Music of Arizona
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|Music of the United States|
The music of Arizona originally was influenced by Native American music. In the 20th century, Mexican immigrants. Banda, corridos, mariachi and conjunto became popular in Arizona, and the music has been influenced by immigrant communities in the state.
Other major influences come from styles popular throughout the rest of the United States.
Flagstaff has a community (non-professional) orchestra, the Flagstaff Symphony Orchestra. The FSO includes both townspeople and faculty and students from Northern Arizona University. The Orpheum Theater is the largest performing venue in northern Arizona. The city hosts two music festivals, the Flagstaff Folk Festival and the Flagstaff Music Festival.
Native American flautist R. Carlos Nakai was born in Flagstaff.
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In the 1960s, rock and R&B bands inspired by British Invasion groups like The Beatles appeared in Phoenix. Musicians to emerge from this era include Alice Cooper, and Bill Spooner of The Tubes. The group Pages was formed by Phoenix residents Richard Page and Steve George, who later formed the nucleus of the Phoenix pop-rock group Mr. Mister (who had 2 #1 Hot 100 hits, including "Broken Wings" in 1985). Dolan Ellis has lived in Phoenix most of his adult life. He moved to LA in the early 1960s, where he was an original member of the Grammy-winning folk group The New Christy Minstrels. Dolan returned to Phoenix while the group was still at its peak. In February 1966, Governor Sam Goddard appointed Dolan as Arizona's Official State Balladeer, which was renewed under ten governors consecutively. He was selected as the first Arizona Culture Keeper, and Senator John McCain read his accomplishments into the U.S. Congressional Record. Dolan spent a few years away from Phoenix from about 1993 through 2003, to found the Arizona Folklore Preserve in Ramsey Canyon. He still commutes to the AFP, where he continues to serve as Artist-in-Residence, about twice a month.
In the early 1980s, Phoenix hardcore punk bands included The Feederz, JFA (also known as Jodie Foster's Army) and Meat Puppets, the latter of which combined country influences and became a major influence on grunge. Other rock bands of the time include Flotsam and Jetsam, Sun City Girls, Sacred Reich, Caterwaul, and Mighty Sphincter. CeCe Peniston is among the best-known Black musical performers from this area.
During the 1990s, Chester Bennington, current lead singer for Linkin Park, spent several years in Phoenix as the lead singer for the post-grunge band Grey Daze. Another Phoenix musician, with whom Chester Bennington has collaborated, is DJ Z-Trip. This time also saw the formation and rise of pop punk/emo band Jimmy Eat World. Also Bob Stubbs formerly of the band Social Distortion played drums in local bands.
The late 1990s and early 2000s saw an emerging rock scene in Phoenix and the surrounding areas. Indie rock bands included The Stiletto Formal, Fine China, Peachcake, and The Format. Punk influenced artists include Where Eagles Dare, Authority Zero, Haunted Cologne, and Andrew Jackson Jihad. There is also a post-hardcore scene including bands like Scary Kids Scaring Kids, Blessthefall, Eyes Set To Kill, The Word Alive, Greeley Estates and American Standards (band). The middle part of the decade were marked by the transition from hardcore punk into death metal with bands such as The Irish Front, Knights of the Abyss and Job for a Cowboy. In recent years there have been local Arizona hardcore bands in the from genres of hardcore punk, post-hardcore, metalcore and death metal. Country music star Dierks Bentley is from Phoenix and Michelle Branch is from Sedona. Country star Marty Robbins had a #1 Billboard Hot 100 hit with El Paso (song) in 1959.
Arizona residents that have had varying success on the American Idol include Jordin Sparks who won the sixth season of American Idol. Sparks was later selected to sing the National Anthem at Super Bowl XLII, which happened to take place at her hometown of Glendale, Arizona. On the seventh season, Arizona had two contestants make it to the "Final Twelve". David Hernandez came in twelfth place while Brooke White made it to fifth place. The eighth season featured a regional audition at the Jobing.com Arena in Glendale on July 25, 2008. Several contestants made it to the "Hollywood phase" but only one made it into the final twelve; Scott MacIntyre, who came in eighth place. Despite this, Phoenix was called one of the "year's standout cities."
Phoenix is home to the Phoenix Symphony orchestra.
Hispanic/Latino music has a large following, and numerous import stores exist throughout the city for it. There are also several Spanish-language music radio stations. The annual "Fiestas Patrias" celebration brings Mexican musicians groups including Los Tigres del Norte.
Phoenix music venues have included Comerica Theatre, Ashley Furniture HomeStore Pavilion, Long Wong's, The Mason Jar, Modified Arts, Trunk Space, Paper Heart Gallery, Club Red, and Compton Terrace. Local entertainment companies include Fizzle Promotions. There are dance clubs in Phoenix, Scottsdale, and Tempe, and Phoenix is still a common place for "raves", dance parties hosted in typically in warehouses, legal venues, or isolated desert locations.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2014)|
The city of Tucson, Arizona, has an Official Troubador position, currently Ted Ramirez. Ramirez is a singer and songwriter who uses both English and Spanish lyrics, as well as singing in O’odham; he is also an Arizona Culture Keeper. The Ronstadt family, which includes Linda Ronstadt, are from Tucson.
The first weekend in May each year, the Tucson Kitchen Musicians Association, host the Tucson Folk Festival, a two-day event on four stages, with about 100 acoustic music acts. The first festival was held in 1986.
Lalo Guerrero, known as the "Father of Chicano Music" and a recipient of the National Medal of Arts, was born in Tucson, where he lived until his early 20s. He died on March 17, 2005, at the age of 89, and was one of the first inductees to the Arizona Music and Entertainment Hall of Fame.
Travis Edmonson was named Tucson's "Singing Ambassador of Goodwill" in 1975, a mayoral appointment that still stands today. Edmonson grew up in Nogales and spent time in Mexico developing an ability for singing and playing the native music of Mexico. Edmonson and his friend actor Roger Smith were active musicians at the University of Arizona. Edmonson went on to become a member of the Gateway Singers and was half of the folk and Mexican music duo Bud & Travis that recorded intermittently from about 1958 to 1965, producing 10 albums. Edmonson was inducted as an Arizona Culture Keeper in September 2005, where his citation includes these words: "Edmonson has been at the vanguard of the movement to bring Latin music north of the border."
Other notable Tucson musicians include Bob Nolan, Katie Lee, and Rex Allen. Bob Nolan, a founder of the Sons of the Pioneers and the composer songs such as Cool Water and Tumbling Tumbleweeds was a Tucson High graduate and wrote "Cool Water" while still in school.
Katie Lee moved to Tucson around the age of 1, and is an actress and folk singer. She is also an activist, and her cause is documented in her book, "All My Rivers Are Gone". Lee also wrote a book about cowboy music and recorded a double LP (with Travis Edmonson) by the same name, Ten Thousand Goddam Cattle.
Rex Allen was a singing cowboy who performed after Roy Rogers. A native of Willcox, Arizona, he lived in Tucson in his later years. At the age of 11, John Denver received his first guitar from his grandmother while living in Tucson.
In the 1980s and throughout the 1990s Tucson was the site of an underground music scene centered around Club Congress and a handful of clubs and backyard parties located in the neighborhoods near the University of Arizona. Indie rock and punk rock bands included Giant Sand, The Bled, The Phantom Limbs, Machines of Loving Grace, Digital Leather, Rainer Ptacek, Doo Rag, Bob Log III, Malignus Youth, Naked Prey and The Sidewinders (later the Sand Rubies).
- Articles on Arizona musicians
- Articles on Arizona musical groups
- Articles on Music venues in Arizona
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- You, Riff. "Getting to Know Arizona Hardcore Act American Standards". http://www.riffyou.com/getting-know-arizona-hardcore-act-american-standards/. Riff You. Retrieved 8 January 2015.
- Vary, Adam B. (January 2, 2009). "American Idol Season 8: A Preview". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
- Masley, Ed. "Local musician Joe Bethancourt dies at 68".