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Mustafa Fahmi Pasha

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Crete, Algeria

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Cairo, Egypt

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Mustafa Fahmi Pasha (1840–13 September 1914) was an Egyptian politician who served in different cabinet positions and as prime minister for two times.

Early life and education

Born in Crete, Algeria, in 1840, Fahmi was of Turkish origin and his father was a colonel.[1] Fahmi graduated from military academy.[1]

Career

After graduation, Fahmi joined the Egyptian army and later, he became a Lieutenant general. He retired from the army and began to serve as a governor in different provinces, including Minuffiyya, Cairo and lastly, Port Said.[1] After serving in other low-profile public positions, he was appointed minister of public works in 1879. Then Fahmi served at different cabinet positions: minister of foreign affairs, minister of justice, minister of finance, minister of interior (three times) and minister of war and marine (two times).[1]

Fahmi was appointed prime minister on 12 May 1891, replacing Riaz Pasha.[2][3] Fahmi remained in office for nearly two years and was sacked by Abbas II on 15 January 1893.[4] The King dismissed him due to his over reliance on the British agency.[4] Hussein Fahri Pasha replaced Fahmi Pasha as prime minister.[4] Fahmi's second appointment as prime minister was on 12 November 1895, replacing Nubar Pasha. Fahmi Pasha's second term lasted until 12 November 1908, and Boutros Ghali replaced him as prime minister.[3]

Personal life and death

Fahmi's daughter, Safiya, was a political activist and a significant figure in the Egyptian society.[5] She married Saad Zaghlul in 1896.[6][7]

Fahmi died in Cairo on 13 September 1914.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Arthur Goldschmidt (2000). Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt. Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-55587-229-8. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  2. M. W. Daly (10 December 1998). The Cambridge History of Egypt. Cambridge University Press. p. 241. ISBN 978-0-521-47211-1. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Egypt Prime Ministers". World Statesmen. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Mounah Abdallah Khouri (1971). Poetry and the Making of Modern Egypt: 1882-1922. Brill Archive. p. 47. GGKEY:3JPP2EBRNW3. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  5. Ahmed Zaki Osman (8 March 2012). "Women's movement: A look back, and forward". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  6. Steven A. Cook (1 September 2011). The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square. Oxford University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-19-979532-1. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  7. Albert Hourani (1962). Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939. London: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 December 2013.  – via Questia (subscription required)
Preceded by
Riaz Pasha
Prime Minister of Egypt
1891–1893
Succeeded by
Hussein Fahri Pasha
Preceded by
Nubar Pasha
Prime Minister of Egypt
1895–1908
Succeeded by
Boutros Ghali