Musashi Province (æ¦èµå½ Musashi no kuni?) was a province of Japan, which today comprises Tokyo Metropolis, most of Saitama Prefecture and part of Kanagawa Prefecture. It was sometimes called BushÅ« (æ¦å·?). The province encompassed Kawasaki and Yokohama. Musashi bordered on Kai, KÅzuke, Sagami, ShimÅsa, and Shimotsuke Provinces.
Musashi was the largest province in the KantÅ region.
The name Musashi, recorded in early records as çå°å¿ muzasi, has been conjectured to be of Ainu origin. It has no apparent meaning in Japanese, but mun-sar-i or mun-sar-ihi (weed-marsh-POSS) is a hypothetical Ainu form that would mean "marsh/wetland of (i.e. belonging to) weeds/inedible or otherwise useless plants," and Musashi sits in the middle of the Kanto plain.
Musashi had its ancient capital in modern Fuchu, Tokyo and its provincial temple in what is now Kokubunji, Tokyo. By the Sengoku period, the main city was Edo, which became the dominant city of eastern Japan. Edo Castle was the headquarters of Tokugawa Ieyasu before the Battle of Sekigahara and became the dominant city of Japan during the Edo period, being renamed Tokyo during the Meiji Restoration.
The former province gave its name to the battleship of the Second World War Musashi.
Timeline of important events in Musashi
- 707 (Keiun 4): Copper was reported to have been found in Musashi province in the region which includes modern day Tokyo.
- 708 (Keiun 5): The era name was about to be changed to mark the accession of Empress Gemmei; but the choice of WadÅ as the new nengÅ for this new reign became a way to mark the welcome discovery of copper in the Chichibu District of what is now Saitama Prefecture. The Japanese word for copper is dÅ (é ); and since this was indigenous copper, the "wa" (the ancient Chinese term for Japan) could be combined with the "dÅ" (copper) to create a new composite termâ"wadÅ"âmeaning "Japanese copper".
- May 5, 708 (WadÅ 1, 11th day of the 4th month): A sample of the newly discovered Musashi copper was presented in Gemmei's Court where it was formally acknowledged as Japanese copper. The WadÅ era is famous for the first Japanese coin (ååéç, wadokaiho or wadokaichin).
- 1590 (TenshÅ 18): Siege of Odawara. Iwatsuki Domain and Oshi Domain founded in Musashi Province.
Musashi Province had 21 districts, added one after.
- Saitama Prefecture
- Chichibu District (ç§©ç¶é¡)
- Hanzawa District (æ¦æ²¢é¡) - merged into Åsato District (along with Hatara and Obusama Districts) on March 29, 1896
- Hatara District (å¹¡ç¾ é¡) - merged into Åsato District (along with Hanzawa and Obusama Districts) on March 29, 1896
- Hiki District (æ¯ä¼é¡) - absorbed Yokomi District on March 29, 1896
- Iruma District (å ¥éé¡) - merged into Koma District on March 29, 1896
- Kami District (è³ç¾é¡, å ç¾é¡) - merged into Kodama District (along with Naka District) on March 29, 1896
- Kodama District (å çé¡) - absorbed Kami and Naka Districts on March 29, 1896
- Koma District (é«éºé¡) - merged into Iruma District on March 29, 1896
- Naka District (é£çé¡) - merged into Kodama District (along with Kami District) on March 29, 1896
- Niikura District (æ°åº§é¡, æ°åé¡, æ°ç¾ é¡) - merged into Kitaadachi District on March 29, 1896
- Obusuma District (ç·è¡¾é¡) - merged into Åsato District (along with Hanzawa and Hatara Districts) on March 29, 1896
- Åsato District (å¤§éé¡) - absorbed Hanzawa, Hatara and Obusama Districts on March 29, 1896
- Saitama District (å¼çé¡)
- Yokomi District (æ¨ªè¦é¡) - merged into Hiki District on March 29, 1896
- Tokyo Prefecture
- Ebara District (èåé¡) - dissolved
- Tama District (å¤æ©é¡, å¤éº»é¡, å¤ç£¨é¡)
- Higashitama District (æ±å¤æ©é¡) - merged with Minamitoshima District to become Toyotama District (è±å¤æ©é¡) on April 1, 1896
- Kitatama District (åå¤æ©é¡) - was part of Kanagawa Prefecture in 1878 until being transferred to Tokyo Prefecture in 1893; now dissolved
- Minamitama District (åå¤æ©é¡) - was part of Kanagawa Prefecture in 1878 until being transferred to Tokyo Prefecture in 1893; now dissolved
- Nishitama District (è¥¿å¤æ©é¡) - was part of Kanagawa Prefecture in 1878 until being transferred to Tokyo Prefecture in 1893
- Toshima District (è±å¶é¡)
- Kanagawa Prefecture
- Adachi District (è¶³ç«é¡)
- Katsushika District (èé£¾é¡) â Transfer from ShimÅsa Province in 1683 (some say 1622â1643) for the river improvement of Naka River.
- Nussbaum, Louis-FrÃ©dÃ©ric (2005). "Musashi" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 669-671, p. 669, at Google Books.
- Alexander Vovin (2009) "Strange words in the Man'yoshÅ« and the Fudoki and the distribution of the Ainu language in the Japanese islands in prehistory"
- There are dialectical words of Ainu origin in the Tohoku region where si corresponds to Hokkaido Ainu hi
- Vovin, Alexander (2008). "Man'yÅshÅ« to Fudoki ni Mirareru Fushigina Kotoba to JÅdai Nihon Retto ni Okeru Ainugo no Bunpu." Kokusai Nihon Bunka KenkyÅ« SentÄ.
- "Map of BushÅ« Toshima District, Edo". World Digital Library. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 3.; retrieved 2011-08-09
- Nussbaum, "Hikawa-jinja" at p. 311, p. 311, at Google Books.
- Brown, Delmer M. (1979). GukanshÅ, p. 271.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 63., p. 63, at Google Books
- Brown, Delmer M. and IchirÅ Ishida, eds. (1979). GukanshÅ: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. 10-ISBN 0-520-03460-0; 13-ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; OCLC 251325323
- KÅta Kodama and Kitajima Masamoto. (1966). ç©èªè©å². ç¬¬2æç¬¬2å·, é¢æ±ã®è«¸è© (Monogatari hanshi. 2(2), KantÅ no shohan). Tokyo: Shin Jinbutsu Åraisha. OCLC 673172166
- Nussbaum, Louis-FrÃ©dÃ©ric and KÃ¤the Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon (Nihon Odai Ichiran). Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Musashi Province.|
- Murdoch's map of provinces, 1903
- Reproduction of ChÅroku-Period Map of Edo, with Later Additions from 1804