e.g. the territory of the City of Subotica is composed of the Subotica town and surrounding villages). Every city (and municipality) is part of a district. The exception is the capital Belgrade, which is a district on its own.

The city may or may not be divided into city municipalities. Six cities: Belgrade, Novi Sad, Niš, Kragujevac, Požarevac and Vranje comprise several city municipalities. As of October 2013, town of Sevojno near city of Užice is in the process of creation of a separate city municipality, which would make Užice seventh on the list.[citation needed] Of those, only Novi Sad did not undergo the full transformation, as the newly formed municipality of Petrovaradin exists pretty much only formally;[citation needed] thus, the Municipality of Novi Sad is largely equated to City of Novi Sad. Competences of cities and city municipalities are divided. The city municipalities of the six cities above mentioned also have their assemblies and other prerogatives.

The two largest city municipalities by number of residents are Novi Sad (307,760) and Novi Beograd (212,104).[2]

Municipalities and cities of Kosovo

Serbian law still treats Kosovo as an integral part of Serbia (officially the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija), although Kosovo declared independence in 2008. The Law on Territorial Organization defines 28 municipalities and 1 city on the territory of Kosovo.[1] Kosovo was under official United Nations' administration (UNMIK) from 1999 to 2008. The UNMIK administration changed the territorial organisation on the territory of Kosovo. In 2000 the municipality of Gora was merged with Opolje (part of the Municipality of Prizren) into the new municipality of Dragaš and one new municipality was created: Mališevo. Later, from 2005 to 2008, seven new municipalities were created: Gračanica, Elez Han, Junik, Parteš, Klokot-Vrbovac, Ranilug and Mamuša.[6] However, the Government of Serbia does not recognise the territorial re-organisation of Kosovo, although some of these new-formed municipalities have Serb majority, and some Serbs participate in local elections. In three of those municipalities: Gračanica, Klokot-Vrbovac and Ranilug, Serbian parties won a majority in the 2009 elections.[7][8]

In the Brussels Agreement, in 2013, Serbia agreed to disband its parallel municipal institutions in Kosovo, although it has been slow to act on this agreement.[9]

List of municipalities

This is a list of the municipalities in Serbia, as defined by the Law on territorial organisation[1] It does not include municipalities in Kosovo created by UNMIK after 1999. The data on population is taken from the 2002 census.[10]

The census was not conducted in Kosovo, which is under administration of UNMIK, so the population numbers are not given for the municipalities in Kosovo.

[11] Crest Municipality District Area [km²] Population[2]
23 Bor Bor District 856 55,817
63 Kladovo Bor District 629 23,622
86 Majdanpek Bor District 932 23,703
93 Negotin Bor District 1,089 43,551
29 Veliko Gradište Braničevo District 344 20,659
41 Golubac Braničevo District 368 9,913
89 Malo Crniće Braničevo District 271 13,853
50 Žabari Braničevo District 264 13,034
105 Petrovac na Mlavi Braničevo District 655 34,511
77 Kučevo Braničevo District 721 18,808
51 Žagubica Braničevo District 760 14,823
21 Bojnik Jablanica District 264 13,118
80 Lebane Jablanica District 337 24,918
90 Medveđa Jablanica District 524 10,760
33 Vlasotince Jablanica District 308 33,312
145 Crna Trava Jablanica District 312 2,563
102 Osečina Kolubara District 319 15,135
143 Ub Kolubara District 456 32,104
78 Lajkovac Kolubara District 186 17,062
92 Mionica Kolubara District 329 16,513
84 Ljig Kolubara District 279 14,629
20 Bogatić Mačva District 384 32,990
31 Vladimirci Mačva District 338 20,373
73 Koceljeva Mačva District 257 15,636
87 Mali Zvornik Mačva District 184 14,076
74 Krupanj Mačva District 342 20,192
85 Ljubovija Mačva District 356 17,052
43 Gornji Milanovac Moravica District 836 47,641
83 Lučani Moravica District 454 26,614
56 Ivanjica Moravica District 1,090 35,445
3 Aleksinac Nišava District 707 57,749
123 Svrljig Nišava District 497 17,284
91 Merošina Nišava District 193 14,812
117 Ražanj Nišava District 289 11,369
47 Doljevac Nišava District 121 19,561
38 Gadžin Han Nišava District 325 10,464
32 Vladičin Han Pčinja District 366 23,703
134 Surdulica Pčinja District 628 22,190
24 Bosilegrad Pčinja District 571 9,931
138 Trgovište Pčinja District 370 6,372
26 Bujanovac Pčinja District 461 43,302
112 Preševo Pčinja District 264 34,904
15 Bela Palanka Pirot District 951 14,381
108 Pirot Pirot District 1,232 63,791
8 Babušnica Pirot District 529 15,734
46 Dimitrovgrad Pirot District 483 11,748
127 Smederevska Palanka Podunavlje District 422 56,011
28 Velika Plana Podunavlje District 345 44,470
142 Ćuprija Pomoravlje District 287 33,567
104 Paraćin Pomoravlje District 542 58,301
122 Svilajnac Pomoravlje District 326 25,511
44 Despotovac Pomoravlje District 623 25,611
120 Rekovac Pomoravlje District 366 13,551
27 Varvarin Rasina District 249 20,122
139 Trstenik Rasina District 448 49,043
141 Ćićevac Rasina District 124 10,755
2 Aleksandrovac Rasina District 387 29,389
25 Brus Rasina District 606 18,764
35 Vrnjačka Banja Raška District 239 26,492
119 Raška Raška District 670 26,981
140 Tutin Raška District 742 30,054
6 Aranđelovac Šumadija District 376 48,129
137 Topola Šumadija District 356 25,292
118 Rača Šumadija District 216 12,959
10 Batočina Šumadija District 136 12,220
65 Knić Šumadija District 413 16,148
79 Lapovo Šumadija District 55 8,228
116 Prokuplje Toplica District 759 48,501
19 Blace Toplica District 306 13,759
76 Kuršumlija Toplica District 952 21,608
53 Žitorađa Toplica District 214 18,207
22 Boljevac Zaječar District 828 15,849
66 Knjaževac Zaječar District 1,202 37,172
128 Sokobanja Zaječar District 525 18,571
9 Bajina Bašta Zlatibor District 673 28,776
69 Kosjerić Zlatibor District 358 14,001
111 Požega Zlatibor District 426 32,293
146 Čajetina Zlatibor District 647 15,628
7 Arilje Zlatibor District 349 19,784
94 Nova Varoš Zlatibor District 581 19,982
115 Prijepolje Zlatibor District 827 41,188
126 Sjenica Zlatibor District 1,059 34,500
113 Priboj Zlatibor District 553 30,377
96 Novi Bečej Central Banat District 609 26,924
95 Nova Crnja Central Banat District 273 12,705
52 Žitište Central Banat District 525 20,399
125 Sečanj Central Banat District 523 16,377
13 Bačka Topola North Bačka District 596 38,245
88 Mali Iđoš North Bačka District 175 13,494
60 Kanjiža North Banat District 399 27,510
124 Senta North Banat District 293 25,568
1 Ada North Banat District 229 18,994
147 Čoka North Banat District 321 13,832
97 Novi Kneževac North Banat District 305 12,975
62 Kikinda North Banat District 782 59,329
130 Srbobran South Bačka District 284 17,855
11 Bač South Bačka District 367 16,268
18 Bečej South Bačka District 487 40,987
34 Vrbas South Bačka District 376 45,852
12 Bačka Palanka South Bačka District 579 60,966
14 Bački Petrovac South Bačka District 158 14,681
49 Žabalj South Bačka District 400 27,513
136 Titel South Bačka District 262 17,050
135 Temerin South Bačka District 170 28,275
17 Beočin South Bačka District 186 16,086
131 Sremski Karlovci South Bačka District 51 8,839
109 Plandište South Banat District 383 13,377
100 Opovo South Banat District 203 11,016
67 Kovačica South Banat District 419 27,890
4 Alibunar South Banat District 602 22,954
36 Vršac South Banat District 1,324 54,369
16 Bela Crkva South Banat District 353 20,367
68 Kovin South Banat District 730 36,802
148 Šid Srem District 687 38,973
57 Inđija Srem District 384 49,609
58 Irig Srem District 230 12,329
121 Ruma Srem District 582 60,006
132 Stara Pazova Srem District 351 67,576
107 Pećinci Srem District 489 21,506
5 Apatin West Bačka District 333 32,813
103 Odžaci West Bačka District 411 35,582
75 Kula West Bačka District 481 48,353
39 Glogovac Kosovo District 290
70 Kosovo Polje Kosovo District 89
82 Lipljan Kosovo District 401
99 Obilić Kosovo District 105
110 Podujevo Kosovo District 625
144 Uroševac Kosovo District 344
149 Štimlje Kosovo District 134
61 Kačanik Kosovo District 294
150 Štrpce Kosovo District 248
71 Kosovska Kamenica Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 509
98 Novo Brdo Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 81
40 Gnjilane Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 510
30 Vitina Kosovo-Pomoravlje District 289
72 Kosovska Mitrovica Kosovska Mitrovica District 336
81 Leposavić Kosovska Mitrovica District 539
129 Srbica Kosovska Mitrovica District 374
37 Vučitrn Kosovska Mitrovica District 353
55 Zubin Potok Kosovska Mitrovica District 328
54 Zvečan Kosovska Mitrovica District 123
106 Peć Peć District 603
59 Istok Peć District 464
64 Klina Peć District 403
48 Đakovica Peć District 587
45 Dečani Peć District 402
101 Orahovac Prizren District 401
133 Suva Reka Prizren District 434
114 Prizren Prizren District 757
42 Gora1 Prizren District 310
1.^ The seat of the municipality is Dragaš

List of cities and city municipalities

[11] Crest City District Crest City municipality Area [Km²] Population
1 Valjevo Kolubara District none 905 90,301
2 Vranje Pčinja District Vranje 860 82,782[2]
Vranjska Banja
3 Zaječar Zaječar District none 1,069 58,547
4 Zrenjanin Central Banat District none 1,324 123,362
5 Jagodina Pomoravlje District none 470 71,195
6 Kragujevac Šumadija District Aerodrom 232 36,217
Pivara 258 49,154
Stanovo 155 39,252
Stari Grad 16 62,794
Stragari 165 4,500
7 Kraljevo Raška District none 1,530 125,488
8 Kruševac Rasina District none 854 128,752
9 Leskovac Jablanica District none 1,025 144,206
10 Loznica Mačva District none 612 78,788
11 Niš Nišava District Medijana 16 88,010
Palilula 117 71,707
Pantelej 142 52,290
Crveni Krst 182 31,762
x40px Niška Banja 145 14,098
12 Novi Pazar Raška District none 742 100,410
13 Novi Sad South Bačka District Novi Sad 699 341,625 [12]
Petrovaradin (defunct)
14 Pančevo South Banat District none 759 123,414
15 Požarevac Braničevo District Požarevac 482 74,902[13]
Kostolac
16 Priština Kosovo District none 854
17 Smederevo Podunavlje District none 484 107,528
18 Sombor West Bačka District none 1,178 87,815
19 Sremska Mitrovica Srem District none 762 85,902
20 Subotica North Bačka District none 1,008 141,554
21 Užice Zlatibor District none 667 78,018
22 Čačak Moravica District none 636 115,337
23 Šabac Mačva District none 795 115,347
special
status
City of Belgrade none Barajevo 213 24,641
Čukarica 155 179,031
Grocka 289 83,398
Lazarevac 384 58,224
Mladenovac 339 53,050
Novi Beograd 41 212,104
Obrenovac 411 71,419
Palilula 447 170,593
Rakovica 29 108,413
Savski Venac 16 38,660
Sopot 271 20,199
Stari Grad 7 48,061
Surčin 285 42,012
Voždovac 150 157,152
Vračar 3 55,463
Zemun 154 166,292
Zvezdara 31 148,014

See also

Notes and references

Notes:

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Law on Territorial Organization" (in Serbian). National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia. 29 December 2007. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. ISSN 0354-3641. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  3. ^ Only one municipality (Municipality of Gora) does not share the name with the seat town, as the seat of that municipality is the town of Dragaš. This municipality is located in Kosovo, and thus exists only on paper. The territory of the municipality was merged with part of the Municipality of Prizren in 2000 by UNMIK to form new Municipality of Dragaš. This move is not recognised by Serbian Government (see Municipalities and cities of Kosovo section).
  4. ^ Jerinić, Jelena (2006-12-01). "Konkretni oblici učešća građana" (PDF). Lokalna samouprava (in Serbian) (Permanent conference of cities and municipalities/Vreme). p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 10, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  5. ^ "Local Communities in Serbia: How to Become an Effective Voice for Citizens" (PDF). USAID/Serbia Local Government Report Program. 2004-07-01. p. 4. Retrieved 2007-07-31. 
  6. ^ "Municipal profiles". Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 
  7. ^ "UNMIK: Serb boycott creates new problems". B92. 22 November 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  8. ^ "Srbima većina u tri opštine" (in Serbian). B92. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 4 December 2009. 
  9. ^ "Kosovo Accuses Serbia of Delaying Brussels Agreement". Balkan Insight. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  10. ^ Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова у 2002 (PDF) (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. May 2003. ISBN 86-84433-02-5. 
  11. ^ a b As given in the Law, in Serbian Cyrillic order
  12. ^ Staute of the city of Novi Sad, Gazette of the City of Novi Sad No 43 (2 October 2008), official site of the city
  13. ^ Staute of the city of Požarevac, Gazette of the City of Požarevac No2/2008 (30 June 2008), official site of the city

External links