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Museum of London

Museum of London
Established 1976; 40 years ago (1976)
Location London, United Kingdom
Director Sharon Ament
Public transit access St. Paul's 10px 300 m walk
Barbican 10px 10px 10px 300 m walk
Moorgate 10px 10px 10px 10px 12px 600 m walk

The Museum of London documents the history of London from prehistoric to modern times. The museum is located on London Wall, close to the Barbican Centre as part of the striking Barbican complex of buildings created in the 1960s and 1970s as an innovative approach to re-development within a bomb-damaged area of the City of London.

It is a few minutes' walk north of St Paul's Cathedral, overlooking the remains of the Roman city wall and on the edge of the oldest part of London, now its main financial district. It is primarily concerned with the social history of London and its inhabitants throughout time. The museum is jointly controlled and funded by the City of London Corporation and the Greater London Authority.

In March 2015 the Museum announced plans to move from its Barbican site to nearby Smithfield Market. The move, contingent upon raising an estimated £70 million, is planned to be complete by 2021.


The amalgamation of the collections previously held by the City Corporation at the Guildhall Museum and of the London Museum, which was located in Kensington Palace was agreed in 1964.[1] The Museum of London Act, allowing for the merger, was passed in the following year.[2][3]

The museum was opened in December 1976 as part of the Barbican Estate,[1] The architects were Philip Powell and Hidalgo Moya,[1] who adopted an innovative approach to museum design, whereby the galleries were laid out so that there was only one route through the museum – from the prehistoric period to the modern galleries.

The museum comprises a series of chronological galleries containing original artefacts, models, pictures and diagrams, with a strong emphasis on archaeological discoveries, the built city, urban development and London's social and cultural life, with interactive displays and activities for all ages. Fragments of the Roman London Wall can be seen just outside the museum. The prehistoric gallery, "London Before London" and the "Medieval London" gallery have already been updated, and in 2010 a refurbished gallery on "War, Plague and Fire" opened, covering the period of the English Civil War and the Great Fire of London.

File:Lord Mayors Coach (6266582740).jpg
Lord Mayor's Coach on display in the Museum

The museum had a £20 million redevelopment which was completed in May 2010. This is its biggest investment since opening in 1976. The re-design, by London-based architects Wilkinson Eyre, tells the story of London and Londoners from the Great Fire of 1666 to the present day. The transformation includes four new galleries. The new City Gallery features large street level windows along London Wall and provides an illuminated showcase for the Lord Mayor's State Coach, which takes to the streets each November for the Lord Mayor's Show.

The Galleries of Modern London increased the museum's exhibition space by 25 percent and enabled the display of 7,000 objects. Star exhibits include a reconstruction of Georgian pleasure gardens, the foreboding wooden interior of the Wellclose debtors prison cell, an art deco lift from Selfridges department store and the puppet stars of BBC children's TV Andy Pandy and Bill and Ben.

The "Expanding City" gallery covers the period 1660s to 1850. "People's City" addresses 1850 to 1940s, including a "Victorian Walk" with recreated shops and public buildings, and sections on the West End, Suffragettes, World War I and World War II, and everyday life.

The new galleries place a renewed emphasis on contemporary London and contemporary collecting. "World City" is the gallery which tells London's story from 1950 to the present day. Fashion looms large here – from formal suits of the 1950s, through to the Mary Quant dress of the swinging 1960s, hippy chic in the 1970s and the bondage trousers and ripped T-shirts of the punk era. Fashion comes right up to date with a pashmina from Alexander McQueen's 2008 collection.

The Sackler Hall contains an elliptical LED curtain where the work of up-and-coming young filmmakers is screened in a bi-annual Museum of London Film Commission, in association with Film London. A temporary exhibition space, "Inspiring London", features a changing programme of displays on the theme of creativity and inspiration.

Museum of London Docklands

In 2003, the Museum of London Docklands (formerly Museum in Docklands) was opened in a 19th-century grade I listed warehouse near Canary Wharf on the Isle of Dogs. The Museum of London Docklands charts the history of London as a port, beginning 2,000 years ago with the Roman trading post set up on the banks of the Thames and following London's expansion into the biggest port the world had ever known. In November 2007, it opened the capital's first permanent gallery examining London's involvement in the transatlantic slave trade, "London, Sugar & Slavery".

Museum of London Archaeology

File:Timber revetment, c.1220 A.D..JPG
Part of a 13th-century timber wall from the Thames riverbank at Billingsgate, excavated in 1982 and now displayed in the Museum.

Once part of the Museum of London, Museum of London Archaeology (MOLA) became an independent charity in November 2011, regulated by the Charity Commission for England and Wales. MOLA now has its own Board of Trustees but the Museum of London and MOLA continue to work together.

MOLA employs around 190 archaeologists working on most of the major archaeological sites in London. Independence gives MOLA a stronger remit; it streamlines operations, reduces duplication and cuts red tape. Originally, MOLA was a much smaller department within the Museum of London but it expanded hugely – and outgrew its parent organisation. Independence gives MOLA the freedom to operate and to explore new markets across the country and overseas.

The Museum of London and MOLA retain close links via a partnership arrangement set out in a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). This is to the clear benefit of both organisations and includes key areas of collaboration – on initiatives such as educational outreach, fundraising and public relations.

MOLA will continue to have its headquarters at Mortimer Wheeler House (in Shoreditch) and share specialist expertise and equipment with Museum of London colleagues at London Wall.

The current logo was designed by the London-based advertising agency Coley Porter Bell as part of the rebranding and redevelopment of the museum in 2009. The overlapping coloured layers depict the map outline of the city at various points of its history. It won a Mobius Advertising Award in the recreation and entertainment corporate identity category.[4]


The Museum of London and Museum of London Docklands are part of the same group. Since 1 April 2008, the Museum has been jointly controlled and funded by the City of London Corporation and the Greater London Authority. Prior to this the Museum had been jointly controlled by the City of London and the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. It is headed by a director.

List of directors

  1. Tom Hume (1972 to 1977)
  2. Max Hebditch (1977 to 1997)
  3. Simon Thurley (1997 to 2002)
  4. Jack Lohman (2002 to 2012)
  5. Sharon Ament (since September 2012)

Floor directory

floor U1 Handicapped/disabled access floor E (Entrance Level) Handicapped/disabled access floor L1 Handicapped/disabled access floor L2 Handicapped/disabled access
Activity Space 1
Activity Space 2
Seminar Room
e-Learning Studio
Rotunda Garden
Terrace Boardroom
Garden Room
Terrace Gallery
London Wall Bar & Kitchen
Lunch Space
450,000 BC – AD 50: London Before London
Archaeology in Action
AD 50–410: Roman London
AD 410–1558: Medieval London
1550s–1660s: War, Plague & Fire
New Acquisitions
Weston Theatre Modern London 1670s–1850s: Expanding City
Modern London 1850s – 1940s: People's City
Modern London 1950s – Today: World City
Victorian Walk
City Gallery
Inspiring London
The Sackler Hall
Linbury Gallery
Garden Court

Transport connections

Service Station/Stop Lines/Routes served Distance from
Museum of London
London Buses 10px Museum of London Handicapped/disabled access 4, 56
London Wall / Museum of London Handicapped/disabled access 100
Angel Street Handicapped/disabled access 172 220 metres walk[5]
St. Paul's Station Handicapped/disabled access 8, 25, 56, 242, 521 350 metres walk[6]
London Underground 10px St. Paul's 100px 300 metres walk[7]
Barbican 100px
300 metres walk[8]
Moorgate 100px
600 metres walk[9]
National Rail 12px First Capital Connect


Proposed move

In the March of 2015, the Museum revealed plans to vacate its Barbican site and move to the General Market Building at the nearby Smithfield site.[10] Reasons for the proposed move include the claim that the current site is difficult for visitors to find, and that by expanding, from 17000 square metres to 27000, a greater proportion of the Museum's collection can be placed on display. The cost of the move is estimated to be in the region of £70 million and, if funding can be achieved, would be complete by 2021.[11] Plans for the vacated Barbican site include it becoming a permanent home to the London Symphony Orchestra.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Museum Of London Site". The Times. 14 November 1964. p. 12. 
  2. ^ "Museum of London Act 1965". National Archives. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Howard, Philip (2 December 1976). "Birth, life and growth of London". The Times. p. 3. 
  4. ^ Ogilvy Group UK » CPB creates new look for Museum of London
  5. ^ "Walking directions to Museum of London from Angel Street bus stop". 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2011-11-04. 
  6. ^ "Walking directions to Museum of London from St. Paul's Station bus stop". 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2011-11-04. 
  7. ^ "Walking directions to Museum of London from St Paul's tube station". 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2011-11-04. 
  8. ^ "Walking directions to Museum of London from Barbican tube station". 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2011-11-04. 
  9. ^ "Walking directions to Museum of London from Moorgate station". 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2011-11-04. 
  10. ^ Dubois, Anna; Prynn, Jonathan (27 March 2015). "Museum of London going ahead with £70m move to Smithfield". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Museum of London plans to quit Barbican for Smithfield". BBC. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 

External links

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